Numerical models of composite floor systems with various thickness of phase change material and sizes of circular spacers were developed based on finite element analysis. In order to perform a heat transfer analysis, thermal properties of steels were determined and those of phase change material were estimated from experiment results. In addition, the thermal insulation performance of composite floor systems with respect to different thickness of phase change material and sizes of circular spacers was predicted. To verify the validity of analysis, analysis results were compared with vertical furnace fire test results of equivalent conditions. As a result, available thicknesses of phase change material and sizes of circular spacers were proposed to satisfy the thermal insulation criteria of Korean Standards.
As a preparation of a design standard regarding road facilities in terms of reliability based optimum design examples, such as cantilever columns for traffic lights, optimum design in deterministic and probabilistic ways for the foundation of traffic lights poles are proposed. Most of the previous study have focused on the foundation surrounded by cohesionless soil. However, the design would be governed by risky condition. Therefore the resistance by clay-soil is investigated compared with other design specifications. In deterministic optimization, GRG method is applied. It is found that both geometries of deep and shallow foundation provides optimum values. The resistance of cohesive soil is selected to represent the ultimate limit states, in terms of sliding, overturning and bearing pressures from super structures to the foundation under external loads. Example foundations with varying height of columns for traffic lights are optimized about 30% decreased embedded depth of foundation. The optimum coefficients of resistant and load factors may need to be developed with design load combinations in order to prepare design specifications as the next step.
GFRP(Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Plastic) has a superior corrosion resistance, high specific strength/stiffness, etc. Therefore, such properties can be used to mitigate the problems associated with the use of conventional construction materials. In this study, the various rib and pitch distance of hybrid fiber GFRP bars were evaluated by experimental method. From the test result, thirty two types of FRP hybrid bars such as spiral and cross type with the dimension of rib geometry were fabricated. To evaluate the bond properties of them, direct pull-out test was performed. All testing procedures including specimen preparation, set-up of test equipment and measuring devices were made in accordance with the recommendations of ASTM D 7913. From the test results, it was found that cross type hybrid GFRP reinforcing bars showed the highest bond strength than that of the others due to the higher relative rib area.
When reinforcing an existing reinforced concrete beam-column building with a precast concrete panel, special connection between the PC member and the RC member is required to solve the time dependent deformation of the RC member and to receive the large shear forces. The aim of this study is to obtain the shear strength of upper connection between the existing RC beam-column and infilled PC wall panels in experimentally and theoretically.
Thus, the static shear loading tests were conducted on the 6 specimens with the plate connection. Shear failure was resulted from the weakest portion of interior PC panel, exterior RC, and the connection, when the PC portion which located at the center of specimen was pulled upward from the bottom. T
he experimental result was compared with analytical result from ACI 318M-14 Chapter 17 for the shear strength of post-installed anchor and PCI Handbook 7th edition 6.8 Structural Steel Corbel (PCI Design Handbook 7th edition, 2010) for the strength of cast-in H-beam. The analytical and experimental results show final failure at the same location. The failure loading of experiment showed larger than average 6% to that of the analysis.
In this paper, a study on noise reduction characteristics of the precast floating track system, being developed as measures to mitigate noise and vibration of existing as well as constructing elevated railroad stations, is presented using numerical analysis. One of the most prominent sound analysis program, Virtual Lab., is utilized in investigating noise reduction performance of the precast floating track system, and structural velocity data, obtained from vibration analysis on a model-updated elevated railroad station considering vehicle-track-structure interaction, are used for the input of the sound analysis. The sound analysis is performed using the finite element method, and noise reduction performance before and after installing the precast floating track system is compared at three enclosed areas in the Daecheon Station, selected as a representative of elevated railroad stations in this nation. From the comparison result, it is seen that the precast floating track system can decrease noise by average of 5dB∼8dB when the Saemaeul train passing through the station and 10dB∼15dB when the KTX train passing through. Also, the noise reduction characteristics is different depending on the type of train and the distance from the track.
Composite columns are increasingly used due to the construction of super-tall buildings and large-scale buildings. Studies on the shapes of and construction technologies for structural members using steel tubes are being conducted actively. Welded built-up CFT columns previously developed and commercialized by the authors of this study (ACT-1 columns) are structurally stable and economically efficient. However, the 1m limit in the width of the columns and their small interior spaces impose a difficulty in installing reinforcing materials and thus deteriorate the ease and efficiency with which they are constructed. This study suggests placing thick plates at the centers of the surfaces of the existing ACT-1 column and installing a binding frame (binding frames) at the central thick plates to enhance the integrity and resist lateral pressure caused by concrete casting. Finite element analysis was conducted with the variables of the number and cross-sectional size of the binding frame and the cross-sectional size of the steel tube to estimate the structural behavior of the steel tubes. Hydraulic tests were conducted to analyze load-displacement relations and identify the influence of the binding frames on the relations. The variables in the tests were the number and cross-sectional size of the binding frame, welding details, column joint and the cross-sectional size of the steel tube
A behavior of FRP(Fiber Reinforced Polymer) panel in a steel frame structure was evaluated through the finite element analysis in this study. In order to numerical analysis, a experimental test results was used to develop a three dimensional finite element model of steel frame specimen. Numerical results of the steel frame specimen was well predicted the experimental behavior of steel frame specimen. Based on the developed three dimensional finite element model of steel frame specimen, the behavior of FRP panel in the steel frame specimen was evaluated. From the numerical analysis results, strength of the steel frame specimen with FRP panel was governed by FRP panel. Also, diagonal compression behavior governed the FRP panel in the steel frame specimen in the numerical analysis results.
Recently, the damage caused by typhoons and strong winds frequently displayed according to world climate change tends to be increasing. In the case of soundproof / windproof wall installed on the road, frequent occurrence does function for damage due to strong wind. As a result, in this study, strong wind fragility evaluation was performed to predict the degree of damage of strong winds of soundproof / windproof walls. We were conducting research focusing on the destruction mode in which the overall destruction of the sound barrier caused by the destruction of the aluminum frame occurs. Three node bending experiments were conducting for grasping the material properties of a soundproof wall aluminum frame that is currently being constructed on a road. Based on the results of this experiment, the resistance performance of the target structure was calculated, the frame breakage was selected as the limit state, and the wind load acting on the simplified soundproof wall model was measured using the Monte Carlo model model technique to measure.From now on, through the additional study, it will be necessary to proceed with a more accurate evaluation of the safety against strong windsof the soundproof wall structure using the vulnerability evaluation execution and the setting of the limit state.This study is expected to be the basic data of the study on prediction technique of wind - induced damage of soundproofing and windshield walls in the future.
Nowadays, advanced composite material are widely used in civil & architectural structures. Analysis of foam core sandwich bridges for simple supported made by advanced composite materials is presented in this paper. For the design of advanced composite materials bridge, foam core shape is economical and profitable. Navier’s solutions are compared in this paper to verify the authenticity of Finite Difference Method. Finite Difference Method is used for analysis of the pertinent problems. In this study, reduction rate of tensile strength for E-glass fibers due to increase in size, strength reduction ratios of according to mass, stress changes according to form core height and safety ratio due to increase form core height is presented. Tasi-Wu failure strength theory are used. Strength reduction is necessary for safe design of a structures.