To analyse wedding feast dishes of royal prince of Chosun Dynasty(1744, 1819), the author studied historic book-GareDogamEuigwae, in which the wedding feast dishes of King and Prince in Chosun Dynasty were described. The results obtained from the study were as follows, 1. Arranged dishes in wedding ceremony were four kinds of table, main table, second table, third table and fourth table. That table setting was same as that of the year 1651. 2. Meal ceremonies were in sacrificial food partaking, drinking ceremony and courtesy of levee. 3. In wedding ceremony, prince and princess drank three cups of liquor. At the first cup they eat abalones soup and others in a small round table(初味), at the second cup fine noodles and others in another table(二味), at the third cup bun stuffed with fish and others in the other table(三味). 4. In sacrificial food partaking and drinking ceremony, King drank nine cups of liquor, at first cup, King eats a small boiled beef(小膳) and (初味), at second cup eats(二味), at third cup eats(三味),·s, at nineth cup, King eats a soup, a large boiled beef(大膳) and fruits. 5. Dish materials and quantities used for wedding ceremony in the year of 1819 was same as that of the year 1651.
To analyze tableware in wedding ceremonies of royal prince(1744, 1819) of Chosun Dynasty, the author studied the historic book-Gare Dogam Euigwae, in which wedding feast dishes for King and prince in Chosun Dynasty were described. The results obtained from the study were as follows, 1. For wedding feast dishes for prince, black lacquered table was used, and for King's wedding feast red lacquered table was used. 2. In wedding ceremony red silk table cloth was used. 3. Tables arranged in wedding ceremony had high legs. 4. Tablewares used in wedding ceremony were footed dishes. 5. Wedding ceremony arrangement was made up of four kinds of main table, a small boiled beef table, a large boiled beef table, four small round tables, a dining table, a candle stick, a incense holder, a vase with vaseholder and a liquor bottle with a holder.
The effect of color, as measured on the spectrometer, on the 4 basic tastes(sweet, salty, sour & bitter) perception of a series of colored and no-flavored solutions was quantified by 16 taste panel using magnitude estimation without modulus. The regression lines for each colored series were found to differ indicating that color had a significant effect on sweetness, sourness and bitterness. A sucrose level of 4.0%, a citric acid level of 0.05%, and a nicotinamide level of 0.08% maximized the effect of color on taste's perception and its acceptability. Although color tended to confuse the perception of saltiness, this effect was not significant except for yellow solutions.
우리나라 전통 음청류에 관한 역사적 배경을 고찰하고 8세기부터 1940년대까지의 기록으로부터 주류를 제외한 전통음료의 종류와 제조방법을 조사하였다. 옛 문헌에 기술된 음청류는 모두 70여가지로 집계되었으며 이들을 제조방법과 품질특성에 따라 순다류, 유사다류, 탕류, 장류, 숙수류, 미음류, 미식류, 식혜류, 수정과류, 화채류의 10가지로 분류하였다. 옛 문헌에서는 장(漿), 탕(湯), 청(淸), 다(茶)사이에 명확한 구분을 하고 있지 않았다. 밥을 유산균 발효시켜 물로 회석하여 만든 음료인 장(漿)은 신라, 고려시대에는 보편화된 음료로 보이나 오늘날에는 완전히 잊혀진 것으로 판단된다. 그 외의 음료는 18세기에 기술된 제조방법과 오늘의 제조방법 사이에 큰 차이를 보이지 않고 있다.
우리나라 음료에 관한 현재까지의 과학적 연구결과를 수집하여 고찰하였다. 음료분야에서 수집된 최근의 연구논문은 총 79편이었으며 이들을 분류해보면 순다류 관련문헌이 11편, 유사다류 38편, 숭늉류 3편, 미식류 4편, 식혜류 9편, 수정과류 1편, 화채류 관련문헌 10편,기타문헌이 5편이었다. 현재 보고되어 있는 논문의 대부분이 음료의 성분을 규명하거나 제조방법이나 가공에 대한 연구이다. 따라서 음료의 재료에 관한 품질특성과 저장수명에 대한 더 많은 연구와 한국 고유음료의 산업화를 위한 다각적인 연구가 필요하다고 사료된다.
경상도지방의 전통적인 등겨장제법을 조사하고 10종의 시료를 채취하여 성분분석 및 관능시험으로 품질을 평가하였다. 등겨장의 맛을 좋게 하기 위하여 부원료는 적당량의 콩 등을 첨가하여 주로 자연 숙성방법으로 등겨장을 제조하고 있다. 전통 등겨장의 성분 중 아미노태질소 함량은 낮았으며 수용성 및 염용해성 단백질의 아미노산 조성은 다같이 glutamic acid, aspartic acid 및 proline의 함량이 많았다. 등겨장의 당의 함량은 대체로 높았으며 유리당 중 glucose의 함량이 2.16~4.02 mg/ml로써 가창 많았고 maltose, matotriose 순이었다. 산성 protease의 활성은 0.13~1.36 unit/ml였으며 전분액화력은 10.18~15.19 D40o30으로서 등겨장의 감미를 크게 증가시켰다. 관능시험의 결과 선정된 3종류의 우량 등겨장은 매운맛과 단맛, 산미가 잘 조화된 전통식품으로 향기는 약간의 메주향에다 매운맛이 잘 조화된 향취를 나타내었다.
This study was surveyed the Preference for the Korean Traditional Food. 500 wives residing in Seoul, Kyngkee, Kangwon region, and 150 cookers of Korean Restaurants in Kyugin region were sampled randomly. The results were as follows; 1. The concept of the traditional food was 53.5% in more 「excellent than that of overseas」, 59.8% in 「excellent and delicious」, 78% in 「the need for the partial development of fastfood」. 2. The present viewpoint of traditional food was 78.7% in preference for korean food, 81.3% in preference for boiled rice and podrridge at breakfast, Soy-Sauce and Kimchi of home-making was highly marked in 65.9, 96.1% respectively. The kinds of traditional food descended to home were rice cake (dduk), shikke, kimchi, stuffed bun (mandu), fruit punch in the order named. Korean kookies and beverage were preferred, but they were very difficult in making at home. Therefore 50.8% of the answered bought them at market. The preferred korean kookies and beverage were shikke, yakgwa, sujunggwa, gangjung, fruit Punch in the order named. 3. When dined out, 65.6% of the people made much of 「preference」. In the case of few side dishes, 34.1% answered using fast food. 4. 「Preferrence」 for boild rice and podrridge was generally high, but 「frequency」 was low. Both 「preference」 and 「frequency」 of sauce and stew were high. 「Preference」 for traditional beverage was low on the whole. Therefore we must activate the unknown kinds of traditional beverage earnestly. 5. The need of education about the traditional food at home & school was very high. 6. The answers of the cookers in Korean Restaurants could be summarized as; 1) The Korean traditional food was relatively excellent (54.3%). 2) The taste of food ought to be shown food stuffs property (65.8%). 3) In order to cultivate the professionals, the systematic education should be enforced.