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        검색결과 1,216

        1.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 SCOPUS 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Safe radiation management is essential not only for operational nuclear power plants but also for nuclear plants to be decommissioned. When spent nuclear fuel is present on-site, meticulous radiation emergency plans are necessary to ensure safety. In Korea, numerous radiation emergency plans have been established for operational nuclear reactors. These plans delineate distinct response mitigation measures for white, blue, and red emergencies. However, clear regulations are yet to be devised for radiation emergency plans for reactors to be decommission. Therefore, this study investigated the decommissioning plan and status of Kori unit 1 to comprehensively analyze the current status of decommissioning safety in Korea. In this study, radiation emergency plans of decommissioning nuclear power plants abroad were reviewed to confirm radiation emergency action levels. Furthermore, radioactive waste treatment facilities, to be used for decommissioning reactors in Korea were evaluated. Moreover, the study assessed emergency plans (especially, emergency initiating conditions) for operational nuclear power plants in Korea for potential use in the decommissioning phase. This study proposed an emergency initiating condition that can be used for decommissioning reactors in Korea. Considering the anticipated introduction of plasma torch melting facility in Korea, this study examined the conditions of radiation emergency plans can be altered. This study identified effective measures and guidelines for managing radiological emergency initiating conditions, and effective decommissioning of nuclear power plants in Korea.
        4,600원
        2.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 SCOPUS 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Currently, off-site dose calculations for nuclear power plants are conducted using a computer program (K-DOSE 60). The program is developed based on the regulatory guidelines of the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), which is a domestic nuclear regulatory agency. In this study, a domestic application of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) TRS (Technical Reports Series)-472 methodology for 3H and 14C in liquid effluents was studied. The dose-evaluation methods adopted and the program configuration for dose evaluation are described based on 3H and 14C in the liquid-effluent-evaluation module of the computer program. The accuracy of the program is verified by comparing the program-calculated results with hand calculation values. Furthermore, a comparative evaluation with LADTAP II, which is a liquid-effluent-evaluation methodology developed by the U.S. NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission), is performed. The result confirms that the program-calculated results for the IAEA TRS-472 methodology are consistent with the hand calculation values. Meanwhile, the result of comparative evaluation with LADTAP II indicates different results depending on the methodology used.
        4,000원
        3.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study deals with the application of an artificial neural network (ANN) model to predict power consumption for utilizing seawater source heat pumps of recirculating aquaculture system. An integrated dynamic simulation model was constructed using the TRNSYS program to obtain input and output data for the ANN model to predict the power consumption of the recirculating aquaculture system with a heat pump system. Data obtained from the TRNSYS program were analyzed using linear regression, and converted into optimal data necessary for the ANN model through normalization. To optimize the ANN-based power consumption prediction model, the hyper parameters of ANN were determined using the Bayesian optimization. ANN simulation results showed that ANN models with optimized hyper parameters exhibited acceptably high predictive accuracy conforming to ASHRAE standards.
        4,500원
        4.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        PURPOSES : The objective of this study was to review roadway management strategies that can be utilized in the event of a radiological emergency, select feasible alternatives, and simulate a portion of the West Coast network to analyze the effectiveness of these strategies. METHODS : The methodology of the study involved reviewing the relevant literature, extracting the implications, establishing an analysis procedure, and selecting an effectiveness evaluation scale. Using a national transportation database, a network was constructed using Toba, a macroscopic model. RESULTS : A reverse-flow lane system was applied to the West Coast Expressway Glory IC–Hampyeong IC (total 25 km), and a plan to increase the number of lanes was applied to the Seokgyo Street–Shinpyeong Intersection on National Route 23 (total extension 28 km). Consequently, both road management strategies were found to be effective. CONCLUSIONS : This study examined roadway management strategies that can be utilized in the event of a radiological emergency, selected feasible alternatives, and simulated a portion of the West Coast network to verify the effectiveness of these strategies. In the case of reverse flow lanes, it is most effective when applied to expressways that can restrict the entrance and exit of vehicles. In the case of increasing the number of lanes, it is most effective when applied to general roads, and institutional arrangements should be made to enable two-way traffic to use the reserved shoulder lanes.
        4,000원
        5.
