The purpose of this study was to understand the effects of hotel employees’ physical attractiveness on person-job fit and to empirically analyze whether self-esteem and self-efficacy play a mediating role in the causality between an employee’s physical attractiveness and person-job fit. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 345 employees and the data were analyzed by frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The primary results were as follows: Multiple regression analysis showed that hotel employee physical attractiveness had a positive significant influence on self-esteem (β=.504, p<.001) and self-efficacy (β=.441, p<.001). Also, employee selfesteem (β=.281, p<.001) and self-efficacy (β=.478, p<.001) each had a positive significant influence on person-job fit. As a result of analyzing the mediating role, the effect of hotel employees' physical attractiveness on person-job fit was partially mediated by self-esteem and self-efficacy.
The moisture contained in conventionally extracted red crab shell samples was lower than than in samples extracted using high pressure. In contrast, ash content increased as the extraction time increased and displayed no significant variation in high pressure extraction. Extraction time was influential, with lower lightness (L-value) being obtained in samples extracted at high pressure as compared to traditional extraction. However, large variation in a- and b-values resulted from traditional extraction. For both traditional and high pressure extraction increases in pH, salinity and saccharide content were noted with increasing extraction time, but these parameters did not vary substantially in red crab shell extracted at high pressure. The mineral content in samples extracted by high pressure was higher than in traditionally extracted samples. The mineral content increased with time, with marginally higher contents of essential amino acids and flavor enhancing amino acids noted following high pressure extraction. The contents of the flavor enhancing amino acids increased from 30?60 min, thereafter decreasing. Assessment of consumer acceptance revealed that, while traditionally manufactured red crab sauce was popular, sauce manufactured using a 60 min high pressure extraction was preferred. Extending the high pressure extraction time to 75 min produced a less sensory acceptable product, due to higher mineral and protein levels.
This study is based on the utilization of pine mushroom for processing products by development of pine mushroom Jung-Gwa. The results were summarized as follows: Pine mushroom Jung-Gwa were prepared with four different amounts (20, 30, 40, 50%) of honey. Pine mushroom Jung-Gwa color value was the highest by 20% soaking honey-water product and 40% soaking honey-water product was the lowest. Strength and hardness of 20% soaking honey-water product was the highest. Appearance to product of 50% soaking honey-water was the highest preference by all age of except 20's. The honey content of more and more external appearance preference was became higher. Product of 40% soaking honey-water was best by flavor of pine mushroom Jung-Gwa. A sugary tastes comparison 50% soaking honey water to 40% soaking honey water was not distinction. The texture was appeared a statistically significant difference by products of 20%, 30% soaking honey-water. Product of 20% soaking honey-water was favorite in 20's and product of 30% soaking honey-water was favorite in 30's. In overall preference test for pine mushroom Jung-Gwa of 40% soaking honey water was preferred by all age. Oligosaccharide helped geriatric diseases and cheaper. Thus this study used oligosaccharide but the result was not a statistically significant difference of pine mushroom Jung-Gwa products quality by comparison honey-water to oligosaccharide. Therefore oligosaccharide utilization products was thought worth a lot more by processing price and functional.
This study was performed by questionnaire to investigate the dietary attitude and preference of native local foods for Ulsan citizens. The subjects were consisted of 500 citizens living in Ulsan area. The results of the survey are summarized as follows: On frequency of eating of local foods, 'one time per year' scored high as 40.8%. 'Labor-intensive' scored high as 35.6% in cooking methods. 'Rarely' scored high as 43.2% in frequency of cooking at home. A criteria of selection of Ulsan local foods was 57.2% in taste. The recognition score of native local foods was 'healthful food' (3.96 points), 'should be handed down to next generation' (3.94 points), and 'a lot of natural food ingredients' (3.88 points) and 'nutritious food' (3.87 points) in the order. The preferred native local foods of Ulsan area was 'Ulsa pear' (3.97 points), 'Eonyang, Bonggye Hanoobulgogi' (3.86 pionts), 'Raw Fish', 'Haemuljeongol', ‘Gangodeungojjim', 'Suknamsa SanchaeBibimbab' 'Gangdon Natural Brown Seaweed' in that other. On the other hand, the preference for 'Myeoljang', 'Whale Meat', 'Oksamju', 'Meonggejeon', 'Jepyipjangajji' and 'Kimchigam' was very low. Males liked 'Whale Meat', 'Raw Fish', Oksamju' and 'Dombaegi(Shark Meat)', while females liked 'Gandong Naural Brown Seaweed'. The most effectual food for developing tourism merchandising of Ulsan local foods was 'Eonyang, Bonggye hanoobulgogi' and the next is 'Eonyang Dropwort', 'Gangdong Natural Brown Seaweed', 'Myeoljang', 'Ulsan Pear', and 'Oksamju' in the order.
