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        검색결과 272

        1.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study presents code-compliant seismic details by addressing dry mechanical splices for precast concrete (PC) beam-column connections in the ACI 318-19 code. To this end, critical observations of previous test results on precast beam-column connection specimens with the proposed seismic detail are briefly reported in this study, along with a typical reinforced concrete (RC) monolithic connection. On this basis, nonlinear dynamic models were developed to verify seismic responses of the PC emulative moment-resisting frame systems. As the current design code allows only the emulative design approach, this study aims at identifying the seismic performances of PC moment frame systems depending on their emulative levels, for which two extreme cases were intentionally chosen as the non-emulative (unbonded self-centering with marginal energy dissipation) and fully-emulative connection details. Their corresponding hysteresis models were set by using commercial finite element analysis software. According to the current seismic design provisions, a typical five-story building was designed as a target PC building. Subsequently, nonlinear dynamic time history analyses were performed with seven ground motions to investigate the impact of emulation level or hysteresis models (i.e., energy dissipation performance) on system responses between the emulative and non-emulative PC moment frames. The analytical results showed that both the base shear and story drift ratio were substantially reduced in the emulative system compared to that of the non-emulative one, and it indicates the importance of the code-compliant (i.e., emulative) connection details on the seismic performance of the precast building.
        4,000원
        2.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Non-uniform reinforced concrete brace facade systems are newly considered to improve seismic performance of reinforced concrete frame buildings under lateral load. For normal and high strength concrete of 30MPa, 80MPa, and 120MPa, the cross-sections of reinforced concrete brace facade systems were designed as different size with same amount of reinforcements. The strengthened frame systems were analyzed by a non-linear two-dimensional finite element technique which was considering material non-linearities of concrete and reinforcing bars under monotonic and cyclic loadings. From the study of non-linear analysis of the systems, therefore, it was provided that the proposed braced facade systems were reliable to improve laterally load-carrying capacity and minimize damages of concrete members through comparisons of load-displacement curves, crack patterns, and stress distributions of reinforcing bars predicted by current non-linear finite element analysis of frame specimens.
        4,000원
        3.
        2024.01 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The ductility of the system based on the capacity of each structural member constituting the seismic force-resisting system is a significant factor determining the structure’s seismic performance. This study aims to provide a procedure to supplement the current seismic design criteria to secure the system’s ductility and improve the seismic performance of the steel ordinary moment frames. For the study, a nonlinear analysis was performed on the 9- and 15-story model buildings, and the formation of collapse mechanisms and damage distribution for dynamic loads were analyzed. As a result of analyzing the nonlinear response and damage distribution of the steel ordinary moment frame, local collapse due to the concentration of structural damage was observed in the case where the influence of the higher mode was dominant. In this study, a procedure to improve the seismic performance and avoid inferior dynamic response was proposed by limiting the strength ratio of the column. The proposed procedure effectively improved the seismic performance of steel ordinary moment frames by reducing the probability of local collapse.
        4,000원
        4.
        2023.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        For fast-built and safe precast concrete (PC) construction, the dry mechanical splicing method is a critical technique that enables a self-sustaining system (SSS) during construction with no temporary support and minimizes onsite jobs. However, due to limited experimental evidence, traditional wet splicing methods are still dominantly adopted in the domestic precast industry. For PC beam-column connections, the current design code requires achieving emulative connection performances and corresponding structural integrity to be comparable with typical reinforced concrete (RC) systems with monolithic connections. To this end, this study conducted the standard material tests on mechanical splices to check their satisfactory performance as the Type 2 mechanical splice specified in the ACI 318 code. Two PC beam-column connection specimens with dry mechanical splices and an RC control specimen as the special moment frame were subsequently fabricated and tested under lateral reversed cyclic loadings. Test results showed that the seismic performances of all the PC specimens were fully comparable to the RC specimen in terms of strength, stiffness, energy dissipation, drift capacity, and failure mode, and their hysteresis responses showed a mitigated pinching effect compared to the control RC specimen. The seismic performances of the PC and RC specimens were evaluated quantitatively based on the ACI 374 report, and it appeared that all the test specimens fully satisfied the seismic performance criteria as a code-compliant special moment frame system.