        2024.02 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this study, the seasonal distribution was surveyed using acoustic in the coastal waters around nuclear power plants. Acoustic surveys were conducted in June, September, December 2022, and March 2023 in the coastal waters of Uljin-gun. According to the results of this study, zooplankton were distributed at the depths from 0 m to 50 m in the waters around nuclear power plants. Zooplankton appeared in summer (June), autumn (September), and spring (March). In the survey area, fish were distributed at the depths from 25 m to 190 m, appearing in the summer (June), autumn (September), winter (December) and spring (March). The SV of zooplankton appearing in the survey area ranged from -98.0 dB to -78.0 dB, and it exhibited a one-class in the frequency distribution of SV. The SV of fish appearing in the survey area ranged from -36.0 dB to -35.0 dB and -98.0 dB to -53.0 dB, and it exhibited two-class in the frequency distribution of SV.
        4,000원
        6.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The 4th Industrial Revolution and the continuous development of Science and Technology have also required a speedy business promotion method in the defense industry. Advanced countries including the United States are already boldly innovating the existing high-cost and long-term acquisition system with the highest priority in weapons development to cope with the military rise of Russia and China. The Ministry of National Defense and the Defense Acquisition Program Administration have also recently introduced a quick acquisition system and are applying it to business promotion. In addition, some small-scale projects and weapons systems are being reorganized so that they can be managed by the units demanding them. After an organizational diagnosis of the Project Acquisition Group by the Ministry of National Defense in 2020, it has been reassigned as a subordinate unit of the Army Logistics Command from a direct unit managed by the Army HQ. As a result, problems such as work conflict or redundancy have been identified. In addition, a system has been implemented to shorten the acquisition period by applying a rapid acquisition program in the field of weapons systems by benchmarking the rapid acquisition program of advanced countries. The force support system project process will also need to introduce such a quick acquisition system. In addition, the Ministry of National Defense is considering ways to delegate some weapon systems to each military, which will then carry out tasks ranging from requirements determination to project management. Accordingly, it is now time to expand the organization for the management of the Army's weapons system acquisition project. Therefore, in this paper, the Army Project Acquisition Group was analyzed on its organization, acquisition procedures, and cooperation systems, with presentations of development plans for each field.
        4,000원
        7.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Smart factory companies are installing various sensors in production facilities and collecting field data. However, there are relatively few companies that actively utilize collected data, academic research using field data is actively underway. This study seeks to develop a model that detects anomalies in the process by analyzing spindle power data from a company that processes shafts used in automobile throttle valves. Since the data collected during machining processing is time series data, the model was developed through unsupervised learning by applying the Holt Winters technique and various deep learning algorithms such as RNN, LSTM, GRU, BiRNN, BiLSTM, and BiGRU. To evaluate each model, the difference between predicted and actual values was compared using MSE and RMSE. The BiLSTM model showed the optimal results based on RMSE. In order to diagnose abnormalities in the developed model, the critical point was set using statistical techniques in consultation with experts in the field and verified. By collecting and preprocessing real-world data and developing a model, this study serves as a case study of utilizing time-series data in small and medium-sized enterprises.
        4,000원
        8.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Titanium constitutes approximately 60% of the weight of steel and exhibits strength comparable to steel's but with a higher strength-to-weight ratio. Titanium alloys possess excellent corrosion resistance due to a thin oxide layer at room temperature; however, their reactivity increases above 600°C, leading to oxidation and nitridation. Welding titanium alloys presents challenges such as porosity issues. Laser welding minimizes the heat-affected zone (HAZ) by emitting high output in a localized area for a short duration. This process forms a narrow and deep HAZ, reducing the deterioration of mechanical properties and decreasing the contact area with oxygen. In this study, fiber laser welding was conducted on 8.0mm thick Ti-6Al-4V alloy using the Bead On Plate (BOP) technique. A total of 25 welding conditions were experimented with to observe bead shapes. The results demonstrated successful penetration within the 0.792mm to 8.000mm range. It was concluded that this experimental approach can predict diverse welding conditions for Ti-6Al-4V alloys of various thicknesses.
        4,000원
        9.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In this paper, a tidal power conversion system (PCS) using seawater level differences was presented.. To verify the presented PCS, an actual lab-scale tidal power generation system was constructed. The operation of the lab-scale PCS was first modeled mathematically and was analyzed through dynamic simulation and experimental tests.
