Considering the characteristics of aldehydes among volatile organic compounds, a combined process was established by linking an absorbent and a photocatalytic reactor. Experiments to find the optimal operating conditions of the combined process showed that as the amount of photocatalyst coating increases, the wavelength of the ultraviolet lamp used becomes shorter, the photodegradation rate becomes faster, and the removal efficiency increases. It was also demonstrated that by controlling the relative humidity during the connection process of the combined process, the re-evaporation phenomenon at the front end (absorption area) of the hybrid process can be improved and the removal efficiency at the back end (photocatalytic reaction area) can be significantly enhanced. This confirmed the need for a combined process that complements the advantages and disadvantages of each process.
This study investigates the integration of astronomy-related topics in the Korean national science curricula spanning from 1945 to 2023. We analyze the placement and extent of astronomy content across different school levels. Astronomy contents in the science curricula have changed in response to social needs (e.g., practical knowledge required for agriculture and fishery) and advancement in astronomical research (e.g., the discovery of exoplanets and the suggestion of new cosmological parameters). Contents addressing the motions of celestial objects and stellar physical properties have remained relatively consistent. In the latest 2022 revised national curriculum, scheduled for implementation in 2024, several elements, such as coordinate systems, have been removed, while the inquiry activities using digital tools are emphasized. The incorporation of the cosmic perspectives in the national curriculum, as well as astronomy education within the context of education for sustainable development, remains limited even in the most recent curriculum. For future life revisions, the active participation of researchers is needed to reflect the latest astronomical research progress and scientific characteristics in the field of astronomy.
In this study, the quality of sow pork was compared with commercial pork to evaluate sow pork as raw meat material for processing. Texture, cooking loss, color, pH, water, lipid, fatty acid, volatile profiles, and sensory characteristics of 3 parts (tenderloin, loin, hind leg) of sow and commercial pork were analyzed. In texture analysis, sow pork had significantly higher shear force compared to commercial pork (tenderloin: sow 143.19 N, commercial 107.79 N; loin: sow 173.62 N, commercial 120.65 N; hind leg: sow 211.76 N, commercial 112.80 N) (p<0.05). There were significant differences in cooking loss, color, and pH, but they differed by part. A total of 49 volatile compounds were identified, and there were significant differences in 22 volatile compounds. In the case of hexanal (one of the warmed-over flavors), which was detected on the largest scale, the relative concentration was significantly higher in the tenderloin of commercial pork (p<0.05). On the other hand, no differences were reported by sensory analysis for hardness, off-flavor, juiciness, oiliness, appearance, taste, and acceptability between cooked sow and commercial pork. This study provides a database on the quality of sow pork by parts, which is considerable to develop proceed meat products using sow meat.
Recently, the market competition has been fiercer due to the acceleration of technological change and the launch of intelligent products. In this situation, technology cooperation activities through networks rather than independent technological innovation activities of a single company or institution are recognized as a crucial strategy to gain competitiveness. Technology cooperation can take various forms depending on the target technology, and researchers have conducted performance analyses of technology cooperation types. However, there have not been data-based quantitative studies on the types and trends of technology cooperation for the target technology. In this paper, we explored the difference between the technology cooperation types by technology and time using the formal concept analysis method and co-patent information. In particular, the proposed methodology has been verified through the case study of electric vehicles, and it is intended to suggest the direction of technological cooperation according to specific technologies and cooperation targets in the future
This study was carried out to develop a system to reduce ultrafine dust using hygroscopic materials such as glycerin and propylene glycol. Prior to the development of an ultrafine dust reduction system, the moisture condensation efficiency of glycerin and propylene glycol was investigated based on relative humidity (RH). The results showed that when no substances (glycerin and propylene glycol) were added to a tedlar bag, the relative humidity and temperature remained constant. The moisture condensation efficiency of glycerin was 60%, and the time it took to reach 50% of the initial relative humidity was about 40minutes. In the case of propylene glycol, the moisture condensation efficiency was 75%, and the time it took to reach 50% of the initial relative humidity was about 10 minutes. When glycerin and propylene glycol mixture was added, the moisture condensation efficiency was 68% and it took 20 minutes to reach 50% of the initial relative humidity. These results suggest that hygroscopic materials such as glycerin and propylene glycol can actually condense moisture in the atmosphere. In addition, considering actual atmospheric conditions, the relative humidity was set to 60% and 40% or less, and the moisture condensation efficiency was measured. The results showed that the mixture of glycerin and propylene glycol yielded the highest condensation efficiencies, at 69% and 62%, respectively. Therefore, it is preferable to use a mixture of glycerin and propylene glycol to condense moisture in the range of relative humidity in the actual atmosphere.
본 연구에서는 밭가뭄을 선제적으로 대응하기 위한 자료를 구축하고자 충청도 지역 대표 밭작물의 시공간적 부족수량을 파악하였다. 고추 등 5개 대표 밭작물과 충청도의 5개 지역을 선정하였고, 작물별 필요수량과 지역별 공급량을 고려하여 부족수량을 산정하였다. 한국농어촌공사의 HOMWRS (Hydrological Operation Model for Water Resource System) 모형을 이용한 작물의 필요수량과 공공관정과 민간관정의 채수량, 상수도 공급량을 조사하여 지역별 용수공급량을 평가하였다. 2014년부터 2018년까지 5년간의 월별 평균 필요수량과 공급량의 차이에 따른 부족수량 을 기준으로 가뭄수준과 시기를 분석하였다. 공공관정, 민간관정, 상수도 공급량 순으로 필요수량과 차이를 산정한 결과 예산(사과)의 6월 부족수량이 가장 높았고, 괴산(콩)의 8월이 두번째로 나타났다. 그 외 지역에서는 관정과 상수도 공급량을 모두 고려할 경우 대체적으로 안정적인 공급이 가능하였으나, 청양(고추)에서 2018년 7월과 8월에 공급량이 부족한 것으로 나타났다. 시공간적 가뭄수준 분석 결과는 공간적 우선순위 결정과 시기별 공급량 확보를 위한 기초자료로 활용될 것으로 판단된다.
최근 기후변화로 가뭄, 홍수 등 재해의 빈도와 강도가 높아지고 있다. 이러한 재해의 피해를 줄이기 위해서는 시공간적 현황 파악을 통한 대비가 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 가뭄의 피해를 최소화하고자 지역별 밭작물의 필요수량과 공급량을 고려하여 밭가뭄 지역 등급화 실시하였고, 월별 비교를 통해 가뭄 취약 시기를 파악하였다. 전국 148개 지역 중 안전지역(Ⅰ), 안전지역(Ⅱ), 우려지역, 상습지역으로 구분한 25개 지역을 선정하였으며, 이 지역의 월별 필요수량 대비 공급량 분석을 하였다. 필요수량 산정의 재배작물은 콩으로 선정하였으며, 공급량은 공공관정, 민간관정, 상수도 자료를 분석하였다. 필요수량 대비 공급량이 봄철은 안전지역(Ⅰ), 안전지역(Ⅱ), 우려지역, 상습지역에서 각 1,281.5%, 667.6%, 729.5%, 316.3%, 가을철에는 각 436.0%, 212.8%, 213.9%, 105.3%로 공급이 충분할 것으로 분석되었으나 여름철에는 각 82.4%, 40.6%, 42.6%, 20.0%로 용수공급 이 부족한 것으로 분석되었다. 콩의 재배 기간인 5~9월에 관정(공공+민간)으로의 공급량은 대부분 지역에서 부족한 것으로 분석되었다. 이러한 분석을 통해 용수 부족이 발생하는 재배기간 동안 용수확보 방안이 필요하다.