In order to provide the basis data for broad use and safe design of carbon fiber reinforced plastic, this paper aims at investigating the fracture behavior on CFRP specimen composed of one directional fiber through three point bending test. On the basis of experimental result, the improvement of composite layer specimen can be secured with the other data to compare the existing specimen. The fracture behavior happened at the experimental procedure is investigated in this study. The maximum loads of 1200 N, 1700N and 1600N are shown respectively at the specimens with the layer angles of 30°, 45° and 60°. The highest load is shown at the layer angle of 60° among all specimens and the longest displacement is maintained until each of the layer structure is broken down. The fracture due to the force applied from the outside can be prevented by applying the result of this study to the real structure. As structural safety can be evaluated and anticipated through this study, it is thought that the safe design is devoted.
In this study, the buckling restoration at CFRP 3-Point bending specimen composed of 30°, 45°and 60° is investigated when the pressure at the lowest position on the compressed specimen is eliminated. The fracture configuration and stress contour of the specimen can be seen according to the laminate angle of fiber. The result of this study is thought to apply the data for the safe design of CFRP structure.
This study investigates the safety and life during the fatigue load by the configuration of seat frame. On back frame at seat frame, the life and damage are analyzed. The deformation and equivalent stress are compared with each other through the vibration analysis, The result of this study through the analysis can be applied to develop the automotive seat frame with durabilty and safety.
The purpose of this study is to produce the auxiliary fuel additives that will improve the heat value and reduce the odor of dried sewage sludge, an auxiliary fuel for power plants using process by-products. Through an odor analysis prior to the production of auxiliary fuel additives, it was confirmed that the main odor materials are Methylmercaptan, Acetaldehyde and Trimethylamine. Based on this, we measured the heating value on various processes by-products such as by-products of thermal power generation and by-products of refinery. In addition, the adsorption performance in the major odor material was evaluated. However, for Trimethylamine, it is very difficult to secure the reproducibility of the concentration of the standard materials as the standard material is liquid. Therefore, it was used Ammonia, which has basic property, to replace Trimethyamine. In the evaluation of various process by-products, the highest heating value in heavy oil fly ash was 5,575 kcal/kg, while in the adsorption performance evaluation, FCC was shown as having the best performance in adsorption, as it could adsorb 100% of Methylmercaptan, 47% of Acetaldehyde and 76% of Ammonia. We conducted an adsorption experiment after supporting a transition metal on the FCC in order to improve the adsorption capacity. As a result, it was confirmed the best efficiency when supporting the copper nitrate 0.5% on the FCC. Based on this result, the experiment was conducted to determine the optimal mixing ratio with a high heating value and odor reducing function using Heavy oil fly ash and FCC. The optimal mixing ratio was 90% of Heavy oil fly ash and 10% of FCC. Furthermore, it was found that the most economical performance and highest odor reducing efficiency was achieved when the mixing ratio was 90% of dried sewage sludge and 10% of auxiliary fuel additives.
CFRP hardened by carbon fiber and resin has the property of high strength and low weight. Specifically, the strong feature against the external vibration environment is shown as CFRP is designed with the structure of multi-axes. So, CFRP in place of metal has been used at the various fields. CFRP specimens for mode Ⅱ are applied with the repetitive fatigue load in this study. These specimens have the fiber layer angles of 30°, 45° and 60°. The material properties of specimens are investigated with the result of fatigue fracture due to this load. As the study result, the smallest and largest reaction forces of 500 N and 540 N are shown at the layer angle of 30° and 60° respectively among these specimens. The separation of adhesive interface at 4000 fatigue cycles is happened earliest in case of the layer angle of 60°. But the separation of adhesive interface at 11000 fatigue cycles is happened latest in case of the layer angle of 45°. Through the result of fatigue property, it is thought that the basis data can be applied to evaluate the safety at CFRP structure applied with fatigue.
