The purpose of this study is to draw attention to the distinction of Korean food as well as to find ways to universalize Korean food. Not only does Korean food a big part of representing the Korean culture itself, the ingredients in the Korean food are extremely nutritious. The excellence in the ingredients has been verified through scientific studies over and over. Today, this is recognized widely by the food experts in the U.S. This study also points out some of the hurdles in universalizing Korean food. First of all, many people around the world are not aware of the positive aspects of the Korean food. There have been minimal efforts, if at all, to find ways to make fusion Korean food to be part of a world cuisine. The lack of research and development in the Korean food industry also does not help the situation much. Lastly, the limited knowledge of the actual people working in the food service sector regarding Korean food hinders the Korean food going universal. Currently, the food industry in the U.S. is quite favorable for Korean food to enter its markets to become part of the American cuisine. The Americans' appetite continues to change towards more healthy living leaning them naturally towards Asian food. For Korean food to become part of the American cuisine, the follow recommendations are given in the study: 1) Korean food must be localized, become a fusion cuisine; 2) standardize the cooking method; 3) change the focus to rice-centered trend food; 4) foster more Korean food experts; and, 5) promotion of strengthening food advertisements while increasing research and development. It is also important during this whole process, traditional Korean food be discovered and implemented to the overall food program in universalizing Korean food.
동치미의 저장성을 향상시키기 위하여 청각채를 첨가하여 발효숙성 시켰을 때 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향을 살펴보았다. 발효숙성이 진행됨에 따라 pH는 모든 군에서 점차로 낮아졌고, 총산함량은 증가하는 경향을 나타내었는데, 대조군 보다 청각채 첨가군의 경우 전반적으로 높았으며 청각채 첨가량이 증가할수록 pH는 낮게, 총산함량은 많은 것으로 나타났다. 산화 환원 전위는 전체적으로 대조군에서 전위값의 변화가 적었으며, 김치 숙성의 최적기인 25~40일 사이에 Eh7값이 -136.35~-185.12mV로서 가장 혐기적인 상태를 나타내었다. 환원당은 발효가 진행될수록 청각채 첨가군에서 가장 많이 증가하였고, 총 비타민 C함량은 청각채 첨가군이 대 조군에 비하여 높았으며, 청각채 첨가량이 많을수록 높게 나타났다. 명도는 발효가 진행됨에 따라 점차 감소하여 청각채 첨가군이 가장 완만히 감소하였으며, 적색도는 발효가 진행됨에 따라 점차로 증가하였다가 30일 이후부터 다시 감소하였고, 황색도는 적색도와 비슷한 경향으로 발효가 진행됨에 따라 증가하였다. 경도는 발효숙성 20일까지 모든 시료에서 증가되었으며, 그 이후에는 감소하는 경향이었고, 탁도의 경우는 발효기간 동안 전반적으로 증가하였으며, 특히 대조군이 가장 높았고, 청각채 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 낮아지는 경향을 보였다. 가용성 펙틴의 함량은 동치미 담금 직후에는 산가용성, 열수가용성, 염가용성 펙틴의 순으로 그 함량이 많게 나타났는데, 발효 20일 이후부터는 이들 가용성 펙틴의 구성비가 산가용성, 염가용성, 열수가용성 펙틴의 순으로 바뀌어 나타났다. 또한 발효숙성 기간이 경과함에 따라 열수 가용성 펙틴 함량은 감소하였고, 저 methoxyl기를 가진 염가용성 펙틴과 protopectin인 산가용성 펙틴 함량은 증가하였다.