        4,000원
        10.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Research into lightweighting to improve vehicle fuel efficiency and reduce exhaust emissions continues as environmental regulations become increasingly stringent. Magnesium alloys, chosen for their lightweight properties, are more than 35% lighter than aluminum alloys and also exhibit excellent mechanical characteristics. While magnesium alloys are commonly utilized in arc welding processes like GTAW and GMAW, they pose challenges such as high residual stresses and welding defects. Laser welding, on the other hand, offers the advantage of precise heat input, enabling deep and high-quality welds while minimizing welding distortion. In this study, fiber laser welding was employed to weld a 4.0mm thick AZ31B-H24 using the Bead on Plate technique. A total of 10 different welding conditions were tested with fiber laser welding, and the cross-sections of the weld beads were examined. Weld bead shapes were measured based on five parameters. The results allowed for an evaluation of the weldability of AZ31B-H24 using fiber laser welding.
        4,000원
        11.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        「장애인복지법」에 따라 국가 자격시험은 장애인과 비장애인이 동일한 시험에 응시할 수 있도록 하고 있으며, 청각장애는 동 력수상레저기구 면허취득 결격사유에 해당하지 않아 청각장애인도 면허취득을 할 수 있다. 선박이나 동력수상레저기구에서는 해상에서 충돌위험이 있을 때 조종신호, 경고신호 등의 위험신호를 음향신호를 통해 상대에게 알려 주위의 위험 상황을 발견하지 못하여 발생할 수 있는 사고를 예방하도록 하고 있다. 하지만, 청각장애인의 레저활동 중 주위 선박이나 동력수상레저기구의 소리를 통한 위험신호를 청 각장애로 인해 위험신호를 확인하지 못해 발생할 수 있는 해양사고를 방지할 수 있는 방안이 필요하다. 음향수신장치(Sound Reception System)는 선교가 완전히 폐위된 선박에 설치하여 외부 소리의 증폭과 소리의 수신 방향을 화면상에 표시하는 장치로서, 청각장애인의 동 력수상레저기구에 선박 음향수신장치를 활용하여 청각장애로 인해 청취할 수 없는 위험신호와 같은 음향신호의 유무 및 방향을 동력수 상레저기구의 화면상에 시각적 표시를 통해, 청각장애인의 레저활동 중 음향신호를 확인하지 못하여 발생할 수 있는 해양사고를 예방하 기 위한 개선방안을 제시하였다.
        4,000원
        12.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        On the international political stage of the 21st century, the strategic rivalry between China and the United States is one of the most captivating focal points. As two major global powers, China and the United States, their competition and cooperation across multiple domains have profound implications for the global political and economic landscape. The historical evolution of Sino-U.S. relations provides us with key insights into the understanding of the current strategic rivalry. Within the realm of hard power, the economic and technological rivalry between China and the United States is intensifying, engendering notable frictions within areas such as economics and technology. These frictions reverberate through their interactions, influencing their positions and interests on the global stage. However, the role of soft power in the context of Sino-American relations cannot be understated. The United States has persistently exported its values of democracy and freedom, whereas China emphasizes the principles of peaceful development and shared prosperity. The strategic rivalry between China and the United States is an intricate, multifaceted issue that poses significant challenges. To effectively address this complexity, China must employ a comprehensive array of strategies and measures to ensure its enduring stability and sustained development in the ever-evolving global landscape.
        5,100원
        13.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본고는 『헨리 6세』 2부와 3부가 가부장제의 이념을 바탕으로 남녀 간의 뚜렷한 역할 구분에 기초하고 있다고 보고 전통적인 성 역할에 따르지 않는 마가렛과 같은 여성의 양상을 살핀다. 주로 마가렛의 용맹성, 전투력과 성적 매력과 방종이 주변 남성 인물의 가부장적인 가치에 대립되는 모습을 추적한다. 마가렛과 일리노어 등이 권력을 추구하는 과정에서 남성들, 특히 영국 남성을 대표하는 기사도적 영웅들과 대항하는 양상을 보이는데 이 여성 전사들이 대표하는 가치가 어떻게 남성들의 이상적 영웅주의나 부자간의 혈연 중심 관계에 대립하는지도 살핀다. 일부 남성 인물들이 감정에 치중하는 연인의 모습을 보이며 남성간의 유대를 약화시키는 결과에 이르는 아이러니한 상황 또한 살펴본다. 남성들이 이들 여성과 관련하여 남성성을 잃게 되는 과정을 분석함으로써 『헨리 6세』 2부와 3부에 담긴 가부장제의 양상과 여성 전사의 전복적 힘을 충실히 고찰하고자 한다.
