본 연구는 경기도 데이터를 바탕으로 청년 1인 가구의 삶의 질에 영향 을 미치는 일자리, 주거 관련 요인이 무엇인지에 대해 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 일자리 관련으로는 직장 만족도가, 주거 관련으로는 주거비에 대한 주관적 부담 수준이 종속변수와 유의미한 관계가 있었다. 보통 직장 만 족도가 높을수록 삶의 질이 높았고, 주거비 부담 수준이 높을수록 삶의 질이 높지 않았다. 정규직 여부나, 근무 기간 등도 부분적으로 종속변수 와 관계가 있었는데, 특히 근무 기간이 길수록 삶의 질이 높지 않았다. 주거 관련해서는 주거 형태, 점유 형태, 주거지 크기 등은 예상만큼 통계 적으로 유의미한 결과를 보여주지 못했다. 경기도 남부와 북부, 성별 차 이에 따라서는 몇몇 변수에 대해서 유의미한 결과가 있었다. 본 연구는 이러한 분석을 통해 청년 1인 가구의 복지 수요가 어느 분야에 많은지에 대한 정책적 시사점을 얻고자 하였다.
This study aims to promote the necessity for future research from the perspective of the indoor environment by analyzing the trend of domestic COVID-19 confirmed cases and examining previous quantitative research cases. The limitations of the qualitative management plan were identified by analyzing the trend of confirmed cases and deaths in Korea and the trend before and after the implementation of 'social distancing' and 'step-by-step daily recovery', which are actually being applied. The trend of initial and follow-up measures for the outbreak of infectious diseases in Korea is judged to be a case where the importance of qualitative and quantitative management should be confirmed to prepare absolute quarantine measures. The results suggest that examining previous research cases and preparing through advanced research for effective application.
본 연구는 최근 다시금 논란이 되는 복지 사각지대 문제를 다룬다. 먼 저, 현재 복지 사각지대 해소를 위해 어떤 제도들이 있는지 확인하고, 현 제도의 한계가 무엇인지를 확인한다. 그리고 현 제도의 한계를 바탕으로 제도적 개선점이 무엇인지를 고민해보고자 한다. 논의는 크게 세 측면에 서 이루어진다. 먼저 저소득층 대상 복지제도의 핵심인 국민기초생활보 장제도의 개선 방향이다. 두 번째는 복지 사각지대 발굴체계 개선에 관 한 논의이다. 마지막으로, 기존 제도가 아닌 대안적 사회보장제도에 관한 논의를 짧게 소개하고자 한다. 이러한 논의를 바탕으로 앞으로 복지 사 각지대 문제 개선을 위한 과정에 이바지하고자 한다.
본 연구는 현재 빠른 발전과정에 있는 한국 복지국가에 대한 함의를 찾고자 하는 목 적에서 덴마크 모델에 대해 분석한다. 덴마크는 의료나 연금 분야보다는 경제성장과 친 화성이 높은 사회투자성 복지지출 규모가 큰 ‘사회투자형 복지국가’로서 복지제도와 경 제성장이 선순환을 이루는 모델을 만들었다는 평가를 받는다. 또한, 덴마크 유연 안정 성 모델로 유명한 덴마크의 노동시장은 유연하면서도 적극적노동시장정책을 통해 안정 성도 일정 정도 보장한다는 점에서 좋은 노동시장 모델 중 하나로 평가받고 있다. 복지 국가와 노동시장 개혁과정에서 사회적 합의를 통해 문제를 해결하여 갈등을 최소화하기 도 하였다. 본 연구는 복지정책과 노동시장정책 측면에서 덴마크 모델의 특징과 형성 과정을 분석하고 이를 통해 한국 복지국가가 나아가야 할 방향은 무엇인지에 대한 함의 를 찾고자 한다.
In this study, the content of water-soluble vitamins such as vitamin B1 (thiamin), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B12 (cyanocobalamin), and C (ascorbic acid) in dishes containing meat and seafood consumed in Korea were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet and fluorescence detection. All analyses were performed under strict quality control of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B12, and C. The highest content of vitamin B1 was observed in Bugeo-gangjeong (1.373 mg/100 g) and the highest level of vitamin B2 (5.162 mg/100 g) was found in pig liver. Bugeo-gangjeong showed the highest content of vitamin B3 (21.676 mg/100 g), and kkomak-muchim contained considerable amounts (43.310 mg/100 g) of vitamin B5. Vitamin B6 was not detected in most seafood dishes except for yangnyeom myeongran-jeot (0.274 mg/100 g) and was present at low levels or not present at all in meat dishes. The highest content of vitamin B7 was 6.506 μg/100 g in saeu-jeon and kkomak-muchim showed the highest content (21.132 μg/100 g) of vitamin B12. The highest content of vitamin C was in yangnyeom myeongran-jeot (84.508 mg/100 g). In addition, the analysis methods of each water-soluble vitamin were verified. These results showed that seafood-based ingredients in several dishes could be a good source of water-soluble vitamins.
