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        검색결과 76

        1.
        2023.07 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Over the last decade, the COBRAs have attracted the attention of researchers in relation to their motives or outcome for the brand. However, the corpus of literature on COBRAs still is at a nascent stage and has created new opportunities pertaining to knowledge development. Undoubtedly, there is a clear need for some structure through mapping the research terrain to guide future research and further its development. Thus, a systematic review methodology was performed producing a top-quality pool of 35 papers that forge a robust understanding of this phenomenon. This research is the first study to perform a systematic review to examine the literature on COBRAs. Based on this, the findings contribute to theoretical knowledge, with extensive opportunities for generating novel theory and new forms of marketing practices.
        4,000원
        2.
        2023.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Modi government has developed a somewhat unique affinity for Hindu nationalism, resulting in the adoption of radical policies to make Hindu nationalism rise significantly and become the mainstream ideology in India. However, this radicalisation has led to severe unrest in the society along with religious and ethnic lines, as well as serious antagonism, which in turn led to religious and ethnic dissent in the country. In order to divert nation's attention from pressing issues and channel the nationalists' energies, Modi government adopted aggressive policy orientation & posturing against neighbouring countries, including provoking border conflicts in Dong Lang, Galwan River Valley. This has exerted a significant impact on India's relations with its neighbours, particularly China. Consequently, India’s 'conscious resistance' and xenophobic attitude towards China is increasing which has led to a significant retreat from bilateral relations, obstruction of economic cooperation, and cultural exchanges between the two countries.
        6,600원
        4.
        2023.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Modi took office as India’s Prime Minister in 2014, and started second term in 2019. In order to safeguard the party interests of the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) and the Hindu ethnic groups, Modi administration adopted radical policies to promote Hindu nationalism. These policies led to strong Hindu nationalism, rapidly intensified conflicts with other ethnic groups, and eventually filled India with the sentiment of all ethnic groups. In order to divert the national attention and the energy of nationalism, the Modi administration took aggressive diplomatic measures against the neighboring countries. The Modi administration realized the transformation of domestic religious nationalism into the aggressive diplomacy in China, Pakistan and other countries, but it brought a great impact on India's surrounding diplomatic environment, especially led to significant influence to the relations between China and Pakistan. The Modi administration reversed relations of India-China and India-Pakistan respectively, increased opposition and exclusion between India and these two countries; Indian nationalism broke the fragile balance of the geopolitical situation and posed a danger to peace and development in South Asia, meanwhile China and Pakistan developed a closer partnership.
        5,400원
        5.
        2023.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The effects of light intensity and external sucrose on the vase life of cut roses were estimated by monitoring the net photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence. Cut flowers were held under different light intensities 10 (L10) or 50 (L50) μmol‧m-2‧s-1 with or without treatment with external sucrose. We found substantial differences in stomatal conductance, photosynthesis rate, photosystem II (PSII) quantum efficiencies, specific fluxes, and vase life of the cut flowers when exposed to different light intensities. Light intensity at 50 μmol‧m-2‧s-1 increased photosynthesis capacity, thus delaying petal senescence and extending the vase life of cut flowers. L50 flowers maintained a high photosynthetic rate by reducing heat dissipation (DI0/RC) and increasing electron transport (ET0/TR0 and ET0/ABS) in the electron transport chain of the photosynthesis apparatus. The application of external sucrose extended the vase life of cut flowers by improving water balance and sustaining turgor pressure in the petals of the cut flowers. The net rate of photosynthesis of the cut flowers was increased by higher light intensity; however, it was not affected by the application of external sucrose. Our results indicate that the application of external sucrose is necessary to improve the longevity of cut flowers when endogenous sucrose production by photosynthesis is insufficient under low light conditions during the postharvest period. In addition, our results revealed that most of the photosynthetic parameters were significantly correlated with the vase life of cut rose flowers. Moreover, the relation between the rate of photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters indicates that the rise from the basic dark-adapted fluorescence yield to the maximum (OJIP transient) method can be used as a tool for the evaluation and prediction of the photosynthesis rate in cut flowers.
        4,500원
        6.
