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        2024.05 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Fish resource surveys were conducted near Jeju Island in June, August and October 2021 using an underwater camera monitoring system, fish pots, and SCUBA diving methods. The efficiency of the methods used to survey fish resources was compared using the number of individuals compared to area per unit time (inds/m3/h) and the number of species compared to area per unit time (spp./m3/h). As a result of comparing the number of individuals compared to the area per unit time (inds/m3/h), the order was underwater camera 214.69, SCUBA diving 124.62, and fish pots 0.57 inds/m3/h. The number of species compared to area per unit time (spp./m3/h) is in the following order: SCUBA diving 0.85, underwater camera 0.38, and fish pots 0.01 spp./m3/h. The fish resource monitoring method using underwater cameras was found to be more efficient in individual counts, and the SCUBA diving method was found to be more efficient in species counts. When considering cost and survey efficiency, the fish resource survey method using underwater cameras was judged to be more effective. The results of this study are expected to be widely used in estimating the population density of fish, which is the core of future fisheries resource surveys.
        2024.04 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        서식반경이 좁고 개체수가 감소하는 경향을 보이고 있어 멸종위기 종으로 지정된 뚱보주름메뚜기(Haplotropis brunneriana Saussure 1888)를 대상으로 개체군 추이와 적절한 모니터링 방법을 확인하기 위해 방형구법과 선조 사법을 이용하여 밀도 조사를 수행하였다. 뚱보주름메뚜기에 대한 조사 자료가 부족하여 먼저 방형구법을 이용 하여 2021년 3월부터 6월까지 월 1회 서식지 내 개체군 밀도를 확인한 결과 6개체/100㎡(3월), 2개체/100㎡(5, 6월)로 각각 영월과 제천에서 가장 많은 개체가 확인되었고, 지역 간에 유의한 차이는 나타나지 않았다(p > 0.05). 선조사법을 이용하여 2022년 3월부터 6월까지 월 3회 개체군 밀도를 확인한 결과 1.5(±0.79)개체/100㎡, 0.76(±0.11)개체/100㎡로 각각 영월과 제천에서 4월에 가장 많은 개체가 확인되었고, 지역 간에 유의한 차이는 나타나지 않았다(p > 0.05). 조사 방법에 따라 시기와 면적에 차이가 있어 이 두 방법을 정확히 비교할 수 없으나, 공통 적으로 3, 4월 약충 시기에 많은 개체가 확인되는 것을 알 수 있었다.
        2024.04 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        In the study, a variation of Haemaphysalis longicornis, a major vector of fever-causing conditions, was statistically analyzed to identify the spatial and climatic factors affecting the time-dependent variations of its population. The survey occurred in different habitats in South Korea. In addition, we developed a predictive model by using a probability function to find the peak occurrence time annually. As a result, the numbers of adults and nymphs were found to be related to temperature and relative humidity and their population peaked at the end of May in all habitats except deciduous forests. This study is expected to provide information on habitat types, times, and climate patterns that require attention to help control H. longicornis populations.
        2024.04 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        외래종 등검은말벌은 양봉농가에 막대한 경제적 피해를 입히는 대표적인 양봉 해충으로 알려져 있다. 본 연구 에서는 경북 의성 및 안동 일대에서 양봉장 주변 2km 지점 내에 발생하는 등검은말벌의 벌집 밀도에 대해 조사하 였다. 조사기간은 2023년 12월 1-20일까지 조사되었으며 육안, 망원경 및 드론을 통해 가능한 한 모든 지점을 조사하였다. 이번 조사에서 발견된 총 등검은말벌 벌집 수는 133개로 조사되었다. 그 중 의성에 위치한 5곳의 양봉장에서는 총 67개로 평균 13.4개, 안동에 위치한 5곳의 양봉장에서는 총 66개로 평균 13.2개로 나타나 두 지역이 거의 유사한 경향을 나타내었다. 10개의 양봉장 중 안동 안기동 일대 양봉장에서 최대 26개의 등검은말벌 벌집이 발견되었으며 의성 단촌 일대 양봉장에서는 4개만이 발견되어 큰 격차를 보였다. 양봉장에 피해는 주는 등검은말벌의 출현 비율은 주변 벌집 밀도에 영향을 직접적으로 받고 있기 때문에 정확한 밀도 및 거리 등을 토대로 적절한 방제 전략이 필요할 것으로 보인다.