        4,000원
        5.
        2023.08 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 논문에서는 철근콘크리트 골조를 주 대상으로 하여 설계 및 시공 전 과정에 대한 디지털전환 전략과 기술개발에 대하여 기술하 였다. 건설 현장의 BIM 도입과 디지털 전환이 기대만큼 활성화되지 않는 중요원인을, 모델링 솔루션을 이용한 설계모델 구축의 생산 성과 후속 프로세스에서 요구하는 필요충분한 정보를 제공하는 완성도에서 찾을 수 있다. 특히 방대한 양의 상세설계 모델 구축에 소 요되는 과도한 노력과 단순반복 작업 과정에서 발생할 수 있는 인적 오류에 의한 정확성 결여는 건축 프로젝트의 디지털 전환 실현을 위하여 해결되어야 할 기술적 장벽이다. 이러한 배경에서 본 연구에서는 철근콘크리트 골조 공사를 대상으로 디지털전환과 현장적용 을 목표로 이를 실현하기 위한 개념적 전략 수립과 기술개발 사례에 대하여 기술하였다. 이를 위하여 시공 단계에서 필요한 상세설계 정보를 포함하는 건물골조 상세설계 BIM 모델링 기술개발 결과를 제시하고, 특히 배근상세설계 등 반복성이 높은 상세설계 업무를 자동화하여 기본설계 2D CAD 도면에서 출발하여 3D BIM 모델을 구축하고 상세설계 BIM 모델을 생성한 후 이를 활용하기 위한 플 랫폼 구축까지의 프로세스를 완성하였다. 제시된 자동화기술과 현장관리 플랫폼에 의한 프로세스는 CAD 도면 기반의 전통적 건설 프로세스를 대체하기 위해 요구되는 업무 생산성과 기술적 정보 완성도를 확보한 것으로 평가되었다.
        4,000원
        6.
        2023.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study presents a dry precast concrete (PC) beam-column connection, and its target seismic performance level is set to be emulative to the reinforced concrete (RC) intermediate moment resisting frame system specified in ACI 318 and ASCE 7. The key features include self-sustaining ability during construction with the dry mechanical splicing method, enabling emulative connection performances and better constructability. Test specimens with code-compliant seismic details were fabricated and tested under reversed cyclic loading, which included a PC beam-column connection specimen with dry connections and an RC control specimen. The test results showed that all the specimens failed in a similar failure mode due to plastic deformations in beam members, while the hysteretic response curve of the PC specimen showed comparable and emulative performances compared to the RC specimen. Seismic performance evaluation was quantitatively addressed, and on this basis, it confirmed that the presented system can fully satisfy all the required performance for the intermediate RC moment resisting frame.
        4,000원
        7.
        2023.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, the performance evaluation of the RC frame specimen (RV2) which was strengthened by a steel frame and a steel damper with the lateral deformation prevention details proceeded. The comparison objects are bare frame specimen (BF), RV2 and AWD, where AWD is a specimen reinforced with steel damper and aramid fiber sheets. In the evaluation of envelope curve, stiffness degradation, and energy dissipation capacity, RV2 was evaluated to have excellent capacity as a whole. To evaluate the strengthening effect of the steel frame based on the maximum strength and energy dissipation capacity, it was evaluated to have a 38% of the RV2’s capacity.
        4,000원
        8.
