PURPOSES : The objective of this study is to develop the data driven pavement condition index by considering the traffic and climatic characteristics in Incheon city. METHODS : The Incheon pavement condition index (IPCI) was proposed using the weighted sum concept with standardization and coefficient of variation for measured pavement performance data, such as crack rate, rut depth, and International Roughness Index (IRI). A correlation study between the National Highway Pavement Condition Index (NHPCI) and Seoul Pavement Condition Index (SPI) was conducted to validate the accuracy of the IPCI. RESULTS : The equation for determining the IPCI was developed using standardization and the coefficient of variation for the crack rate, rut depth, and IRI collected in the field. It was found from the statistical analysis that the weight factors of the IPCI for the crack rate were twice as high as those for the rut depth and IRI. It was also observed that IPCI had a close correlation with the NHPCI and SPI, albeit with some degree of scattering. This correlation study between the NHPCI and SPI indicates that the existing pavement condition index does not consider the asymmetry of the original measured data. CONCLUSIONS : The proposed pavement condition provides an index value that considers the characteristics of the original raw data measured in the field. The developed pavement condition index is extensively used to determine the timing and method of pavement repair, and to establish pavement maintenance and rehabilitation strategies in Incheon.
PURPOSES : This study proposes an index for analyzing mobility based on smartcard and taxi data to evaluate imbalances in public transit.
METHODS : The proposed mobility index is calculated based on the difference between the mobility indexes of public transit and taxis using the variables of the in-vehicle time, waiting time, and driving ratio. For a more detailed analysis, the distances are divided into short distances, medium distances, and long distances.
RESULTS : Public transit mobility indexes are generally evenly distributed, but the taxi mobility indexes are located in the largest legend. When comparing the respective mobilities of public transit and taxis, many areas with a high mobility of taxis (similar to the distribution) exist, especially in the outskirts such as Dobong-gu, Nowon-gu, Gangdong-gu, Guro-gu, Geumcheon-gu, and Eunpyeong-gu. On average, the mobility of public transit according to the distance is smaller in a short distance and higher in a long distance.
CONCLUSIONS : The results demonstrate the use of the proposed index for analyzing the basic statuses of complementary indexes for evaluating public transit imbalances. In the future, more detailed results (including socioeconomic variables corresponding to the grid areas) should be studied to identify the impacts of the mobility index.
목적 : 본 연구는 연세 라이프스타일 프로파일(Yonsei Lifestyle Profile; YLP)를 이용한 라이프스타일 지표 개발 후 성별과 연령대에 따른 라이프스타일 비교 분석을 목적으로 한다.
연구방법 : 본 연구의 대상자는 2020년 9월부터 3개월간 국내 지역사회에 거주한 569명에 대한 55세 이 상의 성인이다. 지표 개발은 YLP의 신체활동, 활동 참여, 영양에 대한 세 가지 영역의 원 점수를 사용하 였다. 지표 개발에 필요한 가중치는 전문가 패널 조사를 통해 수집된 각 영역별 중요도 점수를 사용하였 다. 개발된 지표의 사용 방안을 제시하기 위해 다중회귀분석을 통한 인구통계학적 변수를 통제 전·후로 성별과 연령대에 따른 라이프스타일을 비교 분석하였다.
결과 : 본 연구의 참여자의 연령은 60.23세(Standard Deviation; SD = 4.26)이었으며, 남성이 287명 (50.44%), 여성이 282명(49.56%) 이었다. 전문가 패널 조사를 통해 산출된 가중치는 신체활동 영역 33.94, 활동 참여 영역 35.02, 영양 영역 31.05이었다. 개발된 지표를 통한 개인의 영역별 평균 점수는 신체 활동 영역 16.01점, 활동 참여 영역 18.03점, 영양 영역 18.03점이였으며, 총 라이프스타일 평균 점수는 52.07점 이였다. 성별에 따른 라이프스타일은 영양 영역에서 남성보다 여성(unadjusted β = 0.11, adjusted β = 1.57)이 유의하게 높았으며, 라이프스타일 총 점수도 남성보다 여성(adjusted β = 1.57)이 더 높았다. 연령대에 따른 라이프스타일은 활동 참여 영역에서 연령이 낮은 그룹이 연령이 높은 그룹 (unadjusted β = -0.77)보다 유의하게 높았으며, 영양 영역에서는 높은 연령 그룹(Unadjusted β = 0.59, Adjusted β = 0.61)이 낮은 연령 그룹보다 유의하게 높았다.
결론 : 라이프스타일은 개인의 건강과 삶의 질에 대한 중요한 요소이다. 하지만, 라이프스타일에 대한 정확 한 지표가 개발되지 않은 상황이다. 본 연구에서 개발한 지표를 통해 개인의 라이프스타일을 산출할 수 있어 향후 라이프스타일 연구에 도움이 될 것으로 사료된다.
This thesis relates to developing an index drilling automation system that quickly and efficiently processes a hole in a product by a rotating robot arm and transfer devices. Static structural analysis was performed using the ANSYS Mechanical program to evaluate the structural stability of the system. According to the research, the equivalent stress value is low overall, and the minimum safety factor is 4.42, so it seems structurally safe. This system will significantly help improve productivity through unmanned work as it can control and set the drill and index simultaneously on the control panel in conjunction with the training.
