한국산 배로부터 polyphenol 화합물을 분리하여, 기능성 식품으로서의 근거를 제시하고자, 면역기능의 활성화에 관하여 동물실험을 하였다. 배의 polyphenol 화합물이 면역기능에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험에서는 배로부터 분리된 polyphenol 화합물 I, II 및 III에 대하여 Rosette 형성은 배의 polyphenol 화합물 II와 III을 투여한 군에서 분리된 비장과 복강 상재성 마크로파지에서 Rosette 형성능이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 항원 투여 후 혈중의 히스타민을 측정한 결과는 거의 정상군에 가깝게 혈중 histamine 함량을 낮추는 역할을 하였다.
백작약 분말을 떡과 국수에 첨가(0, 1, 3, 5%)하여 저장기간별로 이화학적, 관능적, 미생물학적 특성을 검토하여 저장성 및 제품 특성을 살펴보았다. 수분은 저장 기간동안 감소하였고, 무첨가군이 첨가군들에 비해 보다 급격한 감소를 보였다 이는 백작약 섬유소의 수분 보유력 때문으로 여겨진다. 떡의 밝기의 기준인 L 값은 첨가량이 증가할수록 감소하였으며 저장 기간동안 증가하였다. 적색도 a값과 황색도 b값은 백작약 분말을 첨가할수록 증가하였다. 백작약 분말 첨가 국수의 경우 밝기의 기준인 L값은 첨가량이 증가할수록 감소하였고, 저장기간 동안에도 감소하였다. 황색도 b값은 첨가량이 증가할수록 증가하였다(p〈0.05). 백작약 분말 첨가 떡과 국수 모두 무첨가군에서 총균수가 첨가군보다 더 급격하게 증가하였으며 백작약 분말 첨가량이 많을수록 미생물의 증식 억제효과가 큰 것으로 나타났다. 무첨가 떡과 국수를 48시간 저장 후 총균수는 1.0×103 CFU/g에 달한 반면 5% 첨가군은 96시간 이후 그 수준에 달하였다. 떡과 국수의 색, 향, 맛, 쫄깃한 정도, 전반적인 품질에 대한 관능 검사 결과 백작약 분말 첨가 떡이 무첨가군에 비해 선호도가 높았다(p〈0.05). 백, 국수 모두 촉촉한 정도는 제조 후 24시간 이전에는 무첨군이 더 높은 값을 보였으나 그 이후에는 첨가량이 증가할수록 더 높은 값을 보였다. 백작약 분말 첨가떡과 국수 모두 색은 3% 첨가군의 기호도가 높았으며 향, 맛, 전반적인 품질은 1% 첨가군을 선호하였다. 이상의 결과로 보아 백작약 분말 첨가는 떡과 국수의 기호성을 높이고 저장기간을 연장시키는 가능성을 확인하였다.
본 연구에서는 어머니의 영양 지식과 태도는 영아기 영양관리와 건강에 중요한 인자가 될 수 있다고 사료되어 수유와 이유를 실시하는 어머니를 대상으로 영유아기 섭식에 관한 영양지식 정도와 태도를 측정하였다. 또한 종단적으로 아기의 성장에 맞는 섭식 관리에 대한 영양 교육을 실시한 후 부모의 영양 지식과 태도의 변화 및 이에 다른 수유와 이유 과정의 진행을 체계적으로 분석하여 영유아기의 올바른 섭식 관리의 지침을 제시하는데 도움을 주고자 했다. 이를 위해 임신 후반의 특정 질환이 없는 임신부중 정상적인 재태 기간과 정상 분만을 한 88명의 어머니와 영유아를 대상으로 54명은 교육군, 34명은 대조군으로 분류한 후, 임신 말부터 생후 12개월까지 6회의 영양교육과 5차에 걸친 설문조사로 수행되었다. 본 연구대상자의 일반 사항은 교육군와 대조군에서 차이가 없었다. 즉 영아의 출생시 평균 체중과 신장은 3.32kg과 50.95cm로 한국 소아 신체발육치와 비슷하였으며, 어머니의 평균 연령은 28.8세, 학력은 고졸 35.2%, 대졸 64.5%였다. 직업을 갖고 있는 경우는 교육군 14.5%, 대조군 19.3%로 큰 차이가 없었다. 이유지식은 교육전 10점중 대조군 7.33±0.92점, 교육군 7.54±1.03점이었다. 이유시기에 관해서는 낮은 점수를, 이유식을 먹이는 방법에 있어서는 높은 점수를 나타냈으며 그룹간 차이는 없었다. 반면 교육후에는 10점중 대조군 8.33점, 교육군 9.06점으로 교육군이 대조군에 비해 높았다(p〈0.05). 교육 후 이유태도는 5점중 교육군 3.74±0.36, 대조군 3.52±0.35로 교육군이 바람직한 태도를 보여주었다. 특히, 선식이용과 소금.설탕 이용, 이유식을 조제분유와 섞어 먹이는 것에 대해서는 교육군이 대조군보다 바람직한 태도를 나타내었다(p〈0.05). 이유식 먹이기에 있어서 교육군이 대조군보다 스푼을 이용해서 떠 먹이는 것을 많이 실시하고 있었고 6개월 때 떠먹는 정도 또한 교육군에서 좋았다. 설탕이용 및 시판이유식의 이용은 대조군이 유의적으로 많았다(p〈0.05). 또한 9~12개월 때 이유식 섭취빈도는 시판 우유 및 조제유를 포함한 '우유.유제품'과 '과자류'의 이용에서 대조군이 유의적으로 많이 섭취했다(p〈0.05). 특히 시판우유의 이용이 대조군에서 월등히 많았다(p〈0.01).이상에서와 같이 영양교육에 따른 두 그룹을 비교해본 결과 이유기 영양에 관한 교육에 따른 변화를 볼 수 있었다 특히 교육군에서 이유식을 먹이는 방법, 식품의 선택이 보다 바람직하게 제시되어 어머니를 대상으로 한 영양교육의 실시는 아기의 바람직한 식행동을 유도할 수 있다고 사료된다. 또한 이유식을 통한 다양한 식품의 경험 및 식품 섭취방법 등을 연습하는 과정을 통해 앞으로의 식생활 및 성장 발달에 영향을 미칠 것으로 사료된다. 따라서 영유아의 성장발달에 따른 적절한 영양교육의 실시가 보다 체계적으로 활성화 되어야 하겠으며 이를 위해 실제로 도움이 될 수 있는 구체적인 교육내용, 방법 및 도구의 개발이 요구된다.
