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        검색결과 190

        1.
        2024.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        캐나다 미술가 마이클 스노우는 1971년에 캐나다의 북방 야생지 풍경을 담은 영화 <중 심지대>를 제작하였다. 북방 야생지는 1920년대 캐나다의 풍경화가 모임인 그룹 오브 세븐 이후 캐나다 미술에서 자주 다뤄져 온 독특한 주제이다. 그룹 오브 세븐의 작품에서 북방 야 생지는 태초의 신성한 장소로 표현되는데 이 같은 풍경에는 북방 야생지에서 캐나다의 역사 적 기원을 설립하고 통치권을 주장하려는 민족주의적이고 식민주의적인 의도가 반영되어 있 었다. 스노우는 <중심지대>에서 그룹 오브 세븐에 의해 만들어진 캐나다 풍경화 전통을 해체 한다. 그는 무한하게 회전하는 카메라 움직임을 통해 전지적인 단일 시점으로 그려진 그룹 오브 세븐의 북방 야생지 풍경을 탈중심적인 우주 풍경으로 전환한다. 또한 카메라 움직임에 의한 운동감각적 시각과 전자음에 의한 신경계적 청각을 통해 프레임의 물질적 표면을 접촉 하고 스치는 듯한 촉지적인 감각 경험을 생성한다. 즉 <중심지대>는 그룹 오브 세븐의 시각 중심적 풍경화에서 벗어나 영화 매체에 의해 야기되는 다감각적 풍경을 제시하면서 북방 야 생지에 대한 기존의 의미와 경험을 재구성한다.
        6,300원
        2.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Understanding changes in fermentation characteristics and microbial populations of forage silage during ensiling is of interest for improving the nutrient value of the feed for ruminants. This study was conducted to investigate the changes in fermentation characteristics and bacterial communities of whole crop rice (WCR) silage during the ensiling period. The chemical compositions, pH, organic acids and bacterial communities were evaluated at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months after ensiling. The bacterial communities were classified at both the genus and species levels. The dry matter content of WCR silage decreased with the length of storage (p<0.05), but there was no significant difference in crude protein and NDF contents. Following fermentation, the pH level of WCR silage was lower than the initial level. The lactic acid content remained at high levels for 3 to 6 months after ensiling, followed by a sharp decline at 12 months (p<0.05). Before fermentation, the WCR was dominated by Weissella (30.8%) and Pantoea (20.2%). Growth of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum (31.4%) was observed at 3 months after ensiling. At 6 months, there was a decrease in Lactiplantibacillus plantarum (10.2%) and an increase in Levilactobacillus brevis (12.8%), resulting in increased bacteria diversity until that period. The WCR silage was dominated by Lentilactobacillus buchneri (71.2%) and Lacticaseibacillus casei (27.0%) with a sharp reduction in diversity at 12 months. Overall, the WCR silage maintained satisfactory fermentation quality over a 12-month ensiling period. Furthermore, the fermentation characteristics of silage were found to be correlated to bacterial microbiome.
        4,000원
        3.
        2024.02 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        심린 길은 싱가포르 태생으로 어린 시절 다양한 국가로 이주하며 성장하였다. <숲>은 그와 같은 길의 자전적 경험이 반영된 사진 작품이다. 길은 싱가포르와 말레 이시아에 있는 열대 숲의 식물들에 텍스트가 인쇄된 종이를 삽입한 후 16점의 흑백 사진을 촬영하여 <숲>을 구성하였다. 열대 식물에 이식된 종이 텍스트들은 그곳의 기후와 환경에 따라 식물과 함께 자라나거나 부패하는 등의 과정을 겪는다. 즉 낯선 장소로의 이식과 적응의 과정 거치는 것이다. 특히 <숲>이 제작된 장소와 길이 이용 한 종이 텍스트들은 과거 식민주의적 이주의 역사와 깊이 관련된 요소들이었다. 길은 이와 같은 <숲>을 통해 이주민으로서의 자신의 정체성뿐 아니라 식민주의적 이주가 이루어졌던 장소들의 의미 변화 과정을 이야기한다.