Metal matrix composites(MMC) can obtain mechanical characteristics of application purposes that a single material is difficult to obtain. Al2 O3/AC8A composites were fabricated by low pressure infiltration process. The purpose is establishing the optimal casting conditions for composite preparation under low pressure. It is known the inorganic binder help infiltration. Therefore Al2O3 fiber preform's optimum sinter temperature is 1160℃, added inorganic binder is mixed binder(SiO2 sol:Al2O3 sol=5:2). And three fibers have been compared (Al2O3 80%/SiO2 20%, Al2O3 80%/SiO2 10% and Al2O3 97%/SiO2 3%). Al2O3/AC8A composites was made by each melting temperatures(650℃, 700℃, 750℃) and wear test was performed about effect of temperatures, kind of fiber, matrix and composites, aging time. Wear test is Ball on disk wear test. The resistance increased with the low melting temperature and Al2O3 80%/SiO2 20% fiber.
CFRP has the high strength and low weight. But it tends to be frail if it is applied with the mechanical bonding method using weld, rivet or bolt. So, the chemical bonding method using the special adhesive has been utilized. By applying the bonding method with the adhesive, this paper investigates the mechanical property of DCB specimen bonded with the type of mode 2 through the simulation analysis. Four kinds of specimen thicknesses are 25mm, 35mm, 45mm and 55mm in this study. The mechanical behaviors of specimens due to the forced displacements are investigated as the distributions of equivalent stresses. The reaction force becomes higher as the specimen thickness is increased. The result of this study about the fracture property of adhesive joint is thought to be contributed to the safe design of structure with CFRP.
본 연구에서는 무릎 굽힘각도와 완충재사이의 상관관계를 통해 올바른 걸음걸이의 중요성과 완충재의 마모에 관해 해석하였다. 완충재에 가해지는 등가응력의 분포형상을 볼 때, 그 마모의 정도를 유추할 수 있어 이를 통하여 인공관절 상, 하부 파트의 설계와 인공관절 착용자의 바른 자세를 유도할 근거를 제시할 수 있다. 본 연구를 통하여 얻어진 무릎관절의 역학적 메커니즘과 인공관절을 삽입했을 때 나타나는 메커니즘에 대한 구조 해석 결과를 적용하여 무릎관절에 가해지는 피해량에 대하여 해석할 수 있다. 또한 실제 시험을 위해 예비된 시뮬레이션 해석 결과로서 실제의 생체실험에 대한 기초연구 자료로 제공될 수 있으며 그 실험과의 비교 분석 자료로도 사용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.
This study investigates the wear degree of the shock absorber at the artificial knee joint due to bending degree of knee. As the stress distribution due to this angle is understood when the knee is bent, it can be shown how much and which configuration the wear of the shock absorber progresses in. On the basis of the analysis result, the stress applied at the shock absorber becomes higher and the equivalent stress becomes higher as the bending angle of knee is increased. The walking habit as the right attitude can be examined by applying the general joint as well as the artificial knee joint by using this study result
This study investigates area and size of stress part appeared when the continuous loads are applied at artificial joint. Upper and lower parts composed with polyethylene shock absorber and titanium alloy are applied with the loads. The configurations of stress distribution near the hole of support to fix the frame are investigated and secured as through this study. As the result of this study, the stress is concentrated from the edge end of upper artificial joint. The crack is initiated at this point. This analysis result is similar with the instance of tissue corruption due to the damage of artificial joint.
본 연구에서는 텅스텐합금강의 상부구조와 폴리에틸렌소재로 구성된 하부구조의 인공관절이 하중을 받았을때의 인공관절의 하중분포와 인공관절의 설치를 위한 지지구멍에 가해지는 응력분포에 대하여 유한요소해석을 통하여 결과값을 도출하였으며, 실물을 이용한 다음 실험을 위한 기초자료를 얻을 수 있었다. 이를 통하여 나온 해석결과의 하중분포는 텅스텐합금의 상부구조가 모서리 끝부분부터 하중이 집중되어 크랙이 발생하며 이는 의학계에 보고된 인공관절파손에 의한 조직괴사사례와 그 거동이 일치 하였다.