본 연구는 무인센서카메라를 이용하여 도서 지역에 도입된 대만꽃사슴(Cervus nippon taiouanus)의 행동 특성을 파악하기 위하여 2021년 10월부터 2022년 10월까지 인천광역시 옹진군에 위치한 굴업도에서 실시되었다. 무인센서카 메라 포착빈도의 커넬 밀도 추정치로 대만꽃사슴의 계절별 일일 행동 패턴을 나타내었으며, 계절 간 중첩계수를 분석하 여 계절에 따른 차이를 확인하였다. 굴업도에 도입된 대만꽃사슴은 겨울에만 박명(crepuscular) 형태의 행동 패턴을 보였으며, 봄부터 가을까지는 뚜렷한 형태가 나타나지 않았다. 박명 형태의 행동 패턴은 사슴류에 있어서 포식 위험을 낮추기 위한 일반적인 형태인데, 굴업도에 도입된 대만꽃사슴은 겨울에 지자체에서 실시하는 구제작업에 의해 영향을 받아 박명 형태의 활동을 하는 것으로 판단된다. 이는 봄부터 가을까지 빈번하게 발생하는 야영(back packing) 등의 인간 활동이 대만꽃사슴의 행동에 영항을 미치지 않는 것과 대조되는 결과였다. 또한, 겨울의 낮은 기온이 대만꽃사슴의 야간 행동에 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 겨울의 추운 날씨와 구제작업에 의해 대만꽃사슴의 행동 패턴은 여름과 겨울 사이에 가장 낮게 중첩되었다. 본 연구에서 확인된 대만꽃사슴의 시간적 지위와 더불어 계절별 기온과의 관계는 도서 지역뿐 아니라 내륙 지역에 도입된 대만꽃사슴의 관리 방안을 수립하는데 중요한 기초 생태 자료가 될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.
본 연구는 2019년 5월부터 2021년 5월까지 무인센서카메라를 이용하여 설악산과 지리산 국립공원에 서식하는 다람 쥐(Tamias sibiricus)의 연중 관찰 양상과 행동 패턴을 파악하기 위해 실시하였다. 주차별 관찰빈도를 지표로 하여 관찰빈도의 연중 변화를 파악하였고 봄과 여름, 가을의 시간별 관찰빈도를 이용하여 계절별 일일 행동 패턴을 분석하였 다. 다람쥐의 일일 행동 패턴은 지역 및 계절에 따른 차이 없이 주행성인 것으로 나타났다. 두 지역에 서식하는 다람쥐는 연중 관찰 기간에 차이가 있었다. 설악산에서 18~45주차에, 지리산에서는 7~48주차에 다람쥐가 관찰되었으며, 이는 동면시기에 영향을 받은 것으로 판단된다. 두 지역에서 다람쥐는 가을에 가장 많이 관찰되었다. 계절에 따른 다람쥐의 개체군 동태 및 활동량 변화가 무인센서카메라 관찰빈도에 반영되는 것으로 판단된다. 무인센서카메라의 관찰빈도는 간접적인 지표로서 대상종의 서식 밀도와 활동량을 구분해낼 수 없다는 한계점이 존재하지만, 방법이 쉽고 조사자에 따른 편차가 적어 효율적인 모니터링 방법으로 제시될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.
The severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) is classified into mild, moderately severe, and severe, considering the presence and duration of organ failure and local complications. Since patients with AP show a large difference in mortality and morbidity according to AP severity, evaluation of the severity of patients with AP in the early stage is important for predicting the prognosis and determining treatment plans including transfer to the intensive care unit or advanced facilities. In order to evaluate the initial severity of AP, it is necessary to confirm the presence of organ failure and objective evaluation using imaging or clinical examinations. In this guideline, it is recommended that evaluation using various severity indices such as bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE)-II scores be considered.
