This study was conducted to investigate the growth and antioxidant activity of Pleurotus ostreatus mycelia grown in medium supplemented with Aronia. The diameter and dry weight of the mycelia were increased in the medium supplemented with Aronia compared with the untreated medium. The total polyphenol content of mycelia grown in medium supplemented with Aronia and untreated medium was 6.54 mg GAE/g and 5.77 mg GAE/g, respectively. The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity of mycelia grown in medium supplemented with Aronia and untreated medium was 61.81% and 49.65%, respectively. Moreover, the 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical scavenging activity of mycelia grown in medium supplemented with Aronia and untreated medium was 59.83% and 52.66%, respectively. These results confirmed that P. ostreatus mycelial growth and antioxidant activity were increased when Aronia was added to the culture medium.
토마토 부산물의 활용 가능성을 확인하고자 토마토 50 자원의 잎 추출물로 항산화 및 항염증 활성을 검정하였다. DPPH라디칼 소거 활성이 높았던 자원은 IT191046 (130.9 ug/ml),IT189949 (136.8 ug/ml), IT033117 (138.8 ug/ml), IT191047(148.9 ug/ml), IT033130 (152.5 ug/ml)이었으며, ABTS 라디칼 소거 활성이 높았던 자원은 IT189949 (1348.6 ug/ml),IT033117 (1404.9 ug/ml), IT191046 (1516.8 ug/ml)이었고 총폴리페놀 함량은 IT207214 (59.9 mg GAE/g DW)가 가장 높은 함량을 보였다. Nitric oxide (NO) 생성 저해 활성이 높았던 자원은 IT189945 (24.8 ug/ml), IT173906 (26.5 ug/ml),IT033117 (27.1 ug/ml), IT191046 (27.4 ug/ml)이었다. DPPH와 ABTS 라디칼 소거 활성이 높은 정의 상관관계(r = 0.677**)를 보였고 다음으로 총 폴리페놀 함량과 NO 생성 저해 활성이 높은 상관관계(r = −0.406**)를 나타냈다. 토마토 잎 추출물의 생리 활성 및 기능성 성분 분석 결과를 자원별로 군집 분석한 결과, Cluster I (n = 17), II (n = 4), III (n = 11), IV(n = 16)와 따로 분리된 두 자원(IT229651, IT211836)으로 분류되었다. 토마토 50 자원 중 IT033117과 IT191046은 DPPH,ABTS 라디칼 저해 활성 및 nitric oxide (NO) 생성 저해 활성이 높았으며 Cluster IV내에서 매우 가깝게 존재하였고,IT173906은 총 폴리페놀 함량과 nitric oxide (NO) 생성 저해활성이 높았으며 Cluster II에 존재하였다. 이 연구 결과를 토대로 토마토 잎의 기능성 소재로의 이용 가능성을 확인하였고토마토 부산물의 다양한 활용 방안 수립에 도움이 될 것으로사료 된다.
The objectives of this study were to form comparisons of total polyphenol compounds, the antioxidant activities and the urushiol contents of lacquer tree(Rhus verniciflua) bark and the sensory properties of chicken soup was made with lacquer tree bark that was cultivated from different cultivation areas; Hamyang, Wonju and China. Total polyphenol contents of Hamyang, Wonju and China were estimated as 375.28±3.48, 403.60±6.6 and 311.06±4.99 ㎎/g. The total flavonoids contents of Hamyang, Wonju and China were measured as 374±14.12, 683.70±12.64 and 334.64±18.40 ㎎/g. The total phenolic compounds and flavonoids concentration, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and ABTS radical scavenging of lacquer tree cultivated in Wonju were higher than the others; Hamyang and China. The urushiol content of lacquer tree bark from Hamyang was 4.59±0.04 ppm and higher than others. Urushiol was not detected in China lacquer tree bark. Sensory evaluation tests for chicken soup containing lacquer tree bark showed that the scores of Wonju lacquer tree bark chicken soup was highest, however there are no differences between Hamyang, Wonju, and China significantly(p<0.05).
Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) is a traditional medicinal herb especially in Korea. It contains pyranocoumarins, which are major active components including decursin (D) and decursinol angelate (DA). This study was carried out to determine the change in active component content and antioxidant activity depending on the root diameter of AGN. Several processing steps are involved to use AGN roots as medicine. The dried AGN roots are divided into body (B), thick root (TkR), medium root (MR) and thin root (TnR) according to their diameter before cutting into medicine. The recovery rates of each root parts per 100 ㎏ were measured as 32.3±2.5, 9.0±1.0, 39.3±2.1 and 15.0±1.0%, respectively and the mean diameters were measured as 51.95±4.55, 7.05±0.89, 2.88±0.49 and 1.57±0.32 ㎜. Two index components, D and DA, were analyzed. The change of both D and DA content showed a similar tendency. Both D and DA content were increased as the root diameter decreased (higher in TnR). In addition, antioxidant activity was higher in B and TnR, and lower in TkR and MR than control. This study showed that the thinner the root diameter, the higher the D and DA content in AGN roots and that TnR has excellent antioxidant activity compared to other root parts, suggesting that the thinner root part of AGN could be used as a potential material.