보행환경은 개인의 영역이자 공공 공간으로서 시민들의 일상생활에 매우 중요한 요소이다. 보행환경의 중요성이 인지되면서 국가적 차원에서도 보행환경 실태조사를 전국 지자체가 5년마다 시행하도록 법으로 규정하는 등 체계적인 실태조사가 필요한 실정이다. 하지만 보행환경에 대한 실태조사는 일부 지역을 대상으로 현장 조사에 의지하는 등 실태조사 방법론에 있어서는 기존의 한계를 벗어나지 못하고 있다. 본 연구는 고해상도 거리 영상과 딥러닝 기술을 활용한 보행환경 평가 지표 개발을 목표로 하였다. 보행환경 평가 지표 개발을 위해 보행환경 평가와 관련된 국내외 문헌 및 딥러닝 기술을 활용한 보행환경 평가 연구를 리뷰를 토대로 보행환경 평가 지표 초안을 개발하고, 도출된 보행환경 평가 지표의 구체적 데이터 구축 가능성을 확인하기 위해 거리 영상의 시멘틱 세그멘테이션(semantic segmentation) 결과 정확도와 영상 외 필요한 자료에 대한 취득 가능성을 검토한 후 최종 보행환경 평가 지표를 제안하였다. 도출된 보행환경 평가 지표는 안전성, 편리성, 쾌적성, 접근성 4개 카테고리에 8개 지표를 활용하는 것을 제안하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 현장 관찰 조사나 설문조사에 기반한 기존 보행환경 연구의 한계점을 탈피하고 고해상도 거리 영상과 딥러닝 기술을 활용한 도시 연구의 지능화 계기를 마련하고 보행환경 평가 업무를 보다 효율적으로 수행할 수 있는 초석이 될 것으로 기대한다.
In this study, indoor air quality indices (IAQI-C and IAQI-E) were developed for child care centers and elderly care centers based on health effects, and compared to the air quality index (CAI) for outdoor atmosphere. In addition, composite indices that integrate individual indices for each pollutant were developed to quickly and conveniently recognize the current air quality. Among all data, 71.2% and 35.6% belonged to the grades 'Good' and 'Moderate' for child care centers and elderly care centers, respectively. This assessment is more stringent than the CAI's criteria.
The quantified analysis of damages to wastewater treatment plants by natural disasters is essential to maintain the stability of wastewater treatment systems. However, studies on the quantified analysis of natural disaster effects on wastewater treatment systems are very rare. In this study, a total disaster index (DI) was developed to quantify the various damages to wastewater treatment systems from natural disasters using two statistical methods (i.e., AHP: analytic hierarchy process and PCA: principal component analysis). Typhoons, heavy rain, and earthquakes are considered as three major natural disasters for the development of the DI. A total of 15 input variables from public open-source data (e.g., statistical yearbook of wastewater treatment system, meteorological data and financial status in local governments) were used for the development of a DI for 199 wastewater treatment plants in Korea. The total DI was calculated from the weighted sum of the disaster indices of the three natural disasters (i.e., TI for typhoon, RI for heavy rain, and EI for earthquake). The three disaster indices of each natural disaster were determined from four components, such as possibility of occurrence and expected damages. The relative weights of the four components to calculate the disaster indices (TI, RI and EI) for each of the three natural disasters were also determined from AHP. PCA was used to determine the relative weights of the input variables to calculate the four components. The relative weights of TI, RI and EI to calculate total DI were determined as 0.547, 0.306, and 0.147 respectively.
PURPOSES : Water content causes a big problem in terms of the quality and economy of the asphalt plant. However, the current guidelines do not suggest specific rules other than roof installation. Therefore, this study proposes a water content management index, QM, and management flow chart by analyzing the water content variability of the stockpile and cold bin aggregates and suggests a guideline rule for improving water content management, including stockpile floor inclination via analysis of slope stability.
METHODS : To analyze the variability of water content in the asphalt plant, stockpile and cold bin aggregate samples were collected from the asphalt plant over two years and a water content lab test was conducted via sieve analysis. In addition, domestic and foreign water content management guidelines were compared and the economic effect was analyzed according to water content DB analysis for the importance of water content management. The influence factors of water content variability were also analyzed. To apply the 3σ quality management technique for the development of the water content management index, QM, a water content management limit and procedure was proposed through the asphalt mix design.
RESULTS : As a result of analyzing the water content variability, it was found that the water content of the stockpile fine aggregates should be intensively managed immediately after the rainy season and the QM index developed in this study should be 1 or more. In addition, as a result of the stability analysis according to the change in the stockpile floor inclination, it was found that the safety factor was lowered according to the slope angle and floor inclination.
CONCLUSIONS : In the past, a passive method of preventing rainwater with a roof was used for water content management and ambiguous qualitative rules were suggested in the guidelines. In this study, a procedure for managing the water content of asphalt plant aggregates using the QM index, a quantitative stock floor inclination chart, and rules for improving water content management were presented for the quality control of asphalt plant aggregates.
Worldwide plant market keeps maintaining steady growth rate and along with this trend, domestic plant market and its contractors also maintain such growing tendency. However, in spite of its external growth, win-win growth of domestic material industry that occupies the biggest share in plant industry cost portion is extremely marginal in reality. Domestic plant material suppliers are required to increase awareness of domestic material brand by securing quality and reliability of international standard through improvement of design quality superior to that of overseas material suppliers. Improvement of design quality of plant material becomes an essential element, not an option, for survival of domestic plant industry and its suppliers. Under this background, in this study, priority and importance by each evaluation index was analyzed by materializing plant design stage through survey of experts and defining evaluation index by each design stage and based on this analysis result, evaluation index of stage-gate based decision-making process that may improve design quality of plant material was suggested. It is considered that by utilizing evaluation index of stage-gate based decision-making process being suggested in this study, effective and efficient decision-making of project decision-makers would be enabled and it would be contributory to improve design quality of plant material.