        2022.11 KCI 등재후보 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        With the history of more than 2,200 years, Yibin is one of the national historical and cultural cities named by The State Council of China. As an important alcohol production base, Yibin city has a long history of alcohol brewing. Its brewing industry products are not only well-known in China, but also sold to various countries around the world. Yibin is currently responding to China's 14th Five-Year Plan, promoting urban construction with cultural construction and developing the alcohol industry ,and trying to build an ecological new area in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River to become an “economic sub-center” in Sichuan province. The construction of Yibin city and the development of alcohol industry are intertwined together, and the development process of alcohol industry has an important influence on the urban construction of Yibin, especially in the cultural city construction. In this study, we used literature analysis to investigate the influence of alcohol industry to the construction of Yibin cultural city. Based on the degree of correlation between development elements of Yibin cultural city and alcohol industry, we believe that the alcohol industry mainly has changed the appearance and layout of the cultural landscape, and influenced the urban surrounding construction and distribution structure. What’s more, alcohol industry has enriched the life of Yibin people, and made the urban culture more colorful. Last but not least, the alcohol industry also has provided Yibin with unique tourism cultural resources, which promotes the development of Yibin’s tourism culture.
        5,200원
        8.
        2022.08 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        High-temperature friction performances of graphite blocks (GBs) and zinc phosphate impregnated graphite blocks (IGBs) were evaluated under various friction temperatures. The surface of IGB exhibited extremely lower average friction coefficient values, that was 0.007 at 400 °C and 0.008 at 450 °C, in comparison to that of GB (0.13 at 400 °C and 0.16 at 450 °C, respectively). The worn surface of IGB in the high-temperature friction test was smoother and more complete than that of GB. The wear under high temperature and load caused the transformation of zinc pyrophosphate to zinc metaphosphate and the formation of a continuous large-area boundary lubrication layer combined with graphite and metallic element on the wear surface. The superior tribology property of IGB could be attributed to the digestion of iron oxides by tribo-chemical reactions and passivation of the exposed dangling covalent bonds. Specifically, the layered structure generated on the IGB wear interface effectively decreased the adhesive forces and prevented the surface from serious damage.
        4,300원
        9.
        2022.04 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The emergence of Corona viruses have plunged human society into an unprecedented epidemic disaster, which made the way of communication between countries has changed dramatically. Korean Universities launched a new attempt to implement live streaming Korean language courses (LSKLC) in a purpose of continuing exchanges and cooperation with Chinese Universities. This study noticed that students attend these courses in different ways. In order to investigate whether students' satisfaction is affected by the way of attending the classes, this study was conducted using SPSS 26.0 software and Kruskal-Wallis test method, and the data was extracted from a LSKLC implemented by a Korean University. As results, the satisfaction level of students was high, meanwhile the teaching method satisfaction was the highest, following content setting, and timetable setting, but neither attending way showed any significant difference in course satisfaction.
        5,100원
        10.
        2022.03 KCI 등재후보 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        After becoming North Korea's leader, Kim Jongen conducted nuclear tests and missile launches, which not only deepened the relevant countries’ concern about the security situation in the Korean peninsula, but also caused the South Korea to introduce THAAD system from the US, causing a series of knock-on effects. After going through Park Geunhae government’s “Choi Sunsil scandal”, Moon Jaein became the new president of South Korea. As North Korea walked to more extreme on the nuclear issue, Moon government, which originally wants to inherit and carry forward the "Sunshine Policy", has gradually changed security strategic diplomatic stance by not only strengthening the "traditional" alliance with the United States, but also by discussing necessity of enhancing Korea-US and US-Japan alliance. However Moon government knew the “violence to violence” method might help improve the military deterrence against North Korea, but it’s not conductive to ease the situation. This paper adopted literature research method to analyze the influence of South Korea security diplomacy’s strategic change and its influence on the Korean Peninsula. South Korea realized that strengthening military alliance is not a rational choice, but insisting conversation and peace negotiation can find the way out of the dilemma. By doing this, South Korea performed a “sports diplomacy” to North Korea and brought Korea peninsula back to a relatively peaceful and consultative atmosphere.
        5,200원
        12.
        2021.09 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Gray mold is caused by the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea (B. cinerea), a commercially damaging disease of rose flowers. The infection of this necrotrophic fungal pathogen is one of the most important reason that rose flower is rejected by consumers and importers, leading to economic losses. The gray mold disease influences rose flowers through cultivation and distribution in the greenhouse, storage, transport, and market. Environmental conditions and genetic factors are two primary factors that affect the development of gray mold in the flowers during pre- and postharvest stages. However, the interaction between B. cinerea and rose flowers at the molecular level has not been well studied to date. Despite the multiple studies conducted over the past decades, breeding flowers that have resistance to B. cinerea has not been successful in roses. Furthermore, the mechanism underlying tolerance to gray mold is under-investigated and poorly understood in roses. The most popular current control strategies against B. cinerea in roses are pre- and postharvest fungicides, but they are generally expensive, ineffective, and polluted. In this review, we summarized the nature of B. cinerea in plants and discussed the current control strategies of gray mold disease in rose flowers, such as radiation, resistance inducer, chemical and biological control. In addition, we propose an approach for reducing B. cinerea infection in rose flowers by using ethylene antagonists.
