Modi took office as India’s Prime Minister in 2014, and started second term in 2019. In order to safeguard the party interests of the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) and the Hindu ethnic groups, Modi administration adopted radical policies to promote Hindu nationalism. These policies led to strong Hindu nationalism, rapidly intensified conflicts with other ethnic groups, and eventually filled India with the sentiment of all ethnic groups. In order to divert the national attention and the energy of nationalism, the Modi administration took aggressive diplomatic measures against the neighboring countries. The Modi administration realized the transformation of domestic religious nationalism into the aggressive diplomacy in China, Pakistan and other countries, but it brought a great impact on India's surrounding diplomatic environment, especially led to significant influence to the relations between China and Pakistan. The Modi administration reversed relations of India-China and India-Pakistan respectively, increased opposition and exclusion between India and these two countries; Indian nationalism broke the fragile balance of the geopolitical situation and posed a danger to peace and development in South Asia, meanwhile China and Pakistan developed a closer partnership.
With the history of more than 2,200 years, Yibin is one of the national historical and cultural cities named by The State Council of China. As an important alcohol production base, Yibin city has a long history of alcohol brewing. Its brewing industry products are not only well-known in China, but also sold to various countries around the world. Yibin is currently responding to China's 14th Five-Year Plan, promoting urban construction with cultural construction and developing the alcohol industry ,and trying to build an ecological new area in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River to become an “economic sub-center” in Sichuan province. The construction of Yibin city and the development of alcohol industry are intertwined together, and the development process of alcohol industry has an important influence on the urban construction of Yibin, especially in the cultural city construction. In this study, we used literature analysis to investigate the influence of alcohol industry to the construction of Yibin cultural city. Based on the degree of correlation between development elements of Yibin cultural city and alcohol industry, we believe that the alcohol industry mainly has changed the appearance and layout of the cultural landscape, and influenced the urban surrounding construction and distribution structure. What’s more, alcohol industry has enriched the life of Yibin people, and made the urban culture more colorful. Last but not least, the alcohol industry also has provided Yibin with unique tourism cultural resources, which promotes the development of Yibin’s tourism culture.
The emergence of Corona viruses have plunged human society into an unprecedented epidemic disaster, which made the way of communication between countries has changed dramatically. Korean Universities launched a new attempt to implement live streaming Korean language courses (LSKLC) in a purpose of continuing exchanges and cooperation with Chinese Universities. This study noticed that students attend these courses in different ways. In order to investigate whether students' satisfaction is affected by the way of attending the classes, this study was conducted using SPSS 26.0 software and Kruskal-Wallis test method, and the data was extracted from a LSKLC implemented by a Korean University. As results, the satisfaction level of students was high, meanwhile the teaching method satisfaction was the highest, following content setting, and timetable setting, but neither attending way showed any significant difference in course satisfaction.
After becoming North Korea's leader, Kim Jongen conducted nuclear tests and missile launches, which not only deepened the relevant countries’ concern about the security situation in the Korean peninsula, but also caused the South Korea to introduce THAAD system from the US, causing a series of knock-on effects. After going through Park Geunhae government’s “Choi Sunsil scandal”, Moon Jaein became the new president of South Korea. As North Korea walked to more extreme on the nuclear issue, Moon government, which originally wants to inherit and carry forward the "Sunshine Policy", has gradually changed security strategic diplomatic stance by not only strengthening the "traditional" alliance with the United States, but also by discussing necessity of enhancing Korea-US and US-Japan alliance. However Moon government knew the “violence to violence” method might help improve the military deterrence against North Korea, but it’s not conductive to ease the situation. This paper adopted literature research method to analyze the influence of South Korea security diplomacy’s strategic change and its influence on the Korean Peninsula. South Korea realized that strengthening military alliance is not a rational choice, but insisting conversation and peace negotiation can find the way out of the dilemma. By doing this, South Korea performed a “sports diplomacy” to North Korea and brought Korea peninsula back to a relatively peaceful and consultative atmosphere.
