Sustainable meal management at home will be affected by the lifestyle of the housewife. This study examined the lifestyle of middle aged women and identified their practice levels of sustainable meal management at home. A total of 438 women, aged 35 to 59, managing the family’s dietary life at home and living in Seoul, Gyeonggi Province, Daejeon, and Chonnan area participated in the survey. The middle aged women showed a higher performance level of hygiene-oriented (4.15) and health-oriented dietary life (3.59), but a less convenience-oriented dietary life (2.57). Based on their lifestyle, 3 clusters were extracted: Low-interest dietary life meal manager, health and quality pursuit meal manager, and convenience and eatingout pursuit active meal manager. Among them, the cluster of health and quality pursuit meal manager showed the highest sustainable practices in 7 dimensions of sustainable practices in the home except for the saving practices (p<0.001). The criteria suggested from the study can be applicable to the guidelines of sustainable meal management at home. The study can also be helpful for educators to identify the education themes for improving housewife’s sustainable meal practices, having different lifestyle and sustainable meal practices.
This study examined the relationship between coping style for stress and emotional eating behavior focused on gender difference. A total of 475 college students(males, 244; females, 231) participated in this study. The results were as follows. First, there were significant gender difference in coping style for stress. The scores of male students were significantly higher than those of female students in the problem-focused and self-comforting coping styles, whereas scores of female students were significantly higher than male students in social support pursuit and emotion-focused coping styles. Second, there were significant gender difference in emotional eating behavior. Female students reported higher emotional eating behavior than male students. Third, male students preferred a problem-focused coping style, whereas female students preferred a social support pursuit coping style the most. Fourth, the interaction of gender and coping style for stress were not related to the emotional eating behavior. Both of male and female students who preferred an emotion focused coping style reported the highest score in emotional eating behavior. The limitations of the present study and suggestions for future research were discussed.
This study examined the sweet taste perception, perception of sugar reduction, and utilization of nutrition labeling according to the awareness of the self-perceived sugar intake reduction of university students in Chungbuk Area. The subjects (n=419) were divided into two groups: Awareness of Sugar Intake Reduction (ASIR) group, male=110, female=109; Non Awareness of Sugar Intake Reduction (NASIR) group, male=115, female=85. The overweight/obesity was significantly higher in the ASIR group than in the NASIR group for both male and female students. The sweet taste perception was significantly lower in the ASIR group in male students than in the NASIR group. The purchase level of a product with reduced sugar instead of the original products was significantly higher in the ASIR group in male students than the NASIR group. Beverage purchases after identifying the sugar content were significantly higher in the ASIR group in male students than in the NASIR group. The necessity of nutrition labeling education was significantly higher in the ASIR group both male and female students. Based on these results, the correct perception of sugar reduction and continuous and practical nutrition education of sugar intake reduction need to maintain healthy dietary habits in university students.
This study conducted an empirical analysis of the effects of job characteristics on work-family conflict relation and quality of life, as well as moderating effects in accordance with operation type, by targeting 245 dietitian/cooks working for contract foodservice companies. The results of this study are as follows. First, the autonomy and feedback had negative (−) effects on work-family conflict while functional diversity had positive (+) effects on work-family conflict. Job identity and job importance had no relation with work-family conflict. Second, work-family conflict had negative (−) effects on job satisfaction, work-family relation, job support, general happiness, and job environment while having positive (+) effects on job stress. Third, in all paths except for the path with effects of work-family conflict on job stress, there were no differences between the group of shops operating 365 days and the group of shops operating 5 days a week. It would be helpful to the effective operation of human resources by emphasizing the necessity of differentiated management for companies with shops operating 365 days and shops operating 5 days a week, as well as managing employees’ job characteristic factors, work-family conflict, and even quality of life.
In this study, pH, oBrix, salt concentration, sodium content, color, hardness, and sensory evaluations were measured during storage at low temperatures for 21 days after making tongue sole Jangajji with different types of Gochujang sauces. The pH was higher than those of samples not containing Maesil fermented liquor at all storage periods. The oBrix of the Maesil fermented liquor added samples was higher than that of the samples not added at the early stages of storage. On the other hand, there was no significant difference between the samples with and without Maesil fermented liquor at the later stages of storage. The sodium content was lower than that of the samples not containing Maesil fermented liquor. The lightness (L) was lower in the early stages of storage than those of the Maesil fermented liquor. In the late stage of storage, however, the lightness was higher than those of the samples not containing Maesil fermented liquor. The redness (a) of the GRWO sample group showed the highest value at all storage periods compared to the other sample groups. The yellowness (b) of the GRWO sample group was high at the early stages of storage. On the 21st day of storage, however, the GRW sample group was significantly higher (p<0.01). The hardness results showed that the value of the later storage period was lower than that at the initial storage stage. The sensory evaluation showed that the Maesil fermented liquor reduced the spicy, salty, bitter, and unpleasant taste. As a result of the acceptance test, the GRWO and GRW samples were evaluated as the acceptance group with color, aroma, texture and overall acceptability compared to the brown rice Gochujang sample group.
