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        검색결과 59

        1.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Cars using diesel have always had problems with reducing exhaust fumes, and have been studied steadily in this regard. There were studies on the remanufacturing effect of DOC catalyst deactivated by diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, analysis of vehicle fire accident cases caused by damage to diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, and related studies on the remanufacturing effect of diesel vehicle smoke reduction device DPF. This study also developed a burner system in a smoke reduction device suitable for exhaust engines to completely burn smoke generated by institutions using diesel engines in low-temperature exhaust gases. Following the development of the existing high-performance heater, burner structure capable of maintaining ignition state in exhaust flow, pulsation generated by diesel engines, and exhaust flow control unit, the actual configuration, function and effect of the device, development contents, basic data and abnormalities of the vehicle, and comparison with other developed products.
        4,000원
        3.
        2023.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Cars using diesel have always had problems with reducing exhaust fumes, and have been studied steadily in this regard. There were studies on the remanufacturing effect of DOC catalyst deactivated by diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, analysis of vehicle fire accident cases caused by damage to diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, and related studies on the remanufacturing effect of diesel vehicle smoke reduction device DPF. This study is also to develop an exhaust flow control unit suitable for an exhaust engine to completely burn smoke generated by an engine using a diesel engine in a low temperature exhaust gas. The main systems to be developed are high-performance heaters, burner structures that can maintain ignition in exhaust flows, and exhaust flow control units that reduce exhaust gas backflow effects caused by diesel engines.
        4,000원
        4.
        2023.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        ars using diesel have always had problems with reducing exhaust fumes, and have been studied steadily in this regard. There were studies on the remanufacturing effect of DOC catalyst deactivated by diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, analysis of vehicle fire accident cases caused by damage to diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, and related studies on the remanufacturing effect of diesel vehicle smoke reduction device DPF. This study also developed an optimized system for complete combustion of smoke generated by institutions using diesel engines in low-temperature exhaust gases. The main systems to be developed are high-performance heaters, burner structures that can maintain ignition in exhaust flows, and exhaust flow control units that reduce exhaust gas backflow effects caused by diesel engines.
        4,000원
        5.
        2023.08 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Cars using diesel have always had problems with reducing exhaust fumes, and have been studied steadily in this regard. There were studies on the remanufacturing effect of DOC catalyst deactivated by diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, analysis of vehicle fire accident cases caused by damage to diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, and related studies on the remanufacturing effect of diesel vehicle smoke reduction device DPF. This study also developed a burner system in a smoke reduction device suitable for exhaust engines to completely burn smoke generated by institutions using diesel engines in low-temperature exhaust gases. The main systems to be developed are high-performance heaters, burner structures that can maintain ignition in exhaust flows, and exhaust flow control units that reduce exhaust gas backflow effects caused by diesel engines.
        4,000원
        6.
        2023.08 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Cars using diesel have always had problems with reducing exhaust fumes, and have been studied steadily in this regard. There were studies on the remanufacturing effect of DOC catalyst deactivated by diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, analysis of vehicle fire accident cases caused by damage to diesel vehicle smoke reduction device, and related studies on the remanufacturing effect of diesel vehicle smoke reduction device DPF. This study is also to develop a burner structure in a smoke reduction device suitable for an exhaust engine to completely burn smoke generated by an engine using a diesel engine in a low-temperature exhaust gas. The main systems to be developed are high-performance heaters, burner structures that can maintain ignition in exhaust flows, and exhaust flow control units that reduce exhaust gas backflow effects caused by diesel engines.
        4,000원
        8.
        2021.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this paper, a heat exchange system using cooling dehumidification and mixing process was proposed as an experimental study for a white smoke reduction heat exchanger system under winter condition. The white smoke reduction heat exchange system is divided into an EA part, SA part, W part and mixing zone. For the operating conditions, three types (Cases 1, 2, and 3) were selected depending on whether EA fan, SA fan, and A-W heat exchanger were operated. In addition, in order to visualize the white smoke exhausted from the mixing zone, it was photographed using CCTV. In order to investigate the performance of the white smoke reduction heat exchange system, the temperature reduction rate and absolute humidity reduction rate of EA and the heat recovery rate of W were calculated. The temperature change of EA and SA according to operating conditions was most effective in Case 3, and the temperature and absolute humidity at the outlet of the mixing zone were greatly reduced. From the results of the white smoke visualization, it was confirmed that the white smoke generation mechanism was different depending on the operating conditions, and the amount of white smoke generation was greatly reduced.
        4,000원
        9.
        2021.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        To ensure the safety and functionality of a railroad bridge, maintaining the integrity of the bridge via continuous structural health monitoring is important. However, most structural integrity monitoring methods proposed to date are based on modal responses which require the extracting process and have limited availability. In this paper, the applicability of the existing damage identification method based on free-vibration reponses to time-domain deflection shapes due to moving train load is investigated. Since the proposed method directly utilizes the time-domain responses of the structure due to the moving vehicles, the extracting process for modal responses can be avoided, and the applicability of structural health evaluation can be enhanced. The feasibility of the presented method is verified via a numerical example of a simple plate girder bridge.
