This study aims to evaluate the concentration of biomarkers for heavy metals and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for the residents living in the Gwangyang industrial complex to compare with residents in the residential area as a control. A total of 810 healthy adults participated in this study, and their urinary and blood samples were analyzed for metals, including As, Pb, Cd, or Hg, and VOC compounds. All study participants also completed questionnaire surveys to collect more detailed information on personal lifestyles, dietary and drinking habits, residential housings types, and their health conditions. The geometric means of urinary levels of Cd were 1.06 g/g creatinine for those living in the vicinity of Gwangyang industrial complex and 1.41 g/g creatinine for those in residential areas (p<0.05). Furthermore, urinary mean levels of Hg were 1.39 μg/g creatinine in the industrial area and 1.23 μg/g creatinine in the control area, respectively. The concentrations of individual VOCs in blood were significantly different between the two population groups. Therefore, urinary levels of Cd and Hg were significantly higher in the local residents compared to the Gwangyang industrial areas. A further study is needed to identify adverse health effects due to environmental exposures to heavy metals, VOCs, and other pollutants in the Gwangyang industrial complex areas in the future.
The objective of this study is to investigate the satisfaction of elementary, middle and high school nutrition teachers in the Chungnam province concerning the free school food service. We surveyed satisfaction related to policies on school food service and the school food service center. Satisfaction on the school food service center was separated according to four dimensions; perception, food materials, operational system and service. Furthermore, we analyzed factors that affect satisfaction with the school food service center with a multiple regression model. First, satisfaction about the free school food service and dietary life education are higher than the total average of satisfaction with the policy about the school food service. Second, satisfaction about a variety of food materials and reasonable prices are lower than total average of satisfaction with the school food service center. Third, when more teachers have a high level of a positive perception and have higher satisfaction with the operational system of the school food service center, then they also subsequently display higher satisfaction with the school food service center. Therefore it is necessary to improve or make up for pricing and diversity on food materials by the school food service center.
The objective of this study was to propose motivation for the analysis of consumer’s purchasing behavior and willingness to pay for the new soymilk products in cooperative stores. We surveyed the purchasing behavior, willingness to purchase, willingness to pay, and impact factors on willingness to pay. The results indicated that most consumers drank soymilk more than once per week. The reasons for consuming soymilk were health, nutrition, and taste, in order. When purchasing soymilk, consumers considered environment-friendly, quality, country of origin, brand, and price, consecutively. Taste was also an essential quality factor. Thus, consumers showed some willingness to purchase new soymilk products. In addition, cooperative members considered environmental characteristics of raw material and improvement of preference for final product as more important than functionality or food additives. Differentiation of process and marketing strategies are required for the development of soymilk products for cooperative members.
This study was conducted to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of Cheonggukjang extract in in-vitro and in-vivo models. T98G-human glioblastoma cells were pretreated with various concentrations (1~10 mg/mL) of Cheonggukjang extract for 24 h and then exposed to H2O2 (1 mM) for 3 h. The neuroprotective effects of Cheonggukjang extract were measured using a CCK-8 kit assay, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay. The early stage focal ischemia rodent model was used as the in-vivo neurotoxicity model. Various concentrations (10~200 mg) of Cheonggukjang extract were administered to the animal models for 1 week. Peripheral blood was analyzed for glutathione peroxidase (GPx) expression by ELISA, and infarct volume reduction was analyzed by TTC staining. Cheonggukjang extract significantly (p<0.05) increased cell viability in T98G cells against H2O2 as well as against the induced neurotoxicity. Indeed, treatment with the Cheonggukjang extract induced a decrease in ROS and LDH expression and increased TAC significantly (p<0.05). However, Cheonggukjang extract did not induce a decrease in infarct volume or an increase in GPx expression in the in-vivo model. Despite the limitation in neuroprotection, Cheonggukjang extract may be useful for treating ROS injury.