        4,300원
        4.
        2023.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: The purposes of this study was to identify the nurses' experiences of prolonged mask wearing in the context of COVID-19. Methods: This study was a qualitative study that used the content analysis method. Data were collected using focus group interviews with 18 nurses at a tertiary general hospital from April 13 to 27, 2023. Results: Five themes and 15 sub-themes emerged through qualitative content analysis. The themes included: “Mandatory or optional experience of wearing a mask unrelated to COVID-19”, “Mandatory KF94 masks during the COVID-19 pandemic”, “Multifaceted changes in life due to mandatory mask wearing”, “Unexpected benefits of wearing a mask”, “Difficulties with wearing masks continue even after the COVID-19 pandemic”. Conclusion: This study confirmed the discomfort and difficulties of prolonged mask wearing among nurses in the context of COVID-19. Our findings suggest that there is a need for organizational and national support for nurses who are required to continue wearing masks after the COVID-19 pandemic.
        4,300원
        5.
        2023.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study examined the MZ Generation Consumers’ perception and needs of HMR (Home Meal Replacement) using local food. The paper provides basic data for deriving a plan to promote local food consumption and reports the implications for various development and distribution strategies regarding HMR using local food. In this study, a quantitative survey was conducted targeting 600 consumers to examine the general consumption status of HMR using local food by MZ consumers. In addition, a qualitative survey was conducted targeting 21 people to derive the specific perceptions and unmet needs of MZ consumers. These results showed that MZ consumers require healthy and fresh HMR but have low awareness of HMR using local food. Therefore, it is necessary to deliver sufficient information and promote it. In particular, MZ consumers have high expectations for ‘healthy and safe’ food when purchasing HMR using local food, which plays an important role in purchasing decisions. They also valued ‘convenience’, which means ‘simple cooking’, ‘subdivision packaging’, and ‘accessibility of purchasing channels’, as important when purchasing HMR using local food. Lastly, MZ consumers positively evaluated the values of ‘healthy eating’ and ‘revitalization of the local economy’ through local food.
        4,200원
        8.
        2023.01 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        모국어와 한국어를 번역하는 능력은 한국어 전공 외국인 학습자들에게 요구되는 핵심 역량이지만 지금까 지 다소 소홀하게 다루어진 경향이 있었다. 이에 본 연구는 외국인 학습자 대상 번역 수업의 내실을 기한다 는 목적에 따라 한국현대시 번역 활동의 한국어 교육적 의미를 확인하고 베트남 대학생의 번역 능력 향상을 위한 교육적 시사점을 도출한다. 번역이란 원문의 의미와 가치에 대한 폭넓은 ‘이해’를 바탕으로 번역문을 ‘집필’하는 작업으로 진행된다. 하지만 이 연구는 논의를 명확하게 하기 위하여 원문 텍스트의 이해가 번역 결과물에 주는 영향력을 확인하고 학습자가 정확하게 번역하게 도울 원문 이해 교육 내용을 도출하는 데에 초점을 맞추었다. 이 연구에서 제시한 시사점은 베트남인 학습자 80명이 <사평역에서>(곽 재구, 1983) 번역한 결과를 분석 고찰한 결과인바, 향후 대학에서 외국인 학습자 대상의 한국어 번역 강의 를 개설할 때 실질적으로 도움이 될 수업 내용을 안내할 것으로 기대한다.
        6,900원
        9.