        4,000원
        10.
        2021.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, the experiment was conducted on a fire door(W × H = 0.98 m × 2.19 m) installed on the vestibule. The effective leakage area for each opening angles and closing forces derived from the impulse-momentum equation was compared and analyzed with the experimental results. As a result of the experiment, the major factors affecting the door closing forces were the pressure difference and the area of the door. The difference of door closing forces between measured and calculated values by the impulse-momentum equation showed a deviation of less than ±15% at the opening angles of 5°to 10°. At the door opening angle of 2.5°, the dynamic pressure was much higher than the measured static pressure, and this pressure difference is estimated to be air resistance acting to prevent the door from being completely closed.
        4,000원
        11.
        2021.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The purpose of this study is to require countermeasures for alternative energy of diesel combustion engines, which has a serious impact on air pollution when using the quantitative limit of petroleum-based energy and transportation energy. This study attempted to study the usefulness of the oxygen component in fuel as a measure to reduce exhaust emissions from diesel engines used in reality. Dimethoxy methane (DMM), which contains about 42% oxygen in itself, was mixed with diesel and applied to a diesel engine. As a result of the study, it was confirmed that as the oxygen content in the fuel increased, smoke was greatly reduced and NOx increased.
        4,000원
        12.
        2021.08 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        선박 기관실 통풍 설계조건 및 계산 기준에 관한 국제 표준(ISO 8861)을 만족해야 하는 선박 기관구역의 환기시스템은 일반적 으로 내연기관에 필요한 연소공기의 공급과 기관구역에서 발생한 열원을 제거하기 위해 설치되며 화재감지기가 포함된 환기시스템의 응 답지연은 구역 내부에 형성된 기류와 화재감지기의 설치 위치에 영향을 받는다. 어선에서 발생하는 화재는 상선과 비교하여 인명피해 가능성이 높으므로 화재 조기 감지가 무엇보다 중요하다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 어선에 설치되는 화재 감지기의 초기 화재감지 응답속도 향상과 설치된 감지기의 감도 유지를 위해 기관구역 내부에서 발생한 정량적 연기량에 따른 공기 유동장, 내연기관 연소 공기량 및 기관 구역 내부 압력을 변수로 연기 거동 시뮬레이션이 가능한 해석모델을 구성하여 선박 기관구역 내부의 연기 거동을 시뮬레이션하였다. 시뮬레이션 결과를 통해 기관실 내부 압력을 감소시키고 연기커튼 설치를 통해 공기 유동장에서의 유속을 감소시키고 와류를 증가시키면 연기 성분의 천장 상승이 가속화되어 연기감지기 응답속도 및 환기시스템이 개선될 수 있을 것으로 해석되었다.
        4,000원
        13.
        2021.08 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        육상 및 해상에서의 화재 사고는 심각한 인명피해를 발생시키며 특히 해양 플랜트 및 선박의 특성 상 밀폐공간으로 인한 질식 사고 사망률이 육상보다 현저히 높다. 이러한 질식사고를 예방하기 위하여 화재에서 발생하는 유독가스를 외부로 배출할 수 있는 환기용 팬의 설치가 필수적이나, 해양화재의 규모를 고려하였을 때 대형 환기용 팬의 설치는 해양 구조물 특성상 용이하지 않다. 따라서 본 연구 에서는 DC 전기장을 인가하여 화재 유독가스를 제어하는 새로운 개념의 소방기술을 개발하고자 한다. 화재 발생 시 대부분의 화염은 화학 이온화로 인해 양전하와 음전하를 다수 함유하고 있고, 이때 전기장을 인가하게 되면 로렌츠 힘에 의해 “이온풍”이 발생하게 된다. 이러한 이온풍을 활용하여 일반건축물과 선박의 단열재로 많이 사용되는 종이와 스티로폼을 연소하여 발생되는 화재연기를 인위적으로 제어하는 실험적 연구를 수행하였다. 실험 결과, ± 5 kV 이상의 직류전압을 인가하였을 때 화재연기를 인위적으로 제어할 수 있었고, 양전압 보다 음전압을 인가하였을 때 상대적으로 효과적인 제어가 가능하였다.
        4,000원
        14.
        2021.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구는 화재진압 및 피난활동을 지원하는 딥러닝 기반의 알고리즘 개발에 관한 기초 연구로 선박 화재 시 연기감지기가 작동하기 전에 검출된 연기 데이터를 분석 및 활용하여 원격지까지 연기가 확산 되기 전에 연기 확산거리를 예측하는 것이 목적이다. 다음과 같은 절차에 따라 제안 알고리즘을 검토하였다. 첫 번째 단계로, 딥러닝 기반 객체 검출 알고리즘인 YOLO(You Only Look Once)모델에 화재시뮬레이션을 통하여 얻은 연기 영상을 적용하여 학습을 진행하였다. 학습된 YOLO모델의 mAP(mean Average Precision)은 98.71%로 측정되었으며, 9 FPS(Frames Per Second)의 처리 속도로 연기를 검출하였다. 두 번째 단계로 YOLO로부터 연기 형상이 추출된 경계 상자의 좌표값을 통해 연기 확산거리를 추정하였으며 이를 시계열 예측 알고리즘인 LSTM(Long Short-Term Memory)에 적용하여 학습을 진행하였다. 그 결과, 화재시뮬레이션으로부터 얻은 Fast 화재의 연기영상에서 경계 상자의 좌표값으로부터 추정한 화재발생~30초까지의 연기 확산거리 데이터를 LSTM 학습모델에 입력하여 31초~90초까지의 연기 확산거리 데이터를 예측하였다. 그리고 추정한 연기 확산거리와 예측한 연기 확산거리의 평균제곱근 오차는 2.74로 나타났다.