This study was conducted to develop a functional cookie with the addition of a sweet pumpkin powder on a cookie shape, that showed high preference level to all age group and that was very easily to store because of low moisture content, by substituting partially a sweet pumpkin powder for reducing content of wheat flour. This study has produced the sensory optimal composite recipe by making iced cookies, respectively, with each 5 level of Sweet pumpkin powder(X1), sugar(X2), butter(X3), by C.C.D(Central Composite Design) and conducting sensory evaluation and instrumental analysis by means of RSM(Response Surface Methodology). Sensory items showed very significant values in color, appearance, flavor, overall quality(p〈0.05), texture(p〈0.01), and instrumental analysis showed significant values in lightness, redness(p〈0.01), yellowness, spread ratio, hardness(p〈0.05). Also sensory optimal ratio of Sweet pumpkin cookie was calculated as sweet pumpkin powder 81.8g, sugar 116.6g, butter 210.7g, and it was revealed that the factors of influencing cookie aptitude were in order of Sweet pumpkin powder, butter, sugar.
This study was carried out to establish the consumer-centric food labeling system by investigating usage state, importance evaluation, problems and satisfaction, etc. on the current food labeling system by consumer. For usage state of checking the food label, 50.2% of respondents were replied ‘mostly check the label’, and they were indicated a significant difference on ‘education level(p<.05)’, and in case of married respondents, most were relied 'absolutely check the label', For the reason to check the food label, 61.8% of respondents were replied 'to determine whether it is stable or not', and they were indicated a significant difference on age(p<.01), marital status(p<.01), and job(p<.01). For the item considered as important things on the label of the whole food, 49.8% of respondents were replied that 'expiration and manufacture date is important', and they were indicated a significant difference(p<.001) on age, marital status, job. For item considered as important things on the label of each food, it was indicated that they considered food company as important thing in case of snack, soft drink, edible oils, and noodles, and food company in case of ice cream, and expiration and manufacture date in case of milk product and meat product. For the problems on the current food labeling system, the clauses 'Poor marking on food additives and materials contents' and 'untrue marking of nutrition contents' were indicated a significant difference on age(p<0.05, p<0.001), and the clause 'untrue marking of nutrition contents' were indicated a significant difference on marital status(p<.01) and job(p<.01).
This study was carried out to clarify the effect of addition of green tea powder on Dasik quality. The green tea powder was added as the ratio of 0%, 2%, 4%, 6% and 8%, respectively. The physio-chemical analysis and sensory test on the Dasik were performed. The flour and starch Dasik added to green tea powder showed lower moisture content compared to the non-added treatment, but the ash content was higher in the added Dasik. At the color test, Dasik of green tea powder showed lower L, a, and b value than the non-added treatment, respectively. These values were greatly decreased as the amount of green tea powder was increased. Addition of green tea powder had a tendency to show high hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, and gumminess but brittleness was low in the non-added treatment. Therefore, addition of green tea powder made Dasik texture more dense, and this tendency of texture was distinct at the flour Dasik compared to the starch Dasik. At the sensory test, surface color and green tea flavor were strong as the adding amount of green tea was increased, but sweetness was weak. There were not significant differences in the overall preference among 0%, 2% and 4% treatments, but the preference was greatly decreased from the above 6%. In conclusion, 4% addition of green tea powder would be the useful method to enhance quality of Dasik, and the flour Dasik showed better result than the starch Dasik.
Customer needs in food service industry is not only demanding high quality product(food), but also high quality service. Therefore, how to provide high quality service based on customers expectation, and how to design the service systems by food service industry or restaurants are important task. This study is service quality of Korean restaurant customers, it aims analyzes factors influences service quality of food service industry based on the perception of pork-belly specialty restaurants customers. It is expected that there is significant difference according to gender concerning level of satisfaction in service quality of food service industry as a result of analyzing the level of satisfaction for frequency of eating out relatively to the purpose of eating out, and researching the level of satisfaction for service quality of food service industry after visiting the restaurant. Based on such results, solutions that can cope with social, cultural and economical environment of food service industry are suggested. Selection of food service business, samples, and purpose of eating out, which are limits of this study, needs to be studied continuously in the future after diversifying and segmentation.