        2022.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This study aimed to identify and understand the experience of entering graduate school in an advanced practice nursing program in the COVID-19 situation. Methods: This qualitative study used content analysis. The data collection using the focus group and in-depth interviews was conducted from February 11 to September 2, 2022. Results: Six themes and 27 subthemes emerged through the qualitative content analysis. The themes included: “Graduate school: The next step”. “Concerns prior to attending grauate school”, “Learning in the COVID-19 era: Differences between expectations and reality”, “Overcoming the challenges of graduate school”, “Education: A stepping stone to becoming a specialist”, “Changes in self and others’ perceptions”. Conclusion: This study confirmed the growth and change of nurses through the experience of entering an advanced practice nursing program in the COVID-19 era.
        4,900원
        10.
        2022.06 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구에서는 2021년 전남, 전북을 대상으로 23개소에서 어류 4종(향어, 비단잉어, 참붕어, 금붕어) 총 1,115마리에 대하여 병원체 감염 여부를 조사하였다. 법정전염병 3종(SVC, Spring viraemia of carp, EUS, Epizootic ulcerative syndrome, and KHVD, Koi herpesvirus disease)을 분 석한 결과, 조사한 모든 시료에서 법정전염병이 검출되지 않아 전라권에서 조사한 잉어과어 류는 청정국 또는 청정지역 선언에 중요한 정보를 제공할 것이다.
        4,000원
        11.
        2022.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Background: Push-up are effective exercises for shoulder stability. Previous studies have documented the effects of support plane and hand position and width on muscle activities during a push-up. Objects: This study aimed to investigate the changes in muscle activities in the upper extremity when performing the standard and the knee-flexed push-up with different hand shapes. Methods: A total of twenty-six healthy males participated in this study. Three different hand shapes (finger abduction, finger adduction, and fists) and two types of push-up posture (standard and knee-flexed push-up) were set as the independent variables. Electrograms were used to measure the muscle activity of the upper trapezius (UT), triceps brachii (TB), pectoralis major (PM), and serratus anterior (SA). Each participant performed the randomly assigned push-up to the sound of the metronome. The mixed-effect linear regression model was used to detect the changes in muscle activities after changing the hand shape and push-up posture. Statistical significance was set at α = 0.05. Results: The UT muscle activity was statistically significantly higher when performing push-up with fists than finger abduction (p = 0.035) or finger adduction (p = 0.044). During the standard push-up, the muscle activity in all muscles was that the push-up with fists showed the highest muscle activity compared to the finger abduction (p < 0.01) and finger adduction (p < 0.01). Regardless of the shape of the hand, UT had the lowest muscle activity compared to other muscles (p < 0.001). In contrast, the SA muscle had the highest muscle activity among four muscles during the standard push-up. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, we suggest hand shape is related to the difficulty level of push-up either in the standard or the knee-flexed push-up, especially in the push-up with fists. In addition, knee push-up can be recommended as shoulder musclestrengthening exercises for individuals with low shoulder muscle strength.
        4,000원
        12.