This study analyzed the nutritional composition (proximate composition, total dietary fiber, calories, minerals, fatty acids, and amino acids) of 10 noodle products (tteok ramyun, jjamppong ramyun, kimchi ramyun, instant udon, cup ramyun, jajangmyun, bibimmyun, cream spaghetti, ssalguksu, and milmyun), which account for 85% of the cumulative intake of one or more key nutrients, using data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The moisture contents of bibimmyun, jajangmyun, and cream spaghetti were lower than those of the other noodle products, whereas the crude fat, crude protein, carbohydrate, and calorie contents were the highest. Cream spaghetti had the highest mineral, fatty acid, and amino acid contents, followed by bibimmyun and jajangmyun. Ssalguksu had the lowest contents of most nutrients. These data could be used to populate a food composition database, which can provide consumers with the nutritional information about frequently consumed noodle products.
In this study the characteristics of wind pressure that are depending on the open type of retractable dome roof were analyzed according to the wind pressure coefficient and wind pressure spectrum. The analysis results showed that the open type and shape of the roof both had a significant impact on the wind pressure changing. In case of the edge to center open type, the wind pressure has not changed much because of the complex turbulence of flow and open area. On the other hand, in case of the center to edge open type, it has confirmed that wind pressure increases due to the separation of flow in windward and open area.
The fluctuating wind pressure of the low rise ratio(f/D=0.1) for the elliptical dome roof was analyzed to compare it with the previous studies of circular dome roofs. Wind tunnel test were conducted on a total of 10 wind directions from 0° to 90° while changing wall height-span ratios(H/D=0.1-0.5). For this, meanCP, rmsCP and wind pressure spectrum were analyzed. The analysis result leads to find differences in the shape of the spectra in the spanwise direction and leeward of the elliptical dome according to the wind direction variations of the elliptical dome roof.
Wind tunnel tests were conducted to analyze the wind fluctuating pressures on a circular closed and open dome roof with a low span rise. Two dome models with various geometric parameters (height/span ratios and open ratios) were used for fixed span rise ratio dome and wind pressure spectrum were analyzed. The applicability was examined in comparison with the spectral model proposed in the previous studies. The analysis results show that the wind pressure spectrum of open dome roof tends to increase power in the high frequency range and the second peak is found in the area different from the closed dome roof. In addition, according to the comparison analysis with the previous proposed spectral model, it was found that it is not applicable to the closed and open dome roofs with low rise ratio due to the different peak frequencies.
In this paper, the mean and fluctuating pressure coefficients derived from the results of wind tunnel tests on closed and open dome roofs were analyzed. The distribution characteristics of the fluctuating pressure according to the opening ratio and the height change were discussed. The analysis results showed that when the roof is open, the overall wind pressure decreases due to the open space, but more fluctuation occurred than the closed dome roof.
This study investigates the wind pressure characteristics of elliptical plan retractable dome roof. Wind tunnel experiments were performed on spherical dome roofs with varying wall height-span ratios (0.1~0.5) and opening ratios (0%, 10%, 30% and 50%), similar to previous studies of cirular dome roofs. In previous study, wind pressure coefficients for open dome roofs have been proposed since there are no wind load criteria for open roofs. However, in the case of Eeliptical plan retractable dome roof, the wind pressure coefficient may be largely different due to the presence of the longitudinal direction and transverse direction. The analysis results leads to the exceeding of maximum and minimum wind pressure coefficients KBC2016 code.
The purpose of this study is to propose future-oriented high-rise buildings where the vehicle is parked at the top of the building. At the same time, the vehicle is used as a part of the building along with the advent of the era of autonomous driving. The suspended structure is proposed as a suitable structural system for architectural planning. This system is free to design because there are no limitations on column planning compared to conventional designs. In particular, the low-floor plan can be used as an open space because colums are not arranged in the lower-floors. Thereby opened low-floor plan has advantages that visual perception of the space is improved, noise problems along the side of the street is solved and planning underground parking spaces are easier. These advantages can solve the problem of overlapping columns with vehicle traffic in the building. However, there are some problems that the suspension structure is mainly a formal form and the usable area is small compared to the core area because it is a core-oriented structural system. In this regard, a new structural system was proposed by combining the concept of suspended structure and cable stayed column. Therefore, this paper analyzes the existing style of high-rise housing suspended Structure and proposes a new structural system and the concept of design for autonomous vehicles.
In this study, 70 kinds of nutritional composition for five bokkeumbap products(spicy chicken, shrimp(saeu), haemul, nakji, and barbecue bokkeumbap) in high-frequency processed foods were analyzed. Raw data of intake amounts were collected from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Regarding proximate composition, spicy chicken bokkeumbap had lower water content and higher carbohydrate content than other bokkeumbaps, resulting in the highest total calories. The proximate composition of other bokkeumbaps were all distributed within a similar range. Vitamin content differed according to ingredients added to the bokkeumbaps. Haemul bokkeumbap had high content of vitamins B1 and B2, nakji bokkeumbap had high content of vitamin C and β-carotene, and barbecue bokkeumbap had high content of total niacin, folic acid, and vitamin A. For mineral content, barbecue bokkeumbap showed the highest content distribution, while nakji bokkeumbap showed the lowest content distribution. Regarding fatty acid and fat content, the highest content of fatty acids, saturated fats, and trans fats was detected in shrimp(saeu) bokkeumbap. For amino acid content, barbecue bokkeumbap showed highest content distribution. These results can be used as salient basic data for a food nutrient composition database and to significantly contribute to consumers’ health.