The purpose of this study was to investigate eating-out behavior patterns of university students. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 610 university students(male : 41.5%, female: 58.5%). The main results are as follows: The motivation of eating out for the university students was the highest to take care of a meal, the second motivation was the social reason for the male student, but accomodate diversion for the female student. The time of eating-out was the highest from 31 minutes to 60 minutes. The eating-out cost of one time was highest from 5,000 won to 10,000 won. The eating-out cost of one month was the highest from 50,000 won to 100,000 won. The both male and female students were favorite of the korean foods. The left-over foods were higher female students compared with male students. The style of left-over foods was highest the korean foods. The payment style was high the most student by turns. The frequency of eating-out was high male students compared with female students as below (lunch>dinner>breakfast). The criteria for the selecting eating-out level was appeared as below (Taste>Cleanliness and hygiene>Kindness and good service>Price>Atmosphere>Variety of menu>Promptness of service>Convenient location>Quantity of food>Reputation). Both students liked hot tastes.
The purpose of this study was to investigate several aspects of eating out behaviors among older persons. In aging society, need of seniors are getting higher than before, they want to have a good quality of life. Specially it is changed in family structure and life style. The food habits of older person will be getting change. Hence this study tried to show the various thought of eating out behaviors, interested factors to select restaurants and menus, tendency to do eating out, inconveniences to use of eating out so on. The questionnaires were completed by 150 older persons living over 60 years old in Busan. They were mostly health and active. The most study were focused young generation however the old generation was not interest in eating out behaviors. Therefor this study gave a lot of approach to develop food habits for old person. The result were as followed: The attitude of eating out were positive, once or two times in a week was highest response 138(92%). As frequently selected food were vegetable and Korean food restaurants. Moreover older person expect a meaningful food culture among older person. As a bad grade of eating out were not to be kind to seniors, never concern to characteristic older. They wanted to have a food for their health and to share with their spare time. The study of eating out style will be very important issue of silver industry. To develop menus and to make older person culture is very needed in aging society.
This research is to examine the structural relationships between transformational/transactional leadership, empowerment, relationship quality, and organizational commitment in Chinese restaurant context. In order to empirically investigate the proposed model, the data were collected from 188 respondents randomly selected from among the managers who work in 188 Chinese restaurants in Seoul and Kyonggi-do, which registered in Korean Food Central Association, korean foodservice management Association, Menupan.com We choose to limit our investigation to luxury Chinese restaurants where the average check is above 12,000 won. The survey was executed during two-week period in the autumn of 2004. The findings and discussion are as follows: First, intellectual stimulus behavior of transformational leadership had a positive effect on empowerment. Second, contingent reward leadership had a positive effect on empowerment. Third, empowerment had a positive effect on affective organizational commitment. Fourth, empower had a negative effect on continuous organizational commitment. Fifth, intellectural stimulus behavior of transformation leadership had a positive effect on affective organizational commitment indirectly and had a negative effect on continuous organizational commitment indirectly through mediating role of empowerment. Finally, contingent reward leadership had a positive effect on affective organizational commitment indirectly and had a negative effect on continuous organizational commitment indirectly through mediating role of empowerment. At the end of this paper, managerial implications, discussions, and limitations and future research directions are presented.
