In this study, in order to develop a method to efficiently inject essential nutrients necessary for plant growth into wood chips, which are simply used as soil covering materials in the agriculture, landscaping and horticultural industries, the atmospheric pressure dipping method and the vacuum pressure impregnating method are used to improve the plant nutrients injectability and impregnation amount were comparatively analyzed. Nutrient ingredients and 8 major heavy metal contents of wood chips injected with nutrients were analyzed, and soil covering effects were examined by covering wood chips injected with nutrients on soil. Comparing the dipping method and the vacuum pressure impregnation method, it took about 48 hours or more to inject 1,500 g or more of the nutrient aqueous solution into 1 kg of wood chips in the dipping method, but the vacuum pressure impregnation method could be impregnated in about 5 minutes. Components of the impregnated nutrients were detected in proportion to the diluted concentration. As a result of covering the wood chips developed in this study on soil, they showed weakly acidic pH, and the heat insulation and moisturizing effects during the winter season were evaluated to be superior to those of uncovered soil. In the future, wood chips impregnated with nutrients are expected to contribute to the more efficient use of waste wood resources and the long-term supply of nutrients essential for plant growth, reducing excessive use of chemical fertilizers and reducing costs.
디지털 트랜스포메이션은 기업의 경영 전략적 관점에서의 조직, 프로세스, 비즈 니스 모델, 커뮤니케이션의 광범위하고 근본적 변화를 요구하고 있으나, 성공적인 트랜스포 메이션의 핵심 선제요건 중 하나는 구성원의 IT(Information Technology) 역량이다. 공학적 배경 지식 없이 기술경영을 전공하는 학생들은 비교적 단기간에 경영관리 능력과 IT 역량을 동시에 키워야 하는 난제에 처해 있다. 이러한 이유로 효과적인 IT 역량 교육 방법은 기술경 영학 분야의 교육 이슈 중 하나로 부각되고 있다. 본 논문은 디지털 트랜스포메이션의 흐름을 주도할 수 있는 학생들을 양성하기 위한 IT 역량 교육은 “무엇”을 “어떻게” 가르쳐야 할 것 인가라는 질문에 대한 답을 찾기 위한 하나의 사례로서, 서강대학교 기술경영 전문대학원의 IT 관련 커리큘럼 리노베이션의 과정과 현재까지 교육과정 실행 결과를 제시한다. 특히, IT 역량 교육의 출발점이자 진입장벽이 되는 기초 프로그래밍 교육 과정의 피드백 결과에 대한 충분한 논의를 통해, 기술경영대학원 학생들을 위한 효율적인 IT 교육의 운영 방향에 대한 선행 참조사례를 제공하는 데 본 논문의 목적이 있다.
Purpose: This study verified the effects of simulation-based communication education on the problem-solving process, communication self-efficacy, and communication ability of nursing college students. Methods: As an experimental study of single-group pre- and post-design, data were collected from April 12 to June 18, 2021, using a self-report questionnaire from 55 Year 4 nursing college students in city D. The collected data were analyzed in terms of frequency, paired t-test, and Pearson's correlation coefficients using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. Results: Our findings indicated that there were significant differences between the problem-solving process (t=-20.54, p<.001), communication self-efficacy (t=-15.31, p<.001), and communication ability (t=-3.62, p=.001) in communication before and after simulation-based communication education. Following simulation-based communication education, the communication ability of nursing students was evaluated through the problem-solving process (r=.46, p<.01), self-efficacy in communication (r=.37, p<.01), and problem-solving process by a doctor. Furthermore, it was found that there was a significant positive correlation with communication self-efficacy (r=.16, p<.01). Conclusion: It can be expected that the simulation -based communication education will improve nursing students’ problem-solving process, communication self-efficacy, and communication ability and thus contribute to high-quality nursing in related clinical situations. In addition, for a more effective communication education, research that could develop various scenarios in the clinical field and verify the effectiveness is required.
Weight-based exercise equipment is unreasonable because of its large weight or volume and has limitations in use at home. On top of that, it is not easy to control the weight of domestic muscular exercise devices such as dumbbells and latex bands. This study proposes a new type of exercise equipment that can be used at home by modifying the exercise equipment used in fitness centers. Home training exercise equipment has been optimized by replacing the weight of strength training equipment, which is the core of weight control, with electric motors. For optimal design, process integration and design optimization (PIANO), a commercial PIDO tool, was analyzed in conjunction with DAFUL, a multi-body dynamics analysis program. When formulating the optimal design, the objective function was to minimize the weight, and the shape of the pinwheel and pulley used in exercise equipment was proposed considering the stress of cables as design constraints. As a result of optimization, design proposals were derived while meeting the design requirements and reduced by 5% compared to the initial model. In this work, we have miniaturized the shape of exercise equipment compared to conventional exercise equipment by optimizing its shape.
The brake system drives the vehicle by converting the kinetic energy into thermal energy. The heat energy generated during the braking process increases the temperature of the structure. It causes thermal deformation due to overheating and causes cracks, noise, and vibration that degrade performance. However, it is not possible to fundamentally prevent the temperature rise of the brakes. There is a need for research on improving the heat dissipation performance by improving the shape of the brake. Therefore, this study analyzed the concentrated stress caused by overheating of the brake disc. In order to improve the performance of the disk, shape optimization design was performed. For stress and thermal analysis, the analysis was conducted using the finite element program ANSYS Transient Thermal and Structural tools. PIAnO (Process Integration and Design Optimization) was used to perform optimal design. In the formulation of the optimum design, the stress was minimized by satisfying the constraints. This study intends to present a new brake disc model by performing perforated shape and arrangement.
Recently, at-home workouts, which allows people to exercise easily and comfortably at home without going to the gym, has been in the spotlight. Accordingly, a lot of household equipment is produced, but weight exercise equipment is limited in use at home because of its heavy weight or volume. Therefore, this paper proposes a new form of exercise equipment that can be used at home by transforming the exercise equipment used in the fitness center. The proposed mechanism replaces the weight part of the strength exercise device, which is the key to weight control, with an electric motor. Three major muscle exercise instruments (long pull machine, curl cable machine, and let down machine) were analyzed by dynamic analysis using a multipurpose dynamic program (DAFUL). This shows that the proposed equipment can perform various sports. Therefore, the proposed mechanism is expected to be applicable at home, and this study is expected to be rapidly mass-produced by emphasizing practicality.
Recently, home workout has attracted attention as it can be done easily and conveniently at home. Accordingly, many types of home workout equipment are produced but, these kinds of exercise equipment using dumbbells or weights are too heavy to use for at-home-workout and they are too bulky in size. This paper studies a form of exercise done at home which is using a motor instead of dumbbells and weights that are originally used in the exercise equipment. DAFUL, a multi-body dynamics analysis program, is used to verify the dynamic performance of the proposed equipment. Therefore, motor-based exercise equipment is expected to be smaller than existing exercise equipment and more suitable for use at home.