The objective of this study is to propose an export strategy due to an analysis of USA and Japan consumer's perception and willingness-to-pay for flower tea. For that, we conducted a survey on the consumer's perception on flower tea compared with leaf tea such as green tea. We also analyzed the willingness to purchase and pay for it. The reasons of drinking of flower tea for USA consumer are 'flavor'-followed by 'taste', and for Japanese consumer 'relaxation'-followed by 'flavor' in order. Both of them consider 'quality', 'safety'- and 'origin' in order when they purchase flower tea. USA consumers have a willingness-to-pay of about 8.3% and Japanese consumers have a willingness-to-pay of about 29.1%. Based on those results, it is necessary to differentiate the process and marketing strategies for the export of flower tea.
The physical properties of jellified soybean curd residue (Biji) with the addition of various gums were investigated to optimize the direct availability of a by-product of the tofu production process. The lightness (L value) of the jellified Biji prepared with various gums was approximately 77~80, regardless of the concentration of gum used. Especially at the concentration of 0.1% and 0.3%, a pectin showed a significantly higher value compared with other gelling agents (carrageenan and agar). The strength of samples prepared on the basis of carrageenan showed the value of 335~569 g/㎠ and 234~335 g/㎠ according to the addition of locust bean gum and xanthan gum, respectively. On the other hand, the samples made with pectin and agar were 134~272 g/㎠ and 50~215 g/㎠, respectively. Where locust bean gum was used as a viscous agent, the adhesiveness of sample prepared by adding carrageenan was greater than those made with pectin or agar. The values were －6.0~－11.0 g, －2.7~－10.2 g and －3.7~－7.0 g, respectively. Overall, the strength and adhesiveness of samples according to increase of the added amount of Biji showed constantly increasing trend regardless of the type of gelling agent used. In the sample containing carrageenan this trend was most noticeable.
조선시대 대동여지도와 동국여지승람을 바탕으로 우리나라 도로망이 처음 시작되어, 현재까지 꾸준히 도로가 건설되고 발전을 거듭하고 있다. 그러나 정보통신의 발전은 조선 후기 우정총국이 설립되면서 처음 시작 되었으나, 최근 들어 급속한 발전을 거듭하여 2007년 우리나라의 시초라 할 수 있는 스마트폰의 도입으로 도로 건설 및 관리 분야에도 스마트 기기를 활용한 시스템이 도입되어 국가 발전의 선구자 역할을 주도 하고 있다. 우리 생 활과 밀접한 관계가 있는 도로 포장 및 유지보수 관리에 스마트 기기를 활용함으로 효과적이고 정확한 도로 포장 유지보수 관리를 체계적으로 운영 할 수 있으므로 국민들의 편의를 제공하고 있다. 한국건설기술연구원은 도로 포장의 효율적 관리를 보다 체계적으로 수행하기 위하여, 1990년부터 도로포장관리시스템(PMS : Pavement Management System)을 지금까지 운영하고 있다. 도로 포장의 유지보수 관리를 위하여 전국 일반국도의 현황, 교통량, 구조물의 위치, 포장의 구조, 유지보수 이력, 공사현장, 포장의 상태 등을 현장과 동일하게 파악하는 것이 무엇보다 중요하다. 그래서 1999년부터 최첨단 포장 상태 조사 장비를 도입하여 현장 조사를 실시하고, 실내에 들어와 컴퓨터로 분석 및 관리함으로 현장에서 확인하기 어려운 상황과 자료 취합까지 다소 시간이 걸리게 된다. 과거에도 개인용 휴대단말기(PDA : Personal Digital Assistant)를 활용하여 도로 포장 자료 관리를 하려고 하였으나, 느린 통신과 무거운 단말기 등 기술적 제약으로 실무에 널리 활용되지 못하는 한계가 있었다. 그러나 최근 들어 스마트 기기의 발전으로 빠른 통신과 휴대가 가편하면서 저장 용량으로 관리 할 수 있는 방법이 개발 되었다. 한국건설기술연구원에서는 도로 포장 자료 관리의 체계적인 데이터 관리, 현장의 실시간 자료 확립 및 정확한 위치와 현황 파악을 목적으로 스마트 기기를 활용한 도로포장자료관리시스템(PDMS)를 구현하였다.
