This study is designed to measure the impact of a car’s horse power and torque - aspects related to performance among various factors that affect consumer purchase decision-on consumers when buying a car. The research of the results can be interpreted as indicating that the premise, “The impact of torque and horsepower on consumer purchase decision is not significant,” is true.
The performance of cascade cycle air-source heat pump has been investigated experimentally. The cascade heat pump cycle consists of high temperature of R134a and low temperature of R410a. We have complementary primary air source heat pump. As a result, we produce the products with the best performance. The rated capacity of heat pump is 25kW and the cold capacity of heat pump is 25kW. The KSCOP_C of colder condition is 2.61 and KSCOP_A of average condition is 2.74 and KSCOP_W of warmer is 2.74.
The numerical study of laminar syngas-fuel/air mixture with 10% hydrogen content impinging plate was conducted. Effects of impinging distance, Reynolds number and equivalence ratio were major parameters on combustion and emission for stagnation point. The numerical result calculated by SPIN application of the CHEMKIN software. There result showed the following : The Peak point of the axial velocity, the flame temperature and CH reaction were appeared in tip of the inner reaction zone. The emission results in impinging flame of syngas fuel show that the characteristics of NOx emission traced well with adiabatic temperature trend and CO emission due to fuel rich condition increased continuously with respect to the equivalence ratio.
Currently, many nations in the world make a strong effort to exploit the new and renewable energy. Tide and Tidal Current Energy are the constant and regular power sources with higher and more stable quality compared to other renewable sources. The present paper investigate the status of Tide and Tidal Current energy analyzing its latest technology and development.
The heating & cooling performance of vapor compression heat pump using seawater heat source has been investigated experimentally for fish farm heat supply system. The principal parts of the heat pump systems are compressor, condenser, expansion devices and evaporator. The evaporator and condenser are both heat transfer devices. We used double pipe H/E(CASE-1) and shell&coil H/E(CASE-2) as evaporator, condenser of heat pumps. The experimental results were higher Uvalue 25% of double pipe heat exchanger compared to shell & coil H/E. The COPc is 4.74 and the COPH is 6.18 of the heat pump with shell & coil H/E.
생물학적 위험등급 3등급 BL3용 공조기의 급배기는 밀폐 연구시설 사이의 교차오염을 막기 위하여 관계 규정에 의거 전외기 방식을 택하고 있다. 이와 같은 전외기 방식의 공조기는 에너지 소비가 많으며 게다가 BL3의 경우 하루 24시간 운전으로 인하여 에너지 소비가 매우 많으며 또한 연구시설의 대형화로 인하여 에너지 소비는 더욱 증가하게 될 것이다. BL3용 공조기에서의 에너지 절약에 관한 연구로는 국외의 경우 전외기 방식에서 급기와 배기덕트 사이에 부동액 등을 사용한 핀-튜브 열교환기를 사용하여 배기로부터 열회수를 통한 에너지 절약에 관한 연구를, 국내의 경우 생물학적 안전성을 기반으로 하는 재순환에 의한 에너지 절약에 관한 연구를 시도하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 기존의 BL3용 공조기에서 주로 사용하는 핀-튜브 열교환기와 마이크로 채널 열교환기에 대한 특성을 비교, 연구하였고 마이크로 채널 제작을 위한 열교환기 설계 프로그램을 개발하였다.
The development of a high pressure cleaning system is needed to properly clean cargo hold and improve the working environment of a ship. For this, the study on the parameters related to the suitable capacity of a pressure pump should be preceded.
In this study, temperature variation characteristics in the stone board cutting device with sheath heater were analyzed through numerical investigation. Four 2kW sheath heaters whose length and diameter are 1800mm, 11mm are installed, and the initial temperature is -5℃. Also Transient condition is used for temperature variations with the operating time of sheath heater. From the analysis, transient temperature variations of cutting device after operating the sheath heater were predicted. Temperature variations were predicted that mainly appears in part contacted with the sheath heater. The result will be helpful in optimal design for various system equipped with sheath heater.
In this study, flow characteristic of small vertical-axis wind turbine was performed to analysis the numerical analysis. Blade geometry in the wind turbine is NACA 6512-43, and various degrees of the wind turbine accelerator were adopted. Numerical models are used for the analysis with CFD program of Ansys fluent and RNG k-e turbulence model was used. Rotational speed value of the wind turbine in analysis condition were obtained by the experiment. When the wind turbine accelerator is equipped, exit velocity of wind turbine accelerator tended to increases. Also RPM of wind turbine is increase. And maximum RPM appeared that wind turbine accelerator in degree 60° is equipped.
In this study, a scaled model chamber was built to investigate ventilation characteristics of the pump room in tanker and to look into stationary areas of flow field. Experimental study was performed for three kinds of Reynolds number based on the inward velocity and height of inlet port in model by visualization equipment with laser apparatus. The flow pattern reveals the large scale counterclockwise forced-vortex rotation from upside louver to lower scupper toward diagonal corner and also found small eddies at bottom layer.
The representative emission index and indicator are the EEDI (Energy Efficiency Design Index) for the new ships and EEOI (Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator) during the voyage. In this paper, derating of diesel main engine are introduced for the purpose of improving EEDI. The results showed good agreement explaining the characteristics properly.
