Application of pheasant and soybean extracts to improve the quality of baechu kimchi was attempted. Pheasant and soybean extracts at various combinatory concentrations were added into baechu kimchi and fermented for 24 days at 10℃. Assay was performed on salinity, acidity, bacterial growth, sensory evaluations, and physical properties. The pH decreased, and acidity increased by fermentation time. The optimum pH 4.2 was reached within 12~15 days, and optimum acidity was reached within 6~9 days. The number of lactic acid bacteria was increased by fermentation time. Score of intensity characteristics in color. crispness carbonated taste, and overall quality were higher for the pheasant and soybean extracts added baechu kimchi(B) than for the control product(S). The result of L and a value of baechu kimchi were Higher in treatment than in control as fermentation time increased. The hardness of baechu kimchi with pheasant and soybean extracts(B) were higher than those of control(S).
This was aim to study the changes of components by different parts and maturity of tomato. We found that orally fed tomatine which induced a significant reduction in cholesterol in hamster in contrast to potato glycoalkaloids, the safety of tomatine was supported by our observation that pickled green tomatoes consumed widely in many countries has a high tomatine content. The tomatoes harvested during the first stage(10 days after flowering) contained tomatine 6333.49μg per 100g and dohydrotomatine and α-tomatine in a ratio of about 1:13.8. The tomatine content then decreased by about 85% during stage 2(20 days after flowering) an dehydrotomatine contene dropped to a value near zero during stage 3, 4 It on the tomatine content dropped to a value near zero during the final stage(50 days after flowering). With respect to health benefits at all stages of maturity, unripe tomato contain chlorophyll and α-tomatine should consumed.
This was aim to study the changes of components by different parts and maturity of tomato. Tomato include the green pigment chlorophyll, the yellow pigment-carotene. the red pigment lycopene and the other component. These colors of tomatoes are reported to have important functional roles to promote health in human. The main objective of this study was to define changes in the content of the four tomato maturation that is ascorbic acid, chlorophyll, carotene, lycopene. A ascorbic acid contents of tomato fruits was the highest at 50th day. Chlorophyll contents of tomatoes fruits was the highest at 10th days after flowering. α-carotene contained low-quantity while all growth period. β-carotene contained the highest at 50th days after flowering, 1036.97μg. Lycopene contained the highest at 50th days after flowering, 5800μg.
This study was conducted to investigate the job characteristics of foodcoordinator. 34.56% of subjects have the part of food as a speciality in college or University. 50.67% of subjects don't have any licence which is related with food. 30.67% of subjects have 1-3year or under career in the food part. Upon investigation the educational period by the period of career in food part, Subjects who had 5 year over career in the food part have 60.34month educational period. Upon investigation the speciality in college or University by the period of career in food part, 58.33% of 5 year over career in the food part respondents have food speciality in college or University. As the period of career in food was increased, the importance of cooking was increased.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dietary and the living habits of 606 university students located in the Chonnam area. The subjects included 290 freshmen (47.9%) and 316 undergraduate students (52.1%). This survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire. Most students (73.9%) skipped breakfast because of lack of time (65.8%) of the cases. Self-reported eating habits problems were eating irregular meal (52.8%), overeating (21.1%), unbalance diet (13.0%) and skipping meal (7.3%). The type of favorite snack was biscuit (31.8%) and cup Ramyon(31.8%). The weight control was higher in freshmen compared to undergraduate. The rates of smoking in freshmen and undergraduate were 21.0% and 26.6% respectively. The coffee intake and alcohol drinking frequency was higher in undergraduate compared to freshmen. The living habits of undergraduate students were undesirable. Therefore they should have a nutritional program to improve their food habits and the dietary behaviors for students' health. And nutritional education program should be organized practically and systematically.
Korean households' expenditures on foodservices are on the steady increase. This paper aims to examine the foodservice expenditures of salary and wage earners's households by income decile group. This is analysed through comparing foodservice expenditures with private education expenditures because households' expenditures are likely to be weighted in favor of eating-out rather than private education. We also model the consumption function in terms of income and price, examining the responsiveness of private education demand and eating-out demand to changes in income and price using econometric methods such as regression, rolling regression and impulse response. This paper show that foodservice demand increases more than the private education does in the long-run. The result indicates that households are likely to evaluate the desire for foodservice more important than private education contrary to our expectations in the long-run. The impulse response analysis, however, suggests that households tend to increase private education expenditures rather than eating-out expenditures in the short-run.
The purpose of this research was to investigate the satisfaction of visitors of Kimchi food festival in 1999, 2000, and 2003. This is the longitudinal study on the cultural festival which used Kimchi as the main resource. This study also investigated the possibility of Kimchi festival as a foreign tour product. This study has several important findings including as follows; First, the satisfaction of residents was higher than domestic visitors in most programs. Second, there were many foreign visitors to the festival and the satisfaction of foreign tourists was higher than residents and domestic tourists. More programs for the foreign visitors are recommended to be an international food festival. Third, experience based food tour events were popular. Introducing more experience oriented programs are recommended for this festival Fourth, There should be more improvement on food price and parking.
School contraced foodservice was introduced to school lunch program In 1999. The satisfaction with school contracted foodservice quality was low because of the restriction on equiping school foodservice facilities, facilities education by recipe related to the quantity food production and preliminary education of menu recipe of large quantity production. This study was designed to evaluate condition of existing major equipment on school contracted foodservice. A questionnaire was developed and malled to 150 dietitians in seoul. Response rates were 70%. The analysis on buying equipment were analyzed according to length of dietitian. Preliminary education of menu recipe and facilities education by recipe related to the quantity food production were analyzed acceding to length of dietitian. content analysis was conducted regarding to dietitians' ideas on school contracted foodservice.