This study was performed to evaluate the quality characteristics of functional Dasik prepared with a mixture of freeze-dried mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) powder and dried pollack powder along with assessment of the general and fatty acid compositions of mealworms. General compositions, except for moisture content of freeze-dried mealworm powder, were higher than those of raw mealworms. The ratios of saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids of freeze-dried mealworm powder and raw mealworms were 1:3.31 and 1:3.19, respectively. Amounts of oleic acid, which was the most abundant among unsaturated fatty acids, of freeze-dried mealworm powder and raw mealworms were 41.12 and 37.84%, respectively. For color values, greater content of freeze-dried mealworm powder in functional Dasik resulted in lower L and b scores, whereas a value increased. In the case of mechanical properties, greater content of freeze-dried mealworm powder resulted in significant reduction of hardness, chewiness, and gumminess. In the case of sensory evaluation, color, taste, and overall quality of DPMD50, which was prepared with a 1:1 ratio of freeze-dried mealworm powder and dried pollack, were the highest. It was concluded that DPMD50 is a nutritious combination of edible insects and fish for protein fortification for growth and the elderly.
This study examined the quality of bread made from a wheat flour, oat powder, and wild carrot powder mixture. The lightness and redness values decreased with increasing amount of wild carrot powder addition, while the yellowness was increased significantly. In a sample of wild carrot powder addition, the total volume was lower than the control. The texture profile analysis of oat bread, such as hardness, gumminess and cohesiveness decreased significantly with increasing amount of wild carrot powder addition. In the case of springiness, the value was not significant. The sensory evaluation of oat bread was significantly different in all analyses. Oat bread (BCB2.0) containing 2.0% (w/w) wild carrot powder showed the highest value in the four sensory evaluation items. Therefore, the 2.0% (w/w) addition of wild carrot powder addition was appropriate. An analysis of the physicochemical active component and DPPH scavenging activity of oat bread revealed a higher total flavonoid and total polyphenol content than normal bread. The DPPH scavenging activity was also 20.3% compared to the wild carrot powder. The availability of wild carrot powder in oat bread could be identified.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidative and physical properties of finger food type rice snacks and pumpkin rice snacks for infants aged 6 to 12 months old. The addition of rice germ did not affect density or porosity, and there was no significant difference when compared with commercial products. The addition of rice germ to the rice snack group did not reduce the longitudinal expansion quality of the rice snack. The WAI of RW and SW values were 9.83 and 8.93, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of other samples (p<0.05). The results of this study show that the addition of rice germ to rice snack resulted in reduced density and porosity of rice snacks and maintenance of a high water absorption index, which are more desirable characteristics for products. The products with rice germ showed significantly higher antioxidative activities among all samples (p<0.05).
This study examined the quality characteristics of waffles made with coconut extract. Waffles were prepared with the substitution of 25, 50, 75, 100, and 125% of coconut extract. The viscosity of the batter tended to increase with increasing ratio of coconut extract, whereas the spreadability measures were not changed significantly. The baking loss rates tended to increase with increasing ratio of coconut extract while the moisture contents were not changed significantly. The L-value and b-value decreased but the a-value increased. TPA showed that the hardness, springiness, chewiness, cohesiveness, and gumminess tend to increase with increasing amount of coconut extract while the resilience was not changed significantly. The results of the sensory evaluation showed that waffles made with 100% coconut extract were the most preferable in appearance, flavor, taste, texture, and overall acceptability.
This study examined the changes in antioxidant activity and contents of phenolic compounds inblanched, steamed, and autoclaved burdock root (BR). The total polyphenolic and flavonoids contents of raw and cooked BR were determined spectrophotometrically. The antioxidant activity of BR was measured using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2- azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assays. The main phenolic compounds in BR were quantified by HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography). Both blanching and steaming treatments significantly increased the antioxidant activities of BR in all groups (5 min, 15 min, and 30 min), whereas in autoclaving treatment, the 30 min treatment only showed an increase in the antioxidant activities of BR. The 30 min blanched BR exhibited the strongest DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities and possessed the highest total polyphenol and flavonoid phenolic contents. The 15 min-steamed BR showed the highest ORAC value. The main phenolic compound of the 15 min-steamed BR was CGA (chlorogenic acid). These results suggest that heat cooking methods, such as blanching and steaming, improve the antioxidant activity of BR by increasing the concentration of phenolic compounds.
This study was designed to evaluate the antioxidant activities and protective effects on PC12 cells of the extract of Epimedium koreanum and its main constituents icariin and icariside I. After screening the seven identified flavonoid glycosides from E. koreanum through DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate) assay, E. koreanum, Icariin and Icariside I exhibited significant effect on radical scavenging activity. E. koreanum, icariin and icariside I were examined using DPPH, ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) and FRAP (ferric reducing ability power) assay. In all antioxidant assays, E. koreanum, icariin and icariside I showed high radical scavenging activities in a dose-dependent manner. Protective effects against H2O2-induced PC12 cells were assessed with MTT assay. The results indicated that cell viability and protection on PC12 cells of icariside I and icariin increased dose dependently. These study results suggest that E. koreanum, icariin and icariside showed high antioxidant capacities and cell protective effects. Icariside I, one of the metabolites of icariin, may be a new and effective flavonoid compound as a functional component.