자로사이트 내의 SO4는 다른 산화음이온으로 치환될 수 있는데 자로사이트가 침철석으로 전이되는 과정은 공침된 산화음이온의 거동에 중요한 역할을 하게 된다. 본 연구에서는 다양한 산화음이온과 함께 공침된 자로사이트가 환원성 용해에 의하여 상변화를 거칠 때 산화음이온 종에 따른 상변화의 양상과 이와 수반된 산화음이온의 거동을 광물학적 및 지구화학적으로 연구하였다. 다섯 가지의 산화음이온이 SO4를 5 몰% 치환한 자로사이트가 본 연구에 사용되었다. 본 연구에서는 암모늄 옥살레이트를 이용한 환원성 용해 시 일어나는 자로사이트의 광물상의 변화를 측정하였으며 자로사이트의 침철석으로의 전이 속도는 MoO4-자로사이트 ≥ SeO4-자로사이트 ≥ CrO4-자로사이트 > 순수한 자로사이트 > SeO3-자로사이트 > AsO4-자로사이트의 순서를 보여 치환된 산화음이온에 따라서 자로사이트의 상전이 속도가 다름을 보여주었다. 이에 따른 Fe의 용출은 시간과 산화음이온의 종류에 따라 큰 차이를 보이지 않았다. 광물의 변화에 따라 용출되어져서 나온 각 산화 음이온의 농도는 전체적으로 Mo > Se(SeO3) > As > Se(SeO4) > Cr의 농도 순위를 보였으며 시간에 따라 약 간의 증가를 보였다. 이러한 경향은 광물상의 변화보다는 산화음이온 종류의 특성에 의한 것으로 파악된다. 본 연구 결과는 산화음이온의 종류에 따라 자로사이트의 침철석으로의 변화는 영향이 있었으나 이러한 경향이 용출되는 산화음이온의 농도에 영향을 미치지 않음을 보여주었다.
Due to increasing awareness on the treatment of end-of-use/life products, disassembly has been a fast-growing research area of interest for many researchers over recent decades. This paper introduces a novel lot-sizing problem that has not been studied in the literature, which is the service-parts lot-sizing with disassembly option. The disassembly option implies that the demands of service parts can be fulfilled by newly manufactured parts, but also by disassembled parts. The disassembled parts are the ones recovered after the disassembly of end-of-use/life products. The objective of the considered problem is to maximize the total profit, i.e., the revenue of selling the service parts minus the total cost of the fixed setup, production, disassembly, inventory holding, and disposal over a planning horizon. This paper proves that the single-period version of the considered problem is NP-hard and suggests a heuristic by combining a simulated annealing algorithm and a linear-programming relaxation. Computational experiment results show that the heuristic generates near-optimal solutions within reasonable computation time, which implies that the heuristic is a viable optimization tool for the service parts inventory management. In addition, sensitivity analyses indicate that deciding an appropriate price of disassembled parts and an appropriate collection amount of EOLs are very important for sustainable service parts systems.
본 연구는 최근 소비가 크게 증가하고 있는 가정간편식의 원료에 대한 모니터링을 수행하였다. 다양한 유형의 가정간편식 제품을 구입하여 112개 원료의 DNA 바코드를 분석하였다. 원재료의 종을 동정하기 위하여 DNA 바코드 증폭에 주로 이용되는 미토콘드리아의 16S ribosomal RNA 유전자 부위를 증폭하는 프라이머 세트를 이용하였다. PCR 산물은 정제하여 염기서열을 분석한 후, 이를 이용하여 미국국립보건원에서 제공하는 BLAST search를 수행하였다. GenBank에 등록되어 있는 종의 염기서열과 유사도(Identity) 와 매치 점수(Match score)를 비교하여 원료의 종을 판별 하였다. 112개의 원료에서 24개의 종(Species)과 3개의 속(Genus)를 동정하였다. 3개의 속은 Identity의 기준이 되는 98% 이내에 해당하는 종이 다수 존재하여 속 수준에서 판별하였다. 판별 결과를「식품의 기준 및 규격(제2019-57 호)」중 ‘(별표 1) 사용할 수 있는 원료 목록’에서 제시하는 사용 가능한 원료와 비교하여 국명 및 섭취 가능 여부를 판단하였으며, 등재되어 있지 않은 6개 종은 국제적으로 공인된 기구에서 어획량에 대한 정보를 확인하고, 식용 근거, 학명·이명 등을 확인하여 식용 가능 여부를 판단 하였다.