        2022.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study was conducted to examine the dry matter yield and weed control of alfalfa according to postemergence herbicides treatment during spring seeding alfalfa. The seeding time of alfalfa was April 21, 2021, the seeding amount was 20 kg/ha, and the seeding method was by 20 cm wide. The alfalfa harvest was carried out at the early bloom stage (10% of flowering), and the harvest date was June 29, 2021. The test treatments were non herbicide (NH), hand weeding (HW), herbicide 1 (Trifluralin, H1), herbicide 2 (S-metolachlor, H2), herbicide 3 (Alachlor, H3), and herbicide 4 (Pendimethalin, H4). Alfalfa plant height was significantly highest in H2 (62.1±1.4 cm) followed by H3 (61.7±1.6 cm), HW (58.5±1.0 cm), H1 (57.2±1.3 cm), H4 (56.1±1.3 cm), and NH (54.1±1.2 cm) (p<0.05). Based on HW, H2 and H3 were high and H1 and H4 were short, but NH was significantly shorter than HW and H1~H4 (p<0.05). The dry matter yield of alfalfa in NH, HW, H1, H2, H3, and H4 were 717.2±94.2, 2,613.8±254.1, 1,667.8±94.1, 2,498.3±120.2, 2,435.0±118.3, and 1,793.7±354.3 kg/ha. HW is the highest among them (p<0.05). The feed composition of alfalfa was 22~24% of the dry matter yield, and the CP content were significantly higher in NH (23.6 %) (p<0.05). The NH had higher (p<0.05) NDF and ADF, but RFV was lower (p<0.05). The weed plant height was NH 98.0±3.3cm, HW 73.3±1.7 cm, H1 91.9±1.5 cm, H2 53.3±5.8 cm, H3 81.4±3.5 cm and H4 96.6±2.2 cm, and H2 was significantly smallest in the group (p<0.05). The weed dry matter yield was NH 4,770.4±232.5 kg/ha, HW 316.3±91.9 kg/ha, H1 2,353.4±173.7 kg/ha, H2 114.5±10.2 kg/ha, H3 752.7±440.6 kg/ha and H4 2,220.6±775.6 kg/ha. The weed control value was HW 94.1%, H1 53.5%, H2 98.2%, H3 84.9%, H4 48.7%, the weed value of H2 is similar to weed control value of HW. Considering the above results, postemergence herbicide treatment controlled weeds by more than 50% compared with no treatment, and among herbicides, H2 (S-metolachlor) was found to be on a similar level to hand weeding.
        4,000원
        14.
        2021.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for future research and suggest product development and market segmentation strategies by identifying the perceptions and consumption behaviors of vegetarians in each segment of the vegetarian market. According to food consumption value, a total of three market segments were derived, and the markets were named based on their characteristics, including ‘environment and animal protection’, ‘multiple consideration’ and ‘low interest’. As a result of analyzing the perception of vegetarian-based food, “environment and animal protection” and “multiple consideration” presented positive perceptions of a vegetarian food product. Conversely, the group stating low interest expressed negative perceptions of the vegetarian food product. An analysis of the requirements for development for vegetarian-based foods products (eg. aquafaba), indicated that the development requirements for all products, except cultured and processed meats, were high.?Considerable demand was observed for vegetarian menus and vegetarian restaurants. As a result of the analysis on the necessity of the elements of the vegetarian restaurant menu, the subjects that stated “multiple consideration” had significantly higher awareness of issues related to vegetarian foods than others.
        4,200원
        15.
        2021.08 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구에서는 와편모조류 Alexandrium affine(LIMS-PS-2345)의 생장에 미치는 용존태 무기 및 유기 영양염의 영향을 조사하였 다. 영양염 흡수 동력학 실험에서 A. affine의 최대흡수속도(ρmax)와 반포화상수(Ks)는 질산염에서 77.0 pmol/cell/hr과 17.6 μM, 인산염에서 15.5 pmol/cell/hr과 3.88 μM로 산출되어, 무기영양염에 대하여 높은 요구량 및 낮은 친화성을 가지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 유기 영양염에 따른 A. affine의 생장속도를 확인한 결과, 유기 질소 urea, glycine와 유기 인 adenosine triphosphate(ATP), glycerol phosphate(Glycerol-P) 첨가구에서 무기 영양염 첨가구의 70 % 이상 생장속도를 보였다. 따라서 낮은 무기 영양염 환경에서 A. affine의 우점화와 종간경쟁에서 우위를 위해서는 용존태 유기 영양염의 이용이 필요할 것으로 생각된다.
        4,000원
        16.