After entering the era of Xi Jinping administration, China's 3.0 version foreign policy has been continuously developing in practice. Especially since 2017, China's 3.0 version foreign policy continued to have new changes as follows: First, it emphasized the “Foreign Policy of Neighboring Countries” and put the “Belt and Road Initiative” into the Communist Party Constitution. Second, added “Adhering to the Path of Peaceful Development”, “Adhering to the Win-Win Strategy of Opening up” and “Promoting the Building of a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind” to China Constitution. Other than that, “New Concept of Asia Security” and “Bottom-line Thinking” also gradually are implemented in China's diplomatic practice. In the volatile international society, there have been upstreams against globalization and regional integration, of which Modi administration is one example. Modi pushed for Hindu nationalism, which not only set off drastically religious nationalism trend in the domestic, but also led to spillover into the international community. The Indian military respectively crossed the border into China and caused the Dong Lang Issue and the Galvan Valley Conflict. These issues seriously affected the relations between the two countries and challenged the implementation of China 3.0 version foreign policy. This paper focuses on how the important concepts in the 3.0 foreign policy were applied to the diplomatic practice against India, and how China avoided the escalation of the situation. From the paper, we can find that China maintained a high degree of restraint and insisted on solving the problem through negotiation and consultation in the Dong Lang Issue. In the interlude between the two issues, China actively promoted the interaction between two leaders and sought to build a momentum of peace and mutual benefit. In the Galvan Valley Conflict period, China stuck to the “Bottom-line Thinking” at well as adhered to the “Path of Peaceful Development”. China in the future will still need to adhere to these 3.0 version foreign concepts-- “the Great Power Relations”, “Bottom-line Thinking” and “Amity, Sincerity, Mutual Benefit and Inclusiveness in China's Neighborhood Diplomacy”. China will safeguard its core interests and maintain a good foreign environment in order to contribute to peace and development of the international society.
Bilateral profound friendship between China and Pakistan and the "all-weather strategic partnership" have given great support to mutual cooperation. China and Pakistan are moving forward to the goal of "economic corridor construction as the center, Gwadar port, transport infrastructure, energy and industrial cooperation as the points to form the ‘1+4’ economic cooperation and common development". However, the relationship between the two countries is also facing some challenges in the process of sustainable development, among which the populist in Pakistan is gradually emerging. If left unchecked, it may lead to a great threat to CPEC and other cooperation. Therefore, strengthening basic research on populism in Pakistan is of great significance for enhancing the all-weather strategic cooperative partnership and ensuring the smooth implementation of the CPEC. After reviewing the current research status and deficiencies of populism theory, this paper analyzes populism from the dimensions of social classes, religions and regions, so as to deeply understand the breeding source of populism. From the perspective of class, populism in Pakistan has distinct characteristics of class antagonism. From a religious perspective, there is a deeply rooted political psychology among the Pakistani people. From a regional perspective, the traditional social structure of Islam in Pakistan determines that the loyalty of individuals to religion, family and a smaller region is greater than the loyalty to the nation state.
본 논문은 포터(Porter)가 제시한 요소조건, 수요조건, 연관·지원 산업 실태 및 기업
전략, 구조 및 경쟁관계를 토대로 중국 조선산업에 관련한 현황을 고찰하였다. 또한 중
국 정부의 조선산업에 대한 지원전략과 정책 특성을 분석하였다. 일본과 한국의 사례
와 비교하면 중국은 부실기업을 정리하고 우수기업을 더욱 지원하는 ‘선택과 집중’ 이
라는 전략으로 조선산업 지원정책을 추진하고 있다. 조선산업에 대한 한·중·일의 위기
극복 노력은 모두 정부주도로 추진되어왔으며, 조선산업의 특징을 고려하여 볼 때 정
부의 지원은 산업의 국가경쟁력을 강화하는 데에 매우 중요한 역할을 한다. 중국은 조
선산업의 구조조정 지원정책을 통해 동종기업 간 경쟁관계를 형성하고 전․후방 산업간
연계된 지원전략을 통한 산업의 활성화를 유도하였다. 이는 조선산업의 질적 선진화와
지속가능한 산업구조 구축으로 이어져 외부 위기에 강한 경쟁력을 갖출 수 있는 산업
으로 발전할 수 있게 할 것이다.