        2022.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The energy dissipation of inverted V-type eccentric steel braced frames can be achieved through the yielding of a slit link, through yielding of a number of strips between slits when the frame is subjected to inelastic cyclic deformation. On the other hand, the development of seismic resistance system without residual deformation is obtained by applying the superelasdtic shape memory alloy (SMA) material into the brace and link elements. This paper presents results from a systematic three-dimensional nonlinear finite element analysis on the structural behavior of the eccentric bracing systems subjected to cyclic loadings. A wide scope of structural behaviors explains the horizontal stiffness, hysteretic behaviors, and failure modes of the recentering eccentric bracing system. The accurate results presented here serve as benchmark data for comparison with results obtained using modern experimental testing and alternative theoretical approaches.
        4,000원
        9.
        2022.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study investigated the seismic performance of reinforced concrete (RC) wall-slab frames with masonry infills. Four RC wall-slab frames with or without masonry infill were tested under cyclic loading. The RC frames were composed of in-plane and out-of-plane walls and top and bottom slabs. For masonry infill walls, cement bricks were stacked applying mortar paste only at the bed joints, and, at the top, a gap of 50 mm was intentionally left between the masonry wall and top RC slab. Both sides of the masonry walls were finished by applying ordinary or fiber-reinforced mortars. The tests showed that despite the gap on top of the masonry walls, the strength and stiffness of the infilled frames were significantly increased and were different depending on the direction of loading and the finishing mortars. During repeated loading, the masonry walls underwent horizontal and diagonal cracking and corner crushing/spalling, showing a rocking mode inside the RC wall-slab frame. Interestingly, this rocking mode delayed loss of strength, and as a result, the ductility of the infilled frames increased to the same level as the bare frame. The interaction of masonry infill and adjacent RC walls, depending on the direction of loading, was further investigated based on test observations.
        4,200원
        10.
        2021.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        편심가새골조(EBF)의 역량설계법에 의하면, 링크가 완전항복 및 변형경화 상태일 때 기둥, 링크외부보, 가새(비소산 부재)는 탄성 거동해야 한다. 현행 AISC 341은 역량설계에 필요한 변형도경화계수(SHF)를 1.25로 제시하고 있으나, 실제로 건물이 고층 규모일수 록 모든 링크가 이처럼 동등한 수준의 초과강도에 도달할 가능성은 매우 낮아진다. 본 연구에서는 링크의 SHF를 정밀하게 예측하는 방법을 제안함으로써, 역량설계법의 목적을 달성하면서 구조물량을 절감하고자 하였다. 제안한 방법의 효과를 검증하기 위해 선형해 석을 2회 수행하여 SHF를 예측하고, 이를 비선형 해석결과와 비교하였다. 다음으로 비선형 해석에 의한 응답을 분석하여 구조물의 한 계상태에서 비소산 부재들의 항복 여부를 확인하였다. 그 결과, 본 연구의 방법으로 설계된 구조물은 링크의 SHF를 정확히 예측함으 로 인해 물량이 큰 폭으로 절감되었으며, 비소산 부재들도 모두 탄성상태를 만족하는 것으로 나타났다.
        4,000원
        11.
        2021.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In the past, measures for the reduction of industrial accidents has led the safety and health policy of construction sites by the guidance, supervision and the regulation according to「Occupation Safety and Health Act」handled by Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL). Nowadays companies realize that due to the factors such as diversification of employment types, outsourcing of hazardous work, new construction method and complicated types of construction, etc., there is a limit on safety management for construction sites as far as it is passively led by the governmental safety management policy and regulation. In this study, in order to practice the autonomous safety management escaping from the government-led safety management, improvement plans are proposed and applied by analyzing the basic cause of the all kinds of fall accidents that could possibly occur in the apartment construction sites and by verifying the hazardous factors and risks by fields.
        4,000원
        12.