This study investigated the quality characteristics of demi-glace sauce that is used widely in western cuisine depending on adding volume of basil which has a specific aroma, taste and some functional ability. Analysis of color differences of demi-glace sauce was showed that a-value of demi-glace sauce decreased with adding basil, whereas viscosity of the demi-glace sauce was decreased. There were no significant differences in color, aroma, taste, appearance, viscosity, feel in mouse and general acceptability with sex and age of subjects. Demi-glace sauce with 2% basil showed best score in sensory evaluation. From theabove results, our data suggest that addition of 2% basil to demi-glace sauce is recommend for commercial use.
This study aimed to analyze the impact of importance and fulfillment(satisfaction) factors of menu quality on customers' intent of revisit of Japanese restaurants, so that it could provide information helpful to build up detailed marketing strategy and present considerations for management's higher sales amount and more efficient business results as well. Importance on menu quality scored higher level than fulfillment on the whole in Japanese restaurants. Notably, in regard to attributes of menu quality, it was found that respondents put higher stress on flavor, nutrition, cleanliness and freshness than anything else. In terms of IPA analysis on Japanese cuisine menu quality, it was noteworthy that the items with high importance but low fulfillment included menu price as an attribute for menu quality, although it was not shown in menu-specific items. In the survey on the associations between fulfillment(customer satisfaction) and intent of revisit, it was found that factors of customer satisfaction included 'trimness of dishes', 'information', 'appropriateness' and 'economic affordable' Out of these factors, it was noted that both 'trimness' and 'economic affordable' had significant effects on customer satisfaction at the significance level ranging from p<0.05 to p<0.001.
This research is to examine the structural relationships between transformational/transactional leadership, empowerment, relationship quality, and organizational commitment in Chinese restaurant context. In order to empirically investigate the proposed model, the data were collected from 188 respondents randomly selected from among the managers who work in 188 Chinese restaurants in Seoul and Kyonggi-do, which registered in Korean Food Central Association, korean foodservice management Association, Menupan.com We choose to limit our investigation to luxury Chinese restaurants where the average check is above 12,000 won. The survey was executed during two-week period in the autumn of 2004. The findings and discussion are as follows: First, intellectual stimulus behavior of transformational leadership had a positive effect on empowerment. Second, contingent reward leadership had a positive effect on empowerment. Third, empowerment had a positive effect on affective organizational commitment. Fourth, empower had a negative effect on continuous organizational commitment. Fifth, intellectural stimulus behavior of transformation leadership had a positive effect on affective organizational commitment indirectly and had a negative effect on continuous organizational commitment indirectly through mediating role of empowerment. Finally, contingent reward leadership had a positive effect on affective organizational commitment indirectly and had a negative effect on continuous organizational commitment indirectly through mediating role of empowerment. At the end of this paper, managerial implications, discussions, and limitations and future research directions are presented.
This study was peformed by questionnaire to investigate satisfaction for the menu qualify of Korean traditional food of Japanese tourists. The subjects of this study consisted of 280 Japanese tourists using the Gyeongju and Busan hotel. The results were summarized as follows: 63.9% of the subjects responded that frequency of visiting was 1-2 times a year and 42.1% responded that motivation of visiting was for tour and understanding of korea. Companion with friend scored high as 40.4%, and intention of revisiting was high on 'normal'. On overall satisfaction on korean traditional foods, 'satisfy' scored high as 43.2%. 61.1% of the subjects responded that the taste was the most important factor of food. On frequency of eating, 'over 8 times' scored high as 27.9%, and on motivation of eating, 'with visiting Korea' scored high as 48.2%. On satisfaction for the menu quality of korean traditional food, the highest item was 'taste(3.82 point)' and 'nutrition(3.82 point)', and but 'Japanese mark on menu(2.47 point)', 'Japanese mark on ingredient(2.61 point)' scored low. Overall satisfaction for korean traditional food had an effect on intention of revisiting, and therefore, improving the quality of the traditional food and the strategy for the classification of desires are earnestly requested.
This study aims at providing useful information to establish subdivided marketing direction by deriving factors of significant extent and practicable extent of buffet users toward menu quality among super deluxe hotels in Gyeongju, and furthermore aims at presenting implications for efficient management result and sales increase of buffet in the future. The result of positive analysis is as follows. Firstly, in result of analyzing difference between importance and performance of hotel buffet in Gyungju area, importance is much higher than performance. Secondly, respondents consider that the most important menu of hotel buffet is main dish such as hot food and instant food rather than menu such as beverage, soup and salad. When it comes to attribute of menu quality, it appeared that respondents put highly significant extent on sanitariness of food, freshness of food, flavor of food, and seasonality and variety of menu. Thirdly, oriental instant food is included in the second quadrant of IPA regarding buffet menu which should be intensively managed. And three attributes such as temperature of food, time of changing food, and creativity of menu are included in the second quadrant of IPA graph by attribute of hotel buffet's menu quality. Lastly, in IPA graph by hotel, the following menus of each hotel need to be intensively managed: Oriental instant food of A hotel, Western cold food of B hotel, Oriental instant food, Western instant food, and Oriental dessert of C hotel, and Western porridge soup, Oriental instant food, and Western instant food of E hotel. The aforementioned menus should be improved.
