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        검색결과 801

        1.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study numerically compares optimum solutions generated by element- and node-wise topology optimization designs for free vibration structures, where element-and node-wise denote the use of element and nodal densities as design parameters, respectively. For static problems optimal solution comparisons of the two types for topology optimization designs have already been introduced by the author and many other researchers, and the static structural design is very common. In dynamic topology optimization problems the objective is in general related to maximum Eigenfrequency optimization subject to a given material limit since structures with a high fundamental frequency tend to be reasonable stiff for static loads. Numerical applications topologically maximizing the first natural Eigenfrequency verify the difference of solutions between element-and node-wise topology optimum designs.
        4,000원
        2.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The aim of this study is to evaluate the possibility of damage to cultural assets resulting from vibrations generated by construction vehicle traffic. The cultural heritage's natural vibration frequency was determined to be 150Hz by measurement. The damping ratios were calculated as 4.7% using the logarithmic decrement approach and 4.3% using the half-power method. The vibration measurements obtained during vehicle operation indicated that, despite an increase in vehicle velocity of up to 15 km/h, the vibrations remained below the detectable level of 0.13 mm/sec. When the road is curved and the terrain is sloped, a suitable speed for vehicle operation was found to be around 17 km/h, at which point vibrations were seen. The highest recorded vibration amplitude at this velocity was 0.217 mm/sec, which remains below the stringent regulation limit of 2 mm/sec. Thus, it can be concluded that there is no actual harm caused by vibrations.
        4,000원
        3.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        해상풍력발전 시장의 성장과 함께 해상풍력발전기 설치 선 시장에 대한 기대감이 커지고 있다. 해상풍력발전 시장 내 2030년까 지 약 100척의 설치 선이 필요할 것으로 전망되고 있다. 척당 가격이 3,000∼4,000억 원이라서 일반 운반선보다 고부가가치 시장이다. 특 히, 풍력발전기 용량이 11MW 이상의 대형 설치 선의 수요가 커지고 있다. 중국을 중심으로 아시아 해상풍력발전기 시장의 급성장으로 이 지역에서 운용 가능한 설치 선에 대한 발주에 대한 협의가 많다. 아시아권역 대부분의 해저 지질은 지지 반력이 작은 점토층으로 구성되 어 있다. 이러한 특성에 의해서 설치 선이 작업을 위해 수면 밖으로 오르고 내림 시 스퍼드캔(Spudcan)과 레그(Leg)의 관입 깊이가 크게 발 생한다. 연구에서는 최소 3m에서 최대 21m까지 관입 변수를 이용하여 관입 깊이에 따른 고유 진동 주기, 레그의 구조 안전성 평가 그리고 전복 안전성 지수를 평가하였다. 관입 깊이가 증가하면 고유 진동 주기가 짧아지고, 레그의 모멘트 길이가 짧아져서 구조 강도의 여유 치 가 증가한다. 모든 입사각에서 전복 모멘트에 대해 안전하며, 최댓값은 270도에서 발생한다. 본 연구를 통하여 검토된 조건들은 연약 지반 에서 설치 선의 운용 절차서를 작성 시 관입 깊이에 따라서 레그를 어떻게 운용해야 하는지 판단할 수 있는 중요한 자료로 활용할 수 있 다. 결론적으로 관입 깊이에 따른 레그 구조 안전성을 정확히 파악하는 것은 설치 선의 안전과 직결된 문제이다.
        4,000원
        4.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, theoretical analyses are performed to investigate the characteristics of the static and dynamic stiffness of a nonlinear vibration isolator system. The vibration isolator system is modeled as an equivalent nonlinear oscillator. Based on the model, the static equilibrium and frequency response solutions are obtained with the variations of external static load and/or system parameters. It is shown that the static stiffness of the nonlinear vibration isolator tends to be hardened with the increase of external static load, which prevents the occurrence of excessively large deflection. This static stiffness-hardening effect is more remarkable with a larger spring constant ratio. The dynamic stiffness is also strengthened when the spring constant ratio increases, which enlarges the force transmissibility and reduces the isolation frequency bandwidth. Thus, the static stiffness- hardening improves the robustness of the nonlinear vibration isolator, whereas the dynamic stiffness-hardening rather degrades its performance. Thus, the opposite tendency of the static and dynamic stiffness-hardening effects should be considered in the design process of the nonlinear vibration isolator.
