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        검색결과 148

        1.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 논문에서는 몬스터에게 붙잡히지 않고 키를 찾아서 연구소를 탈출하는 공포 방탈출 게임을 제안한다. 제 안하는 게임을 진행한30명의 게임 플레이 로그 데이터 분석 결과와 설문조사 결과를 바탕으로, 제안하는 게 임의 특징을 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 제안하는 게임은 다양한 아이템, 액션, 탈출 경로를 제공한다. 제안하는 게임이 숨을 곳도 많고 다양한 상호작용을 제공한다고 설문에서4점 이상 주었다. 또한, map의 footprint를 분석한 결과, 플레이어는 다양한 경로를 통해 키를 찾아서 탈출하였다. 둘째, 제안하는 게임은 외 관으로 기능을 추론할 수 있는 직관적인 오브젝트를 제공한다. 따라서, 플레이어는 시각적 공간 및 게임 아 이템 용도를 쉽게 파악하여 조작할 수 있다. 설문조사 결과에서, 플레이어는 조작감 관련 항목의 점수를4점 이상을 주었다. 셋째, 제안하는 게임에서 플레이어는 아이템이 충분할 때보다는 부족할 때 더 몰입을 잘 한 다. 게임 플레이 로그 데이터 분석 결과와 설문조사 결과에 따르면, 플레이어는 아이템이 부족할 때 더 크게 공포를 느끼고 상황에 몰입하여, 더 적극적으로 행동하게 되고 더 민감하게 반응한다.
        4,000원
        2.
        2023.11 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        The solid-state chemistry of uranium is essential to the nuclear fuel cycle. Uranyl nitrate is a key compound that is produced at various stages of the nuclear fuel cycle, both in front-end and backend cycles. It is typically formed by dissolving spent nuclear fuel in nitric acid or through a wet conversion process for the preparation of UF6. Additionally, uranium oxides are a primary consideration in the nuclear fuel cycle because they are the most commonly used nuclear fuel in commercial nuclear reactors. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the oxidation and thermal behavior of uranium oxides and uranyl nitrates. Under the ‘2023 Nuclear Global Researcher Training Program for the Back-end Nuclear Fuel Cycle,’ supported by KONICOF, several experiments were conducted at IMRAM (Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials) at Tohoku University. First, the recovery ratio of uranium was analyzed during the synthesis of uranyl nitrate by dissolving the actual radioisotope, U3O8, in a nitric acid solution. Second, thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) of uranyl nitrate (UO2(NO3)2) and hyper-stoichiometric uranium dioxide (UO2+X) was performed. The enthalpy change was discussed to confirm the mechanism of thermal decomposition of uranyl nitrate under heating conditions and to determine the chemical hydrate form of uranyl nitrate. In the case of UO2+X, the value of ‘x’ was determined through the calculation of weight change data, and the initial form was verified using the phase diagram for the U-O system. Finally, the formation of a few UO2+X compounds was observed with heat treatment of uranyl nitrate and uranium dioxide at different temperature intervals (450°C-600°C). As a result of these studies, a deeper understanding of the thermal and chemical behavior of uranium compounds was achieved. This knowledge is vital for improving the efficiency and safety of nuclear fuel cycle processes and contributes to advancements in nuclear science and technology.
        3.
        2023.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        The rate of resistant pest emergence has accelerated due to the continuous use of pesticides. Therefore, it is important to formulate insecticide resistance management measures and effective control methods for pest. Bemisia tabaci, a greenhouse pest, causes direct damage to crops such as growth inhibition and leaf discoloration at all developmental stages except for eggs. It also indirectly damages plants by secreting honeydew, which covers surrounding leaves and fruits, leading to sooty mold development. In this study, eight insecticides with high usage rates, categorized by their mode of action, were selected. Samples of Bemisia tabaci were collected from six regions, and resistance analysis were conducted. The results showed that Flonicamid exhibited a resistance ratio of 8.91 in Sejong, while Pyriproxyfen showed a high resistance ratio of 63.56 in Gunwi. Fluxametamide, Spinetoram, Cyantraniliprole, Dinotefuran, Pyridaben, and Milbemectin displayed resistance ratio ranging from 0.02 to 1.14 in most regions, except for Flonicamid and Pyriproxyfen.
        4.
        2023.05 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        The large rectangular and cylindrical concrete drums are stored in nuclear power plant (NPP) for a long time. At the early stage of NPP operation, the treatment technology of boron concentrates and spent resin was not well developed, when compared to current system. Since the waste acceptance criteria (WAC) of the disposal facility was not established, the boron concentrates and spent resins were packaged in 200 L drum. Some of the 200 L drums, which contain relatively high dose rate radioactive waste, were stored in large concrete drum. The concrete drum offers superior shielding effect and allows reduction of radiation exposure to workers. The WAC requires various characteristics: radiological characteristics, physical characteristics, chemical characteristics, etc. The non-destructive method allows the rapid evaluation and estimation of the concrete structure. Also, it is expected that the large concrete exhibits integrity after the measurements. In this paper, the non-destructive method to understand the large rectangular and cylindrical drum is systematically studied. The advantage and disadvantage of the non-destructive methods were compared in this paper. In addition, the optimized methodology to characterize the radioactive waste containing large rectangular and cylindrical drum will be discussed in this paper.
        9.