        4,000원
        16.
        2019.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, a white smoke reduction simple prediction model of white smoke reduction heat exchange system was developed by using EES. In order to verify the reliability of the EES model, it was compared with the computational results. The developed EES predictive model was used to calculate the temperature and absolute humidity of the mixed SA and EA according to the change of cooling water capacity, flow rate ratio of SA/EA, and SA inlet temperature. The difference between final temperature and absolute humidity at the outlet of the mixer calculated by computational analysis and EES was within 1.4% and 3.6%. As the cooling water capacity and the inlet flow rate ratio increased, and as the inlet air temperature decreased, the temperature and absolute humidity of the mixer decreased. The most influential factor in the white smoke reduction effect among the design variables of the white smoke reduction heat exchange system was the flow rate ratio of SA/EA.
        4,000원
        17.
        2019.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The fuel used in this study, DMM is an oxygen additive containing 42.5% oxygen by weight and dissolved in diesel fuel, also known as methyl alcohol or Dimethoxymethane (CH3-O-CH2-O-CH3). DMM, which is a colorless liquid, shows chemical characteristics of gas-liquid and is also used as a diesel fuel component. In this study, five mixtures were added to the common diesel fuel at DMM addition rates of 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 and 12.5% by volume. A single cylinder, four strokes, DI diesel engine was used as the test engine. Experimental data were also collected at 24 engine speed-load conditions operating in steady state. The purpose of this experiment was to study the effect of the addition ratio of oxidized fuel mixed in diesel fuel on engine power and exhaust performance. When compared with the common diesel fuel, the exhaust of Smoke was substantially reduced in all DMM mixing ratios. These results indicate that DMM can be an effective blend of diesel fuel and is an environmentally friendly alternative fuel. This study also shows that smoke and NOx emissions can be reduced at the same time through the application of oxygen fuel and EGR.
        4,000원
        18.
        2019.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        선박의 기관실에서 사용하고 있는 화재 검출기는 연기나 열이 검출기에 도달해야 하지만 기관실의 공기 흐름은 기기의 사용유무에 따라 매우 유동적이기 때문에 상부에 설치된 검출기에 도달하기에는 많은 시간이 필요하다. 이러한 단점을 보완하기 위해 근래에는 영상을 기반으로 화재를 검지하는 연구가 이루어지고 있다. 영상기반의 연기 검지는 공기의 흐름에 영향을 받지 않으며 전송속도가 빠르 기 때문에 화재의 초기 검지에 효율적이다. 본 연구는 기관실에서 연기 발생기로 발생시킨 연기의 확산모습을 녹화한 영상으로 실험을 수행하였다. 연기의 질감특징을 추출하는 LBP와 GLCM연산자를 사용하여 생성된 학습 데이터를 기계학습 분류기인 SVM으로 학습한 후 분류하여 검출 성능을 평가함으로서 연기가 상부에 설치되어 있는 검출기까지 상승하지 않더라도 영상기반으로 먼저 검지 가능함을 확인하였다.
        4,000원
        19.
        2018.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, effects of reducing white smoke at a heat exchange system for white smoke reduction were studied in the winter season. For this purpose, the heat transfer processes on the exhaust air were investigated by Solidworks. Five wave heat exchangers of air-to-air and air-to-water type were applied for the exhaust air heat recovery. The analytical condition of the exhaust air was fixed and the computational analysis was performed according to the change of SA(supply air) inlet velocities. In order to evaluate the performance of the heat exchange system for white smoke reduction, W(water)/SA recovered capacities and the temperature/ absolute humidity reduction rate were calculated. As SA inlet velocity increased, the exit temperature and absolute humidity of the mixing zone were reduced by up to about 40℃ and 0.12kg/kg respectively. Also, W/SA recovered capacities increased linearly up to about 35%.
        4,000원
        20.
        2018.11 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        To ensure the safety and functionality of a railroad bridge, maintaining the integrity of the bridge via continuous structural health monitoring is important. However, most structural integrity monitoring methods proposed to date are based on modal responses which require the extracting process and have limited availability. In this paper, the applicability of the existing damage identification method based on free-vibration reponses to time-domain deflection shapes due to moving train load is investigated. Since the proposed method directly utilizes the time-domain responses of the structure due to the moving vehicles, the extracting process for modal responses can be avoided, and the applicability of structural health evaluation can be enhanced. The feasibility of the presented method is verified via a numerical example of a simple plate girder bridge.
        3,000원
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