        4,000원
        5.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study deals with the vibration transmissibility of a vibration isolation device, which is composed of frictional damping and nonlinear softening springs, when its base is harmonically excited. The SCAP method, a type of averaging method, is employed to obtain steady-state responses. The vibration characteristics due to excitation of the base are investigated through the analysis of displacement transmissibility in the steady-state response. In this process, displacement transmissibility for design parameters is analyzed, and the stability of the response is also investigated. The vibration isolation effect due to frictional damping is found to be more effective in the case of the softening spring than in the case of the hardening spring. Additionally, the pattern of the jump phenomenon observed during frequency sweeping, both upward and downward, has been identified.
        4,000원
        6.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In the case of a rear-wheel drive vehicle, a propeller shaft is installed to transmit the driving force of the engine. At this time, the propeller shaft is divided into 2 or 3 pipes, and the bearing is mounted on the vehicle body. And the end of the propeller shaft is connected to the rear differential and connected to the body through the chassis. Due to this complex structure, the propeller shaft must be highly balanced and the mounting angle must be well maintained. However, depending on the driving conditions of the car, various noise and vibration problems occur due to the aging of the parts and the propeller shaft. Hyundai Motor Company's maintenance center uses 'Noise Observer' to resolve various noise and vibration customer complaints. This paper describes the mechanism of vibration problems caused by unbalance of the propeller shaft and the diagnosis process using a 'Noise Observer'.
        4,000원
        7.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Since ships are exposed to noise and vibration for a long time in seas isolated from land, the stress of workers is high, requiring studies on the improvement of the problem. In addition, the health of crew members on fishing vessels, unlike commercial ships, carrying out fishing activities is closely related to fishing performance. However, considering that most of IMO's guidelines apply to merchant ships, provisions should be made for vibration in accommodation areas of fishing vessels. Accordingly, this study, applying the revised ISO 20283-5:2016 standard and through experiment, investigated the vibration characteristics of the accommodation area for each operating conditions of a 1000-ton trawler fishing vessel. Within the scope of the study and the full-ahead mode, the vibration was highest in the engine control room (4.17mm/s) while the acceptable standard was satisfied sufficiently in all conditions. Application of the merchant vessel vibration standard to fishing vessel is expected to improve the working environment of fishing vessel crew members.
        4,000원
        11.
        2023.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, a vibrating nozzle using the waste vibration energy of the compressor body was installed in the suction flow path to improve the efficiency of the compressor through the pre-compression. To this end, the behavior of the suction valve according to the vibrating nozzle and the mass flow rate of the refrigerant entering the compression chamber were numerically analyzed. The results showed that the mass flow rate increased proportionally as the angle of the vibration nozzle increased. Among the profile shapes of the vibration nozzle, the concave or straight shape showed the highest mass flow rate. Considering the ease of machining, the straight shape is more favorable. On the other hand, as the operating frequency and stroke of the vibration nozzle increased, the mass flow rate also increased proportionally. It can be seen that the largest nozzle angle, operating frequency, and stroke are favorable for pre-compression unless the suction flow is restricted.. In the future, it is necessary to apply the vibrating nozzle system to an actual compressor model to experimentally check the compressor's cooling power, compression work and EER.
        4,000원
        12.
        2023.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        장대교량은 낮은 고유진동수와 감쇠비를 가지는 초유연구조물로 진동사용성 문제에 취약하다. 하지만 현재 국내 설계지침에서는 풍속이나 진폭에 대한 임계값을 기반으로 유해진동 발생 여부를 평가하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 장대교량에서 발생하는 유해진동을 보다 정교하게 식별하기 위하여 딥러닝 기반 신호분할 모델을 활용한 데이터 포인트 단위의 와류진동 식별 방법론을 제안한다. 특별 히 포락선을 가지는 사인파를 활용하여 와류진동에 해당하는 데이터를 합성함으로써 모델 구축에 필수적인 와류진동 데이터 획득 및 라벨링 과정을 대체하였다. 이후 푸리에 싱크로스퀴즈드 변환를 적용하여 시간-주파수 특징을 추출하여 신경망의 인풋 데이터로 사 용하였다. 합성데이터만을 이용하여 양방향 장단기 기억신경망(Bidirectional Long-Short-Term-Memory) 모델을 훈련하였고 이를 라 벨 정보를 포함한 실제 사장교의 계측데이터를 이용하여 학습한 모델과 비교하여 모델의 실시간 와류진동 식별 성능을 검증하였다.
        4,000원
        16.
