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        검색결과 805

        4.
        2024.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        음이온 교환막은 수전해 시스템에서 매우 중요한 역할을 하며, 생성된 수소와 산소 기체를 물리적으로 분리할 뿐 만 아니라 전극 사이에서 수산화 이온의 선택적인 전달을 용이하게 한다. 음이온 교환막에 요구되는 특성은 수산화 이온에 대한 높은 전도도와 알칼리 환경에서의 화학적/기계적 안정성 등이 있다. 본 연구에서는 셀룰로오스 나노 크리스탈이 포함된 poly(terphenyl piperidinium) (qPTP/CNC) 복합매질분리막을 제조하였다. 고분자 매질로 사용된 poly(terphenyl piperidinium) 은 super-acid 중합법을 통해 제조되었으며 이온전도성과 알칼라인 내구성이 뛰어난 소재로 알려져 있다. qPTP/CNC 분리막 의 구조는 고분자와 나노 입자 계면의 공극이나 큰 응집체가 없는 조밀하고 균일한 형태를 나타냈다. CNC 나노 입자가 2 wt% 첨가된 qPTP/CNC 분리막은 높은 이온교환용량(1.90 mmol/g)과 낮은 함수율(9.09%) 및 팽윤도(5.56%)를 보였다. 또한, 복합막은 수전해 작동 환경인 50°C 1 M KOH에서 상용 FAA-3-50 분리막에 비해 월등히 낮은 저항과 우수한 알칼라인 내구 성(384시간)을 달성했다. 이러한 결과는 친수성 첨가제인 CNC가 음이온 교환막의 이온 전도 특성과 알칼라인 내구성 향상에 기여할 수 있음을 보고하였다.
        4,000원
        5.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 논문은 존 밀턴의 󰡔실낙원󰡕에 담긴 서사시의 전통을 영웅적 줄거리와 영웅적 자질을 중심으로 분석하고, 이를 통해 진정한 영웅은 누구인지를 고찰하는 것을 목표로 한다. 호머의 그리스 영웅 아킬레우스와 오디세우스는 신의 계보를 가진 용맹한 군인이자 존경할 만한 지도자로서, 과오에도 불구하고 힘과 충성심으로 칭송을 받는다. 버질의 로마 영웅 아이네아스는 강력한 지도자이자 영광스러운 전사로, 신들의 명령을 이행하여 용맹한 나라의 토대를 구축한다. 비록 이니아스가 디도를 절망에 빠뜨린 채 떠나도, 그는 잊을 수 없는 의무에 대한 헌신으로 여전히 존경을 받는다. 밀턴의 󰡔실낙원󰡕에 나타난 영국 서사시의 영웅적 자질은 그리스-로마 서사시의 영웅적 자질과는 근본적으로 다르다. 저항이 아닌 복종, 자만이 아닌 겸손, 영웅적 죽음 이후의 영광스러운 부활을 통해 󰡔실낙원󰡕은 기독교적 영웅의 자질을 드러낸다. 사탄은 그리스-로마의 영웅을 답습하는 거짓 영웅이지만, 하나님은 예지하지만 허락하고 배신에도 불구하고 희생하며, 부활하여 구원함으로써 진정한 영웅으로 부상한다. 이러한 새로운 영웅적 자질로 인해 󰡔실낙원󰡕은 왕정복고 시기의 사회정치적 소용돌이 속에서 영국의 기독교 서사시라는 새로운 전통으로 자리매김하게 된다.
        6,100원
        6.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, infrared thermometry techniques were used to conduct surface wetting performance tests (wicking tests) on micropillar structures with good fluid supply capabilities to enhance the critical heat flux. Wicking tests were conducted based on various micropillar shapes (i.e., diameter and spacing) to investigate the surface wetting performance near the boiling point of the fluid(~100°C). The surface temperature was increased from 20°C to 95°C, to examine the wicking performance The shape of the micropillars were quantified by the roughness and the effect of the roughness and temperature on the wicking performance was analyzed. As a result, we confirmed that the roughness of the micropillars increases the capillary pressure, improving the wicking performance. The sample D04 G10 with the highest roughness coefficient at room temperature (r=2.51) exhibited the highest wicking coefficient, showing a 170% improvement in wicking performance compared to D04G20 with the smallest roughness coefficient at room temperature(r=1.51). Additionally, the D04 G10 sample (r=2.51) recorded a 50% improvement in the wicking coefficient at the highest temperature(95°C) compared to room temperature(20°C). The wicking coefficient data will be utilized as a database for developing a new correlation for critical heat flux.