        2021.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The purpose of this paper is to improve the inappropriate analysis results when the end of the brace on braced frame is applied as pinned connection in practice. The stiffness of the gusset plate connection on the braced frame has the amount of between pinned and rigid connection, and the analysis model that applies the stiffness of the connection must be used for accurate performance evaluation. In this study, the stiffness of the gusset plate designed by the balanced design procedure are quantified, and applied to the analysis model to simulate the gusset plate connection. The proposed model was verified through nonlinear static analysis (pushover analysis) of SAP2000. The effect of the connection on the seismic performance of the braced frame was analyzed by comparing the proposed model and pinned model. As a result, it was confirmed that the performance of the braced frame was evaluated conservatively in practice, and the ductility was overestimated. Therefore, it is important to consider the connection for accurate and economical performance evaluation.
        4,000원
        13.
        2021.01 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Most commercial buildings among existing RC buildings in Korea have a multi-story wall-frame structure where RC shear wall is commonly used as its core at stairways or elevators. The members of the existing middle and low-rise wall-frame buildings are likely arranged in ordinary details considering building occupancy, and the importance and difficulty of member design. This is because there are few limitations, considerations, and financial burdens on the code for designing members with ordinary details. Compared with the intermediate or unique details, the ductility and overstrength are insufficient. Furthermore, the behavior of the member can be shear-dominated. Since shear failure in vertical members can cause a collapse of the entire structure, nonlinear characteristics such as shear strength and stiffness deterioration should be adequately reflected in the analysis model. With this background, an 8-story RC wall-frame building was designed as a building frame system with ordinary shear walls, and the effect of reflecting the shear failure mode of columns and walls on the collapse mechanism was investigated. As a result, the shear failure mode effect on the collapse mechanism was evident in walls, not columns. Consequently, it is recommended that the shear behavior characteristics of walls are explicitly considered in the analysis of wall-frame buildings with ordinary details.
        4,000원
        14.
        2020.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구에서는 철골편심가새골조 시스템을 대상으로 다목적최적화기법을 통해 설계를 수행하고 그 결과를 분석하였다. 최적화 설 계를 위해 유전 알고리즘의 일종인 NSGA-II를 활용하였다. 여기서, 목적함수는 이율배반적 관계를 갖는 구조물량과 층간변위로 하여 최소화되고, 제약조건에는 구조기준에서 요구하는 내력비, 링크의 회전각 등을 포함하였다. 제약조건은 최적화 알고리즘 내에서 각 항목을 위반할수록 목적함수 값을 크게 증가시키는 벌금함수의 형태를 가지고 있다. 설계기준에서 EBF 시스템의 설계규정은 링크 부재만 항복이 허용되며 나머지 부재는 링크 항복 시 발생되는 부재력을 탄성상태에서 견디도록 의도한 역량설계법에 기초한다. 그러나 최적화를 통해 도출된 결과 중 일부는 구조기준의 설계조항은 만족하지만 특정층 링크에 소성변형이 집중되어 연약층을 형성함 으로써 기준에서 의도하는 역량설계의 원칙을 위배하는 결과가 나타났다. 이를 해결하기 위해 모든 링크의 전단 초과강도계수 중 최 대값이 최소값의 1.25배를 넘지 않도록 하는 제약식을 추가하였다. 새로운 제약식을 추가한 경우 모든 최적해는 설계기준과 역량설계의 원칙을 준수하는 것으로 나타났다. 모든 설계안에서 보 경간에 대한 링크의 길이비는 전단링크의 범주에 해당하는 10% ~ 14%였다. 전체적으로 설계안들은 링크의 초과강도 계수비가 가장 지배적인 제약으로 작용하였으며, 구조기준의 요구사항 중 층간변위와 내력비 등의 항목에서 허용치에 비해 매우 보수적으로 설계되었다.
        4,000원
        15.
        2020.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In seismic design standards such as KDS 41 17 00 and ASCE 7, three procedures are provided to estimate seismic demands: equivalent lateral force (ELF), response spectrum analysis (RSA), and response history analysis (RHA). In this study, two steel special moment frames (SMFs) were designed with ELF and RSA, which have been commonly used in engineering practice. The collapse probabilities of the SMFs were evaluated according to FEMA P695 methodology. It was observed that collapse probabilities varied significantly in accordance with analysis procedures. SMFs designed with RSA (RSA-SMFs) had a higher probability of collapse than SMFs designed with ELF (ELFSMFs). Furthermore, RSA-SMFs did not satisfy the target collapse probability specified in ASCE 7-16 whereas ELF-SMFs met the target probability.