We conducted a survey on Japanese women's consciousness of food culture and their traditional food consumption by self filling-out questionnaire during January, 2000 for the period of a month, For the survey we selected 250 women residing in Kyoto, Japan. For the statistic work we used SAS package system, and t-test, X2-test and Duncan's multiple range test were also used to verify the results significance. The purpose of this survey lies in gathering a basic data on the comparative direction of Korean and Japanese women's food culture in the future 1. Comparing the preferred food purchase place, In case of Korean women, traditional market was comparatively more preferred while Japanese women relatively preferred convenience store (p〈0.001). 2. In case of Japanese women, they answered there is no difference from ordinary days on New Year's Day (71%) and Christmas (40%) while 38% answered they prepare food at home. 40% said they prepare food on parents-in-law's birthday, and 41% said no difference from ordinary days. 52% said they prepare food at home on husband's birthday. For their own birthday, 32% said yes to preparing food at home while 45% said no difference and 22.3% said eating out. For children's birthday 65% said preparing at home, 16.3% said no difference and 14.9% said eating out. 3. Comparing the conception on traditional food, Korean women answered 'complicated' (77%) most while 'simple' (5%) least, which indicates their demands for simplified recipes. In case of Japanese women, 'complicated' (44%) was most while 'scientific' (6%) was least which indicates their demands for scientific way of recipes. There were differences shown by age (p〈0.001) and the older the more said 'simple' or 'logical' (p〈0.01). 4. As the reason for the complicity of traditional food recipes, Koreans said 'too many hand skill' (60%) most while 'too many spices' (8%) least. For Japanese, 'various kind of the recipe' (55%) was most while 'too many hand skill' (7%) was least. There were significant differences shown by academic background (p〈0.01) and income(p〈0.01), and the lower the academic background, the more said 'too many spices' as the reason for the complicity in making traditional food. Generally, the lesser the income, the more tendency to say 'various kinds of the recipe'. 5. In case of Koreans, 'the recipe is difficult' (56%) was high while 'uninterested' (9%) was low in answer which showed differences by academic background (p〈0.05), and in case of Japanese, 'no time to cook' (44%) was high while 'uninterested' (7%) was low. 6. The following is the reasons for choosing traditional food as a snack for children. In case of Koreans, they answered as 'traditional food' (34%), 'made from nutrious and quality materials' (27%), 'for education' (22%) and 'suites their taste' (17%) revealing 'traditional food' is highest. In case of Japanese, it was revealed in the order of 'made from nutrious and quality materials' (36.3%), 'traditional food' (25.2%), 'suites their taste' (22.6%), 'for education' (12.8%) and 7. Comparing the most important thing for the popularization of traditional food in the world, Koreans answered 'taste and nutrition' (45%) most while 'shape and color' (6%) least. In case of Japanese, 'taste and nutrition' (75%) was answered most while 'hygienic packaging' (4%) was least. Both considered 'taste and nutrition' as most important thing for the popularization of traditional food in the world. 8. In case of Koreans, they answered they learn how to make traditional food 'from mother' (47%), 'media' (18%), 'school' (15%), 'from mother-in-law' (14%), 'private cooking school' (4%) and 'close acquaintances' (2%). In case of Japanese, they said mostly learn 'from mother', but it was also shown that the lower the academic background the lesser the tendency of learning 'from mother' but 'from school' (p〈0.001). 9. About the consumption of traditional fermented food, Koreans said they..