        4,000원
        7.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        PURPOSES : This study aimed to analyze the primary maintenance procedures and safety inspection checklist characteristics for suspension bridges. The study referred to the current suspension bridge safety management manual and conducted an on-site safety inspection. By comparing and analyzing any missing or inadequate inspection and management procedures, the study identified major inspection and management areas requiring improvement, and proposed potential solutions. METHODS : The study referred to the current suspension bridge safety management manual and conducted on-site safety inspections. By comparing and analyzing any missing or inadequate inspection and management procedures, the study identified major inspection and management areas requiring improvement, and proposed potential solutions. RESULTS : The study found that suspension bridges are currently inefficiently managed compared to other facilities subject to more rigorous maintenance and safety inspection. Therefore, maintenance and safety inspection procedures require improvement. CONCLUSIONS : For effective safety management and to reduce potential accident risk factors arising from negligent management, major improvements were suggested. Scientific maintenance and safety management could be achieved by incorporating enhancements into statutory requirements and improving management and inspection procedures. This long-term approach is likely to be more economical than the current methods, which lead to higher maintenance and repair costs and increased social costs from traffic accidents.
        4,300원
        8.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        PURPOSES : In this study, the applicability of the water content, suction, and suction stress in a resilient modulus prediction model for a subbase was reviewed. METHODS : To compare the applicability of water content, suction, and suction stress models for resilient modulus prediction, the suction stress was determined based on the soil water characteristic curve. The model parameters for each approach were derived from the measured resilient moduli. Finally, the relationships between the degree of saturation and resilient modulus were analyzed using the calculated model parameters. RESULTS : Prediction models of the resilient modulus based on water content and suction demonstrated high correlation with measured values, but overestimated the resilient modulus at saturation levels beyond the laboratory testing range. In contrast, the model accounting for suction stress effectively reduced this overestimation, likely owing to a decrease in suction stress as the suction increased. CONCLUSIONS : Based on the above results, the resilient modulus of subbase materials could be estimated through the change in the degree of saturation and the stress-dependent resilient modulus model using the suction stress proposed in this study.
        4,000원
        9.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Composite-based piezoelectric devices are extensively studied to develop sustainable power supply and selfpowered devices owing to their excellent mechanical durability and output performance. In this study, we design a leadfree piezoelectric nanocomposite utilizing (Ba0.85Ca0.15)(Ti0.9Zr0.1)O3 (BCTZ) nanomaterials for realizing highly flexible energy harvesters. To improve the output performance of the devices, we incorporate porous BCTZ nanowires (NWs) into the nanoparticle (NP)-based piezoelectric nanocomposite. BCTZ NPs and NWs are synthesized through the solidstate reaction and sol-gel-based electrospinning, respectively; subsequently, they are dispersed inside a polyimide matrix. The output performance of the energy harvesters is measured using an optimized measurement system during repetitive mechanical deformation by varying the composition of the NPs and NWs. A nanocomposite-based energy harvester with 4:1 weight ratio generates the maximum open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current of 0.83 V and 0.28 A, respectively. In this study, self-powered devices are constructed with enhanced output performance by using piezoelectric energy harvesting for application in flexible and wearable devices.
        4,000원
        10.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Aluminum alloys, known for their high strength-to-weight ratios and impressive electrical and thermal conductivities, are extensively used in numerous engineering sectors, such as aerospace, automotive, and construction. Recently, significant efforts have been made to develop novel aluminum alloys specifically tailored for additive manufacturing. These new alloys aim to provide an optimal balance between mechanical properties and thermal/ electrical conductivities. In this study, nine combinatorial samples with various alloy compositions were fabricated using direct energy deposition (DED) additive manufacturing by adjusting the feeding speeds of Al6061 alloy and Al-12Si alloy powders. The effects of the alloying elements on the microstructure, electrical conductivity, and hardness were investigated. Generally, as the Si and Cu contents decreased, electrical conductivity increased and hardness decreased, exhibiting trade-off characteristics. However, electrical conductivity and hardness showed an optimal combination when the Si content was adjusted to below 4.5 wt%, which can sufficiently suppress the grain boundary segregation of the α- Si precipitates, and the Cu content was controlled to induce the formation of Al2Cu precipitates.