        2023.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Failure diagnoses on large diesel engine are commonly detected when a deviation or fluctuation in its temperature, pressure, vibration or noise set parameter limits arises. These parameters can be easily monitored and can provide information of the engine’s present state depending on external environment and operating conditions. On the other hand, long term monitoring and condition management can be interfaced into the engine’s existing operating system. The approach is seen to keep track of monitored machines’ status using resonance and vibration amplitude. In particular, these signals will be able to identify complex vibration characteristic pertaining to such as engine torque output and support mounts. In this paper, a basic research for large diesel engine diagnosis was carried-out. The failure diagnosis collects and monitors the vibration state time history by using various vibration signals with reference to ISO 13373-1. Further, this monitoring system in the field of large diesel engines has not been applied practically and the results of this study are presented herein.
        4,000원
        17.
        2023.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Abstract The compressor of a refrigerator accounts for approximately 60-80% of the total energy consumption necessary for the refrigeration cycle. This study investigates the implementation of a pre-compression system featuring a vibrating nozzle, with the goal of enhancing the efficiency of a linear compressor. By utilizing this pre-compression system, the cooling capacity and efficiency of the compressor are expected to improve. The numerical results show that the pre-compression system leads to an improvement of approximately 1.7% in cooling capacity compared to the baseline model. Furthermore, an increase of approximately 0.1 in EER was observed, confirming the feasibility of incorporating a pre-compression system with a vibrating nozzle.
        4,000원
        18.
        2023.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        이 논문에서는 보행교의 진동 사용성 평가에 있어서 보행자의 이동 질량 관성 효과의 고려 여부, 보행 패턴 등을 고려한 보행 시나 리오 등에 따른 해석 결과를 제시하고, 그에 따라 보행교 설계 단계에서 동적 유한요소 해석을 통한 진동 사용성 평가에 있어 적절한 해석 방법과 유의점을 제안한다. 지간 40m의 강합성 박스 단면을 갖는 단경간 단순교 형식의 보행교에 대하여 보행자 밀도, 보행 속 도, 임의 보행, 동기화 보행 등을 고려한 보행 시나리오에 대한 가속도 응답을 분석한다. 해석 결과 고정 질량 해석 방법은 임의 보행 시 나리오 해석에서 이동 질량 해석과 큰 차이를 보이지 않으며 진동 사용성 평가시에는 더 넓은 진동수 대역을 가진할 수 있는 임의 보행 시나리오를 고려하는 것이 바람직할 수 있음을 보였다.
        4,000원
        19.
        2023.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구는 딥러닝을 위한 비선형 변환 접근법을 사용하여 Single-lap joint의 접착 영역을 조사하기 위한 진동 응답 기반 탐지 시스템 을 제시한다. 산업 혹은 공학 분야에서 분해가 쉽지 않은 구조 내에 보이지 않는 부분의 상태와 접착된 구조의 접착 부위 상태를 알기 어려운 문제가 있다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해 본 연구는 비선형 변환을 이용하여 기준 시편의 진동 응답으로 다양한 시편의 접착 면적을 조사하는 탐지 방법을 제안한다. 이 연구에서는 CNN 기반 딥러닝으로 진동 특성을 파악하기 위해 비선형 변환을 적용한 주파 수 응답 함수를 사용했고 분류를 위해 가상의 스펙트로그램을 사용했다. 또한, 제시된 방법을 검증하기 위해 알루미늄, 탄소섬유복합 재 그리고 초고분자량 폴리에틸렌 시편에 대한 진동 실험, 분석적 해, 유한요소해석을 수행했다.
        4,000원
        20.
        2023.01 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        A new clamped mechanical splice system was proposed to develop structural performance and constructability for precast concrete connections. The proposed mechanical splice resists external loading immediately after the engagement. The mechanical splices applicable for both large-scale rebars for plants and small-scale rebars for buildings were developed with the same design concept. Quasi-static lateral cyclic loading tests were conducted with reinforced and precast concrete members to verify the seismic performance. Also, shaking table tests with three types of seismic wave excitation, 1) random wave with white noise, 2) the 2016 Gyeongju earthquake, and 3) the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake, were conducted to confirm the dynamic performance. All tests were performed with real-scale concrete specimens. Sensors measured the lateral load, acceleration, displacement, crack pattern, and secant system stiffness, and energy dissipation was determined by lateral load-displacement relation. As a result, the precast specimen provided the emulative performance with RC. In the shaking table tests, PC frames’ maximum acceleration and displacement response were amplified 1.57 - 2.85 and 2.20 - 2.92 times compared to the ground motions. The precast specimens utilizing clamped mechanical splice showed ductile behavior with energy dissipation capacity against strong motion earthquakes.
        4,200원
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