This paper investigates the waveform analysis of voltage and current waveform from CRDI engine. It is on developing on analysis method of waveform CRDI Diesel engine. The experimental methods using Pico oscilloscope are employed to measure current and voltage waveform of solenoid injector from CRDI engine. The one normal and two abnormal solenoid injectors are used. The experiment is carried out during no-load condition. A summary of the important results are as follows.
1) The area of the voltage and current waveform of the abnormal injector becomes larger than the that of normal injector.
2) The area of the current waveform can be obtained more accurate results than that of voltage waveform.
Abstract The increase of the superheat is one of several factors adversely affecting the efficiency of the refrigeration cycle. To this end, it is important to release the heat inside the compressor. Therefore, in this paper, we have increased the convective heat transfer coefficient inside the compressor by utilizing the vibration of the moving part of the compressor. The results show that reducing the gap between the shell and the moving part increases the flow velocity in the gap resulting in the increase of convective heat transfer coefficient.
전통적인 화석 에너지 자원의 고갈과 환경오염 악화 등의 관점에서 볼 때 에너지 절약 및 배출가스의 저감은 동시에 해결해야 되는 문제로 대두되고 있다. 바이오연료는 대체연료의 하나로서 이러한 문제들을 효과적으로 해소할 수 있는 대안으로 떠오르고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 커먼레일 터보과급디젤기관에서 카놀라유 바이오디젤연료의 적용효과를 알아보기 위하여 실험적으로 고찰하였다. 실험에 사용된 연료는 ULSD(초저황 디젤유), BD20(체적비로 20%인 카놀라유와 80% 디젤유 혼합) 및 PCO(순수한 카놀라유)를 사용하였다. 카놀라유 바이오디젤연료의 혼합율이 증가함에 따라 입자상물질(PM)과 일산화탄소 (CO)는 크게 감소하였으며, 질소산화물(NOx)은 약간 증가하는 현상을 보였다.
The refrigerant temperature of a compressor increases due to heat generated in the discharge chamber and the motor. The increase of the suction temperature raises the superheat resulting in EER reduction. Thus, accurate superheat prediction is needed for the design of an efficient compressor. In this paper, the unsteady flow analysis is performed using CFD to predict the superheat. The results show that the suction temperature increases by about 26 °C which agrees well with the experiments.
This paper aims to reveal the effects of the K-ε turbulence model on the performance analysis of battery cooling system for electric vehicle. The maximum temperature, the difference of temperature, and temperature distributions on the battery module were compared with and without K- ε turbulence model under the different flow rate. It was found that there was no need to apply K-ε turbulence model when the flow rate is over 500m3/h because the difference of maximum temperature is under the 6℃.
The Auxiliary Building Controlled Area Emergency Exhaust Air Cleaning Units (ACU) should be taken into account in the accident analysis that the entire gaseous radioactive material is exhausted to the environment through the auxiliary building without any filtration until the pressure reaches a negative pressure, approximately -0.25 inch, water gauge, when the ACU operation is credited in the analysis. Thus, this paper performed thermal-hydraulic analysis using GOTHIC program and showed the exhaust flow from each room in the auxiliary building controlled area to maintain room pressure not greater than (-) 0.25 inch water gauge.
In recent years, the regulation of exhaust gas of automobiles has been strengthened, and various high-tech technologies have been applied to cope with exhaust gas regulations. Especially, in case of gasoline vehicles, by injecting gasoline direct injection, a large amount of carbon deposits are adsorbed in intake / exhaust valves and combustion chambers, Which is a cause of combustion. Therefore, in this study, we developed the cleaning liquid and related special tools to remove carbon deposits in the combustion chamber, and developed the cleaning process of the combustion chamber and tried to understand the effect on the engine performance improvement. In order to prevent the release of heavy metals after burning, the cleaning effect of the cleaning liquid was investigated by temperature and the influence of the knocking of the engine on the cleaning performance.
Biodiesel fuel (BDF) can be effectively used as an alternative fuel in diesel engines. The BDF, however, may affect performance and exhaust emissions of the diesel engine because it's physical and chemical properties are different with from the diesel fuel such as viscosity, compressibility and so on. To investigate an effect of injection timing on characteristics of performance and exhaust emissions with the BDF in an IDI diesel engine, this research applied the BDF derived from soybean oil in this study. The engine was operated with six different injection timings from TDC to BTDC 12 ˚CA and six different loads at the engine speed of 1500 and 2000 rpm. In less then the BDF 20, it showed the similar trend compare to the diesel fuel. But, the best injection timing was 2˚CA retarded compare to the diesel fuel with BDF 50.