To investigate the importance and practice of well-being related dietary life pattern such as purchasing food materials, food habits and eating out, a survey was conducted by questionnaire and 5-point Likert score in Seoul and Gyeonggi-Do, September, 2004 and April, 2005. The responses of 732 housewives who were over 40 years were analyzed by SPSS package program. The results were as follows. Most of them were 40-49 years(74.4%), graduated highschool (66.6%) and their family type was nuclear family type(81.4%). Almost half of them had full-time job (37.1%) and part time job (15.4%). The average importance score of 'food habits', 'purchasing food materials' and 'eating out' were 4.15±0.91, 4.06±0.96 and 3.25±1.01 respectively. But the average practice score of 'food habits' was greater(3.58±1.06) than 'purchasing food materials (3.19±1.19)' and 'eating out(2.54±1.05)'. Among 5 types of 'food habits', the type of 'cut down on eating fast food' had the greatest score of importances (4.31±0.97) but the difference between importance and practice was greatest(0.94). Also 'consume home-made food rather than processed or ready to food' showed great scores in importance (4.28±0.87) and practice(3.87±1.04). 'Consume fruits and vegetables rather than meats' and 'avoid heavy use of oils' had the importance score of 4.04~4.19. But the practice score of 'avoid heavy use of oils' was the lowest(3.39±0.97). Among four types of purchasing of food materials, 'purchase domestic agricultural food' was greatest(4.37±0.78) and 'don't purchase genetically modified food' 'purchase organic food' and 'purchase whole grain products' were also great (3.92~3.99). But the practice score of 'purchase organic/low chemical foods(2.77±0.98)' and 'don't purchase genetically modified food(2.99±1.41)' were lowest. 'Go to well being restaurant' in three types of 'eating out' showed greatest in importance(3.35±0.96) but the practice score(2.47±0.10) was lower than the importance score. Also 'choose menu with comparing calories' had the lower score in practice(2.45±1.06) rather than importance score(3.22±1.03). In regarding to 'food habits', the importance score were significantly affected by type of food expense (p〈0.05) and health status (p〈0.05). The importance score of 'purchase food materials' were significantly affected by the type of food expense (p〈0.001), type of residence(p〈0.05), and self assessment of weight(p〈0.05). Monthly income, especially more 400 million won, was the commonly significant effector in practice score of 'purchase food materials' and 'eating out'.
본 연구는 패밀리 레스토랑 맥락에서 패밀리 레스토랑 내 환경에 대한 젊은 남녀의 지각 차이를 검증하고자 하였다. 성별 주제에 대한 연구는 소비자 행동 연구에서 기본적인 조절 변수로 널리 사용되고 있으며, 패밀리 레스토랑 업게 에서도 점포환경의 마케팅 믹스 전략으로서 가장 일반적으로 사용되고 있다. 자료는 세 개의 패밀리 레스토랑을 방문한 382명의 고객들로부터 수집하였으며, SPSS LISREL 통계프로그램을 사용하였고 가설검증을 위하여 신뢰도분석과 확인요인분석을 실시하였다. 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 남성이 여성보다 식음료 요인에 대하여 더욱 민감한 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 이벤트 요인들은 여성보다는 남성이 레스토랑 내 환경을 판단하는데 유용한 기초를 제공하였다. 셋째, 디자인 요인들이 여성보다 남성에서 성별차이를 설명하는데 중요한 역할을 하였다. 요약하면, 본 연구의 결과는 레스토랑 내 환경믹스 전략들은 성별에 따라서 달라져야 한다는 것을 보여주고 있다. 최근 젊은 남성들의 기호는 전통적 패러다임에서 변화하고 있으며, 심미적으로 스타일적이며, 감성적 지향적 문화를 추구한다. 따라서 이러한 결과들은 식음료산업 트랜드에 중요한 방안을 제공해준다. 연구의 마지막 부분에, 이론적 기여도, 관리적 시사점, 연구의 한계점, 그리고 향후 연구방향이 제시되었다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate eating behaviors related to snack and self-purchasing snack (SPS) among elementary school children. Self-administered questionnairs were completed by 352, 5th and 6th grade elementary school students living in 3 different regions which included apartment region in Bundangn, Sungnam (apartment group, n=116), residences in Seodaemun-Gu and Mapo-Gu, Seoul (kang-buk group, n=103) and residence in industrial region in Sungnam (industry group, n=133). The results were as follows: A significantly higher proportion (64.7%) of the apartment group had breakfast every morning than those of kang-buk (48.6%) or industry (52.1%) group (p<0.01). As for the frequency rate of snack and self-purchasing snack (SPS), 53.9% of the subjects answered taking snack more than once per day, 22.8%, once for few days and 23.3%, almost not. However, 15.5% of the subject had SPS once or more per day, 30.7%, 1-2 times per week and 22.4%, almost not. Those of apartment group showed significantly lower SPS frequencies (p<0.01), since higher proportions answered having SPS 1-2times per week (40.9%) and almost not (31.3%) compared to other groups. The reasons for having SPS turned out to be 'hunger' 54.7%, 'being habitual', 15.9%, 'bing bored', 15.7% and 'with peers' 13.7%. When subjects selected SPS foods, they considered taste (31.5%), price (23.0%), mood at the time (14.1%), sanitorial aspect (10.2%) and quantity (10.1%) rather than nutritional aspect (7.2%). Subjects' pocket money was estimated as 3736 won per week and SPS expense per time as 706 won. But subjects who spent more than 2000 won for SPS expense were significantly higher (33.0%) in apartment group than those of other groups (p<0.01). The favorite snack items that subjects having at home were fruit, ice cream, milk and yoghurt, cookies, ramen and bread in order. And favorite SPS items turned out to be ice cream, cookies, duckbokki, frozen bars, gum, chocholate and candy in order. The frequency rate of SPS were evaluated to be significantly related by several variables: those living in apartment area (p<0.01), those taking breakfast regularly (p<0.01), those of normal weight status by Rohrer index (p<0.05) and those receiving less pocket money (p<0.01) showed lower SPS frequency rate.