The purpose of this study was designed to analyze the food preference and behavior on food away from home between Korean, Japanese and Chinese. The sample was selected each 200 people who were waiting departure in duty free zone, Incheon International Airport. The survey was developed by researcher and it consist of four parts that demographic characteristic, preference food material, preference cooking method and behavior on food away from home. As a result of the study, korean preferred soup, pork and raw vegetable and dine out with their family. Japanese preferred soup, beef, salad and dine out by themselves. Chinese preferred meat, fish, sauteed vegetable, and dine out with their family. When they were dine-out, Korean frequently ate Korean food, Fast food, Japanese food and Chinese, however Japanese frequently ate Japanese food, Chinese food and Italian food. Chinese frequently ate Chinese food and Fast food. Korean were sensitive of food price, but Japanese were sensitive of food taste and Chinese were sensitive of new experience and taste.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate quality characteristics of the bread added with chlorella growth factor(CGF). The bread was manufactured by adding 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5% or 2.0% of CGF(w/w) to wheat flour. The bread volume was increased from 1,755mL to 1,840mL as CGF contents increased from 0% to 1.0%. The lightness(L values)and the redness(a values) decreased with increasing CGF contents, but the yellowness(b values) increased with increasing CGF contents. Textural characteristics of the bread were influenced by adding the CGF. The breads containing CGF showed a decrease in hardness, springiness, gumminess and chewiness. In sensory evaluation, sensory scores decreased with increasing CGF contents for color. On the other hand, the highest sensory scores for grain, flavor, taste, softness, chewiness, aftertaste and overall acceptability were obtained, when CGF content was 1.0%. In conclusion, the bread with 1.0% CGF was the best quality in textural and sensory evaluation.
The purpose of this research was to have a proper understanding, to have a concern about native local foods and to discover unknown them in Wonju. The data was obtained by use of questionaries to residents(1977 persons) and cook(172 persons) in Wonju and statistical analysis was performed. Frequency and percentage were acquired using SPSS program. To turn out the significant difference between general conditions and each groups t-test and F-test were used. The results of this survey had briefly summarized as follows 1. The results were total 99 kinds of food revealed as a native local foods and 9 kinds of the special products of Wonju. 2. The main materials were potato, com, buckwheat, acorn, pheasant, mushroom, arrowroot, and wild edible greens. 3. The local foods in Wonju were formed with it's own natural material and cooked by original cooking method. 4. The highest perceptional score items were the hot Tang(Hwangtaehaejangguk, Chueotang, Oritang, Gamjatang, Minmulmaeuntang, Tojongdakbaeksuk, Hwanggibaeksuk, Eomnamusamgyetang), and the Bap(Bibimbap, Ssambap, Sanchae-jeongsik) and the noodles(Potato sujebi, Dongchimimakhukso, Olchaengiguksu, Jangsujebi, arrowroot noodle,Gamjaongsimi).
Regional foods is influenced by weather, local and social environment etc. The purpose of this study was to understand that regional foods in the middle of Chosun Dynasty through Domundaejac. Some of representative dishes of the Hansung and Kyonggi-do Area is duck(rice cake) of seasonally celebrated days, hangua(korea confectionary) and rice wine. Typical foods in Chungchong-do Area is included persimmon, jujube, watermelon and wax gourd. Some of the well-known food in Kangwon-do Area is pear, bangpungchuk(gruel), sukebyung(rice cake), woongjijunggua(korea confectionary) and sanat-kimchi(picked mustard leaves and stem) that is seemed characteristics of mountainous section. Some of the famous dishes in Cholla-do Area is backsanja(korea confectionary), tea, chuksun kimchi(bamboo shoot pickle), citrus fruits and ear shell. Kyongsan-do Area ia famous persimmon, bamboo fruit, dasik(korea confectionary) and yakban(glutinous rice cake). Hwanghae-do Area is famed pear and choshi as assumed the eatly form of gochujang(thick soypaste mixed with red pepper). Representative dishes are deljjuk(blue berry), herring, sangat-kimchi(picked mustard leaves and sterm) in Hamgyong-do Area and daemandu(big dumpling) in Pyongan-do Area. The coast area is famous for using lots of sea food. Fresh seafood is consumed raw, and clams, fish and seaweed are liberally added to soups and other dishes. The East coast is catched salmon, flatfish, codfish, sandfish and mackerel The West coast is catched yellow corvenia, lobster, tiny shrimp and large-eyed herring. The South coast is catched sea mussel, codfish and laver.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of obesity and depression level of obese children on body weight control program. The body weight control program included nutrition education, psychotherapy and exercise for weekly session during 9 months. The results from this study were as follows. A total of 27 obese children participated in this study. The average age of children was 11.7 years, 70% of children had regular exercise. Average exercise time was 1.2 hours and watching television time was 1.8 hours. Children's serum composition were within normal ranges. Rohrer index(RI) was significantly decreased to 163 from 167(p<0.001) and BMI was significantly decreased to 23.9 from 24.5(p<0.01) after body weight control program. There was not significant difference in depression score after body weight control program and there was not significant correlation between obesity and depression level. The response tendency of depression items indicated obese children had negative depression feelings and couldn't have hopeful mind to the future. But there were significant increase(p<0.05) in depression and hopeful mind in factor analysis. The suggestion and limitations of this study were discussed. These results suggest that body weight control program including nutrition education, exercise and psychotherapy may be effective for helping obese children.