Theories for composite structures are too difficult for design engineers for construction. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate to the practicing engineers, how to apply the advanced composite materials theory to the structures. In this study, the natural frequency of a laminated cantilever beam was studied. An ultrasonic testing platform was employed to resonate the beam, and its time domain signal was optically measured. The natural frequency was quantified through the fast Fourier transform of the waveform, and the result showed good agreement with a theoretical estimation from the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. This study is expected to provide a dynamic evaluation technique for laminated cantilever beam structures.
As the corrugated steel pipes has many advantages to compensate for the shortcomings of the concrete fume pipes, it has been widely used for culverts and drain trenches. However, when corrugated steel pipes used as a sewage pipe or in an environment exposed to sea water, corrosion can cause problems and degradation of the function of pipe. So, Composite Corrugated Steel Pipe(CCSP) coated with three layers were developed to compensate for the shortcomings and improve performance of corrugated steel pipes. The composite material used in fabrication of the CCSP consists of a three layer polymer protective coating on both sides of a steel sheet core. To verify the field application of the CCSP, a test was conducted on the resistance of the strain, stability of connections, water flow performance and durability to determine whether they meet KS quality and various design standards.
Recently, composite beams have been developed in which concrete is filled in a U-shaped steel plate for saving height of story. And due to high flexural stiffness and bending strength, it is widely applied in the field where high load and long span are required. The AU composite beam was improved the instability of the existing beams because it makes a closed section by attaching a cover type shear connection to the existing U - shaped composite beam with open upper section. In this study, AU composite beam resisted by composite-section during the using phase was evaluated the safety through the finite element analysis. The analysis is performed on the five specimens of AU composite beams according to applied deck-system and compared with the results of 2 - point bending test. As a result of the analysis, behavior of beam was shown by integrated composite section. And the evaluation of flexible capacity was p
As buildings are becoming larger, demand for mega-sized composite columns (over 1-meter diameter) is increased. We have developed and commercialized welded built-up CFT column (ACT Column I) since 2005 which are structurally stable and economical using cold-formed steel with rib. However, there has a limit in size of cross section (618˟618mm) by a fabrication facilities. And due to characteristics of closed cross section, there has a limit to construction of connection of moment frame. Composite mega column (ACT Column II) has same concept of forming closed cross section. But in order to enlarge cross sectional size, thick plate is inserted between cold-formed steels. Since composite mega column can control thickness and width of thick plate, steel or composite beams can be directly attached to the connection. In this study, we propose strength formula of composite mega column to beam connections with T-shaped stiffener as internal diaphragm and verified through finite element analysis and simple tensile experiment.
A small dam is of hydraulic structures, which is always exposed to risk by flood, and it’s very important to ensure structural safety. A probabilistic analysis, quantifying variable as a risk factor to ensure safety of small dam, identifying its coefficient of variation, which has become increasingly important. In this study, the risk of seepage failure of foundation within a small dam was estimated based on flood scenarios by rainfall quantile. The final compound risk was evaluated combining probabilities, related to seepage failure and flood level. The seepage failure probability was estimated by performing seepage analysis depending on the water level difference between upstream and downstream in small dam. The probable flood level was estimated by considering hydraulic uncertainty associated with channel geometry, and movable gate operation during the flooding season, applied a probable flood considering hydrologic uncertainty evaluated by Bayesian approach. The safety evaluation of small dam with probabilistic-based compound risk expect to use the index for hydraulic structure design in the future.
It is a well known that concrete is strong for compression and weak for tension. For reinforcing the weakness and improving the performance about concrete, various methods are used. Fiber reinforced concrete that is one of them has been investigated in this study. The function of fiber in concrete is to improve the stress strain relation and toughness, crack control. It’s applied from normal strength concrete to ultra-high performance concrete. But it is essential to disperse fiber uniformly and to prevent aggregation of fiber in concrete, in order that fiber reinforced concrete show the sufficient performance. The various properties of fiber affect the essential properties, for instance, length and diameter of fiber, source, etc. So, this study evaluated the ultra-high performance concrete with mixed in composite fiber.
This study develops numerical model of mega composite columns in fire and investigates the residual areas using 500℃ isotherm method and residual capacity of mega composite columns after 3 hours. In order to perform heat transfer analysis, thermal properties of steels and concrete were adopted from Eurocodes. In addition to, the temperature distributions of composite columns with respect to fire tests were compared with numerical analysis results. As a result, residual capacity of mega composite column with 1m width remained more than 45%. The residual capacity of mega composite column was only increased to 2.3∼2.6% with the use of additional rebars.
Recently, redevelopment and reconstruction projects have caused problems such as depletion of natural aggregates, and the use of recycled aggregate is being reevaluated as an optimal alternative. Therefore, in this study, the mechanical and deformation characteristics of Environment-Friendly Recycled Coarse Aggregate (here after, EFRCA) concrete reinforced with para-aramid fiber with high strength and high elasticity are examined. The experimental main parameters were EFRCA replacement ratio (0, 30 and 50%) and para-aramid fiber volume fraction (0, 0.75 and 1.0%). Experimental results show that the EFRCA concrete has lower compressive strength than plain concrete. However, compared with the natural aggregate, the EFRCA concrete, which exhibited low material properties, showed almost the same performance as plain concrete, such as increased flexural strength and improved ductility by incorporating para-aramid fibers. Through the experiment, it is considered that the most suitable para-aramid volume fraction is 0.75%. Based on these results, the experimental results related to the performance degradation of EFRCA concrete containing para-aramid fibers are secured and basic data for determining the reuse possibility and reinforcement method of structures are presented.