Moringa oleifera leaves, seeds, pods, roots, and flowers have been widely used for their medicinal and nutritional properties. Many studies have been conducted on the chemical composition and effectiveness of M. oleifera. In fact, almost every part of M. oleifera has been found to contain essential nutrients and medicinal value. Especially, the leaves of M. oleifera are known to have various nutrients and diverse efficacy. Several studies have assessed the potential toxicity of the leaves when prepared by various methods. The results showed that the M. oleifera leaves when prepared differently were safe in locally used doses and amounts. Moreover, M. oleifera is known to contain various physiological efficacies, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and anticancer effects and so on. In the latest research, many attempts are being made to utilize the diverse effects of M. oleifera. This research seems to be bringing a promising view of M. oleifera as a therapeutic functional food for various diseases.
Metabolic syndrome, including obesity, glucose intolerance and elevated blood pressure, is related to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Previous studies have reported the anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects of purple corn extract. We investigated the efficacy of purple corn extract (PC) against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and glucose intolerance, and examined the underlying mechanisms by analyzing expression of proteins and genes involved in glucose regulation and macrophage infiltration. C57BL/6 mice were fed with normal chow diet (ND), or HFD treated with distilled water (DW, control) or PC, for 10 weeks. Although body weights were similar in the HFD-fed groups, we observed a decrease in the liver and epididymal adipose tissue (EAT) weights, and enhanced glucose tolerance test (GTT) results in the PC group, as compared with DW group. Liver showed increased Akt phosphorylation in the PC-treated mice; however, no changes were observed in the EAT, for all groups. In PC-treated mice, decreased macrophage infiltration was seen in the EAT, with a reduced expression of macrophage marker genes. Finally, proinflammatory cytokine gene expressions were decreased by PC in the EAT, and a modest trend for downregulation was observed in the liver. Hence, we conclude that PC may decrease glucose intolerance by increasing the phosphorylation of Akt and reducing the macrophage infiltration into the EAT.
To investigate of the recognition and using behavior on the Tofu, 46.3% of male and 53.7% of female adults in Daegu and Kyungbuk area were surveyed. The main results are as follows : 96.4% of the participants usually preferred the Tofu owing to health and about 68.4% of them had purchased Tofu made of domestic soybean. In addition, the responses to 7 questions about the Tofu were also measured on 5 point Likert scale. The item "Tofu is healthy food" and "Tofu is digestive food" were totally received the high point but "Tofu prevents osteoporosis" earned the lowest. Female had generally better knowledge of Tofu than the counterparts. Most participants relatively knew and had eaten common Tofu, soft bean curd, uncurdled bean curd, fried bean curd against functional Tofu such as Tofu added with omija, surimi, spinach, etc. But they intended to eat functional Tofu such as Tofu added with green tea, black sesame, spinach, omija. Furthermore, 60.7% replied "increasing" prospects for the Tofu consumption. 40.0% of adults said the plan should be "Make of good quality domestic soybean" for the purpose of better improvement to consume.
To investigate of the perception and using behavior by age of tofu, 46.3% of male and 53.7% of female about 700 adults in Daegu and kyungbuk area were surveyed. 96.4% of the participants usually preferred the tofu owing to health and 68.4% of them had purchased tofu made of domestic soybean. In addition, the responses to 7 questions about the tofu were also measured on 5 point Likert scale. The item "Tofu is healthy food" was totally received the high point but "Tofu prevents osteoporosis" earned the lowest. Most participants relatively knew and had eaten common tofu, soft bean curd, uncurdled bean curd, fried bean curd against functional tofu such as tofu added with omija, surimi, spinach, etc. But they intended to eat functional tofu such as tofu added with green tea, black sesame, spinach, omija. Furthermore, 60.7% replied "increasing" prospects for the tofu consumption. 40.0% of adults said the plan should be "Make of good quality domestic soybean" for the purpose of better improvement to consume.
This study was conducted to find material having antibacterial activity. The effects of preservatives, antibiotics and oriental medicines on growth of tested microorganisms were investigated. The growth of all tested bacteria was inhibited by water extract of Schizandra chinensis. Antibacterial activity on the concentration of Schizandra chinensis extract was tested. The growth of Escherichia coli W3110, Enterobacter cloacae MG82 and Salmonella typhimurium was extraordinarily inhibited by more than 0.2% concentration of Schizandra chinensis extract. The specific growth rate of Escherichia coli W3110, Enterobacter cloacae MG82 and Salmonella typhimurium under control condition had mean values of 0.514(hr-), 0.381(hr-) and 0.489(hr-), respectively. When 0.2% of Schizandra chinensis extract was added, specific growth rates of Escherichia coli W3110, Enterobacter cloacae MG82 and Salmonella typhimurium were decreased, compared to control, in 1.26, 2.23 and 1.50 fold, respectively. Minimal inhibitory concentration of Schizandra chinensis extract was 0.25% on the tested microorganisms. The growth of Enterobacter cloacae MG82 was more inhibited by Schizandra chinensis extract than other tested microorganisms.
오미자를 대상으로 성분분석을 실시한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 유기산함량은 42.179mg%였으며, 주로 함유되어 있는 유기산은 malic acid와 citric acid로 각각 33,691ppm과 3,330.5ppm이었다. 2. 총페놀함량은 1.560%였으며 주로 페놀산 Ester와 불용성결합형 페놀산이 함유되어 있었고 구성페놀산은 chlorogenic acid, coumalic acid, gentisic acid의 순으로 함유되어 있었다. 3.총지질함량은 160.5mg/g 건물량 였으며 주로 중성지질이 많았고 불포화지방산이 포화지방산보다 3배 정도 많이 함유되어 있었으며, 불포화지방산 중에서는 linoleic acid와 oleic acid가 주로 함유되어있었고, 포화지방산으로는 palmitic acid가 가장 다량 함유되어 있었다. 4. 정유 성분으로는 caryophyllene, calarene, cubebene, acoradiene 그리고 β-himachalene 등의 성분이 발견되었다.
전남지방의 고로쇠나무 수액에 대해 sucrose, 무기물, phenol화합물을 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. Sucrose의 함량은 일반적으로 2차 채취시기에 높게 나타났으며, 지역에 따라 차이는 있으나 2∼3%정도였다. 채취방법은 사구법이 천공법보다 높게 나타났다. 2. ToTal phenol화합물 역시 2차 채취시기에 높게 나타났으며, 0.034∼0.151 mg/100ml의 수준이었고, 가장 다량 함유된 phenol화합물은 phloroglucinol이었으며, 역시 사구법에서 천공법보다 높게 나타났다. 3.무기물의 경우 역시 2차 채취시기에 높게 나타났으며, 역시 사구법에서 천공법보다 높게 나타났다.