목적: 본 논문의 목적은 연구 문헌 중 요통 환자에게 보행운동을 적용한 무작위 대조군 실험설계를 메타 분석을 하여 통증과 장애지수에 대한 효과를 알아보고자 하였다.
방법: 본 논문은 다음 데이터베이스에서 검색하였다: Google scholar, PubMed, Sciencedirect, KISS, RISS, NDSL. 지난 10년간 영어나 한국어로 된 논문 중, 요통이 있는 환자들이 보행운동을 하였을 때, 통증과 장애지 수를 연구한 논문들을 검색하였다. 이 논문에는 (1) 요통이 있는 환자, (2) 중재에는 보행운동이 포함되며, (3) 평가 지표에는 통증과 장애지수가 포함되었다. 최종 결과로 35개의 논문을 확인하였고, 그중 15개의 논문이 충족되었다.
결과: 본 논문은 요통 환자를 대상으로 보행운동을 중재로 주었을 경우의 논문 15편을 최종적으로 선정하 였고 분석하였다. 통증과 장애지수와 관련되어 각각 12개의 논문을 분석하였다. 통증과 관련된 12개의 논문의 효과 크기는 중간의 효과 크기나 나타났고, 장애지수와 관련된 12개의 논문의 작은 효과 크기가 있었다.
결론: 보행운동은 요통 환자들의 통증을 감소시키고 장애지수를 줄이는데 유의미한 효과가 있다. 따라서 보 행운동은 요통을 지닌 사람들에게 긍정적인 영향을 미칠 것으로 사료된다.
This study investigated the general information, unbalanced diet, and dietary habits of 86 children in Daegu. The research was undertaken to analyze the current state of diet and dietary habits of children, and to provide basic data for nutrition education. The results reveal that younger children have a more unbalanced diet. Children dislike side-dishes the most. Furthermore, due to the longer time taken to consume food, parents persuade children to eat quickly. Children were also determined to have a high intake of foods and drinks containing sugar; beverages containing sugar are consumed 1-2 times a week by 5-year-olds, and once daily by 6- and 7-year-olds. The results of this study can be applied to provide basic data for nutritional education, and assist in the development of dietary programs for young children.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical quenching system for residual ozone and to determine the operating condition for the quenching system. Hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) and sodium thiosulfate (Na₂S₂O₃) were investigated as quenching reagents for ozone removal, and the tendency of each chemical was notably different. In the case of H₂O₂, the degradation rate of ozone was increased as the concentration of H₂O₂ increase, and temperature and pH value have a significant effect on the degradation rate of ozone. On the other hand, the degradation rate of ozone was not affected by the concentration of Na₂S₂O₃, temperature and pH value, due to the high reactivity between the S₂O₃²- and ozone. This study evaluates the decomposition mechanism of ozone by H₂O₂ and Na₂S₂O₃ with consideration for the water quality and reaction time. Furthermore, the removal test for the quenching reagents, which can be remained after reaction with ozone, was conducted by GAC process.
Locust gall midge (LGM), Obolodiplosis robiniae (Haldeman) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), is a cecidomyiid insect forming roll-up galls on leaves of Robinia pseudoacacia Linnaeus (Fabaceae). LGM, known as native to North America, was reported from Korea and Japan in 2002. LGM was observed weekly or biweekly to clarify their voltinism and distribution within the crown of the host tree in two sites of Osan and Siheung in Korea from May to August, 2007. Density of LGM was investigated based on the number of larvae per leaf. Two generations of LGM were observed in Siheung site whereas three generations in Osan site during the present study. The result indicated that LGM had at maximum three generations per year. The density of LGM in Osan was higher in the upper crown of the host trees than middle or lower part. In Siheung, LGMs were distributed more on the exterior of the lower crown than the interior. The average number of larvae per gall was 3.3±0.1 and 2.8±0.1 individuals per leaf in Osan and Siheung, respectively.