        4,000원
        11.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        대량유살 기술을 통한 총채벌레 방제 기술이 시설 고추재배지를 중심으로 개발되었다. 이 기술의 핵심 요인은 효과적 유인제 개발에 있다. 집합페로몬에 의존하였던 유인전략은 노지 재배지에서는 뚜렷한 효과를 보이지 않았다. 따라서 본 연구는 노지 고추재배지에서 총채벌레의 대량 유살을 위해 새로운 유인물질의 추가가 필요하였다. 또한 노지재배지에서 집합페로몬의 유인력 감소 원인을 규명할 필요가 있었다. 새로운 유인 물질로서 methyl isonicotinate (MIN)이 제시되었고, 이 물질이 실내 유인행동분석을 통해 총채벌레에 대한 자체 유인력은 물론이고 집합페로 몬과 협력효과를 보였다. 이를 바탕으로 집합페로몬과 혼합물 형태로 노지 고추재배지에서 분석한 결과 총채벌레의 포획밀도를 증가시켰다. 특 히 이러한 증가는 꽃노랑총채벌레(Frankliniella occidentalis)에서 뚜렷하게 나타났다. 유인트랩에 집합페로몬의 함량 증가는 노지 고추재배지에 서 꽃노랑총채벌레는 물론이고 다른 총채벌레류의 포획밀도를 뚜렷하게 증가시켰다. 본 연구는 집합페로몬 유인력이 시설재배지와 노지재배지 사이에서 차이가 있으며, 노지 재배지의 경우 효과적 유인력을 발휘하기 위해서는 더욱 많은 집합페로몬 함량을 요구한다는 것을 밝혔다. 또한 본 연구는 집합페로몬에 MIN을 추가하여 꽃노랑총채벌레에 대한 고효율 유인제를 개발할 수 있는 기술을 제시한다.
        4,000원
        12.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The fungus Alternaria alternata, responsible for causing brown to black spotting on numerous fruits and vegetables globally, was identified in 2022 as the causative pathogen of brown spot disease in potatoes in Korea. In pursuing potential inhibitors against A. alternata growth, we evaluated 15 mushroom culture filtrates: eight from Trametes spp. and seven from Polyporus spp., known for their antibacterial and anticancer properties. Antifungal activity was assessed by exposing each filtrate to A. alternata on a paper disc. Four filtrates displayed inhibitory action against the fungus, albeit with mild effects. Our findings highlight the potential of Trametes and Polyporus fungi as emerging antifungal candidates, offering promise in preventing potato brown spots.
        4,000원
        13.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        eDNA (environmental DNA)란 특정 환경에 서식하는 생물로부터 유래한 DNA를 의미한다. 환경 시료로부터 추출한 eDNA를 활용하면 해당 환경에 서식하는 생물들의 효율적이고 정확한 모 니터링을 수행할 수 있다. 해수 시료로부터 얻은 eDNA를 기반으로 해양생물 다양성 연구를 수행할 수 있다. 해수 시료를 채집하고 이로부터 eDNA를 추출한 뒤, metagenome 분석을 통 해 서식하는 해양생물의 종 동정과 다양성 분석이 가능하다. 본 리뷰에서는 이처럼 해수의 eDNA를 활용하여 해양 지역의 생물 다양성 연구를 수행하는 전체적인 과정을 제시하고 있다. 아직 국내에는 해양생물 다양성 연구를 위해 eDNA를 적용하는 방법이 보편화 되어있지 않으 며, 본 리뷰를 기반으로 이와 같은 eDNA 연구 방법을 정립하는데 도움을 줄 수 있을 것이다.
        4,200원
        18.
        2023.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Tomatoes in greenhouse are a widely cultivated horticultural crop worldwide, accounting for high production and production value. When greenhouse ventilation is minimized during low temperature periods, CO2 enrichment is often used to increase tomato photosynthetic rate and yield. Plant-induced electrical signal (PIES) can be used as a technology to monitor changes in the biological response of crops due to environmental changes by using the principle of measuring the resistance value, or impedance, within the crop. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between tomato growth data, vital response, and PIES resulting from CO2 enrichment in greenhouse tomatoes. The growth of tomato treated with CO2 enrichment in the morning was significantly better in all items except stem diameter compared to the control, and PIES values were also higher. The growth of tomato continuously applied with CO2 was better in the treatment groups than control, and there was no significant difference in chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthesis. However, PIES and SPAD values were higher in the CO2 treatment group than control. CO2 enrichment have a direct relationship with PIES, growth increased, and transpiration increased due to the increased leaf area, resulting in increased water absorption, which appears to be reflected in PIES, which measures vascular impedance. Through this, this study suggests that PIES can be used to monitor crops due to environmental changes, and that PIES is a useful method for non-destructively and continuously monitoring changes of crops.
        4,000원
        19.
        2023.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        PURPOSES : The main purpose of this study is to identify vulnerable areas by evaluating public transit accessibility for the introduction of smart mobility. METHODS : This study proposes a methodology for analyzing public transportation accessibility. We identified the less accessible areas of public transit in Daegu Metropolitan City by dividing them into low- and high-facilitated areas considering travel demand and developed plans to introduce smart mobility based on the analysis results. RESULTS : Areas vulnerable to public transportation in Daegu Metropolitan City can be divided into those with low public transportation accessibility and low usage rates, those with good public transportation accessibility but low usage rates, and those with low public transportation accessibility but high usage rates. CONCLUSIONS : Based on the results of this study, it is possible to introduce customized services for each area with poor public transit accessibility, and some of the inconveniences experienced by citizens using public transit are expected to be resolved.
        4,000원
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