        4,000원
        13.
        2021.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        After entering the era of Xi Jinping administration, China's 3.0 version foreign policy has been continuously developing in practice. Especially since 2017, China's 3.0 version foreign policy continued to have new changes as follows: First, it emphasized the “Foreign Policy of Neighboring Countries” and put the “Belt and Road Initiative” into the Communist Party Constitution. Second, added “Adhering to the Path of Peaceful Development”, “Adhering to the Win-Win Strategy of Opening up” and “Promoting the Building of a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind” to China Constitution. Other than that, “New Concept of Asia Security” and “Bottom-line Thinking” also gradually are implemented in China's diplomatic practice. In the volatile international society, there have been upstreams against globalization and regional integration, of which Modi administration is one example. Modi pushed for Hindu nationalism, which not only set off drastically religious nationalism trend in the domestic, but also led to spillover into the international community. The Indian military respectively crossed the border into China and caused the Dong Lang Issue and the Galvan Valley Conflict. These issues seriously affected the relations between the two countries and challenged the implementation of China 3.0 version foreign policy. This paper focuses on how the important concepts in the 3.0 foreign policy were applied to the diplomatic practice against India, and how China avoided the escalation of the situation. From the paper, we can find that China maintained a high degree of restraint and insisted on solving the problem through negotiation and consultation in the Dong Lang Issue. In the interlude between the two issues, China actively promoted the interaction between two leaders and sought to build a momentum of peace and mutual benefit. In the Galvan Valley Conflict period, China stuck to the “Bottom-line Thinking” at well as adhered to the “Path of Peaceful Development”. China in the future will still need to adhere to these 3.0 version foreign concepts-- “the Great Power Relations”, “Bottom-line Thinking” and “Amity, Sincerity, Mutual Benefit and Inclusiveness in China's Neighborhood Diplomacy”. China will safeguard its core interests and maintain a good foreign environment in order to contribute to peace and development of the international society.
        5,800원
        14.
        2021.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        ‘Cordillera 4’(Registration No. BPI-NSIC-2019-Rc 566)은 열대 산악지역에 적응하는 고품질 내냉성 자포니카 벼를 개발하기 위해 2019년 육성되었으며 육성 과정 및 주요 특성은 다음과 같다. 1. ‘Cordillera 4’는 열대 산악지역 적응 고품질 내냉성 자포니카 품종 육성을 목적으로 필리핀 소재 국제미작연구소 (IRRI)에서 농촌진흥청 파견 연구원 주도로 ‘97 건기에 필리핀 국제미작연구소에서 ‘Jinmibyeo’와 ‘SR18977-2-7-2-TB-1’ 을 교배한 후 계통육종법으로 육성된 품종이다. 2. 1998년 우기에 F1세대로 부터 얻은 종자를 이용하여 F4 세대까지 계통을 전개하는 과정에서 선발된 ‘IR73699-82-3’계통을 대상으로 2000~2001년 2년간 생산력 검정과 2007~2009 년, 2015~2016년에 각 2회 지역적응시험을 실시한 결과 그 우수성이 인정되어 2019년에 필리핀 벼 품종심의위원회에서 필리핀 현지명칭인 ‘NSIC 2019 Rc 566’로 선정하고 ‘Cordillera 4’ 로 명명되었다. 3. ‘Cordillera 4’는 파종부터 수확까지 생육일수가 145일인 중생종으로, ‘PSB Rc 96’보다 간장은 크고, 수장은 작으나 포 기당 이삭수는 비슷하다. 현미천립중은 28.3 g으로 ‘PSB Rc 96’보다 무거운 중립종이다. 4. 병해충 반응은 도열병, 잎집무늬마름병, 흰잎마름병, 퉁그로바이러스에는 약하다. 벼멸구와 애멸구 등 충해 저항성은 없으나 이화명충의 일종인 white stemborer에는 ‘PSB Rc 96’과 비슷하게 강한 편이다. 5. ‘Cordillera 4’의 입형은 중립종이고 완전미 도정수율이 64%로 ‘PSB Rc 96’보다 높았으며, 필리핀 소비자 300명을 대상으로 쌀과 밥맛에 대하여 각각 선호도를 조사한 결과, ‘Cordillera 4’가 대비품종인 ‘PSB Rc 96’보다 쌀에서는 94.6%, 밥맛에서는 100%로 현저하게 높게 나타났다. 6. ‘Cordillera 4’의 쌀수량은 필리핀 지역적응시험을 2회로 나누어 추진한 결과, 첫번째에는 평균 2.5MT/ha로 대비품종 ‘PSB Rc 96’보다 30% 높았으며, 두번째에 시험한 결과 평균 3.6MT/ha로 2회 모두 표준품종인 ‘PSB Rc 96’ 보다 안정적으로 높은 수량을 나타냈다.