본 연구에서는 국내 주요재배 매실 품종의 총 페놀, 플라보노이드 함량과 항산화 효과를 확인하고자 하였다. 총 페놀 함량은 64.13-93.43 mg ․ 100g-1으로 품종 간 함량에 차이가 있었다. 이 중 ‘앵숙’과 ‘단아’의 함량이 비교적 높게 나타났다. 또한 총 플라보노이드 함량을 측정한 결과 6.16-18.57 mg ․ 100g-1으로 총 페놀과 같이 품종 간에 유의적인 함량 차이를 보였다. 이 중 ‘고성’에서 가장 높은 함량을 보였다. DPPH 라디칼 소거활성을 측정한 결과 ‘남고’, ‘회향실’, ‘장속’, ‘단아’, ‘앵숙’에서 모두 50% 이상 비교적 강하게 나타났다. ABTS 라디칼 소거활성 측정 결과 모든 품종에서 80% 이상으로 전체적으로 높은 소거할성을 보였다. 이 중 ‘앵숙’이 가장 높은 소거활성을 보였다. 아질산염 소거 능력은 모든 품종에서 50% 이상의 높은 소거능력을 가지고 있는 것으로 확인 되었는데 이중 ‘남고’(76.03%), ‘고성’(70.56%), ‘양로’(70.32%)에서 70% 이상으로 비교적 높은 소거 활성을 보였다.
This study was executed to evaluate the immune activity, nitrite scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity against extracts of various concentration of ethanol solvent from Codonopsis lanceolata cultured at 6 local regions. The immune responses from both human T and B cell line was significantly enhanced in the cell growth compared to control while the cell growth was influenced at a certain period of culture. The results revealed that the cell growth of both human T and B cell was altered in a time dependent manner. The nitrite scavenging activity of ethanol extracts from various solvent concentration of C. lanceolata were affected by pH. At a pH of 1.2, the nitrite scavenging effect of all of the extracts tested observed higher than that of the other two pH ranges. There was no distinct detection of nitrite scavenging effects of the pH range 6.0. The ABTS radical scavenging activity was progressively increased in a dose-dependent manner, and the activity was the highest in 100% ethanol extract. The result from this investigation suggests that the extract of Codonopsis lanceolata could be an addition to basic medicine for immune modulation and natural food additives.
This study investigated the effect of heat treatments on the quality characteristics of fresh-cut 'Romaine' lettuce by treating in hot water (45, 50, and 55℃) for 2 minutes. Sensory properties, respiration rate, ethylene production, microbial growth, browning index, total phenolics (TP), vitamin C, and antioxidant properties (DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP assays) of samples were evaluated after 5 days at 5℃. All heat treatment conditions tested in this study did not affect the change in TP after storage. Treatment at 45℃ enhanced respiration rate and ethylene production wheres decreased vitamin C content and antioxidant activities. There was no significant difference in browning index at 45℃ treatment. The rapid tissue softening occurred when treated with 55℃ hot water for 2 minutes. The 50℃ heat treatments exhibited the best quality index including texture and color, and inhibited microbial growth and browning after storage. In addition, the 50℃ heat treatment showed the highest vitamin C content and antioxidant activities (DPPH, ABTS, FRAP assay) after storage. Therefore, the 50℃ heat treatment can be used to maintain quality and antioxidant property of fresh-cut ‘Romain’ lettuce.
Apple and pear are popular fruits consumed in Korea and are common fruit in daily diet. In order to compare the antioxidant activity of the apple and pear peels, total polyphenol contents, total flavonoid contents, ABTS+ free radical scavenging activity, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity were measured from hot water, ethanol, and methanol extracts of the two fruit peels. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were highest in 95% methanol extracts of the apple peelsand 70% ethanol extract of the pear peels, respectively. Total polyphenol contents of the pear peels were higher than that of apple peels, and total flavonoid contents of the apple peels were higher than that of pear peels. The apple and pear peels had the highest ABTS+· and DPPH free radical scavenging activity in 95% methanol extracts and 70% ethanol extracts, respectively. ABTS+· and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of pear peels was higher than that of apple peels, and the DPPH free radical scavenging activity of apple and pear peels were detected in hot water, 95% methanol, and 70% ethanol extracts, respectively. Ascorbic acid, a synthetic antioxidant used as positive control, had significantly higher scavenging activity than the apple and pear peels. In conclusion, the apple and pear peelshave great potential as natural antioxidants. Therefore, above results should be considered to provide the possibility for the development of high functional antioxidants.
The potential antioxidant activities of different fractions from Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina were assayed in vitro. Among several fractions, n-BuOH fraction showed the highest 1,1-di[henyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging (IC50=0.50μg/mL). The results of 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay showed the concentration dependency and n-BuOH fraction appeared a better result than the other fractions at the same concentrati on in this study. Moreover the total phenol and flavonoid contents of n-BuOH fraction contained the highest level. Additionally, correlation analysis indicated a high correlation between the antiradical activity and the total phenolic and flavonoid contents (p 〈 0.001). It suggests that n-BuOH fraction obtained from the 70% EtOH crude extract of Prunella vulgaris var. lilacina has wide potential for use as a source of antioxidant material.