충치원인균인 Streptococcus mutans에 대한 페놀성 화합물(14종)의 항미생물활성은 hydroxybenzoic acid group에서는 syringic acid를 제외한 모든 화합물이 5와 10 mg/disc 함유량에서 8.5~18mm까지의 생육저해환을 나타내었다. 기타 phenolics 화합물에서는 catechol과 L-ascorbic acid가 저해능을 나타냈는데, 특히 catechol은 10 mg/disc 함유량은 18.5~19.5mm로 강한 항미생물활성을 나타냈다. Phenolic compounds의 최소저해농도는 S. mutans, M1 및 M2 균 모두에서 2,000 ppm의 농도에서 MIC 값을 나타내어 큰 차이를 보이지 않았으며, catechol만 1,000 ppm의 농도에서 높은 MIC 값을 나타내었다. 충치 관련 미생물인 S. mutans에 대해 항미생물활성이 인정된 7종의 페놀성 화합물을 대상으로 S. mutans가 생산하는 glucosyltransferase(GTase)의 활성저해능은 benzoic acid와 p-hydroxybenzoic acid 처리구에서는 100과 500 ppm 농도에서 약하게나마 GTase활성을 저해하는 경향을 나타냈으며, gallic acid 처리구는 10 ppm부터 활성을 나타내기 시작해서 100 ppm과 500 ppm에서 약 50%의 저해 활성을 나타냈다. 한편 catechol 처리구에서는 10 ppm에서 58.7%의 저해활성을 나타내었고, 50 ppm에서 60.7%, 100 ppm에서 88.4%, 그리고 500 ppm에서 89.6%의 높은 활성을 나타내어 catechol의 S. mutans에 대한 생육저해능 측정에서 높은 항미생물활성을 나타낸 결과와 동일한 경향을 나타냈다.