        4,000원
        15.
        2020.12 KCI 등재후보 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        파기스탄은 중국과 공식 외교관계를 맺은 첫번째 이슬람 국가이다, 양국의 전통적 우호관계 및 “전천후 전략적 협력 동반자관계”는 중-파 경제회랑에 외교적으로 기여해 왔고, 지역 협력에도 기여해 왔다. 하지만, 근래 파기스탄의 포퓰리즘은 양국의 경제무역협력 및 인문교류의 걸림돌이 되고 있다. 본 논문은 우선 질적으로 국내외 학술계가 포퓰리즘에 관한 문헌을 정리하였다, 그리고 양적으로 BDP 데이터분석 소프트웨어를 통해 국내외 학계의 포퓰리즘 관련 문헌을 시각화분석(Visualization)하였다. 또한 시각화가 파기스탄 포퓰리즘에, 또는 중-파 경제회랑에 주는 시사점도 도출하였다. 아직 국내외 학술계가 파기스탄의 포퓰리즘에 크게 주목하지 않고, 포퓰리즘의 정도도 그리 심각하지는 않다. 그러나 파기스탄의 포퓰리즘은 민족성 및 나라의 특수성 때문에 주기적인 발전과정을 거치고 있기 때문에, 중국-파키스탄 경제회랑 등이 지속적으로 심화하는 상황에서는, 향후 파기스탄의 포퓰리즘이 심각해질 수도 있다.
        7,800원
        16.
        2020.11 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This research aimed to investigate the impacting psychological factors for Vietnamese’s intention to stop littering. A quantitative method using self-reported online questionnaire was adopted to collect data from Vietnamese residents and Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) method was employed to examine the proposed relationships. The results indicate that higher connectedness to nature and lower perceived behavioral control are associated with higher intention to stop littering in Vietnam. Limitations of current study and future research directions are outlined.
        4,000원
        17.
        2020.10 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Bilateral profound friendship between China and Pakistan and the "all-weather strategic partnership" have given great support to mutual cooperation. China and Pakistan are moving forward to the goal of "economic corridor construction as the center, Gwadar port, transport infrastructure, energy and industrial cooperation as the points to form the ‘1+4’ economic cooperation and common development". However, the relationship between the two countries is also facing some challenges in the process of sustainable development, among which the populist in Pakistan is gradually emerging. If left unchecked, it may lead to a great threat to CPEC and other cooperation. Therefore, strengthening basic research on populism in Pakistan is of great significance for enhancing the all-weather strategic cooperative partnership and ensuring the smooth implementation of the CPEC. After reviewing the current research status and deficiencies of populism theory, this paper analyzes populism from the dimensions of social classes, religions and regions, so as to deeply understand the breeding source of populism. From the perspective of class, populism in Pakistan has distinct characteristics of class antagonism. From a religious perspective, there is a deeply rooted political psychology among the Pakistani people. From a regional perspective, the traditional social structure of Islam in Pakistan determines that the loyalty of individuals to religion, family and a smaller region is greater than the loyalty to the nation state.
        5,800원
        18.
        2020.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Carbon short fibers/copper composites with different carbon short fiber contents up to 15 wt.% as reinforcements are prepared to investigate the influence of the carbon short fiber surface coating on the microstructure, density, and electrical properties of the carbon short fibers/copper composites. The carbon short fibers were surface treated by acid functionalization followed by alkaline treatment before the coating process. It was observed from the results that coated type copper nanoparticles were deposited on the surface of the carbon short fibers. The surface treated carbon short fibers were coated by copper using the electroless deposition technique in the alkaline tartrate bath by using formaldehyde as a reducing agent of the copper sulfate. The produced coated carbon short fibers/copper composite powders were cold compacted at 600 MPa, and then sintered at 875 °C for 2 h under (hydrogen/nitrogen 1:3) atmosphere. A reference copper sample was also prepared by the same method to compare between the properties of pure copper and the carbon short fibers/copper composites. The phase composition, morphology, and microstructure of the prepared carbon short fibers/copper composite powders as well as the corresponding carbon short fibers/copper composites were investigated using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with an energy-dispersive spectrometer (EDS), respectively. The density and the electrical resistivity of the sintered composites were measured. It was observed from the results that the density was decreased; however, the electrical resistivity was increased by increasing the carbon short fibers wt.%.