        2024.04 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        Insects, constituting a classification group with exceptionally high diversity, account for over half of all known species on Earth and over 80% of the animal kingdom, holding potential for diverse genetic resources. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the distribution of terrestrial insects in major surveyed areas, focusing on firefly habitats in Muju-gun and key locations such as Ilsadae, Pahoe, Sushimdae, and Naedori Riverside Park in Muju-gun, to acquire fundamental data for the exploration and management of natural resources. As result of survey, Total 12 order, 104 family, 314 species of insect has been confirmed.
        2024.04 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        The purpose of this study is to select various insect species for healing resources and develop a healing program in order to use insect as a healing agriculture. In this study, there are two kinds of breeding kit were developed, one for Gryllus bimaculatus and the other for Oxya chinensis sinuosa. Using these insect breeding kits, we conducted a survey of 60 children and the elderly. In the case of children, the results of the insect breeding satisfaction showed that 30.6% said that the sound of crickets was very good, and 11.1% said that it was good. In addition, the higher the child's awareness of insects, the higher the proportion of children who wanted to raise insects in the future. As a result of a survey of seniors, 45.2% do not like insects and 51.6% are not interested, meaning that most seniors are not very interested in insects. However, the emotions after breeding insects showed positive results, with 45.2% saying their personality became brighter, 48.4% reducing their anger, 48.4% relieving their irritation, 54.8% relieving loneliness, 58.1% feeling more responsible, and 51.6% developing intimacy.
        2024.04 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        A surveillance of chigger mites was performed to monitor the incidence of scrub typhus vectors at four environmental collection points in two locations (Sunchang and Haenam) in the Honam region of Korea from August to December 2023. During the surveillance period, 4,174 chigger mites were collected and the predominant species were Leptotrombidium scutellare (94.3%). The density of chigger mites had the peaked at 44 week (10.26~11.1), while the density of patients peaked at 45 week (11.2~11.8) respectively. A positive correlation (r=0.69) observed between scrub typhus patients and vectors. This result suggests that this vector surveillance method will be useful for alarm system of tsutsugamushi disease. However, the relationship between scrub typhus cases and chigger mite density will be studied through long-term periodic surveillance.
        2024.04 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
        현재 기후변화 및 산업화 등으로 생물다양성 감소, 환경오염에 대한 위기가 확산되고 있어 지속가능한 미래설 계에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 이에 따라, 본 연구에서는 대표 도시숲인 국립세종수목원에 조성된 총 16개 전시원을 대상으로 총 6차례에 걸쳐 방문곤충과 화분매개곤충 다양성을 조사하였다. 조사시기별 분석결과로 2차(‘23.7.31) 조사 시기에 가장 다양한 종을 확인할 수 있었으며(총 80종), 전시원별 분석결과 숲정원에서 가장 다양한 종을 확인할 수 있었다(총 59종). 또한 주요 식물 6종(배롱나무, 나무수국, 무궁화, 좀개미취, 범부채, 부처 꽃)에 7~10월 기간 중 양봉꿀벌, 애황나나니, 호박벌, 네발나비, 호랑나비, 흰점박이꽃무지, 호리꽃등에, 배짧은 꽃등에가 화분매개 행동을 하는 것을 확인하였다. 본 발표에서는 2023년 국립세종수목원 전시원 내 방문곤충 및 화분매개곤충 다양성 연구의 구체적인 결과를 제시하고, 곤충의 보전 필요성, 도시숲 내 체계적인 방문곤충 및 화분매개곤충 조사의 중요성에 대하여 논하고자 한다.
        2024.03 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The current survey form of grassland has not played its role in managing the grassland effectively because of the ambiguous questionnaire items and the absence of method and time of the investigation. Therefore, this study was conducted to clarify and add the items for effective of grassland management. The survey form of grassland was regulated in Article 16 of the Enforcement Rules of the Grassland Act (Survey on Grasslands Management Status, etc.). The five contents that needed improvement were the grassland owner, the survey timing and method of established grassland, grassland used livestock, grassland usage condition, and grassland grade. In the improved survey form of grassland, the grassland owner was changed to the grassland manager. In addition, ‘Survey by each land’ was added to the improved survey form in which the managers can survey each land. The dimension of each grassland establishment method was deleted in the grassland establishment time and method. In the livestock using grassland, the number of livestock and the area where livestock are used were added, and the number of other livestock was added, too. The grassland grade was decided as the combined score by three evaluation categories; grassland usage, the ratio of forage production in grassland and kinds of forage. The high, middle, and low grades were over 8, 6~7, and under 5 points in the combined score, respectively. The results show that the changed survey form of grassland can make grassland management more efficient by materializing the subject of grassland management and the survey terminology and methods.
