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        검색결과 130

        1.
        2023.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This study aims to not only understand the meaning and essence of patients’experiences visiting the Raphael Nanum Homeless Clinic but also explore what kind of healthcare programs they would like to have in the future by appraising patients’experiences in depth. Methods: This study employed a qualitative content analysis method. The data were collected from June 11, 2023, to June 25, 2023. A total of 17 patients who could provide detailed experiences of their visit to the Raphael Nanum homeless clinic participated in this study. We conducted a focus group interview with 6 patients and in-depth one-on-one interviews with the remaining 11 patients. Results: The qualitative content analysis result revealed five themes: “visiting a free clinic for various paths,” “positive experiences at the free clinic,” “negative experiences at the free clinic,” “dissatisfaction with the clinic site,” and “anticipation for the future of the free clinic.” Conclusion: To ensure the right to health and survival of marginalized populations in the future, it is necessary to establish comprehensive healthcare support measures, which include enhancing the facilities of the free clinic and expanding the range of available medical specialties.
        4,900원
        2.
        2023.06 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        이 연구는 2022 개정 교육과정에서 신설된 고등학교 「금융과 경제생활」의 개발 절차, 기본적인 개발 방향과 주안점 등을 다루고 있다. 개발 과정에서 연구진 내부 회의는 물론 각론 조정팀, 현장 교사, 전문가의 검토 과정, 폭넓은 여론 수렴 등의 과정을 거쳤다. 주요 개발 방향은 학생들의 삶과 연계한 교육과정 구성, 성취기준 및 학습량 적정화, 안정된 금융 생활에 필요한 역량 강화로 잡았고, 개발의 주안점은 사회적 변화를 반영한 맞춤형 금융교 육, 범교과 학습 주제 및 국가·사회적 요구 사항 반영, 융합 선택 과목의 취지를 반영한 통합적 접근 및 중복성 배제였다.
        4,600원
        3.
        2023.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This study explored illness experiences and the demands for a health-related program tailored to individuals with chronic disease at one of the Korean Seon Centers. It also utilized this information as foundational data for developing a program tailored to their needs. Methods: The study utilized focus group interviews to collect data from members of one of the Korean Seon centers who have chronic disease, regarding their illness experiences and their expectations for disease management programs. The collected data was then analyzed using the qualitative content analysis method. Results: The analysis yielded five overarching themes and 14 subthemes. These themes included opposing responses to disease diagnosis, reflections on the causes of disease, efforts toward disease recovery, obstacles to disease recovery, and the need for a customized disease management program. Conclusion: The findings highlighted the challenges the participants faced in their disease recovery process. They expressed a strong desire for a comprehensive management program that incorporates in-depth information, experience sharing, and education. Such a program would empower individuals to take control of their physical and mental well-being.
        4,200원
        4.
        2022.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This qualitative study aimed to understand and describe teachers' experiences of early childhood sex education. Methods: For data collection, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 early childhood teachers working at daycare centers until the data were saturated. Recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim. The data were analyzed using the qualitative thematic analysis method suggested by Braun and Clarke. Results: Although early childhood teachers recognized the necessity of sex education for children, they experienced difficulties in imparting sex education in daycare centers. Teachers lacked confidence because they themselves had not received proper education related to teaching sex education. It was confirmed that sex education methods and materials were lacking and outdated, and the support of educational institutions was insufficient. Teachers emphasized the importance of communication and cooperation with parents when sexual behavior problems occur in children. Conclusion: Systematic education for teachers and parents is required to raise awareness of sex education and to communicate smoothly among them.
        4,200원
        5.
        2022.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This study aimed to identify and understand the experience of entering graduate school in an advanced practice nursing program in the COVID-19 situation. Methods: This qualitative study used content analysis. The data collection using the focus group and in-depth interviews was conducted from February 11 to September 2, 2022. Results: Six themes and 27 subthemes emerged through the qualitative content analysis. The themes included: “Graduate school: The next step”. “Concerns prior to attending grauate school”, “Learning in the COVID-19 era: Differences between expectations and reality”, “Overcoming the challenges of graduate school”, “Education: A stepping stone to becoming a specialist”, “Changes in self and others’ perceptions”. Conclusion: This study confirmed the growth and change of nurses through the experience of entering an advanced practice nursing program in the COVID-19 era.
        4,900원
        6.