        4,300원
        19.
        2020.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        “시진핑 신시대 중국특색 사회주의(Xi Jinping new era’s socialism with Chinese characteristics)” 배경 하에 중국의 외교정책은 3.0시대로 진입했다. 3.0시대의 중국외교정책은 2017년 이후에 두 가지 새로운 발전(New developments)을 추가로 제시하였다. 첫째는 중공 19대 회의에서 “주변외교방침”(Neighborhood diplomacy)을 강조하였고, “일대일로”(the Belt and Road Initiative)를 당장(Party constitution)에 넣었다. 둘째는 중국의 헌법에 “평화발전도로를 견지한다”, “호익공영개방전략을 견지한다”, 및 “인류운명공동체를 추진한다” 3가지 내용을 추가하였다. 중국이 아시아의 중요한 나라 중의 하나로써 3.0시대 중국외교정책의 이러한 새로운 발전변화는 주변국가에 많은 영향을 줄 것으로 판단된다. 본 논문은 문헌연구를 기반으로 중국 3.0시대 외교정책의 새로운 발전변화를 파악하고 이들이 한반도 평화과정에 어떤 영향을 미칠지 분석하고자 한다. 연구결과로 중국의 3.0시대외교는 동북아시아, 특히 한반도의 비핵화 및 평화프로세스를 중점으로 두고 있다. 한반도의 평화 및 발전은 중국의 국익(National interest)과 일치하며, 중국은 관련 국가들과 함께 한반도의 평화를 위해 노력할 것이다. 또한 중국은 향후에 “일대일로” 및 “인류운명공동체” 측면에서 볼 때 남북한과 지역발전전략 연계(Docking)를 통해 한반도 발전에도 큰 도움을 줄 것이다.
        6,700원
        20.
        2020.06 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        ‘Japonica 7’(Registration No. BPI-NSIC-2019-Rc 584)은 열대지역에 적응하는 고품질 다수성 자포니카 벼를 개발 하기 위하여 2020년 육성되었으며 육성 과정 및 주요 특성은 다음 과 같다. 1. ‘Japonica 7’은 열대지역 적응 고품질 자포니카 다수성 품종 육성을 목적으로 필리핀 소재 국제미작연구소 (IRRI)에서 농촌진흥청 파견 연구원 주도로 2012년 건기에 필리핀 국제미작연구소에서 ‘Japonica 2’와 ‘IR11K233’를 교배한 후 계 통육종법으로 육성된 품종이다. 2. 2012년 우기에 F1세대로 부터 얻은 종자를 이용하여 F6 세대까지 계통을 전개하는 과정에서 선발된 ‘IR101055-52-2- 1-2-2’ 계통을 대상으로 2017~2018년 2년간 우기 및 건기 각 2회 지역적응시험을 실시한 결과 그 우수성이 인정되어 2020 년에 필리핀 벼 품종심의위원회에서 장려품종으로 선정되고 ‘Japonica 7’으로 명명되었다. 3. ‘Japonica 7’은 파종부터 수확까지 생육일수가 111일인 조생종으로, 간장과 수장, 포기당 이삭수는 ‘MS 11’과 비슷하다. 등숙률은 89%로 ‘MS 11’보다는 낮은 편이나 ‘Japonica 1’ 보다는 높았다. 현미천립중은 23.3g으로 ‘MS 11’과 비슷한 중립중이다. 4. 병해충 반응은 도열병과 잎집무늬마름병 및 흰잎마름병 에는 중도저항성이나 퉁그로바이러스에는 약하다. 벼멸구와 애멸구에는 중도 또는 감수성이었으나 이화명충의 일종인 White stemborer에는 ‘MS 11’과 비슷하게 강한 편이다. 5. ‘Japonica 7’의 곡립은 중립종이고 완전미 도정수율이 58.8%로 ‘MS 11’보다 높았으며, 필리핀 소비자 선호도는 ‘Japonica 7’이 대비품종인 ‘MS 11’ 보다 쌀에서는 75.6%, 밥맛에서는 81.1%로 현저하게 높게 나타났다. 6. ‘Japonica 7’의 수량은 필리핀 지역적응시험 평균 3.03 MT/ha로 대비품종 ‘MS 11’보다 17% 높았으며 시험한 전지역에서 전반적으로 표준품종인 ‘MS 11’보다 전 지역에서 안정적으로 높은 수량을 나타냈다.
        4,000원
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