This study is aimed to evaluate the technology levels of shellfish farming in southern coast of Korea and status analysis on research of shellfish aquaculture. With achieving these objectives, it will be possible to present the direction of shellfish farming research and related project. Five major breed of shellfish aquaculture that would be adaptive and sustainable were proposed through consultation and agreement with professional group with more than 15 years of working experience. Moreover also evaluated that levels of technology, industry and market are also evaluated. The evaluation result of the expert group showed that the shellfish farming level occupied the third place in comparison with the US, Japan, Europe, and China. It is estimated that about 13~14 years will reach the level of the highest on average. In addition, most countries are expected to grow by about 10% on average over the next five years. Based on the result of the analysis of 670 research projects (2008~2017), there was little research on climate change and shellfish aquaculture. Besides some of shellfish have not been studied since 2008 and 2013, so it can be mentioned as a future task to be overcome.
(주)파인텍에서 개발한 제올라이트 4A 분리막을 이용하여 물/알코올의 단일및 혼합성분의 투과증발 실험을 수행하였다. 다양한 온도 및 농도 조건 실험을 통해 물/메탄올(분리계수 250 이상) 물/에탄올(3,000 이상), 물/이소프로필알코올(1,500 이상), 물/부탄올 (1,500 이상) 혼합물로 부터 물을 선택적으로 분리할 수 있음을 확인하였다. 활동도계수-퓨개시티 모형, GMS 모형 및 Dusty Gas 모형을 이용하여 단일성분 및 혼합물의 투과증발 거동을 모사하였으며, GA (Genetic Algorithm) 및 SQP (sequential quadratic programming)를 이용한 상수추정을 통하여 제올라이트 활성층의 흡착 및 확산 상수를 구하였다.
본 연구에서는 제올라이트 4A 분리막((주)파인텍)에서의 물과 알코올(메탄올, 에탄올, IPA, 부탄올)의 1성분, 2성분 그리고 3성분 투과증발 특성을 실험 및 모형을 통해 분석하였다. 다양한 온도 및 농도 조건 실험을 통해 제올라이트 4A 분리막이 알코올로 부터 물을 선택적으로 분리할 수 있음을 확인하였으며, 이때 분리계수는 각각 물/메탄올 150 이상, 물/에탄올 3,000 이상, 물/IPA 1,500 이상, 물/부탄올 1,500 이상이었다. Generalized Maxwell Stefan 모형 및 Dusty Gas 모형을 이용하여 단일성분 및 혼합물의 투과증발 거동을 모사하였으며, Genetic Algorithm을 이용한 상수추정을 통하여 비지지체의 흡착 및 확산 상수를 구하였다.
본 연구에서는 (주)파인텍에서 제조한 제올라이트 4A 분리막을 이용하여 물/메탄올, 물/부탄올 혼합물의 투과증발 실험을 수행하였다. 분리막을 투과한 기체분자들은 액체질소트랩을 이용하여 포집하였으며, 기체크로마토그래피(TCD)를 이 용하여 혼합물의 조성을 분석하였다. 실험을 통해 물과 메탄올(분리계수 최대 250 이상), 물과 부탄올(분리계수 최대 1,500 이상)의 혼합물에서 선택적으로 물을 분리하는 것을 확인하였다. GMS (generalized Maxwell Stefan) 이론을 적용하여 2성분 계의 투과증발 거동을 모사하였으며, 상수추정을 통하여 제올라이트 비지지체의 흡착상수 및 확산상수를 구하였다. 제올라이 트 4A 분리막의 경우 기공의 크기가 물보다는 크고, 메탄올, 부탄올 보다는 작기 때문에, 알코올로부터 물을 분리시키는 공정 에 적용시킬 수 있다. 바이오 에탄올 분리, 부탄올 분리, 막반응기, 하이브리드 반응-탈수 공정 등에 적용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.
The major purpose of this study is to find and analyze the characteristics of Fisheries Business Administration Research based on using social network analysis. This study examines every paper of The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration from 2007 to 2016. This study analyzes fisheries business administration research through bibliometric data including research trends, researcher characteristics, and key words. The 229 source articles are all papers published from 2007 to 2016 in The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration in Korea. Comparing with previous research, the major research areas of Korean fisheries business administration have a little changed and the topics of recent research are much diversified. Through basically based on frequency analysis and SNA(Social Network Analysis) method, most of the bibliographical characteristics were founded. And based on the result of this study showed that 1) increasement on number of researcher and organization 2) climate change and economic related topics are most popular terms 3) DEA is most adopted methodology in recent papers 4) joint research among the organizations has somewhat been increased 5) human resource management, history of fisheries management and education still have been conducted in terms of sustainability.