        2022.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding by analyzing and exploring the work experience of infection control nurses (ICNs) in response to the prolonged COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Data were collected from 14 ICNs, (two in in-depth interviews and 12 in groups of six) from February 19, 2021, to March 20, 2021, and were analyzed according to the content. Results: In the prolonged COVID-19 pandemic, ICNs took the lead in responding to infectious diseases, where they felt pressure in doing everything. In addition, they were confused by a lack of workforce and undetailed job plans. ICNs have been exhausted by insufficient support and system, such as the lack of support in the hospital, communication with health authorities, and difficulties with patients and visitors. However, ICNs settle with the help and encouragement of those around them. For example, pride in the work that only ICN can do, change in the cooperation of hospitals, and development of ICNs’ unique method of perseverance. Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic, ICNs experienced structural, physical, and mental difficulties at work. Nevertheless, the study found that a driving force enabled ICNs to endure, and that to efficiently respond to new infectious diseases in the future, it is necessary to secure ICNs and strengthen them.
        4,600원
        7.
        2022.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the nurses’ experience of the side effects of COVID-19 vaccination and understand its meaning. Methods: This study was a qualitative study using the content analysis method. The data collection period using a focus group was from October 26, 2021 to January 23, 2022. Results: The themes included: “Pressure from mandatory COVID-19 vaccination”, “Feeling relieved because the side effects are mild”, “Severe vaccine side effects cause negative emotions”, “Tolerating side effects and coping personally”, “Confusion and alienation about insufficient coping of side effects”, “Feeling skeptical about the COVID-19 vaccination policy”, “Thinking about how to build trust in the COVID-19 vaccine”. Conclusion: In the future, it is considered important to establish scientific evidence through continuous monitoring and data collection of the side effects of COVID-19 vaccination and to build trust in vaccines through transparent information disclosure.
        4,600원
        8.
        2021.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In weapon assignment studies to defend against threats such as ballistic missiles and long range artillery, threat assessment was partially lacking in analysis of various threat attributes, and considering the threat characteristics of warheads, which are difficult to judge in the early flight stages, it is very important to apply more reliable optimal solutions than approximate solution using LP model, Meta heuristics Genetic Algorithm, Tabu search and Particle swarm optimization etc. Our studies suggest Generic Rule based threat evaluation and weapon assignment algorithm in the basis of various attributes of threats. First job of studies analyzes information on Various attributes such as the type of target, Flight trajectory and flight time, range and intercept altitude of the intercept system, etc. Second job of studies propose Rule based threat evaluation and weapon assignment algorithm were applied to obtain a more reliable solution by reflection the importance of the interception system. It analyzes ballistic missiles and long-range artillery was assigned to multiple intercept system by real time threat assessment reflecting various threat information. The results of this study are provided reliable solution for Weapon Assignment problem as well as considered to be applicable to establishing a missile and long range artillery defense system.
        4,000원
        9.
        2021.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This study explored and described the lived experiences of nurses in taking care of patients during COVID-19 pandemic in Korea. Methods: Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews with 10 nurses who involved in COVID-19 patient care. Verbatim transcripts were analyzed using Colaizzi’s phenomenological analysis. Results: Qualitative data analysis revealed three categories: ‘standing in front of the pandemic’, ‘harsh experience of caring for COVID-19 patients’, and ‘finding a way for better COVID-19 patients care’. The lived experience of nurses in caring of patients with COVID-19 infection was ‘finding the best way to provide proper care in unfamiliar and difficult pandemic situation’. Conclusion: The results illustrated the motivation, meaning, and value of pandemic care from the nurses’ perspective. Nurses felt proud of being a part of dedicated hard-working team but distressed by crumbling death without dignity and pressured by being thrown at the front-line in the COVID-19 battle. The advanced practice nurses’ hidden supports and advices were helpful for them to reinforce nursing capacity for optimal care. Nursing professionalism should be enhanced by establishing the scope of practices and providing systematic support with appropriate rewards.
        5,100원
        10.
        2021.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand the forest healing instructor's experiences of providing a forest healing program. Methods: The participants were 12 forest healing instructors who experienced managing a forest healing program at B mountain in C city. Data were collected using focus group interviews and individual in depth interviews and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis method. Results: As the results of this study, 5 themes and 18 sub-themes were derived. The derived 5 themes were as follows; 1. Choosing a new path as a turning point in life 2. Ambiguity as a new forest healing instructor, 3. Feeling a reward as a forest healing instructor and feeling self-healing. 4. Facing difficulties in operating forest healing programs, 5. Having on-going tasks for the establishment of forest healing programs. Conclusion: In order to provide good forest healing program, we need to develop additional education programs for enhancing professionality as a forest healing instructor and continous long term economical supports and investment for forest healing instructors by the Korea Forest Service.