        2024.01 KCI 등재 SCOPUS 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization and Ices Explorer (SPHEREx) will provide all-sky spectral survey data covering optical to mid-infrared wavelengths with a spatial resolution of 6.′′2, which can be widely used to study galaxy formation and evolution. We investigate the galaxy-galaxy blending in SPHEREx datasets using the mock galaxy catalogs generated from cosmological simulations and observational data. Only ∼0.7% of the galaxies will be blended with other galaxies in all-sky survey data with a limiting magnitude of 19 AB mag. However, the fraction of blended galaxies dramatically increases to ∼7–9% in the deep survey area around the ecliptic poles, where the depth reaches ∼22 AB mag. We examine the impact of the blending in the number count and luminosity function analyses using the SPHEREx data. We find that the number count can be overestimated by up to 10–20% in the deep regions due to the flux boosting, suggesting that the impact of galaxy-galaxy blending on the number count is moderate. However, galaxy-galaxy blending can marginally change the luminosity function by up to 50% over a wide range of redshifts. As we only employ the magnitude limit at Ks-band for the source detection, the blending fractions determined in this study should be regarded as lower limits.
        2024.01 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        이 연구는 국내 체류 외국인 유학생들의 성공적인 학업 적응 방안에 대해 제언하기 위해 충남 J대학 유학생 230명을 대상으로 학업, 대학생 활, 학업 적응 관련 요구 등에 대한 설문조사를 하였다. 외국인 유학생들 은 한국 기업에 취업하기 위해 한국의 대학에서 유학 생활을 하고 있는 데, 학업 과정에서 언어와 문화 적응에 어려움을 겪고 있으며, 이러한 어 려움은 주로 동일 언어권 유학생들 간 의지를 통해 해결하고 있는 것으 로 나타났다. 또한 수강 신청 과목 선택, 기숙사와 같은 거주 환경에서 다른 문화권 학생과의 생활, 취업 및 단기 아르바이트 정보 획득 등에서 어려움을 겪고 있었다. 유학생들의 학업 적응에서 가장 필요한 것은 튜 터링, 멘토-멘티, 한국어능력을 위한 한국어수업 등과 같은 한국어 능력 향상 프로그램이었다. 유학생들의 성공적인 대학생활과 학업 적응을 위 해서는 대학뿐만 아니라 지역사회도 많은 관심을 가져야 한다. 또한 유 학생들을 지역특화인재로 육성하는 시스템을 구축하고 특화된 교육콘텐 츠를 제공해서 보다 안정적으로 대학생활과 학업에 집중할 수 있도록 해 야 한다.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 SCOPUS 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        Currently, Japan is undertaking a nationwide project to measure and map radioactive contamination around Fukushima, as part of the efforts to restore normalcy following the nuclear accident. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) manages the Fukushima Environmental Safety Center, located approximately 20 km north of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Minamisōma City, Fukushima Prefecture. In collaboration with the JAEA, this study involved conducting comparison experiments and analyses with radiation detectors in high radiation environments, a challenging task in Korean environments. Environmental radiation surveys were conducted using three types of detectors: CZT, NaI(Tl), and LaBr3(Ce), across two contaminated areas. Dose rate values were converted using dose rate conversion factors for each detector type, and dose rate maps were subsequently created and compared. The detectors yielded similar results, demonstrating their feasibility and reliability in high radiation environments. The findings of this study are expected to be a crucial reference for enhancing the verification and supplementation of procedures and methods in future radiation measurements and mobile surveys in high-radiation environments, using these three types of radiation instruments.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        메타버스는 탐험, 사회적 상호 작용, 창의적 표현이 가능한 오픈 월드를 특성으로 하며, 대표적인 메타버스 플랫폼인 로블록스는 십대에게 다양한 게임을 제공하고 있다. 십대 청소년은 엔터테인먼트뿐만 아니라 커뮤 니케이션, 가상 구매, 일탈을 위해 게임에 참여한다. 이에 따라 십대 유저와 아바타 간의 관계를 연구는 계속 되었다. 본 연구는 러시아 십대 유저를 대상으로 로블록스 플레이어의 게임 동기와 아바타의 동기화 사이의 연관성을 조사한다. 본 논문을 위해 러시아 십대 청소년 133명을 대상으로 게임 동기와 아바타 동기화 부문 에 대한 20개의 문항으로 구성된 온라인 설문조사를 실시했다. 그 결과 게임 동기와 아바타 동기화 사이에 상관관계가 나타났다. 일례로 일탈을 위해 로블록스를 하는 유저는 아바타를 자신(아바타-나)과 같다고 인식 하는 것으로 나타났으며, 사회적 동기를 갖고 로블록스를 즐기는 유저는 아바타를 하나의 도구로 인식하는 것으로 나타났다. 아바타를 '나'로 인식하는 것은 모든 게임 동기와 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 본 논문의 연구 결과는 아바타의 외형이 아바타 동기화와 높은 관련이 있다는 것을 보여주었다. 유저가 아바 타를 어떻게 인식하는 지를 이해하는 것은 메타버스 내에서 보다 안전하고 사용자 친화적인 온라인 환경을 조성하고 더 많은 플레이어를 끌어들이는 데 있어서 매우 중요한 요소임을 확인하였다.