        2022.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 논문에서는 외계 행성에서 주어진 임무를 모두 수행하여 클리어하는 탑 뷰 슈팅 게임을 제안한다. 제안 하는 게임을 진행한 플레이어 45명의 로그 기록과 설문 조사 결과를 분석하여, 몰입감, 플레이 패턴의 다양 성, 접근성을 중심으로 제안하는 게임의 특징을 살펴보고자 한다. 첫째, 제안한 게임은 더 높은 몰입감을 위 해 스토리 애니메이션과 오디오를 제공한다. 실험 결과 시각, 청각적 방면으로 몰입감을 효과적으로 제공하 고 있어 대다수의 플레이어가 스토리 애니메이션을 건너뛰지 않고 끝까지 시청했다. 둘째, 제안하는 게임은 더 다양한 플레이 패턴으로 즐길 수 있다. 실험 결과 수많은 경우의 수가 존재하는 무기와 스킬을 선택할 수 있게 하였기 때문에 대부분의 플레이어가 선택하는 스킬들이 서로 겹치지 않고 다양한 방식으로 게임을 플레이할 수 있다. 플레이 패턴이 다양한 만큼 더 게임을 오랫동안, 더 재미있게 즐길 수 있다. 셋째, 제안한 게임은 맵을 비교적 단순하게 구성하였다. 그런데, 호기심 많은 일부 플레이어들이 미션과 직접 관련이 없는 경로를 찾아서 길을 헤매는 경우가 나타났다. 이로 인해, 플레이어들이 게임을 다시 한번 진행하고자 하는 경향이 나타났다.
        4,000원
        10.
        2022.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        시금치의 주요 해충인 흰띠명나방(Spoladea recurvalis) 유충의 살충제 5종에 대한 감수성을 검정하였다. Lufenuron EC, chromafenozide EC, chlorantraniliprole WP, tebufenozide WP, pyridalyl EW는 각각 2(12.5 ppm), 4(12.5 ppm), 8(2.5 ppm), 4(20.0 ppm), 8(12.5 ppm)배 의 희석농도에서 90% 이상의 높은 살충활성을 보였다. 추천농도로 경엽처리 후 7일이 경과된 시금치 잎에 흰띠명나방 유충이 72시간 동안 노출되 었을 경우 chromafenozide EC, chlorantraniliprole WP, tebufenozide WP, pyridalyl EW의 살충률은 각각 98.3%, 100%, 95.0%, 100%로 나타나 높은 잔효성을 보였다. 흰띠명나방에 대한 방제효과를 2개소(화성, 연천)에서 포장검정 결과, 5종의 약제 모두 2개소에서 약제처리 7일 경과 후 90% 이상의 방제효과를 보였으며 2배량에서도 약해가 없어 향후 흰띠명나방 방제약제로 시금치에 활용이 가능할 것으로 판단된다.
        4,000원
        12.
        2022.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        Waste containers for packaging, transportation and disposal of NPP (Nuclear Power Plant) decommissioning wastes are being developed. In this study, drop tests were conducted to prove the safety of containers for packaging of the wastes and to verify the reliability of the analysis results by comparing the test and analysis results. The drop height of the waste containers was considered to be 30 mm, which is the maximum lifting speed of a 50 tons crane in the waste treatment facility converted to the drop height. Drop orientation of the containers was considered for bottom-end on drop. The impact acceleration and strain data were obtained to verify the reliability of the analysis results. Before and after the drop tests, measurement of the dose rate and the radiographic testing for concrete wall, and measurement of the wall thickness of steel plate were conducted to evaluate the radiation shielding integrity. Also, measurement of bolt torque, and visual inspection were conducted to evaluate the loss or dispersion of radioactive contents. After the drop tests, the radiation dose rate on the container surface did not increase by more than 20%, and there was no crack in the concrete. In addition, the thickness of the steel plate did not change within the measurement error. Therefore, the radiation shielding integrity of the container was maintained. After the drop tests, the lid bolts were not damaged and there was no loss of pretension in the lid bolts. In addition, there was no loss or dispersion of the contents as a result of visual inspection. In order to prove the reliability of the drop analysis results, safety verifications were performed using the drop test results, and the appropriate conservatism for the analysis results and the validity of the analysis model were confirmed. Therefore, the structural integrity of the waste containers was maintained under the drop test conditions.
        20.
        2022.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study aimed to examine the changes in dry matter yield and growth characteristics of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) in response to variations in sowing dates during the autumn season of 2021-22 in a dry paddy field of Chilbo-myeon, Jeongeup-si, Jeollabuk-do. Treatments comprised four sowing dates at 10-day intervals, i.e., October 8, October 18, October 28, and November 8, 2021. The winter survival rate of alfalfa showed a significant difference between different treatments but was at a satisfactory level for all (p<0.05). The winter survival rate for the fourth sowing date, a month later than the first sowing date, was approximately 11.7% lower than that for the first sowing date. The plant height ranged between 82.3–93.1 cm and 60.5–63.7 cm at the first and second harvest, respectively, smaller at the second harvest than at the first harvest. The total dry matter yield of alfalfa was the highest at 13,316 kg/ha for the first sowing date, and the later the sowing date, the lower the dry matter yield. The protein content of alfalfa ranged between 13.6–17.3% in the first harvest, lower than the standard alfalfa protein content of 20% or more. In relative feed value, the first sowing (Oct. 8) was the most significantly higher in the first harvest (p<0.05). These results suggest that the early and mid-October sowing dates are optimum for sowing alfalfa during autumn and result in improved plant growth, dry matter yield, protein content, and winter survival compared to those at later sowing dates. Therefore, dry paddy fields can be safely employed for alfalfa cultivation with sowing dates in early and mid-October during autumn.
        4,000원
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