        4,300원
        11.
        2021.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the general nurses's experiences of missing patient identification. Methods: Participants were 12 nurses who experienced missing patient identification in general wards in hospitals. Data were collected with focus group interviews and individual in-depth interviews and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: As the results of this study, 128 statements, 4 themes and 13 sub-themes were derived. The four themes derived were ‘Situations that we had not to check patient identification properly’, ‘Fear and pressure from the result of missing patient identification’, ‘Feeling guilty to the results of missing patient identification’and ‘Efforts to reassuring patient identification’. Conclusion: In order to prevent the failure of patient identification, we need specialized programs to cultivate patient safety culture not only for nurses, also patients and caregivers, and all departments of hospital. We also need institutional efforts and effective hospital investment and supports for accomplishing the goal.
        4,600원
        12.
        2021.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: This study was aimed to analyze the research trends by investigating the nursing theories used in research articles in Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing for the last 10 years. Methods: Among the research articles published in the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing for the past 10 years from 2010 to 2019, the research trends was analyzed by investigating the nursing theories used in the studies. Results: As the results of a survey of 847 papers published in the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing from 2010 to 2019, 139 studies applied to the theory were extracted. As for the theory, one Grand Theory, Roy’s adaptation model, and 6 Middle Range Theories including Kolcaba’s comfort theory, Pender's health promotion model, King's goal attainment theory, Watson's human caring theory, Reed's self-transcendence theory, Mishel's uncertainty in illness theory. Conclusion: In nursing, more use of nursing theories in research is necessary in the future, not only in quantitative research methods but also in qualitative research.
        4,200원
        13.
        2021.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore and analyze the education experiences of nursing graduate students in training simulation educators. Methods: Data were collected using a focus group method with a total of 13 nursing graduate students who ever participated in simulation education for nursing college students. Results: Four theme clusters and 15 sub-themes were emerged through qualitative content analysis. The core theme was “Flapping wings as a novice simulation educator”. The four theme clusters include ‘Confronting myself where expectations and worries coexist’, ‘Experience a new world untrained in the hospital’, ‘Limitation of simulation hard to reach the reality’, ‘Way to become an expert in simulation education’. Conclusion: Nursing graduate students found that the experiences of novice learners as a simulation educator was rewarding and helpful in increasing their self-confidence prior to being placed in an educational setting. Creating a simulation experience for college students could be a daunting task for educators in nursing. Therefore, continued and sustainable efforts are mandated by developing the curriculum for training simulation educators.
        4,200원
        14.
        2020.12 KCI 등재후보 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구에서는 두 종류의 도너-억셉터 (D-A) 타입 고분자들을 Stille coupling 반응을 통하여 중합한 뒤, 이들 을 고분자 기반 유기 태양전지의 광활성 층으로 적용하였다. Benzodithiophene 전자 주게와 pyrazinoquinoxaline 전 자 받게를 활용하여 고분자들을 합성하였고, 전자 주게와 전자 받게가 직접 연결된 고분자를 PB-TMPQ 그리고 둘 사 이에 티오펜 π-bridge가 도입된 고분자를 PB-TTMPQ라 각각 명명하였다. 기본적인 화학 구조의 검증과 더불어, 고분 자들의 광학적 및 전기화학적 특성에 대한 분석 또한 실시하였다. 최종적으로 inverted-type 구조의 소자를 이용하여 고분자들의 광전지 특성들을 분석하였으며, PB-TMPQ와 PB-TTMPQ의 전력변환 효율은 각각 1.01%로 0.83%로 관측 되었다. 따라서, π-bridge의 도입이 pyrazinoquinoxaline 기반 고분자의 광전지 특성을 큰 영향을 미친다는 것이 확인 되었으며, 이러한 결과는 향후 pyrazinoquinoxaline 기반 고분자의 구조-물성 간 상관관계 연구에 활용될 수 있을 것 이다.
        4,000원
        15.
        2020.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구는 2009년부터 2018년 최근 10년간 대한간호학회지와 분과학회지에 게재된 개념분석 연구의 통합적 문헌고찰 연구이다. 총 30편의 논문을 간호의 메타패러다임, 개념의 종류, 개념분석 방법, 활용정도 등 분석하였다. 결과로 간호의 메타패러다임은 인간 23편, 간호 5편, 건강 1편, 환경 1편으로 인간이 가장 많았으며, 개념의 종류는 모두 추상적인 개념으로 확인되었다. 개념 분석 방법으로는 워커 & 아벤트가 13편, 하이브리드 방법이 10편, 진화론적 방법이 7편으로 워커 & 아벤트 방법이 가장 많았으나 2018년도 이후에는 모두 하이브리드 방법이었다. 도구개발로의 진행은 확인되지 않았다. 연구 결과를 토대로 간호패러다임의 다양성과 이를 바탕으로 한 도구 개발도 필요하다.