본 연구는 한식 소비자들의 외식행동과 한식에 대한 선호도를 연령별로 살펴봄으로써 연령에 따른 소비행동의 차이와 한식에의 선호도를 분석하였다. 연구결과에 대한 요약은 다음과 같다. 1) 연령대별 외식행동의 동기는 아침식사의 경우 전 연령층에서 시간이 없다, 식사준비가 번거롭다, 식사 때이어서 순으로 이었으며, 점심의 외식행동의 동기는 식사 때이어서라는 경우가 가장 높았으며, 40대와 50대에서는 사교적인 목적도 외식의 중요한 동기로 작용하고 있었다. 저녁의 외식행동의 동기는 연령별차이를 가장 많이 나타내었는데 30세 이하와 30대에서는 모임이나 데이트를 위한 사교적인 목적의 응답이 가장 높은 반면, 40대 이상에서는 가족과의 외식을 가장 중요한 동기라고 응답한 비율이 50%이상을 차지하여서 연령이 높을수록 가족을 중심으로 한 외식소비행태를 나타내었다. 이와 같은 가족간의 외식행동은 주 5일제 근무의 확산과 여가시간의 확대로 인한 가족중심의 공동 소비행태의 행동양식이 반영되어진 결과라고 보여 진다. 2) 각 연령대별 끼니의 유형에 따른 외식의 빈도는 전 연령층에서 주 1-2회가 가장 많이 나타났으나, 30대의 외식 빈도가 가장 높아 사회활동과 사교생활이 활발한 연령대의 특징을 잘 반영하였고, 50세 이상에서 가장 낮게 나타나 연령이 높을수록 외식 빈도는 줄어드는 경향을 나타내었다. 그러나 점심과 저녁 외식은 증가하고 있고 반면 아침외식의 빈도는 증가하는 경향을 나타내었고, 특히 30세 이하의 연령층에서는 50%이상이 주1회 이상 아침외식을 하고 있는 것으로 조사되었다. 3) 외식비 지출은 30대 이하와 30대 연령층에서는 아침과 점심식사보다 저녁식사에 더 높은 비용을 지출하는 경향을 보여주고 있는 한편, 아침과 점심 식사는 타 연령층에 비하여 지출비용의 분포가 낮은 것으로 조사되었으며 40대 이상의 연령층은 점심비용으로 더 많은 지출을 하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 4) 끼니별 한식에 대한 선호도는 아침식사의 경우가 가장 높았으며, 이는 40대와 50대에서 높게 나타났다. 점심 식사로 가장 선호되는 음식은 중식, 일식이었으며 저녁 식사에서 가장 선호되는 메뉴는 전 연령층에서 일식, 분식류 이었으며, 한식에 대한 선택 정도는 전 연령층에서 매우 낮게 나타났다. 5) 각 연령층에서 선호하는 한식에 대한 조사에서는 된장찌개가 전 연령층에서 가장 높은 선호도를 나타내었고, 김치는 40대 이상의 선호도가 30대보다 높게 나타났으며, 흥미롭게도 30세 이하의 선호도는 30대보다 높게 나타났다. 그 외에도 떡과 죽에 대한 선호도는 전 연령층에서 낮게 조사되었다. 장아찌류의 선호도는 전 연령대에서 낮았으며 특히 30세 이하에서 매우 낮게 조사되었다. 한식의 맛에 대한 만족도 조사에서는 연령이 올라갈수록 한식의 맛에 대한 만족도는 낮아지고 있었으나, 한식의 맛에 대한 만족도가 높을수록 양과 가격에 대한 만족도는 높은 경향을 나타내었다. 전반적으로 한식에 대한 선호도는 식사 때와 식사 목적에 따라 연령대 별로 다르게 나타나고 있으나, 선호도는 성별이나 세대에 관계없이 폭 넓은 선호도를 반영하고 있으며, 이는 대학생들을 대상으로 하는 연구 등에서도 나타난바 같다. 주 5일 근무제의 확산과 초 중 고생들의 토요일 휴무와 더불어 여행과 엔터테인먼트산업은 더욱 더 발전을 거듭하고 있으며, 외식은 여행과 여가 활동의 필수적인 요소로써 그 역할을 일조하고 있다. 이와 같은 여가시간의 증가는 독신자들에게는 좀더 많은 여유시간을 가족을 이루고 있는 가족구성원들에게는 가족과의 유대를 강화하는 휴식과 오락의 소비 트렌드를 창출시켰다. 이와 더불어 외식은 식사를 해결하기 위한 단순한 수단에서 벗어나 동기와 동반자에 따라 달라지는 행동 패턴을 나타내고 있으며, 연령과 목적에 따라 세분화되는 분명한 선호도를 나타낸다. 지난 10여 년간 외국으로부터 수입된 다양한 음식과 레스토랑 업태 등은 우리나라의 외식문화 발전과 소비자들의 외식 선택 행동 등에 많은 영향을 끼쳤으며, 서구식의 패스트푸드점이나 패밀리 레스토랑 등이 외식의 주요 업태로서 비쳐지고 있는 것이 사실이다. 그러나 한식은 여전히 세대의 구별 없이 가장 선호되고 있는 음식이며, 소비자들의 높아진 외식문화 인식도와 더불어 형식적인 발전과 내용적인 발전을 꾀하고 있다. 그러므로 연령과 라이프 스타일에 따라 다르게 적용되는 다양한 소비자들의 외식 소비 행동을 분석하여 이해하고, 그들의 선호도에 알맞은 메뉴구성과 마케팅 전략을 구사함은 복합문화 공간으로의 변화를 꾀하고 있는 미래 한국 외식산업의 중요한 전제 조건이 될 것으로 기대 한다.