        4,600원
        15.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        PURPOSES : Safety Evaluation of Wind Loads of Renewable Energy and Photovoltaic Power Structures. METHODS : Structural safety evaluation was conducted on the wind load of 3kW Photovoltaic Power Structures using ABAQUS. Wind speed was reviewed for 36m/s and 60m/s. Effective Mass and Mass Contribution of Photovoltaic Power Structures was utilized up to 90%. 7 steps were set and applied to structural analysis. RESULTS : As a result of the structural analysis, it was confirmed that the long-term blowing load was affected rather than the size of the wind load. Weak areas were identified at the point of the horizontal beam rather than the modules of the Photovoltaic Power Structures. In particular, it was confirmed that stress exceeding the allowable stress was generated at the junction. In order to secure the safety of Photovoltaic Power Structures, it is judged that reinforcement of the branch is necessary. CONCLUSIONS : The safety of Photovoltaic Power Structures structures for wind load is influenced by persistence rather than the size of the wind load. Therefore, in order to prevent this, it is judged that reinforcement of the branch is necessary.
        4,000원
        16.
        2023.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        In the actual sea, the additional resistance due to external force such as wind, current and wave is accompanied, and the required power is added in response to these resistance. Especially when the ship is sailing at low speed, the effects of wind and current have a great impact on the safe control of the ship. Likewise, it is thought that the effects of wind and current have a great impact on the trawl ship control since the towing speed of a bottom trawl ship is a low speed of 3 to 4 knots. If the reduce of ship speed and the increase of engine power due to the influence of wind and current can be identified, the safe towing power can be calculated based on a given engine output. Thus, the appropriate size of a fishing gear can be determined. In this study, a total of 20 trawl operations were conducted for seasonal maritime research in the same research area according to the operation mode of propeller. Based on navigation data, trawl fishing data, and engine performance data acquired during the towing fishing gear, and data of ship speed, hull resistance, fishing gear resistance, wind force and current force according to an incidence angle were estimated. The overall power for these loads was calculated and compared with the measured engine power, and the effects of wind force and current force on the engine power were investigated.
        4,000원
        17.
        2023.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        최근 전 세계적으로 전례 없는 홍수와 극심한 폭염이 발생하면서 급속한 기후 변화의 심각성에 대한 세계적 인식이 높아졌다. 태양광 발전시설의 사회적 수용성과 안전성을 적극 홍보하는 한편, 국가 차원에서 정책 결정과 사업 운영을 최적화하기 위해 노력하고 있다. 본 연구는 영남·호남권 12개 주요 시·도의 태양광 발전설비 효율을 지역 에너지자원 지원 시스템과 기상자료를 활용한 DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis)를 활용하여 분석하였다. 첫째, 지역 내 지리적 범위의 차이는 발전효율의 성능적 평가의 차이점이 발생하는 것을 알 수 있었다. 둘째, 경제적 측면과 환경적 측면을 모두 고려한 태양광 발전시설에 대한 최적의 공간정보시스템의 중요성을 강조한다. 국내 신재생에너지 발전시설의 입지적 조건 개선으로 거시적 측면의 운영을 질적으로 보완하여 에너지 정책적 지원 필요성을 시사하며, 에너지 투자사업의 경제성 및 타당성을 제시하고자 한다.
        6,900원
        18.
        2023.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        본 연구는 ESG 경영에 대한 에너지 관련 산업과 기업의 전략적 발전방향 모색을 위하여 글로벌 ESG 경영에서 선도적인 역량과 경험을 갖고 있는 것으로 평가되는 한국중부발전의 사례를 분석해 성공 요인을 도출하고자 하였다. 사례 분석 결과 한국중부발전은 한 발 앞서 ESG 경영에 관심을 갖기 시작해 기후위기 대응과 청정에너지 및 신재 생에너지 사업 분야로 진출하였고, 동반성장과 지역사회 공헌, 부패방지와 윤리경영에 역점을 두고 미래성장과 지 속가능경영을 계속해 객관적인 수치와 실적을 기반으로 우수한 성과를 달성한 것으로 확인되었다. 또한 한국 중부 발전이 글로벌 ESG 경영에 성공할 수 있었던 것은 기존의 글로벌 경영 역량 보유와 이를 제고하고자 전문인력 양 성을 바탕으로 전사적인 조직을 중심으로 하는 지속적인 노력, ESG 리스크에 대한 선제적 관리와 수치목표 중심의 성과관리, 동반성장과 상생경영의 기업문화, 글로벌 ESG 경영에 대한 CEO와 경영진의 판단과 의지가 주요한 요 인으로 작용하였기 때문이라고 분석되었다.
        6,700원
        19.
        2023.11 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
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