        4,600원
        16.
        2020.05 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        악성 게시글 및 댓글의 위험성에 대한 사회적 경각심이 높아지고 있는 상황 속에서, 인터넷 포 털 사이트와 SNS 등은 악성 게시글 및 댓글 등 을 AI를 통하여 필터링하는 기능을 도입하고 있 다. 그 과정 속에서 AI가 어떠한 기준에 따라 필 터링을 하는지 구체적인 내용이 공개되지 않아 이용자들의 반발이 계속되고 있다. AI 필터링의 확산은 불가피하게 이용자의 표 현의 자유, 알 권리를 제약하는 결과로 이어진다. 특히 AI 필터링은 인간에 의한 필터링과 달리 필 터링 결과에 이른 근거가 무엇인지 인간이 이해 할 수 있는 방법으로 인간에게 전달하는 것이 어 렵다는 점에 특징이 있다. 설명가능 인공지능(XAI)은 이용자에게 시스 템의 개별 의사결정에 대한 설명을 제공하고, 이 용자가 AI 시스템의 전반적인 강점 및 약점을 이 해하도록 도와주는 기술이며, 미국 방위고등연구 계획국(DARPA)의 주도하에 연구가 진행되고 있다. XAI는 다양한 분야에서 이용자로부터 신뢰 를 얻고 사회적 수용을 위한 공감대를 형성하는 수단이 될 것으로 예상된다. EU의 일반개인정보보호규정(GDPR)은 정보 주체들이 인공지능 알고리듬이 어떻게 결과를 도 출하는지에 대한 설명을 요구하는 근거규범을 포 함하고 있다. 설명요구권과 자동화된 의사결정을 제한할 권리를 규정함으로써 정보주체의 기본 권 리를 보장하기 위한 규제 메카니즘을 구축하였다. 이로써 XAI 개발과 설계를 위한 노력이 긴요한 과제가 되었다. GDPR의 AI 규제 메카니즘 구축이 기술 발전 을 저해하는 효과를 낳을 수 있다는 부정론도 제 기되고 있다. 하지만 AI 알고리듬의 오류 발생 가 능성이 상존하므로, AI 필터링의 신뢰도를 확보 하기 위한 근거 설명의 필요성이 크다는 점에서 AI의 알고리듬 도출 결과의 근거를 요구할 수 있 는 입법이 긴요하다고 볼 수 있다.
        4,000원
        18.
        2019.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs has conducted the Dietary Education Projects at Childcare Centers since 2015. This study provides preliminary data for early childhood dietary education programs, by evaluating the outcomes of the projects. This survey enrolled 212 participants whose children had participated in the projects, and 142 non-participants. Comparing the perception of importance towards each educational program of the projects, dietary education program gained significantly higher importance than other subjects included, and was significantly higher in the participants than in non-participants. In the preference for food group survey for children, vegetable and seaweed preferences were higher among participants than non-participants, indicating that participation in the dietary education projects contribute towards increase in preferences for vegetables and seaweed, which children generally dislike. No significant differences were observed in children’s dietary habits between participant and non-participant groups, thereby suggesting that the education projects were insufficient for inducing dietary habit changes. In order to accomplish effective improvement of dietary habits, the education projects need further improvements to achieve systematic and long-term plans.
        4,000원
        20.
        2019.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Purpose: We conducted phenomenological qualitative research to provide in depth understanding on infectious disease management. Methods: Participants were 10 nurses working in an isolation ward, where only patients with infectious diseases were institutionalized in one general hospital in Seoul. Data were collected through individual interviews and analyzed according to Colaizzi data analysis method. Results: The main theme of the experience of the nurses who worked in the isolated ward was ‘Nurse's sense of duty to overcome the fear of infection’. Through 83 meaningful re-statements and 13 themes, three sub-themes including ‘Unstable isolation ward’, ‘Taking care of infected patients’ and ‘Insufficient isolation patient care system’. Conclusion: Nurses, working in the new isolation ward, work in a lonely and dangerous environment having fear of infection, being lack of supplies and overcoming various psychological difficulties. In-depth understanding of these needs require efficient infection management policies, measures, and societal recognition.
        4,000원
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