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        River estuaries are dynamic and productive ecosystems with high regional biodiversity. Environmental DNA (eDNA) has become a useful approach to assessing biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems. This study was conducted to investigate fish community characteristics and species diversity in two river estuary ecosystems, the Taehwa River and Changwon Stream. We further compared conventional and eDNA metabarcoding analyses of the fish communities. The conventional survey was performed in May, July, and October 2022, while the eDNA analysis was conducted only in May. We observed various fish species with different life histories, including carp, goby, and marine fish. We also found that migratory fish, such as dace Tribolodon hakonensis, sweetfish Plecoglossus altivelis, and eel Auguilla japonica, occurred in the Taehwa River, suggesting high river connectivity. Marine fish species were predominant in the Changwon Stream, as this river is located close to the sea. The diversity indices showed that the Taehwa River generally had higher species richness, evenness, and diversity values than the Changwon Stream. A total of 9-19 species were detected in the conventional survey for the three sites, whereas 11-18 species were found from eDNA analysis. The findings indicate that the sensitivity of eDNA was similar to or higher than that of the conventional method. Our study findings suggest the efficiency and efficacy of eDNA-based fish community monitoring, although with some shortcomings in applying the genetic marker to Korean fish, including no clear-cut distinction for Korean endemic species and/or genetically closely related species groups.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        This study was conducted to investigate whether there were differences in eco-friendly food, home meal replacement (HMR) purchases, and eating-out behavior according to the level of agri-food consumer competence. The data for the study were extracted from main food consumers (n=3,321) in the 2022 Food Consumption Behavior Survey. The competence index was divided into awareness-attitude-practice items, and three groups were classified by competence level. The results showed an agri-food consumer competency score of 70.62, with the highest score for awareness (73.96), followed by practice (69.28) and attitude (66.18). The frequency of purchasing eco-friendly food was higher in the excellent group compared to other groups, and quality and price satisfaction was higher with higher competency (p<0.001). Regarding HMR, the results showed that the shortage group had the lowest HMR consumption rate, and satisfaction decreased as competence decreased (p<0.001). The main reason for eating-out was to enjoy food in all groups (59.0%), followed by a lack of cooking time in the excellent group (15.7%) and hassle with food preparation in the moderate and shortage groups (17.3%, 16.6%) (p<0.001). In short, agri-food consumption competency showed differences by contents and components, and differences in food purchases and eating-out behavior by competency level were found.
        2023.12 KCI 등재 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
        The limitation in deriving the species richness representing the entire country of South Korea lies in its relatively short history of species field observations and the scattered observation data, which has been collected by various organizations in different fields. In this study, a comprehensive compilation of the observation data for plants held by agencies under the Ministry of Environment was conducted, enabling the construction of a time series dataset spanning over 100 years. The data integration was carried out using minimal criteria such as species name, observed location, and time (year) followed by data verification and correction processes. Based on the integrated plant species data, the comprehensive collection of plant species in South Korea has occurred predominantly since 2000, and the number of plant species explored through these surveys appears to be converging recently. The collection of species survey data necessary for deriving national-level biodiversity information has recently begun to meet the necessary conditions. Applying the Chao 2 method, the species richness of indigenous plants estimated at 3,182.6 for the 70-year period since 1951. A minimum cumulative period of 7 years is required for this estimation. This plant species richness from this study can be a baseline to study future changes in species richness in South Korea. Moreover, the integrated data with the estimation method for species richness used in this study appears to be applicable to derive regional biodiversity indices such as for local government units as well.
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