Wireless sensors are more favorable in measuring structural response compared to conventional sensors in terms of them being easier to use with no issues with cables and them being considerably cheaper. Previous tests have been conducted to analyze the performance of MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems) sensor in sinusoidal excitation tests. This paper analyzes the performance of in-built MEMS sensors in devices by comparing with an ICP sensor as the reference. Earthquake input amplitude excitation in shaking table tests was done. Results show that MEMS sensors are more accurate in measuring higher input amplitude measurements which range from 100gal to 250gal than at lower input amplitudes which range from 10gal to 50gal. This confirms the results obtained in previous sinusoidal tests. It was also seen that natural frequency results have lower error values which range from 0% to 3.92% in comparison to the response spectra results. This also confirms that in-built MEMS sensors in mobile devices are good at estimating natural frequency of structures. In addition, it was also seen that earthquake input amplitudes with more frequency contents (Gyeongju) had considerably higher error values than Pohang excitation tests which has less frequency contents.
Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) sensors have been widely used in Structural Health Monitoring due to their convenience and lower costs in comparison to conventional sensors. Triggered measurements are relevant in events such as earthquakes because unlike continuous measurements, they only record the structural response once an event happens. This is more cost effective and it makes the data more manageable because only the required measurements from the event are recorded. The most common method of triggering is amplitude triggering. However, lower input amplitudes (less than 0.1g) cannot be triggered by using this method. In this paper, sound triggering was introduced to allow triggered measurements for lower input amplitude values. The performance of the sound triggering and amplitude triggering were compared by a series of shaking- table tests. It was seen that sound- triggering method has a wider frequency (0.5~10Hz) and amplitude (0.01~1.0g) range of measurements. In addition, the sound triggering method performs better than the amplitude triggering method at lower amplitudes. The performance of the amplitude triggering, in terms of the triggering being simultaneous improves at higher input amplitudes.
Recently, measuring instruments for SHM of structures has been developed. In general, the wireless transmission of sensor signals, compared to its wired counterpart, is preferable due to the absence of triboelectric noise and elimination of the requirement of a cumbersome cable. However, the low-cost wireless MEMS sensor has high noise density and transmits the signal wirelessly, so data transmission delay occurs during measurement. Therefore, the footbridges that was previously measured by a mobile phone in 2014 was remeasured using G-Link-200, iPad and iPhone to compare their performance.
Wireless sensors are more favorable in measuring structural response compared to conventional sensors. This is because they are easier to use with no issues with cables and are considerably cheaper. There are several applications that can be used in recording and analyzing data from MEMS sensor installed on an iPhone. The Vibration App is one of the applications used and there has not been adequate research conducted in analyzing the performance of this App. This paper analyzed the performance of the Vibration App by comparing it with the performance of an ICP sensor. Results show that natural frequency results are more accurate (error less than 5%) in comparison to the amplitude results. This means that built- in MEMS sensor in smartphones are good at estimating natural frequency of structures. In addition, it was seen that the results became more accurate at higher frequencies (5.0Hz and 10.0Hz).
The biggest impact on the cladding design of buildings is wind loads. Wind tunnel tests were conducted to examine the applicability of current wind load standards about membrane retractable roof spatial structure. A dome model with a circular shape that is retractable to the center of the dome was made (Opening ratio = 0, 10, 30, 50). In addition, height adjustable turntables were made and tested with five patterns with H/D = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5. The maximum wind pressure coefficient and the minimum wind pressure coefficient for the cladding were analyzed and the experimental wind pressure coefficient were compared with the current wind load standards, KBC2016 and AIJ-RLB(2015). The experimental value and the reference value of the enclosed roof were very similar and showed possibility of application, but opened roof case was found that the reference value was underestimated.
Recently, measuring instruments for SHM of structures has been developed. In general, the wireless transmission of sensor signals, compared to its wired counterpart, is preferable due to the absence of triboelectric noise and elimination of the requirement of a cumbersome cable. However, in extreme environments, the sensor may be less sensitive to temperature changes and to the distance between the sensor and data logger. This may compromise on the performance of the sensor and instrumentation. Therefore, in this paper, free vibration experiments were conducted using wireless MEMS sensors at an actual site. Measurement was assessed in time and frequency domain by changing the temperature variation at(- 8℃, - 12℃ and - 16℃) and the communication distance (20m, 40m, 60m, 80m).
Recently, measuring instruments for SHM of structures had being developed. In general, the wireless transmission of sensor signals, compared to its wired counterpart, is preferable due to its absence of triboelectric noise and elimination of the requirement for cumbersome cable. However, the research on the tall buildings with relatively small vibration levels is insufficient. Therefore, in this paper, we used the wireless MEMS sensor and iPad to compare and analyze the vibration measurements of three tall buildings and two towers.