This study developed the pressure measurement monitoring system named VIP-2000 for monitoring a pressure of ullage space in cargo tank. VIP-2000 is designed in compliance with IMO(international maritime organization) SOLAS 74, Chap. II-2 Req. 59. IMO is providing the establishment of a pressure measurement equipment for secure the stability from vacuum or the overpressure that caused by in breakdown of the P/V valve. VIP-2000 operates the early warning of the visible and audibility in dangerous situation of cargo tank. In order to evaluate the performance of VIP-2000, the pressure measurement experiments have been conducted.
A fresh water generator is designed to produce fresh water from sea water. This generator produces fresh water by evaporating and condensing sea water, and it uses the engine jacket water as the heat source. While a vessel is sailing, it uses main engine coolant to produce fresh water and also, while a vessel is in port, it uses auxiliary engine coolant. After all, sea water is evaporated the heat which the coolant contains, so it can produce fresh water economically, because it dose not need additional heat source. A salinity meter is a densitometer measuring the concentration of salt in sea water. This study designed the multi-function salinity meter(SAL-2000). SAL-2000 has many functions such as conductivity, salinity, flow rate, and so on. In order to evaluate the performance of SAL-2000, the measuring experiments such as salinity, flow rate, and pressure have been conducted.
This study was performed to examine the effects of recombinant bovine somatotropin (rBST) and fermented alcoholic feedstuff(FAF) on blood metabolites, carcass characteristics and profitability. Sixteen Hanwoos(bulls; 8, steers; 8) with average 143㎏ of body weight were randomly assigned to bull control group(BC), steer control group(SC), bull group(BrA) treated with rBST and FAF, and steer group(SrA) treated with rBST and FAF. Sustained release rBST(0.03㎎/㎏/body weight) was administered biweekly and dose of rBST was adjusted monthly according to body weight increase. The blood glucose content was higher in the groups treated with rBST and FAF than control groups. The blood cholesterol contents tended to be lower in the treatment groups (BrA, 120.5 mg/dl; SrA, 104.0 mg/dl) than in the control groups (BC, 141.0 mg/dl; SC, 125.5 mg/dl). No significant difference between the groups of bulls and steers were found in the blood triglyceride concentrations as well as the albumin contents. The rib eye area of BC and BrA were 70 and 72 cm2, respectively, which are slightly larger than the area of SC and SrA. The treatment did not affect the backfat thickness both in bulls and steers. The marbling scores of BC and BrA appeared as No. 1 and No. 2, respectively, and No. 3 and No. 4 were obtained in SC and SrA. Lower non saturate fat concentrations were observed in the treatment groups (BrA, 64.30%; SrA, 59.59) than in control groups (BC, 58.98%; SC, 58.09%). Saturated fatty acids and amino acids contents were slightly more improved in the treatment than in the control. Average auction prices of BC and BrA were 7,900 and 8,089 wons per 1kg of carcass, respectively, whereas the prices of SC and SrA were 9407 and 9866 wons per 1kg of carcass, respectively. It is concluded that the treatment with rBST and FAF can improve the growth performance such as marbling scores and rib eye area and increase the auction prices.
A valve open/close degree measuring device is used for an indicator of a valve actuator. This device indicates an opening and closing of a valve or throttle in a hydraulic actuator. In ship, equipments requires safe and robust because of a rough environment and a specific condition during a voyage. Thus, the open/close degree measuring device must be developed which can be used at an outdoor environment. This study developed the open/close degree measuring device using a volumetric measuring method(25㎖/100㎖). The housing of the open/close degree measuring device was made by a stainless steel with surface painting after an anodizing coating.