This study was conducted to develop a dummy in an environment similar to the human body, to prepare a standard for evaluation and to present the process of the production in order to evaluate the performance of the robot that can detect the persons needing rescue in a confined space, who are difficult for fire-fighting officials to rescue in case of fire and disaster. As a result, a standard for evaluation was developed and standardized into four parts ‘Normal,’ ‘Risk Stage 1,’ ‘Risk Stage 2’ and ‘Risk Stage 3’based on the number of breath cycles, carbon dioxide concentration, core temperature and criteria for hearing to recognize the voice. In addition, in order to produce a dummy, fever, breathing capacity and voice output function were compared and analyzed. This study has significance that it built up basic data of the method of producing the actual dummy, by presenting characteristics and controlling methods using the waterproof insulation heating coil for the function, solenoid valve for the consecutive output of breathing capacity and USB program sound board for voice output.
Most of the changes that make paradigm shift have been involved international level problems related to environment, resource and structure problems in these days. Resolving those common issues the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization(UN FAO) has played most important role in fisheries with publishing the series of the technical guidelines for responsible fisheries papers. The guidelines for responsible fisheries have introduced for applying the concept of sustainable development with considering overall changes in fisheries domains. And also have objectives that establishing the discipline of fisheries worlds. Although these papers are remarkable, there is still few research or education contents of them in Korea. Fisheries business administration is a kind of social science that influenced by environmental, social changes so called paradigm shift. So one of the most important thing that has the education of sustainable development is accommodation or adaptation of them with grasping the phenomenon continuously. The aims of this study are exploring the FAO’s the technical guidelines for responsible fisheries documents and contents of college’s fisheries business administration and finding out the overall systematic topics and themes of fisheries business administration education. The result of this study shows that the contents of fisheries business administration did not including the concept of responsible fisheries even were out of date in using statistical data. And there is some missing issues that including fisheries policy, resource management, and related law should be enhanced. This study suggests the framework of fisheries business administration with comparing analysis on FAO’s document and college’s course of study in Korea. The proposed framework of major topics of fisheries business administration that still needed to be improved should be a milestone of understanding and debating the core factors of fisheries business administration education and research.
Generally, the outcomes of the historical study in some domain would be a most fundamental and basic reference for understanding the essential and core component of them. Specially in case of social science, the importance of historical research much more emphasized that would be divided into independent academic field. In Korean history including fisheries business and industry, the most remarkable historic event would be the period of Japanese colonial rule that one of the most obstacle should overcome. Though the fisheries business and industry of Korea have considerable own history, the research and study of that not so much have been performed or investigated including the period of Japanese colonial rule. Most of the existing research of fisheries history have merely focused on partial topics like ‘Fishermen’s Association’,‘Fisheries Industry Despoliation’. And the historical study of fisheries business and industry’s overall status and trend in local area except Pusan also not enough. The aims of this study are exploring the fisheries trends and status during the period of Japanese colonial rule in Tongyeong and finding out the overall major fisheries business issues that would be a better understanding the Korean fisheries industry. Achieving that Objectives, over 800 articles of media, the Japanese government-general of Korea, and other historical data were gathered, refined and analyzed. This paper focused on of major fisheries topics and issues that including overall fisheries status, trends, fisheries catches, local fisheries cooperatives and fisheries exhibition during the period of Japanese colonial rule in Tongyeong. The result of this study shows that the status of fisheries in Korea had been deteriorated for exploitation of Japanese imperialism and Japanese fisheries capitalist during that period. Though the level of Tongyeong in fisheries was very high in terms of catches ratio and population of fisherman, the distribution networks of fishermen’s association was not good enough. And the Tongyeong fisheries exhibition in 1922 has positive aspects for considering both composition of organization and educational activity. Even though the results and findings would be a helpful guidelines for understanding the fisheries business trends and status under the rule of Japanese imperialism, more research and study of that should be accomplished.