        4,000원
        16.
        2020.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This paper is to investigate the retrofitting effect for a non-seismic reinforced concrete frame strengthened by perimeter steel moment frames with indirect integrity, which ameliorates the problems of the direct integrity method. To achieve this, first, full-scale tests were conducted to address the structural behavior of a two-story non-seismic reinforced concrete frame and a strengthened frame. The non-seismic frame showed a maximum strength of 185 kN because the flexural-shear failure at the bottom end of columns on the first floor was governed, and shear cracks were concentrated at the beam-column joints on the second floor. The strengthened frame possessed a maximum strength of 338 kN, which is more than 1.8 times that of the non-seismic specimen. A considerable decrease in the quantity of cracks for the strengthened frame was observed compared with the non-seismic frame, while there was the obvious appearance of the failure pattern due to the shear crack. The lateral-resisting capacity for the non-seismic bare frame and the strengthened frame may be determined per the specified shear strength of the reinforced columns in accordance with the distance to a critical section. The effective depth of the column may be referred to as the longitudinal length from the border between the column and the foundation. The lateral-resisting capacity for the non-seismic bare frame and the strengthened frame may be reasonably determined per the specified shear strength of the reinforced columns in accordance with the distance to a critical section. The effective depth of the column may be referred to as the longitudinal length from the border between the column and the foundation. The proposed method had an error of about 2.2% for the non-seismic details and about 4.4% for the strengthened frame based on the closed results versus the experimental results.
        4,000원
        17.
        2020.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        As the damage caused by earthquakes gradually increases, seismic retrofitting for existing public facilities has been implemented in Korea. Several types of structural analysis methods can be used to evaluate the seismic performance of structures. Among them, for nonlinear dynamic analysis, the hysteresis model must be carefully applied because it can significantly affect the behavior. In order to find a hysteresis model that predicts rational behavior, this study compared the experimental results and analysis results of the existing non-seismic reinforced concrete frames. For energy dissipation, the results were close to the experimental values in the order of Pivot, Concrete, Degrading, and Takeda models. The Concrete model underestimated the energy dissipation due to excessive pinching. In contrast, the other ones except the Pivot model showed the opposite results with relatively little pinching. In the load-displacement curves, the experimental and analysis results tended to be more similar when the column axial force was applied to columns.
        4,000원
        18.
        2020.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This paper presents a systematic numerical analysis to obtain the re-centering and energy dissipation capacities of Chevron braced steel frames subjected to seismic loadings. In order to develop a recentering seismic resistance system excluding a residual deformation, the chevron braced steel frames are assembled using super-elastic SMA (Shape Memory Alloy) braces. The three-dimensional nonlinear finite element models are constructed to investigate the horizontal stiffness, hysteretic behaviors, and failure modes of the re-centering Chevron bracing system.
        4,000원
        20.
        2020.01 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Lightly reinforced concrete (RC) moment frames may suffer significant damage during large earthquake events. Most buildings with RC moment frames were designed without considering seismic loads. The load-displacement response of gravity load designed frames could be altered by masonry infill walls. The objective of this study is to investigate the load-displacement response of gravity load designed frames with masonry infill walls. For this purpose, three-story gravity load designed frames with masonry infill walls were considered. The masonry infilled RC frames demonstrated larger lateral strength and stiffness than bare RC frames, whereas their drift capacity was less than that of bare frames. A specimen with a partial-height infill wall showed the least drift capacity and energy dissipation capacity. This specimen failed in shear, whereas other specimens experienced a relatively ductile failure mode (flexure-shear failure).
        4,000원
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