This study was conducted to examine contents of mineral, viscosity in the Demi-glace with added quantity of Omija extracts. Firstly, The level of mineral content in order was K, Na, P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, B. The more Omija extracts, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, B was increased, but K, Na, P was decreased. Secondly, Viscosity of control was 538.13cP at rpm 100, and the sauce added with Omija extracts was 464.80~578.00cP. Regardless of Omija quantity there was Psedoplastic characteristic which showed apparent viscosity was decreased even though shear rate was increased. Thirdly, Sensory characteristics of Demi-glace sauces based on preference of 5 tastes, It was founded that 2% added Omija was the best, and 1%, 0%, 3%, 5% added Omija was next in order. Finally, Sensory intensities of Demi-glace sauces based on gender and occupation of the 5 tastes : As the sourness, bitterness, hotness, salines taste of all over was Omija added quantity was many more, appeared strong intensity, it was sensory intensities of 5% Omija added sauce was the highest. But sensory intensities of sweetness, Male showed 2% Omija added sauce, Female student and cook showed control was the highest.
This study was implemented to offer materials for the activation of On-line food shopping mall though census about purchasing food. A percentage of people who had accessed to On-line food shopping mall was 53.8%, and who had an experience of purchasing food at the On-line sopping mali was 18.9%. The number of food purchasing in On-line food market is 1~3 times(67.7%). It is general that an amount of food purchase is less than 100,000 wons. And the health assistant food is the most interesting item followed by Meet, Special products like a laver and mushroom, and an anchovy. in purchasing food at On-line market, customer thought that the confidence and the freshness of food are important because customer can't choose a product directly. In the future of food purchase using On-line shopping mall, 38.1% of people show their intend of purchasing at the mall. People who had experience of food purchase though the Internet have more positive view about repurchase than ones had not.
미역을 엽상부, 줄기, 포자엽의 3부위로 구분하여 부위별 일반성분, 알긴산 함량 및 무기질 함량(다량 무기질. 미량무기질)을 분석한 결과, 수분은 엽상부(10.5%)에. 탄수화물과 조지방은 포자엽(탄수화물 45.3%. 조지방 4.2%)에. 조회분은 줄기(39.0%)에 많은 것으로 나타났다. 알긴산 함량은 25.9-32.2%이었고 불용성 알긴산이 수용성 알긴산에 비해 악 2~3배 많았다. 부위별로는 총알긴산은 포자엽(32.2%)에, 수용성알긴산은 엽상부(10.1%)에, 불용성 알긴산은 포자엽(27.7%)에 가장 많았다. 다량 무기질중 칼슘과 마그네슘은 엽상부(Ca 883.6 mg, Mg 1269.8 mg/100g D.W)에, 인, 칼륨, 황은 포자엽(P 680.5 mg. K 4508.0 mg. S 1287.4 mg/100 g D.W.)에, 나트륨은 줄기(6507.2 mg/100 g D.W.)에 가장 많았다. 미량 무기질중 철분, 아연, 망간은 엽상부(Fe 10.45 mg, Zn ,1.53 mg, Mn 0.71 mg/100 g D.W.)에, 크롬은 포자엽(0.14 mg/100 g D.W.)에, 알루미늄은 줄기(16.91 mg/100 g D.W.)에 가장 많았다. 칼슘:인의 비율은 엽상부와 줄기가 1.7~1.8:1이었다. 칼슘과 마그네슘의 존재형태는 소금물 가용성 분획인 단백질 펙틴과 결합한 것(Ca 62.1~68.9%, Mg 89.6~92.1%)이 가장 많았고 물에 가용성인 분회(F-I)은 엽상부〉줄기〉포자엽의 순으로 많았으며, 칼슘섭취에 있어 가장 문제가 되는 수산과 결합한 염산 가용성 분획(F-IV)은 포자엽〉줄기〉엽상부의 순으로 많게 나타났다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate Chinese university students' in Shanghai perception for Korean Kimchi. The results were as follows : A questionaire was examined on male 139(49.5%) and female 142(50.5%) college students of residing in Shanghai. Nationality of Kimchi answered Korea 75% of ail the participants, and have eaten Kimchi was 60.9%. Male purchsed commercial Kimchi 42.2% and female restaurant 46.3a(p< .01). The first answered 'it was taste' 51.6% when commercial Kimchi purchsed, and packing size of commercial Kimchi was 200g 56.9%. Among the intake experience have eaten Kimchi was the highest Baechu Kimchi 77.8%, Mu Kimchi 58.5% and Oi Kimchi 35.7%, also preference of Kimchi was Baechu Kimchi 49.7%, Mu Kimchi 26.9% and Oi Kimchi 13.8% in order. After have eaten Kimchi answered good 54.5%(p< .01), Kimchi liked reason were the highest 'refreshing taste' 39.7%, unliked were odor(of garlic, ginger and anchovy juice, etc) and too spicy in order Improvement on consumption extention of Kimchi answered 'not too hot' 30.4%, 'not too salty' 28.6% and 'not over-riped' 21.7%. Perception for Kimchi answered the highest mean 3.51'Kimchi can be preserved for a long time' (p< .05) and 'Kimchi is a good side dish with cooked rice'.