A dietary treatment of Chinese medicine for diabetes mellitus was extensively studied and compared with that of western medicine. The main results are as follows: Chinese medicine is based on the following empirical dietetics. First, likeness helps likeness. When an internal organ of mankind is not functioning properly, the food or drug from the same organ of an animal will be helpful to cure it. Second, take good foods for health properly and never take any foods against body. Third, building up one's body by taking tonics is not quite the same as building up one's body through proper eating. On the other hand, western medicine is based on the experimental and scientific methods which are modernized in accordance with the development of science and technology. It emphasizes upon finding the cause of a disease. Then this disease can be cured by doing a necessary medical treatment which sometime uses a surgical operation or chemical and radiological method or both. Although there are many ways in treating a diabetic in Western Medicine, here the diabetics is supposed to be the best. The same is true for Chinese Medicine. Therefore one can easily conclude that the dietetics is the most important and effective of all irrespective of Western and Chinese Medicine as far as diabetesis concerned. In Western Medicine, a diabetic is recommened to have the minimum calories necessary for life and not to have goods containing glucide beyond a certain quantity, while in Chinese medicine a diabetic is not allowed to have foods containing more than 10% of glucide. These two facts suggest that a diabetic should pay careful attention to foods containing lots of glucide. Finally a systematic cooperation between western and Chinese medicine will cure not only diabetes but also other disease more effectively than a traditionally unilateral method.
This study was designed to establish Korean food culture by analizing in sets of Jinyounuigue, Jinchanuigue, and Jinjarkuigue which were the records of royal party procedures in Yi-dynasty. Korean rice cakes were classified into 13 groups in this study; mesirudock 15, chasirudock 12, hapbyung 1, hybyung 1, japkwabyung 1, joak 7, danja 4, sansam 3, jeoungbyung 1, hybyung 1, japkwabyung 1, joak 7, danja 4, sansam 3, jeoungbyung 1, julbyung 5, gapibyung 1, hwajun 1, sanbyung 1 etc. all of 53 different kinds of Korean rice cakes. Food materials were highly milled rice, milled glutinous rice, small red beans, soybeans, chestnuts, jujube, pinenuts, jinkgonut, powder of shingamcho, manna lichen, laver, cinnamon, starch, mugwore, honey, sesamoil, pepper, wine, natural red color, natural yellow color etc.
'Zu Bang Moon', a book of cooking, was written in Korean in the 17th century by Mr. Hwa. Various cooking methods of traditional foods were described in this book. The kinds of cookingfoods were Wine 28, Guksu (noodle) 3, Side dish 23, Seasoning 10, and Dessert 10. The materials used in the cooking foods were cereals, vegetables, fishes, meats, etc. 9 kind of Seasonings used in cooking foods such as salt, and herbs such as black pepper. The cooking methods were different and complicated. The way of heating were also different such as to stew, to boil, to steam, to pan-boil, to frying, etc. Utensils and table wares used for processing and cooking were poor and specific. The measuring units were not accurate and unscientific. Many of special words and expressions which are not used today in cooking and processing were, reviewed.
Traditional foods of Che Ju Do, an island located on south sea of Korean peninsula, were composed of moutaineous and coastal food. According to the review of historical records and evidences, ancestors of Che Ju Do island had consumed starchy root or marine food such as arrow root, bracken root, kelp, crab and so on. There are more than 500 kinds of traditional foods in Che Ju island, but most of them were poorly processed or cooked compared to that of the continent of the peninsula.
A review was made about the foods for korean festival days through such literature as kyongdojapji ( 京都雜誌 ), youlyangsesiki ( 洌陽歲時記 ) and Dongkooksesiki ( 東國歲時記 ). The focus was on the 'gala foods' in Kangweon province. A survey was made on two separate areas; urban and rural district, The result showed that there was no difference in celebrating gala days between two separate area. Those festival days which are celebrating are seolnal (New Year's day) (98.5%), chusok (mid-autumn festival) (97.7%), Sangwonnal (the 15th day of January) (95.1%), and dongjee (one of 24 seasons by lunar calender) (83.1%) in the order of higher percentages. Only less than 10% of the subjects for this survey are keeping on celebrating napyong (3.5%), baikjong (the 15th day of July) (5.4%), jungyang (the 9th days of September) (6.7%) samjinnal (8.6%) and yoodooil (the 15th day of June) (9.2%). Gala foods, such as dduggook, mandoogook, injulmi (glutinous rice cake) and sikhe (sweet rice beverage) on Seolnal, ogokbab (the rice made of five kinds of cereals), jinchas (various kinds of boiled vegetables) and buryum (chestnut, pinenut and walnut) on sangwonnal, songpyun (rice cake of chusok) on chusok, patjook (rice-gruel mixed with red beans) on dongjii were being enjoyed by most people. Gala foods on seolnal and chusok had a greater variety, compared with those enjoyed on other festival days. I think it is a pity that other gala foods except those just mentioned are enjoyed in a lower percentage or almost forgotten.
Eh-jang (fermented aquatic products) of Asia can be classified 4 groups, those are Chot-kal (salted fish guts), Chot-kal Paste, Eh-ganjang (fish sauce) and Shic-hae (lactic acid fermented fish products). The native place of Eh-jang and rice culture is almost same and Eh-jang had been spread out all the area of Asia along with rice culture. Korea has variety of Chot-gal and consumes much Chot-gal that Korea is the culture area of both soybean sauce and Chot-gal. Eh-ganjang had been edible all area of Korea during Chosun Dynasty, but it remains only Southern part of Korea. Korean Chot-gal paste is produced as a form of Kon-chang-yi-chot. Korean Shic-hae had been edible all area of Korea during Chosun Dynasty, but remains at the east coast and some area of Hwang-hae Do and Kyung-sang-nam-do.
This study was conducted to search the origin of Nong Jung Shin Pyun ( 農政新編 ), a book of agricultural manual. This book was edited by An Jong-Soo who translated the agricultural manual of Japan and China, both were writted in Japanese. This book might be used not only as text book for agricultural workshop but as reference book for peasants.