This study was conducted to develop and evaluate food safety training program for employees in foodservice operations. The developed CD-ROM was consisted of 5 parts: foodbome illness, personal hygiene, food handling in food production steps, HACCP system, and sanitary facilities. It has made slides for all contents, the animation and movie to raise interests and concentrations, and illustrations and pictures to understand. The evaluation checklists were developed 15 questionnaires including understanding(5), information(3), concentration(4), recommendation(2), and the most important factor(1) and measured by Likert 5-point scale. Fifty-four dietitians in Daegu and Gyeongbuk schools, hospitals, and industries foodservice operations responded to the surveys. The results are as follows; The most important part in the CD-ROM was personal hygiene(33.3%). The total mean was 3.95±0.41, 3.91±0.46 on understanding, 3.89±0.50 on information, 3.87±0.55 on concentration and 4.29±0.49 on recommendation. The score was significantly higher in the recommendation part than others. Overall, as the developed CD-ROM has achieved fine score, a study on the effect of education needs to be followed. Moreover, consistent and organized education by developing a variety of sanitation education methods should be conducted.
This study aimed to analyze the impact of importance and fulfillment(satisfaction) factors of menu quality on customers' intent of revisit of Japanese restaurants, so that it could provide information helpful to build up detailed marketing strategy and present considerations for management's higher sales amount and more efficient business results as well. Importance on menu quality scored higher level than fulfillment on the whole in Japanese restaurants. Notably, in regard to attributes of menu quality, it was found that respondents put higher stress on flavor, nutrition, cleanliness and freshness than anything else. In terms of IPA analysis on Japanese cuisine menu quality, it was noteworthy that the items with high importance but low fulfillment included menu price as an attribute for menu quality, although it was not shown in menu-specific items. In the survey on the associations between fulfillment(customer satisfaction) and intent of revisit, it was found that factors of customer satisfaction included 'trimness of dishes', 'information', 'appropriateness' and 'economic affordable' Out of these factors, it was noted that both 'trimness' and 'economic affordable' had significant effects on customer satisfaction at the significance level ranging from p<0.05 to p<0.001.
대두유를 정제하는 과정에서 대두원유를 탈검-탈산-탈색-탈취의 일반적인 정제공정을 모두 거친 것과 이들 정제공정을 생략하고 협잡물만 제거한 후 그대로 탈취하여 고유의 색상을 갖는 독특한 대두유를 얻었다. 이 때의 차이는 Sample 1은 정상 탈취유, Sample 2, 3는 협잡물만을 제거한 다음 batch type deodorizer에 주입하여 진공도, 최고온도, stripping steam 주입량, 탈취시간 등을 차등화하여 3단계 탈취를 행하였다. 얻어진 탈취유의 이화학적 특성은 Sampl 1의 경우 산가 0.034, Lovibond color 9.1Y/0.9R, 과산화물가 0의 엷은 노란색 대두유였다. 그러나 Sample 2는 산가 0.078, Lovibond color 65.0Y/18.39R/4.2B/0.1N, 과산화물가 0.7의 밝고 투명한 녹색을 나타내었다. Sample 3은 산가 0.072, Lovibond color 37.3Y/3.8R/0.1B/0.1N, 과산화물가 1.6의 짙은 검붉은 갈색을 나타내어 차이를 보였다. 이러한 착색 탈취대두유는 앞으로 솔잎향미유, 들깻잎향미유 등의 다양한 향미유 제조의 원료유로 각광 받을 것으로 판단된다.