        2021.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구는 코로나19 유행 시기 간호대학생의 코로나19에 대한 불안, 위험인식, 정보이해력, 감염예방행위 이행 수준을 파악하기 위해 시도되었다. 본 연구는 서술적 조사연구로 2020년 6월 8일부터 6월 14일까지 간호대학생 224명을 대상으로 온라인을 통해 설문조사를 실시하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS 26.0을 이용하여 기술통계, t-test, ANOVA, 상관관계 분석을 하였다. 간호대학생의 불안정도는 6.86점(최대10점)으로 보통 수준이었으며, 위험인식은 8.19점(최대10점), 정보이해력은 3.50점(최대4점), 감염예방행위 수행정도는 4.44점(최대5점)으로 높은 수준이었다. 감염예방행위는 불안정도, 위험인식, 정보이해력이 높을수록 수행정도가 높았다. 코로나19와 같은 신종감염병이 유행할 때는 감염에 대한 불안감과 위험인식이 증가할 수 있으므로 감염병에 대한 충분한 정보제공으로 감염병에 대한 정확한 이해가 필요하다. 신종 감염병에 대한 정확한 이해는 철저한 감염예방행위를 향상 시키므로 감염병 전파 위험을 감소시킬 수 있을 것이다.
        4,300원
        17.
        2021.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) is routinely used for the determination of nutrient components of forages. However, little is known about the impact of sample preparation and wavelength on the accuracy of the calibration to predict minerals. This study was conducted to assess the effect of sample preparation and wavelength of near infrared spectrum for the improvement of calibration and prediction accuracy of Calcium (Ca) and Phosphorus (P) in imported hay using NIRS. The samples were scanned in reflectance in a monochromator instrument (680–2,500 nm). Calibration models (n = 126) were developed using partial least squares regression (PLS) based on cross-validation. The optimum calibrations were selected based on the highest coefficients of determination in cross validation (R2) and the lowest standard error of cross-validation (SECV). The highest R2 and the lowest SECV were obtained using oven-dry grinded sample preparation and 1,100-2,500 nm wavelength. The calibration (R2) and SECV were 0.99 (SECV: 468.6) for Ca and 0.91 (SECV: 224.7) for P in mg/kg DM on a dry weight, respectively. Results of this experiment showed the possibility of NIRS method to predict mineral (Ca and P) concentration of imported hay in Korea for routine analysis method to evaluate the feed value.
        4,000원
        18.
        2020.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of discrimination 12 different cultivar of sorghum × sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum genus) seed through near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The amount of samples for develop to the best discriminant equation was 360. Whole samples were applied different three spectra range (visible, NIR and full range) within 680-2500 nm wavelength and the spectrastar 2500 Near near infrared was used to measure spectra. The calibration equation for discriminant analysis was developed partial least square (PLS) regression and discrimination equation (DE) analysis. The PLS discriminant analysis model for three spectra range developed with mathematic pretreatment 1,8,8,1 successfully discriminated 12 different sorghum genus. External validation indicated that all samples were discriminated correctly. The whole discriminant accuracy shown 82 ~ 100 % in NIR full range spectra. The results demonstrated the usefulness of NIRS combined with chemometrics as a rapid method for discrimination of sorghum × sudangrass hybrid cultivar through seed.
        4,000원
        19.
        2020.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This field evaluated the effect of different yields on the drying rate of Italian ryegrass (“Kowinearly”, Lolium multiflorum Lam.) hay during the spring season. The experiment was performed at Hwaseong, 2015. The different yields of the plot were selected by growth and development check. Three treatments were 35 t/ha(Y1), 45 t/ha(Y2), and 60 t/ha(Y3). After harvest with conditioner, it was conducted tedding 1/day. It was investigated patterns for changes in moisture content. The changes in moisture content were respectively Y1 from 78.9% to 14.4%, Y2 from 79.1% to 18.3%, and Y3 from 77.9% to 25.5% for 5days. It was no different significantly for changes in moisture content by yields from 1st day ~ 2nd day, But It was different significantly from 3rd day to 5th day. the content of neural detergent fiber(NDF) and acid detergent fiber(ADF) were respectively about 34%, 59%, regardless of yields (P>0.05). Crude protein of Yields Y1, Y2, and Y3 were respectively 6.9%, 8.7%, and 9.4% (P<0.05). The result of this study that the higher yields, the slower it dried. The Quantity is a factor to effect on drying rate.
        4,000원
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