Underground cavities are frequently taking place in urban areas due to soil loss caused by structural defects of underground buried pipes. In this study, a field experimental program was conducted to detect ground condition using the electrical resistivity survey and the pneumatic cone penetration test. In addition, we proposed a method to estimate the weighted mean resistivity value by quantifying the electrical resistivity measurements through image analysis in order to compare the results of pneumatic cone penetration test. Consequently, it was found that as the weighted average resistivity value decreased, the smaller the N-value (penetration depth per blow number) from the pneumatic cone penetration test results. Based on the limited number of field experimental measurements, the correlation between weighted average resistivity value and the N-value of pneumatic cone penetration test is deemed promising in assessment of ground conditions associated with developing underground cavitation.
In this study, the fragility for transmission tower subjected to wind disaster, which has the greatest influence on transmission tower, was developed for 154kV transmission tower located between Yangyang and Sokcho city. The resistance capacity and the limit state required for the evaluation of the fragility were divided into the major part and the auxiliary part in the steel tower. Moreover, the failure of tower was defined as the yielding stress of each member in the tower which could be used to determine their resistance performance. Domestic wind design guideline and criteria for transmission tower was used to determine the wind loads demand on the tower. By comparing the loading demand and resistance capacity, the failure of tower could be determined which in turn used to derive the wind fragility. The results obtained in this study could be used as a reference for damage prediction system of transmission tower and similar structures.
Synthetic wood has been widely used in place of wood such as the building exterior materials and/or the floor plate of moving path. However, it has many disadvantages such as relatively low strength, low durability, and heavy weight, etc. In this study, the synthetic wood deck combined with an aluminum profile was suggested to overcome these disadvantages. The flexural strength of the aluminum-synthetic wood deck was obtained through the theoretical equations under three-point bending conditions. In addition, the finite element analyses were also conducted to evaluate the flexural strength of the aluminum-synthetic wood deck.
Recently, damage to domestic facilities due to strong winds and typhoons is increasing. This study focused on sign structures among various vulnerable facilities. The evaluation of wind fragility was performed considering the destruction of the anchor for fixing, which is one of the failure modes of the sign structures. The performance evaluation of the anchor for fixing was carried out to derive the wind fragility. Three parameters were set and twelve anchor types were selected to perform the pull-out and shear tests. The resistance performance was estimated based on the experimental results. Wind loads were estimated using the Monte Carlo simulation method. Based on this, we derive the wind fragility according to the wind exposure category. Finally, the change of the wind exposure category and the evaluation of the wind fragility according to the experimental parameter were performed.
The purpose of this study was to develop a carbon fiber sheet with embedded fiber optic sensor for maintenance and performance improvement of aged concrete bridges. The carbon fiber sheet reinforcement method can separate the concrete and the carbon fiber sheet, so it is necessary to investigate the bond performance level. However, separation of concrete and carbon fiber sheet and investigation of concrete scaling phenomenon are carried out by human, so it is difficult to secure objectivity and accurate investigation. Therefore, in this study, a method to confirm the bond level of carbon fiber sheet by reinforcing with a carbon fiber sheet with a fiber optic sensor was examined. In this study, we investigated the strain of fiber optic sensor embedded in carbon fiber sheet to identify the separate point of carbon fiber sheet. The strain measured by fiber optic sensor was measured by numerical analysis. The strain rate of the carbon fiber sheet was compared with that of the carbon fiber sheet. As a result, it was confirmed that the strain was changed at the point where the carbon fiber sheet was separated, and the strain occurred in the carbon fiber sheet was examined to predict the separate point.
This paper presents experimental results for evaluating bond strength of FRP Hybrid Bars(HYB). In order to confirm the bond strength of HYB, direct bond strength tests were performed on 20 specimens. 20 specimens made of deformed steel bars were also tested for relative comparison. HYB and deformed steel bars were embedded in a concrete block with a size of 200 mm and different attachment lengths were applied depending on the diameter of the reinforcing bars. During the test, load and relative displacement(slip) were measured and the load-displacement behaviors of all specimens were analyzed from the measured results. The maximum bond strength of deformed steel bars were higher than that of HYB regardless of its diameter. However, after the maximum load, the deformed steel bars were more dominant than the HYB in the sudden load reduction tendency.
FRP is a new material that has light, high strength and high durability characteristics and is emerging as a third construction material in and out of countries. However, very few studies have been done on curved FRP construction materials that can be used for tunnels or arched bridges. In particular, many joints are required for the application of curved panels to the open cut tunnel. Experimental data on the performance of the joint is required due to insufficient design criteria. The purpose of this study is to analyze the structural performance of real size, composite materials curved panels. To achieve this goal, curved panels were constructed and bending performance was tested. A numerical analysis was also performed and compared with the results of the test. The results of the test showed that the average load was 757.6 kN and the average displacement of bottom was measured at 53.12 mm. Compression stress on the upper flange and tensile stress on the lower flange were within acceptable limits of 50% of the allowable stress.
The degree of interaction is a very important factor determining stiffness, strength and deflection performance in the composite beam. Because this synthesis is made through the shear connector, the structural performance of the shear connector is very important. In this study, the connection method was developed using the driving pin to solve the problem of conventional welding connection method. To verify the structural performance of the developed connection method, the push-out test was performed and analyzed against numerical analysis results. Based on the results of the analysis, it is deemed that the structural performance can be obtained by joining the shear connection in proposed method.
The objective of this study is to develop the innovative application methodology of Geofoam for sustainable design of eco-bridges under deep soil cover. Traditionally, the soft maerial zone has been located on the top or above the buried conduit to reduce the earth pressures, which is called imperfect trench installation (ITI). There, however have been no previous studies for the application of ITI on buried arch structures. This study investigated the structural effects of Geofoam surrouding buried arch bridges, which was named as embedded trench installation (ETI). Various shapes and locations of Geofoam have been investigated for both ETI and ITI. The findings from this study showed that ETI could effectively increase the stability and sustainability of deeply buried eco-bridges.
A parametric study was carried out to gain an insight about structural performances considering abnormal behavior effects in high strength steel pipe strut system. Six load cases were considered as undesirable deflections of strut structures, which are basic load combination, excessive excavation situations, impact loading effects, additional overburden loads, load combinations, and 50% reduction of strut length. Subsequent simulation results present various influences of parameters on structural performances of the strut system. Based on the results, we propose methods to prevent unusual behaviors of pipe-type strut structures made of high strength steels.
Recycled aggregate is a solution to reduce construction waste and to be environmentally friendly, but concrete using it has various disadvantages in terms of structure. Therefore, the interaction effect of the two materials can be expected by filling the cyclic aggregate concrete in the CFT column. Eighteen specimens were constructed to confirm the compressive behavior of RCFT (Recylced Concrete Filled Tube) columns, which can be applied to real buildings by making high strength concrete with recycled aggregate. Variable is the shape and thickness of steel pipe, concrete strength and mixing ratio, and coarse aggregate and fine aggregate are all used as recycled aggregate. A total of three recycled aggregate concrete preformulations were used to find the optimal mixing ratio and the compressive behavior was analyzed through the load - displacement curves of RCFT columns.