A hydraulic system is a drive or transmission system that uses high pressure hydraulic fluid to power hydraulic machinery. It refers to the transfer of energy from flow and pressure. A hydraulic pump is a mechanical source of power that converts mechanical power into hydraulic energy. Cavitation is the formation of vapor cavities in a liquid that are the consequence of forces acting upon the liquid. It usually occurs when a liquid is subjected to rapid changes of pressure that cause the formation of cavities where the pressure is relatively low. In this study, a cavitation was measured when the vane pump is rotating. The rotation speed of the vane pump was tested at 1000 rpm to 5000 rpm. At that time, the temperature and pressure of each hydraulic oil were changed and controlled. The results show that flow rate and noise are changed when cavitation occurred.
In this study, the possibility of biodiesel fuel and oxygenated fuel(dimethoxy methane, DMM) was investigated as an alternative fuel for a naturally aspirated direct injection diesel engine. The smoke emission of blending fuel (diesel fuel 90vol-% + DMM 10vol-%) was reduced approximately 70% at 2500rpm, full load in comparison with the diesel fuel. But, engine power and brake specific energy consumption showed no significant differences. But, NOx emission of biodiesel fuel and DMM blended fuel increased compared with commercial diesel fuel due to the oxygen component in the fuel. It was needed a NOx reduction counter plan that EGR method was used as a countermeasure for NOx reduction. It was found that simultaneous reduction of smoke and NOx emission was achieved with diesel fuel (95 vol-%) and DMM (5 vol-%) blended fuel and cooled EGR method (15%).
In this study, cladding materials were prepared by explosion pressure welding of materials with different thermal conductivity to fabricate heating block for 3D printing. The following conclusions were obtained as a result of measuring the thermal conductivity of the clad material. Experimental results show that the lowest thermal conductivity of aluminum and titanium is 116.3 ± 0.4 W / mK.
This study is a development of measuring instrument capable of measuring the temperature measurement at a temperature of between 0 ℃ and 1600 ℃ at a high temperature of the high temperature. This development technique develops a measuring device capable of measuring two different temperature measurements by combining two different temperature measurements ranging from one measurement module to the hot temperature to the high temperature. Also, it develops in a vacuum or high pressure state.
Carbon fiber reinforced plastics are typical examples of carbon fiber, which retain high strength and high strength at high temperatures. Also, it is applied to various fields, such as the structure of the aircraft, automobile, and the core industries. CFRP machining methods include machining tools such as cutting machining and laser machining. In this thesis, a tool dynamometer and tool microscope were used to measure the cutting characteristics of various cutting conditions and tool wear and tool wear. As a result, the cutting force of the new shape drill (lower shape drill) was measured higher than other tools, the amount of tool wear was the lowest, and it was found that a good machined surface was obtained.
Numerical analysis has been carried out to investigate the structural characteristics of auxiliary shaft system in a compact special vehicle. Stress and deformation distributions with safe factor in the auxiliary axle system are compared. It can be seen that maximum stress happens near the local axle position and deformation at the air spring is also predicted. The results from this study could be applicable for optimal design of variable shaft system in the compact special vehicle.
This study began the studies to develop a general-purpose expression furniture flap damper module set to prevent that noise and caught in through as a result, to obtain the following results using the same study procedure.
First, to develop a damper bracket and hardware. Second, we want to create the design drawings for the furniture flap type damper module three. Third, we want to create a mock-up sample and mold in progress. Fourth, the tester will be designed and manufactured to produce a universal formula Furniture flap dampers module. Fifth, to conduct a test for the successful production of furniture damper module set. Study the sixth oil impregnation technology and to develop a general-purpose expression furniture damper flap. Finally, the set of all of the modules are to the development of molds followed successfully.
A press which has a 20 percent share in machine tools is one of the production facilities. Recently hydraulic press is used to reinforce competitiveness of the manufacturing industry. The press by using metal powder makes products without additional process while conventional processing machine makes products after removing unnecessary parts. In this way, large quantity of products can be produced in a short time. Researches to manufacture products by the press have been proceeding after 1970. In this study, structure and displacement analysis for shape parameters for punch used as the component for hydraulic press was investigated and structural stability was identified based on the results.
The object of research in Based on 1.5MW wind turbine blade. This paper has carried out the aerodynamic shape optimization design of wind turbine blade. Based on the aerodynamic basic theory of wind turbine blade design and combined with particle swarm optimization algorithm, the design optimization model of the aerodynamic shape of blade is established. The calculation programs are written by use of MATLAB and calculate chord length and torsion angle of the blade. Then the shape of wind turbine blade is obtained. As research we can know that the chord length is decreased after optimization design of wind turbine blade, The optimized blade not only meets the actual manufacturing requirement, but also has the largest wind energy utilization coefficient.