우수한 알카리성 식품이자 발효식품인 오이김치를 직접 제조하여 저장기간별로 글로로필, 비타민 C의 함량의 변화를 측정하고 관능검사를 실시하여 오이김치의 저장기간별 선호도를 조사하였다. 클로로필은 클로로필 a의 경우 저장 0일 52.21%, 저장 11일 20.67%, 저장 14일은 분포를 보이지 않았고 클로로필 b의 경우는 저장 0일 14.44%, 저장 11일 16.99%. 저장 14일까지는 클로로필 a와 마찬가지로 분포를 나타내지 않았다. 반면에 Phephorbide a의 경우는 저장 0일 28.44%. 저장 5일 31.20%. 저장 11일 42.63%로 증가하였으나, 저장 12일에서 14일까지는 분포하지 않았다. Phephorbide b의 경우는 저장 0일 1.25%,저장 1일 10.55%, 저장 11일 15.79%로 증가하였으며 저장 12일에서 14일까지는 분포하지 않았다. Pheophytin a의 경우는 서장 0일 2.85%, 저장 11일 3.92%, 저장 12일에서 14일까지는 소실되었고, Pheophytin b는 저장 0일 0.62%, 저장 5일 1.71%로 증가하다가 저장 11일에서 14일은 분포하지 않았다. 비타민 C는 저장 0일 2.57(mg/100g), 저장 4일 5.49(mg/100g)으로 증가, 저장 11일 2.95(mg/100g)으로 감소, 저장 14일에는 소실되었다. 관능평가는 외관, 냄새, 맛, 질감, 종합적인 맛에서 유의미한 차이를 보였는데, 저장 8일에서 가장 높은 선호도를 나타내었고, 저장 10일부터는 낮은 선호도를 보였다.
Rather than focusing on the general recognition of the area and extensive preference about its native cuisine, this study carried out more practical examination on the recognition of the native cuisine by presenting the more detailed introduction of the native cuisine in Hadong area. The findings of this study can be used as basic materials to devise measures for the instillation and advertisement of Hadong area's image, the development and maintenance of its native cuisine benefiting the activation of the local economy, and the reestablishment of Hadong area's native cuisine culture. First, the overall recognition of Hadong area's native cuisine was low and more consumption needs to be boosted by merchandising its foods through the strengthening of recognition. Second, correlation between this area's native cuisine was revealed and tables need to be set and menus need to be organized with this correlation in mind. Basic materials for suggestion sale were garnered. Third, given that most outside tourists visit Hadong by word mouth of all the information sources available, it is highly likely that positive word of mouth through satisfaction with native cuisine will raise the overall recognition of the area. Fourth, precise subdivision market and target market need to be specified. Though the factors like economic costs and the time required cannot be overlooked in strengthening recognition, consistent advertisement to the middle-aged people who are over 40 and live in Kyungsang-Do area will contribute to the fast rise in the recognition of Hadong area's native cuisine, leading to the possibility of economic development in the process.
중국, 일본, 한국인의 3개국의 소비자들을 대상으로 버섯의 소비형태를 조사하였다. 버섯의 주된 구입장소는 중국인은 시장, 일본인과 한국인은 마트였으며 버섯의 이용정도는 한국인보다는 중국인과 일본인이 더 자주 이용하는 것으로 나타났다. 버섯을 구입할때 모양과 가격을 가장 먼저 보는 것으로 조사되었으며 버섯가공품에 대한 인지도는 한국인(45.1%)에 비하여 중국인(68.3%)과 일본인 (62.4%)이 높았으며 주로 구입해본 가공품으로는 중국인과 일본인 조사 대상자들은 버섯절임류(특히, 일본-병조림)가 가장 많았으며 한국인 조사 대상자들은 버섯차를 가장 많이 구입해 본 것으로 나타났다. 식용버섯(느타리, 큰느타리, 표고버섯)의 구입 형태를 조사한 결과 느타리버섯과 큰느타리버섯의 경우는 생것을 선호하였으며, 표고버섯은 건조품을 많이 이용하였고 주된 요리방법은 볶음이었다. 느타리버섯의 경우 갓의 크기에 따른 선호도를 조사한 결과 중국인과 한국인들은 각각 47.9%와 71.2% 갓의 크기가 2-5cm인 버섯을 선택하는 반면 일본인들은 50.6%가 갓이 2cm이하인 것을 가장 선호하는 것으로 나타났다.