Eight hundred college students in Seoul area were surveyed for consumer behaviors and opinions about fast food restaurants at library, student center and class room from August 26 to 30, 1991. The result of this study showed that 70% of college students preferred to eat hamberger or chicken and 49% of them visited to fast food restaurants 1-3 times per month. The reasons given by students for patronizing fast food restaurants were the following, from most to least frequence: 'convenient', 'pleasant atmosphere', 'nice place to stay with friends', 'taste of food', 'speed of service', 'to be able to stay as long as I want', 'hygiene', 'variety of food price', 'nutritious food'. Majority of college students(71%) selected their food by preference, but 22% of them done by price. They were least satisfied with price and quantity of fast food. Therefore, it is important to develop domestic brand fast food restaurants to lower the price of fast food.
This research was conducted to survey the feeding methods of Korean women. The survey was executed for 355 mothers bringing up a child below 24 months in some part of Seoul in Korea from April to May, 1990. Incidence of breast feeding was 29.1% of the interviewed mothers in Seoul, which showed lower percentages than those of previous surveys. This research proved the major influencing factor generally depended on its mother rather than babies or labor condition. For example, the higher income and the higher educational degree of its mothers, they tended to prefer the bottle feeding to the others. Generally mothers knew the informations of infant nutrition very well, 84.5% of the interviewed mothers in Seoul had the opinion of 'breast feeding is better', but their knowledge actually didn't work. The source of mothers‘ informations on the infant nutrition showed the books and magazines, friend and relatives, grandmother were many by the order. But there were some discrepancies between the actual and needed source of information; i.e. mothers in Seoul mostly(44.8%) wanted to acquire their informations from mass communications. The reason of breast feeding showed 'for baby's health' was the greatest, and then 'immunity of breast milk' and 'baby's emotion' were great by the order, and the reason of bottle feeding showed 'not enough breast milk' was the greatest. There were no problems in feeding attitude and position of breast feeding, but there were problems in feeding volume, consistency of formula milk and feeding position of bottle feeding.
고추가루의 소비자 선호도를 평가하기 위한 객관적 방법을 확립하기 위하여 10품종 건조 고추의 일반특성(크기, 모양, 함량비)과 고추가루의 일반성분, 카로티노이드의 함량, Hunter색치(色値)를 측정하였고 100명의 주부를 선정하여 관능검사를 실시한 결과와 물리적, 화학적 측정치와의 관계를 비교하였다. Red carotenoid는 총 carotenoid의 68-85%를 차지하였으며 β-carotene 함량은 관능적 선호도와 유의적인 상관관계를 나타냈고 Hunter 색차계(L,a,b,axL)의 값은 관능적 색선호도와 높은 상관관계를 나타내었다. 특히 axL값은 고추의 매운 강도 및 색 선호도와 높은 상관관계를 나타냈다. 따라서 고추가루의 소비자 선호도는 colorimeter에 의한 axL값에 의해 결정될 수 있다. Sensory acceptability=0.02001(axL)-12.5774
Seven hundred college students in Seoul area were surveyed to obtain the information about utilization on school cafeteria from September 11 to 18, 1991. The results of this study showed that 80% of college students were eating more than 1 to 2 meals per week at school cafeteria. The main reason for eating at school cafeteria was low meal price. The main reason for not eating at school cafeteria was tasteless meal. Male students were more satisfied price, appearance and nutrition of meal, and variety of side dishes than female students. Majority of college students were expected the improvement of taste and quality of meal, and choice of menu to school cafeteria.
To analyze food material and table wares in daily reception dishes of Choson Dynasty, studied historic book 'Young jeob Dogam Zabmulsek Euigwae' (1609, 1643 year) described the daily reception dishes for Chinese envoy in Choson Dynasty. The results obtained from this study are as follows. 1. Food material for reception Chinese envoy were vegetable, pickled vegetable, soup (?水), brown seaweed, kelp, green seaweed, garlic, pine mushroom, mushroom, driedfish, fish egg, shrimp, pork, pheasant, fowl, salted fish shrimp and etc, various fruits preserved in honey, green peajelly, buck wheat jelly and bean curd. 2. The table wares were rice bowl(鉢里), small bowl of porcelain(甫兒), water bowl(大貼), plate(貼是), small dish(鍾子), small earthen ware jar(東海), jar(缸), pottery(甕), table(盤), chopsticks(?), washbowl(洗面盆), earthen ware steamer(甑), kettle(釜), brazier(爐), measuring cup(升), unit of measure(合), meter(稱子), spoon(匙), chest (函), lid(蓋), large rice bowl(所羅) and bowl(椀).
