This study aims to help companies with efficient investment and marketing strategies by empirically verifying the impact on satisfaction and purchase intention for artificial intelligence-based digital technology supported shopping assistants introduced in e-commerce. Frequency, factor, SEM, and multiple group analysises were conducted using SPSS 26.0 and Amos 26.0. As a result, first, motivated consumer innovativeness elements of AI shopping assistant were derived into a total of four categories: functional, hedonic, rational, and reliable. Second, in the order of hedonic and rational, satisfaction with the AI shopping assistant was significantly affected, and in the order of rational and functional, purchase intention was significantly affected. The satisfaction with the AI shopping assistant did not affect the purchase intention. Third, in the case of hedonic, the AI-preferred group had a more significant effect on satisfaction than the human-preferred group, and in the case of rational, there was no difference by group in purchase intention. Thus, it was found that consumers prefer AI shopping helpers for e-commerce because they can shop reasonably and are functionally convenient. Therefore, when introducing AI shopping assistants, it is essential to include content that can compare and analyze fundamental information, such as product prices, as well as search functions and payment system compatibility that facilitate shopping.
최적 운항자세 선정 기술이란 주어진 운항 배수량과 운항 선속에서 최소의 저항을 가지는 즉, 최적의 연료 소비 효율을 가지는 초기 선수흘수와 선미흘수를 제시하는 것이다. 본 논문의 주 목적은 대상선박의 유효동력 데이터를 기반으로 주어진 운항조건에서 최대 의 에너지효율을 가지는 최적의 운항자세를 선정하는 프로그램 개발하는 것이다. 본 프로그램은 인공지능 기법에 의한 파이썬 기반 GUI(Graphical User Interface)로 작성되어 선주가 쉽게 사용할 수 있도록 하였다. 그 과정에 있어 대상 선박 소개, 전산유체역학(CFD)을 통한 유효동력 데이터 수집, 심층학습을 사용한 유효동력 모델 학습 방법 그리고 심층신경망(DNN) 모델을 응용한 최적 운항자세 제시 프로그 램을 구체적으로 설명하였다. 선박은 운항 별로 화물을 싣고 내리게 되고, 이에 화물 적재량이 변화되고 배수량이 변경된다. 선주는 배수 량 별 예상 선속에 따라 최소저항을 가지는 즉, 최대의 에너지효율을 가지는 최적의 운항자세를 알고자 한다. 개발된 GUI는 해당선박의 태블릿 PC와 앱에 설치하여 최적 운항자세 선정에 활용 가능하다.
With the increasing number of aging buildings across Korea, emerging maintenance technologies have surged. One such technology is the non-contact detection of concrete cracks via thermal images. This study aims to develop a technique that can accurately predict the depth of a crack by analyzing the temperature difference between the crack part and the normal part in the thermal image of the concrete. The research obtained temperature data through thermal imaging experiments and constructed a big data set including outdoor variables such as air temperature, illumination, and humidity that can influence temperature differences. Based on the collected data, the team designed an algorithm for learning and predicting the crack depth using machine learning. Initially, standardized crack specimens were used in experiments, and the big data was updated by specimens similar to actual cracks. Finally, a crack depth prediction technology was implemented using five regression analysis algorithms for approximately 24,000 data points. To confirm the practicality of the development technique, crack simulators with various shapes were added to the study.
This study aims to investigate the effects of using AI chatbots in Korean English education from a macro perspective. For this purpose, 19 experimental studies are selected to conduct a meta-analysis, synthesizing the results of 51 individual study cases. The results of this study are as follows: First, it is found that the overall effect size of using chatbots is more than medium size meaning that a chatbot is an effective tool to learn English. Second, in the aspects of linguistic competence and affective categories, each shows over medium sizes like the overall effect size. In details of the dependent variables, vocabulary and speaking in linguistic competence and motivation in affective categories, large effect sizes are shown. Third, the effect sizes are getting larger, as the younger the students are, the longer the experiment period lasts, and the more purpose-built the chatbot is. But the differences in the effect sizes in terms of these moderators (e.g., school level, experiment period, and chatbot type) are not significant. Lastly, it is suggested that follow-up studies are needed to collect a sufficient number of experimental study cases and subdivide the variables for performing a more detailed meta-anlysis.