Though the debate of the establishment time, place and characteristic of the first fisheries cooperatives in Korea has been existed, it is clear that they had been established in the neighborhood of Tongyeong during the period of Japanese colonial rule. But the objective, motive and historical background of the first fisheries cooperatives are still slightly vague. To explain and explore that of fisheries cooperatives, over 1,000 articles of media, about 100 document of the Japanese government-general of Korea and the annals of the Joseon dynasty, many of research paper and others were included and refined. Through the result of that process, three core factors were founded that affect both the emergence of fisheries cooperatives and relationship of the them. The first one is about the royal family’s fishing area where in the neighborhood of Tongyeong. The next one is Kentaro Kashii who was called king or devil of the Korean fisheries industry and the last one is fishermen and their organizations including fisheries cooperatives. Some of the above and the fishing rights conflict that make a guidance for understanding them has not been clearly mentioned. The result of this study shows that the birth of the first fisheries cooperatives were caused by not only the Japanese government-general of Korea but mainly Korean fishermen’s voluntary activity and free will against fishing rights conflict between them. And both of the first fisheries cooperatives had somewhat difference in their constitution of organization and their characteristics but it was a tragic irony that the more exploitation and despoliation were conducted by Japanese government-general and Japanese capitalist the more movement and activity of Korean were frequently and severely occurred. Even though the findings and results of this study would be a proof and helpful material for understanding the establishment and their activity of fisheries cooperatives in Tongyeong, more research and contribution would be need by members of fisheries academic and business world.
Recently the rapid changes of the social environment make both university and every each department should have to renovate and adjust all of the educational components. The most dominant and issuable change of business administration education is the Business Education Accreditation which was certified by the KABEA(Korean Association of Business Education Accreditation). And the only two department of fisheries business administration which in Gyeongsang National University and Pukyong National University has been accredited recently. Though The department of fisheries business administration in Korea has been influenced by that Accreditation, there is few research and analysis on educational change. So it is very important that research on the curricular constitution and change of the curriculum for considering the its own effect and influence. This paper aims to explore the curricular constitution, change and course fulfillment of fisheries business administration after the business education accreditation based on the case of the department of fisheries business administration in Gyeongsang National University. The analysis of fisheries business administration change will help develop sustainable curriculum and give more guideline for identifying the core of fisheries business administration. The method of analysing that in this research has adopt the social network analysis(SNA) and automated software tool which is the most dominant technique in contents analysis including the Krkwics and Pajek. The SNA is evaluated that most popular, rigorous and firm methodology for analyzing, examining and revising some concepts or objects in the context of semantics. The result of this study shows that the ratio of fisheries business administration class has been decreased but still the most fulfilled course. And English mediated class has been avoided though that sort of the class has been increased. In the view point of course fulfillment, it has been potential and inefficient problems that some classes that including financial related and accounting related class would not been accomplished appropriately. The findings of a graduate depth interview which has been done about 4 years for understanding that student show that there’s some recognition gap of fisheries business administration in staffs of human resource management. And the level of job satisfaction in fisheries business still somewhat low and even worse the chance of recruitment also unsteady.
This study aimed to identify the recognition of fire risks on their field operations among firefighters and contribute to setting up safety measures accordingly. A self-administered questionnaire were used to evaluate their recognition of job risks. About 93.4% of respondents answered they have exposed to job risks and 73.4% answered that they had high safety awareness. Our study showed that the lower service years and ranks the fire officers had, the lower relevance in statistics their awareness of the risk of the field operations and safety concerns had. The vulnerable group is those aged 20 to 39, with under 10 years of service, at a lower rank of senior fire sergeant. The study suggests coming up with the measures to motivate the officers to perform safe operations by improving their safety awareness.
The purpose of this study was to verify the change in temperature·humidity·perspiration of fire suit when applying phased intensive exercises to fire fighter wearing fire suit. For this study, three male fire fighters took basic physical test and performed 10 minute phased intensive exercises -exercise intensity I (30%VO2max), exercise intensity II (45%VO2max), exercise intensity III (60%VO2max) based on maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max)- wearing fire suit (helmet, boots, air respirator) in treadmill and took a rest. The result of study shows that the temperature in the suit elevated during stabilization period after each exercise intensity, humidity elevated as exercise intensity increased, perspiration elevated as exercise intensity increased.