In this study, the flow characteristics at the front and the rear side of the diffuser installed in the AHU for Offshore HVAC system were studied. Set up the rectangular prism of which height is H at diffuser inlet duct, the flow control methods were considered using PIV and CFD numerical analysis. Average flow velocity was increased by 37% and the degree of flow uniformity was 96.7% at x/H =1.5.
This sudy on the evaluation of steering knuckle effect on wheela alignment for passenger automotive. In generally, wheel alignment of vehicle influences on steering knuckle of shapes, sizes, working clearances, etc. The wheel alignment values in vehicle suspension system are very important factors because vehivcle riding quality handling performance are related to these factors. This study on camber angle according to lateral force of two models.
본 연구에서는 구조용강 시험편 내의 크랙의 성장특성을 주제로 하여 중앙크랙만이 존재하는 시험편과 중앙 크랙의 주변에 대칭으로 구멍들이 존재하는 시험편에 대한 파괴역학적 거동을 규명하고자 하였다. 구조용강으로 만들어진 시험편 내에 두 가지의 조건들을 적용하여 인장실험을 수행하였으며, 이를 통하여 시험편의 응력, Strain energy와 변형량에 대하여 해석하였다. 그리고 이러한 실험값들을 바탕으로 하여 응력확대계수를 구하였으며, 구해진 실험값들의 검증을 위하여 ANSYS 유한요소 해석 프로그램을 사용하여 시뮬레이션 해석을 수행하였다.
Numerous experiments have demonstrated that infrared thermographic methods are effective for detection of subsurface defects in the materials. The response of the material to the thermal stimulus is dependent on the existence of subsurface defects and their features. In order to obtain the information about defects, the material’s response to the thermal stimulus is studied. In this study, image processing was applied to infrared thermography images to detect defects in metals that were widely used in industrial fields. When analyzing experimental data from infrared thermographic testing, thermal images were often not appropriate. Thus, four point method was used for processing of every pixel of thermal images using MATLAB program for quantitative evaluation of defect detection and characterization which increased the infrared non-destructive testing capabilities since subtle defects signature became apparent..
This study is a development of a system for measuring the surface resistance of wafer and LCD by utilizing a three-axis positioner. Previous wafer measuring system is a developed product for measuring a wafer surface resistance. This is developed very long time. This is not a real action that it is needed a persistence development.. So, that is effected as weak point by simple mechanism and old software. This product is forecasted not being risen in world market. Therefore, this new product(surface measuring system by three axis positioner type) through this research is off the point a previous one axis revolute type, this new product is forecasted capable of a measurement not only wafer but also LCD.
본 연구에서는 무릎 굽힘각도와 완충재사이의 상관관계를 통해 올바른 걸음걸이의 중요성과 완충재의 마모에 관해 해석하였다. 완충재에 가해지는 등가응력의 분포형상을 볼 때, 그 마모의 정도를 유추할 수 있어 이를 통하여 인공관절 상, 하부 파트의 설계와 인공관절 착용자의 바른 자세를 유도할 근거를 제시할 수 있다. 본 연구를 통하여 얻어진 무릎관절의 역학적 메커니즘과 인공관절을 삽입했을 때 나타나는 메커니즘에 대한 구조 해석 결과를 적용하여 무릎관절에 가해지는 피해량에 대하여 해석할 수 있다. 또한 실제 시험을 위해 예비된 시뮬레이션 해석 결과로서 실제의 생체실험에 대한 기초연구 자료로 제공될 수 있으며 그 실험과의 비교 분석 자료로도 사용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.
The frozen start up characteristics of the two phase closed thermosyphon using water and FC 40 as working fluid to prevents dry out by freezing of water at the condenser when below zero operation condition has been tested and studied. The experimental data showed that the thermosyphon using immiscible 2 fluids thermosyphon start up successfully at a -30℃ cooling condition as melted water by inflow 2nd working fluid to the condenser.
In this study, center marking process is numerically analyzed to investigate the characteristics of deformation of aluminium alloy bracket by the pin load. The proper size of groove which are required for marking system and the pressure of cylinder are predicted through the analyse of stress and strain fields of the plate. The results of this study show that von Mises stress is a maximum when the maximum of reaction force.
기계의 무게를 대폭 줄이는 것을 목적으로 복합재료에 대해서 많은 연구를 진행하고 있다. 본 연구에서 탄소 섬유 강화 플라스틱과 알루미늄 폼으로 조합해서 만든 샌드위치에 대해서 압축 시뮬레이션 해석을 하였다. 또한 탄소 섬유 강화 플라스틱의 섬유의 배열방식은 [0/90/90/0]이다. 시뮬레이션 해석 방법은 ANSYS를 이용하여 실제와 같은 경계조건을 주고 유한요소해석을 진행하였다. 시편을 압축하는 동안에 탄소 섬유 강화 플라스틱과 알루미늄 폼이 그 접착력보다 크게 발생되어 떨어지는 형상이 일어났다. 또한 2438.3MPa의 최대 등가응력이 발생된 것을 확인하였다. 본 연구에서 나온 해석결과는 안전설계 및 복합재료의 개발에 필요한 자료를 제공할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.