본 연구에서는 Tablet을 활용하여 상세조사구간 실사 정보를 입력 할 수 있는 프로그램을 개발하고 관련 정보를 일반국도 포장자료 데이터베이스와 연동 할 수 있는 기능을 개발하였다. 이러한 개발을 통하여 전국 일반 국도의 도로현황, 포장상태, 구조물의 정확한 위치, 교통량의 정보 등을 실시간으로 확인이 가능하며, 현장 위치를 파악할 수 있다. 그리고 현장에서 조사된 자료가 실시간 확인이 가능함으로 도로포장관리를 효과적이고 체계적인 관리가 확보되고, 포장상태 조사와 평가에 많은 신뢰성으로 예산의 효율적 배치 및 정확한 정보 서비스 할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.
The objective of this study is to propose the motivation of the analysis on consumer’s purchase behavior and willingness-to-pay for flower tea. Therefore, we survey the purchase behaviors on flower teas as compared with leaf teas such as green teas. We also analyze the willingness to purchase and pay for such teas. The reasons for consuming flower teas are ‘flavor’, ‘beauty/diet’, ‘health’, consecutively. Consumers prioritize ‘safety’, ‘quality’, ‘price’, and ‘design’ when purchasing flower teas. Nevertheless, it is also essential to consider ‘flavor’ as a quality factor. It is necessary to differentiate the process and marketing strategies for the development of flower teas.
The objective of this study is to propose activation ways through an analysis on processing actual conditions and quality of farm food. For the analysis we have surveyed the actual condition of farms and conducted sensory test on farm food. Difficulties of farm business are in order to ‘preparation of papers’, ‘facility standard’, ‘improvement of quality’ and ‘labeling’. Overall, products from major food companies achieved better results than farm foods in all sensory test. It is necessary to educate the ‘Food Sanitation Act’ and prepare a manual for the development of farm food.
This purposes of this study were to explain consumer attitudes and purchasing behaviors towards agricultural products using a social network service and to determine the influencing factors such as experience, technology ability, innovation, self-efficacy, perception of usefulness, perception of trust, attitude, purpose of purchase and individual characteristics on them. We analyzed the survey data set, using the ‘logit model’, ‘simultaneous equation model’, and ‘LISREL-Type model’ In this study, the results obtained are summarized as follows. The result for the comprehensive statement of “Trust” was the biggest influence on the purchase agricultural products using the social network service. Therefore, in order to expand agricultural e-commerce using SNS, trust should be to the fore of marketing and publicity campaigns, in order to promote and stabilize the market.
본 연구는 식품 관련 기업과 공공기관에서 요구되는 인력의 역량 항목과 전공과목의 업무 관련 중요도를 조사하고, 여러 종류의 식품 관련 자격증에 대한 가치를 추정하여 식품 관련 인력의 수요를 예측하고자 하였다. 또한 설문 조사 결과의 신뢰성을 높이기 위해 식품 기업과 공공 기관의 업무 경험이 적어도 3년 이상된 실무자들을 대상으로 설문 조사를 실시하였다. 기업 및 공공기간에서 신입사원 채용 판단 기준 분석에 있어서 가장 중요하게 보는 것은 인성 및 성격, 식품전문지식 및 컴퓨터 능력의 순으로 나타났다. 기업별 및 공공기관으로 나누어 볼 때, 공공기관에서는 식품전문지식, 출신학교 및 학력이 기업군에 비해 중요하게 여기고 있으며, 자격증은 위탁급식업체에서 가장 중요하게 판단하는 것으로 나타났다. 업무와 전문과목 관련 중요도 분석 결과, 법규 및 위생 관련 과목이 중요하게 판단되는 것으로 나타났다.