This study compares AI PengTalk’s assessments of Korean children’s pronunciation with the assessments of Korean teachers. Sixty Korean sixth-graders participated as assessees, and four Korean elementary teachers participated as assessors. Both PengTalk and the teachers rated the children’s production of 10 English sentences on a five-point scale. They focused on segmentals, stress-rhythm, intonation, and speech rate. The findings were as follows: Firstly, PengTalk evaluated the children’s pronunciation in the four elements significantly lower than the teachers across all English proficiency levels. Secondly, teachers’ ratings of the students aligned more closely with their pre-evaluated English proficiency levels than the AI PengTalk’s assessments. The teachers rated students at the upper level significantly higher than those at the intermediate level, who were, in turn, assessed significantly higher than those at the lower level in all four elements. Furthermore, AI PengTalk and the teachers differed in the mean order of the four elements, particularly in segmentals. Based on the results of this study, suggestions were made for the development and implementation of AI-based English programs.
The integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) into the legal field, particularly under the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) framework, is a transformative journey that is reshaping the landscape of legal practice. This transformation presents a myriad of opportunities, challenges, and ethical considerations that require our collective attention and action. The potential of AI to enhance efficiency, accuracy, and accessibility in legal services is substantial. However, it is crucial to navigate this transformation responsibly, ensuring that the integration of AI respects and upholds our ethical, legal, and societal values. Striking a balance between technological advancement and human expertise, while also addressing the social implications of AI, is a critical task that lies ahead. The role of international collaboration and knowledge sharing in shaping the AI-infused future of law is significant. Platforms such as the RCEP provide an invaluable opportunity for nations to share best practices, learn from each other, and collaboratively tackle challenges arising from the intersection of AI and law. Moreover, the development of human resources is paramount. As AI continues to revolutionize the legal industry, continuous education and training are crucial to ensure that our workforce can harness these changes effectively. Lastly, the continuous development and promotion of technological innovation in the legal field is a strategic necessity. By acknowledging and addressing the challenges posed by AI, we can harness its potential to elevate our legal systems, redefine the roles of legal professionals, and serve our societies better.
With the dramatic advance in artificial intelligence, the use of an AI anchor in the news industry is a subject of great interest. An AI anchor is a computer-generated news anchor that mimics the human voice, appearance, and facial expressions to present the news. As the focus of this study is to investigate how the news media utilize an AI anchor in the news program, the research questions are as follows: (1) What are the differences in news topics between AI and human anchors? (2) How does the viewership differ based on these topic choices, with a focus on the emotional impact?
Despite the orientation towards online retailing journey accelerated by the application of new-age technologies in the pandemic context, the role of the physical store still has a central role in luxury shopping in the digital omni-channel perspective. Digital technologies have increased their impact on consumers (Evanschitzky et al., 2020; Klaus & Zaichkowsky, 2020; Kaplan & Haenlein, 2020; Davenport et al, 2020; Huang and Rust, 2021a; Pantano et al, 2022). In today’s digital age, AI is one of the new-age technologies raising growing interest for their potential disruptive impact on marketing and retailing in different sectors (Forbes, 2022).
As interactive marketing devices that serve as proximity-marketing tools, AI-powered voice assistants (VA) provide consumers with highly innovative convenience, which in turn fosters consumer–brand relationships (Wang, 2021). This research aims to explore the role of AI-powered VAs as a positive technology that offers consumers a sense of positive experiences, thus contributing to building a consumer-brand relationship. Based on the positive technology paradigm and transformation of flow strategy, this research conducted a 2 (locus of agency: high, machine-centric vs. low, human-centric) by 2 (brand image and voice congruency effect: incongruent vs. congruent) between-subjects experimental design. Then, ANOVA and structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis were conducted to explain how perceived control, flow, and happiness induced by the interaction with brands’ AI-powered VAs lead to the formation of brand loyalty under the moderating influences of brand image and VA’s voice congruency. A total of 316 participants were recruited via Prolific. The ANOVA analysis highlights the importance of user-centric agency, as people tend to desire to control their environment (White, 1959). Further, the results suggest that the congruency between brand image and VAs also leads people to positive reactions, as it improves their comfort and control (Rodero, Larrea, & Vázquez, 2013). SEM analysis results found that perceived control was a crucial factor that led participants to flow experience (Ghani et al., 1991). Further, this study found that perceived control could lead to a much broader aspect, such as an increase in happiness. Therefore, the overall study findings support the potential of AI-powered VAs as a positive technology. This research contributes to human-machine interaction, positive technology paradigm, and VA literature. In addition, this study provides beneficial insights for marketers and app developers.
