The numerical study of laminar syngas-fuel/air mixture with 10% hydrogen content impinging plate was conducted. Effects of impinging distance, Reynolds number and equivalence ratio were major parameters on combustion and emission for stagnation point. The numerical result calculated by SPIN application of the CHEMKIN software. There result showed the following : The Peak point of the axial velocity, the flame temperature and CH reaction were appeared in tip of the inner reaction zone. The emission results in impinging flame of syngas fuel show that the characteristics of NOx emission traced well with adiabatic temperature trend and CO emission due to fuel rich condition increased continuously with respect to the equivalence ratio.
The heat transfer characteristics of laminar syngas-fuel/air mixture with 10% hydrogen content impinging normally to a flat plate has been conducted experimentally. There were investigated by the effects of impinging distance, Reynolds number and equivalence ratio as major parameters on heat fluxes of stagnation point with the direct photos and data acquisitions from heat flux sensor. There were 3 times of maximum and 2 times minimum heat flux of stagnation point with respect to the impinging distance for the investigation of Reynolds number and equivalence ratio effect. The heat transfer characteristics between the stagnation and wall jet region in radial heat flux profiles was also investigated by the heat flux profiles.
,  , Cordyceps (vegetable wasp and plant worm), an entomopathogenic fungi, has been used as a herbal medicine in Asian countries since ancient times. Cordyceps nutans is common but there is little research on this species. This study investigated the optimal culture conditions of C. nutans and the inhibitory effect on nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cell treated culture broth. The optimal conditions for the mycelial growth were 25℃ and pH 7.0-8.0. Mycelial growth was highest on mushroom complete medium (MCM), V8 juice agar (V8A), and yeast malt dextrose (YMD) medium. Mycelial growth on mushroom minimal medium (MMM) did not occur, so nutrient source was essential. Dextrose and sucrose as carbon sources, and ammonium citrate as a nitrogen source were satisfactory for mycelial growth. Cytotoxicity of C. nutans culture broth was not found in RAW 264.7 cells. C. nutans culture broth suppressed NO production of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, our results provided the optimal conditions for cultivation of C. nutans and showed that C. nutans may have excellent physiological activities.
This study is about the development of remote controlled bollard using the BLDC motor and ball screw with mechatronics theory. A bollard is composed of the sensor part and the control part. The sensor part is consisted of sensors that detect the locations of a bollard. The role of the control part is adjusting motor speed and power through variable resistance. In order to confirm required performance, the speed of decent and ascent of the bollard, the time and the RPM of BLDC motor were tested according to the variable resistance and the applied load with 10 to 72kgf.
뽕나무병원성세균에 대한 Beaveria bassiana 6균주의 항균활성을 paper disc법으로 조사하였고 최소성장저해농도(MIC)를 액체배지희석법으로 조사하였다. 항균활성은 B. bassiana J200에서만 나타났으며, Erwinia rhapontici KACC 10407에서는 13mm, Pseudomonas syringae KACC 10390와 Xanthomonas campestris KACC 12134에서는 각각 17 mm의 항균활성이 나타났다. MIC 측정 결과 E. rhapontici KACC 10407, P. syringae KACC 10390 및 X. campestris KACC 12134 모두 4.0%에서 MIC를 보였다. 이상의 결과로 B. bassiana의 뽕나무병원성세균에 대한 생물학적 방재제로서의 이용 가능성을 확인하였다.
Micro bubbles are widely used in many cases such as agriculture, fishery, skin care, prevention of water pollution. A high pressure compressor which is one of part of a micro bubble generating system is needed to generate these micro bubbles. The purpose of this research is the development of a high pressure compressor which is achieve following conditions; discharge flow 0.6ℓ/min, maximum air flow 2ℓ/min, discharge pressure 5bar. To achieve these conditions, we optimized the geometry of cylinder and piston, clearance volume, compression ratio, power of operating motor experimentally. Moreover, we minimized the compressor which is the biggest part of a micro bubble generating system so that we could minimized the size of entire system.
Experimental measurements of flame shape and heat transfer characteristics were performed for impinged inverse diffusion flame(IDF) using propane as a fuel. The purpose of this study is to identify the favorable co-axial inverse diffusion flame structure for impingement heating. The flame consisted of an entrainment zone and mixing and combustion zone. The heat flux which represents heat transfer rate is measured by using a heat flux sensor that is located at the center of the impingement plate. The inverse diffusion flame structure has been classified into six modes. In these modes, several favorable flames for impingement heating were identified. In this study, the parameters are overall equivalent ratio(Φ), nozzle to impingement plate distance(h/d), vertical distance from the stagnation point and Reynolds number(Re) of combustion air.
This study was conducted to investigate optimal conditions for formation of synnemata from Beauveria bassiana. The strain of B. bassiana was isolated from a host of Oncotympana fuscata in Halla mountain of Jeju island. The yield of synnemata was the highest at application of brown rice (90%) and silkworm pupae (10%) media. On the other hand, the other media did not result in formation of synnemata. The highest formation of synnemata was achieved at conditions of moderate air inflow and 20℃. The optimal moisture and light intensity for formation of synnemata were 60% and 300 lux, respectively. In addition, inoculation of the liquid spawn resulted in higher yield than that of asexual spore.
This study was conducted to investigate the total phenol contents, antioxidative activities and antibacterial activities of twenty species of entomopathogenic fungi. The total phenol content was highest in Aspergillus flavus (553.0±52.15 ㎍/g) and A. parasiticus (529.9±60.10 ㎍/g). On the other hand those in other strains were within the range of 26.6～121.9 ㎍/g. The antioxdative activity was shown in the most of strains and the highest DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity was observed in A. flavus (90.9±2.90%) and A. parasiticus (77.9±4.13%). This result indicated that the antioxidative activities were very correlated with the total phenol contents. The antibacterial activitiy was found in the every tested pathogenic bacteria. Especially, the antibacterial activity was strongest against Listeria monocytogenes and Escherchia coli.
The cultural characteristics and antibacterial activities of Cordyceps militaris and Paecilomyces tenuipes were compared. The mycelial growth was the highest on MCM (Mushroom Complete Medium) for C. militaris and on YMA (Yeast Malt Agar) for P. tenuipes. But the mycelial density on MMM (Mushroom Minimal Medium) was lower than other on media. The optimum mycelial growth was observed at 25℃. C. militaris was low mycelial growth when it was transferred over 5 times generation. The carbon source for the optimum mycelial growth was fructose of monosaccharide, maltose of disaccharide and dextrin of polysaccharide. The calcium nitrate of organonitrogen was found the best mycelial growth on C. militaris, while the sodium nitrate observed to be well for mycelial growth on P. tenuipes. The ammonium tartrate was observed to be the best among the inorganonitrogen used for mycelial growth. Antibacterial activities were found out just C. militaris against Bacillus cereus of Gram (+).