To analyze reception dishes of Choson Dynasty, studied historic book 'Youngjeob Dogam Younhyangsek Euigwae' (1634, 1643 year) described feast dishes for Chinese envoy in Choson Dynasty. The results obtained from this study are as follow. 1. The number of sets to be arranged on the table for Chinese envoy were 91 sets, 49 sets, 37 sets at welcome party (下馬宴, 翌日宴, 別茶啖) and 91 sets at farewell party (上馬宴) in 1643 year. 2. The number of fresh meal to be arranged on the table for Chinese envoy were 102 kinds described in the took of 1643 year. 3. A reception dishes (下馬宴, 上馬宴 ) of Choson Dynasty was the same wedding feast dishes of Choson Dynasty.
To analyze cookery of meal in reception dishes of Choson dynasty, studied historic book 'Youngjeob Dogam Euigwae' described feast dishes for Chinese envoy in Choson Dynasty. The results obtained from this study are as follows. Kinds of dishes served a meal generally were noodles(麵), bun stuffed with seasoned meat and vegetables(饅頭), steamed bread(床花), soup(湯), fried fish and meat(煎魚肉), dried fish and meat(切肉), minced raw meat(肉膾), slices of boiled meat(片肉), stew(蒸, 乾南), rice cake(餠), patterned savory cake(茶食), various fruits preserved in honey(正果), fried cake made of wheat flour, honey and oil(造果), fried glutinous rice cake(强精), rice gruel(粥), salted fish shrimp and etc, jerked meat(佐飯), meat fish and others broiled with seasoning(炙), cooked potherbs and potherbs(菜), pickled vegetables(沈菜), fruits(實果), soysauce mixed with vinegar and pinenut meal(醋醬), mustard(茶子), soybean sauce(民醬), honey(追淸), honey water(水正果, 正味子水) and etc.
This study was carried out to find out the effect of dietary intake on cognitive function retardation in old age using dietary survey and cognitive function test. The subjects were 332 men of 50-94 years old and their activities of daily living were very similar. The cognitive function was tested by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)-K which was translated from MMSE, and the 24-hour recall method was used for dietary survey. Scoring of MMSE-K was a little different from MMSE, that is, in case of no education, one to four points were added to exclude the effect of education which has been considered as a confounder by many researchers. The number of subjects belonging to below 23 of MMSE-K score was increased by increasing age. Even though points were added in case of no education, the ratio of below 23 MMSE-K score group was diminished by increasing education. Therefore, education seems not to be a confounder but a independent variable on cognitive function. Income, past occupation, family type, self-evaluated health status did not play any effect on cognitive function significantly. On the other hand, the correlation between each nutrients and the score of cognitive function test showed that the more consumption of vitamin A and protein, the higher cognitive function score was obtained. In case of iron and Ca, even though it was not statistically significant, there was a tendency of increasing cognitive function score by increasing the intake of those nutrients. This study suggests that micronutrient intakes might be more related to cognitive function than macronutrients.
This study attempted to investigate the effect of housemaker's interest in dietary life on the knowledge of cooking principles and cooking methods, and on the daily meal management. Housemakers whose age ranged from 20 to 50 were surveyed in their residence. The results of this study were as follows. First, the level of interest in dietary life was positively related with ages, education and income levels. Moreover, housemaker who did not work or did not take care of relatives had higher level of interest in dietary life than those who did. Second, most housemakers bought foods and prepared a meal by themselves. The average time spent in preparing meals was 2 to 3 hours, and the number of side dishes cooked per day expect for the main dish was 5.46 percent of the total respondents ate out more than once a month for a 'family tie'. Third, there was no relation between the knowledge of cooking principle and the variables such as ages, education and income levels. Fourth, the level of the knowledge of cooking method about Korean traditional dishes was positively related with ages, education and income levels. In addition, housemakers who did not work or did not take care of relatives had less knowledge of Korean traditional dishes than those who did. Finally, the interest in dietary life was significantly correlated with the knowledge of cooking principle and cooking method of Korean traditional dishes.