Generative artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as ChatGPT, Dall-E, and Steve AI can facilitate instant content creation. As an illustration, a fashion brand can simply command ChatGPT to: “Write an Instagram caption about the importance of good clothes during winter in two hundred words”. In seconds, ChatGPT generates the output. This minimum effort and short production time in the usage of generative AI may enhance content marketing outcomes. However—as warned by scholars (Bruyn et al., 2020)—not only is it advantageous for businesses, AI can also be disastrous. Underpinned by this, and the fact that generative AI and content marketing are nonexistent in the pertinent literature (see streams of research on AI in marketing e.g., Eriksson et al., 2020; Huang & Rust, 2021, 2022; Vlačić et al., 2022), this research aims to explore the potential benefits and drawbacks of generative AI for content marketing.
Emotion AI, a subset of AI that measures, understands, responds to, and elicits human emotions, is an emerging area that has great potential for advertising research and practice. Studies on the applicability of emotion AI in advertising and marketing have been growing in academic journals. This rapidly burgeoning scholarship creates a need for advertising scholars to comprehend the current status of the research on emotion AI in advertising as well as opportunities and challenges that this new technological development will bring to. Thus, this study aims to offer an overview of research on emotion AI in advertising to identify the scope of existing research, gaps in knowledge, and opportunities and challenges that lie ahead.
Service encounters increasingly feature AI-powered inputs such as add-ons recommendations or aftercare solutions. These novel forms of customer service, provided by AI rather than humans, can shape customers’ sense of agency throughout the customer journey. Customers find themselves in a form of competitive collaboration with AI, sharing tasks, resources, inputs, and decisions. This research conceptualises and develops a scale to measure shared agency power during customer-AI interactions. Understanding the role of agency in AI- customer interactions is important, as agency represents a source, mechanism, delimiter and effect of a human’s or a machine’s actions. Agency may differ across various service encounters and with it, the type of perceived risks associated with human-AI interactions. Future research may use the shared agency power scale to better understand the nature and impact of customer-AI interactions in a service context on traditional marketing factors.
Artificial intelligence generated content (AIGC) refers to content produced by artificial intelligence that represents the perspectives of its users, and a new technique of content Generation. Continuous development in deep learning and algorithms have facilitated the adoption of AIGC. This research summarizes literature published under the topic of AIGC using bibliometric analysis method, aims to provide insightful research directions for future studies. 342 documents were collected from Database of Web of science, network visualization analysis among authors and citation analysis over publications are presented to scholars who wish to further research into this area.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is producing more and more branded content such as image, text, video and sound. This area of so-called generative AI became particularly popular with the public after the launch of ChatGPT. Furthermore, political correctness has been discussed in recent years, since society is becoming increasingly sensitive to certain issues surrounding topics such as racism or gender equality. Therefore, it is more important than ever for brands to communicate in a politically correct way. In the past, humans were responsible for negative brand communication and brand voice. However, with the development of these AI-tools and platforms, AI also creates brand voice and this AI-generated brand voice can similarly cause such negative feelings.
In addition to humanoid and robotic designs, an increasing number of AI-powered services are being represented by non-human species (i.e., zoonotic design). Yet, little is known about the consequential effects of such zoonotic AI on consumer adoption of these services. Drawing on the concept of speciesism and Cognitive Load Theory, the current research seeks to uncover how does using zoonotic (vs. robotic) designs affects consumer adoption.
AI technology has been increasingly integrated into a wider range of industries – from small-sized home appliances robots to service robots in the hospitality or education sectors. Subsequently, researchers are increasingly interested in understanding how consumers respond to AI robots. Adding to such stream of studies, this research delves into how consumer responses differ depending on the characteristics of AI robots, specifically, the degree of appearance resemblance to a real-life object and the benefit type that the robot is designed to provide. Particularly, this research focuses on the role of perceived fit in shaping consumers’ intention to adopt AI robots as the underlying mechanism.
Chatbot-based services in online travel agency (OTA) are rapidly spreading in order to respond more agilely to consumers' needs based on the digitalization of the travel industry. Although AI chatbots use anthropomorphism to provide social experiences on behalf of humans, research results on its effects are mixed. Therefore, based on construal level theory, this study suggests the degree of anthropomorphism (low vs. high) of chatbots prime mental representations of different construal levels (low vs. high) and the fit between anthropomorphism and communication context (communication types and conversation types) has a positive effect on use behavior. This research method consisted of sentimental analysis for exploring use behavior of AI chatbots and two experimental studies (study 1 and study 2) to examine the hypotheses. The results of this study expand construal level theory and avatar research to provide an understanding of the anthropomorphism of AI chatbots.