The Diviner He – Group inscriptions of Shang oracle-bone inscriptions (i.e., Period III) feature an unusual of the word xiang鄉. Although past studies have treated it as part of the divination charge, I argue in this paper that it should be understood instead as a sort of verification or crack notation, indicating that the spirits have “received” the communication being divined. I then use evidence in the Mozi 墨子 and the Shanghai Museum manuscript of the Zhou Yi 周易 to argue that this function of xiang as a verification continued into the Zhou dynasty, and is the original form of the word heng 亨 seen in the formula yuan heng li zhen 元亨利貞 of the Zhou Yi. On the basis of this identification, I propose a new way to understand Zhou Yi divination.
Scientific sampling principle to determine the material scope, complete Western zhou Dynasty Bronze script inscriptions and writing with the word heterogeneous quantitative analysis. Yin-Shang Dynasty Oracle bone script to avoid repetition of words for reference, reveal Western zhou Bronze script’s writing to avoid repetition feature: writing to avoid repetition means diversification, character element block surface changes become new heterogeneous manner, to avoid repetition frequency of keeping pace with the times.
The text understanding from culture, is the study of Chinese characters. This article discusses Oracle bone script “Ce” the word of this form and use cases, and the cult and “Ce”, write an essay on the relationship between the Yin-Shang Dynasty period with offering a vassal noble tribute of the acquisition. “Ce” of Bu ci word out of the local aristocracy offer a list of items. In this article “Ce” by the function of the word, to reflect king of the Yin Dynasty through by offering and “Ce” way, grasps the central religious, political and economic power.
This paper is written for east and west foreign beginners to learn Chinese characters. The Chinese characters difficult in writing and learning, is there any solution to learn it easily? This paper proposed using Oracle's shape and characters background to teaching Chinese characters method. After two times of experiment and gives some different results.
Oracle bone script “car” glyph, there is a special writing is “ ”. According to the font structure, it may be like shaft end on the sharp instruments of ancient "punch" form. This paper argues that it is said that the ancient blunt car pictographs, should release for one of the ancient city means “ ”. Objective group kind of mistakes, there is a in the usage and grammar is very close to the position with the word. Words from the example, also can regard as verb “ ”. Look from the font, like to break a high building or shape of the gate. In the “font” and “speech cases”, the two words are different words said the same word “衝” Tong-yong zi possibility is very large.
It researches the abundant figures and edits the history development, analyzes the permutation and theory, shows the diversity and contribution for the traditional wordage in written form and the representation of characters.
This paper pointed out that there was a lot of wealth of information about Chinese characters in document of WeiJin and SouthernNorthern Dynasties. The period was also a period of surge in the number of Chinese characters. The new Chinese characters in this time are commonly used and high-frequency. Most of the new Chinese characters of the period are pictophonetics.
The change of position of the components is a phenomenon that the same components change their places. This paper is based on the study of the stone inscription in the period of South & North Dynasty. We research, count and describe the position changes of Chinese character. After compared to the clerical script in Han dynasty, we try to reveal the use regulation and producing merchanism of this phenomenon. Through the statistic and analysis of related data, we find that there are two kinds of position changes of component in in Wei, Jin and South & North Dynasty. They are direct position change of components and indirect position change of components. direct position change of components are the main stream. At last we conclude that position change of components were often happened in in Wei, Jin and South & North Dynasty. It reflects that the messy situation of Chinese character in in Wei, Jin and South & North Dynasty.
Text phase of the Chinese characters, after two thousand years of evolution, from Seal script to Li, Li into Kai, phonogram was gained. Changes in the social unrest, the Chinese characters in the overall population surge, the trend of commonly used Chinese characters form to keep stability, it is necessary to start from the history of literature, combining qualitative and quantitative statistical method to carry on the inspection. So we select middle ages the most representative dictionaries “Shuo Wen” and “Yu Pian” comparative analysis, time distribution roughly the pre-Qin,Liang Han, Wei-jin, Liu Chao dynasties to Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan Dynasties, the multiple perspectives analysis investigation mediaeval period adverted use of inheritance.
In the Chinese culture sphere, many countries has changed the usage of the Chinese characters, or words were made on the basis of the derived general characters and Chinese characters. These words. through people or literature communication, spread to each country and be used and experienced complicated historical process. It ア ワ ビ (鲍鱼) is concerned, in ancient China the corresponding character are " 鲍 ". On the basis of ア ワ ビ, the word "蚫 " appeared, but there is a lot of controversy about its literal meaning source, because it came from both China and Japan. Also the word "蚫" iappeared later, is from China and Japan, two kinds of views. Through network investigation using Chinese characters in a large number of existing literature material, as well as documents, such as Mu Jian unearthed in the goods, and detailed study the case-by-case, "鲍" word originated in China the possibility of more. But about be replace radical "蚫", it is obvious that the application of South Korea and Japan than China early. About the ancient Chinese culture sphere make a word and dissemination of the actual situation, the future full collection literature material, understand each literature have close studies of this, for each word carefully in the comparative study, in the hope that this can be based on a Chinese culture sphere, It will be change and communicate by the actual situation. By further studies the specific actual condition for such words, which are not high frequency of use, can be accurately reproduced and it will make Chinese characters more dynamic.
King Jeongjo (king of the Joseon Dynasty) 16 age, “government journal” records are King Jeongjo “countermeasures” and submit “countermeasures article” of historical facts, this is north Korea's age that one of the most popular events of research history of the later study often has an important influence and significance. At the same time, we are through the fathers “countermeasures text” and six minister “countermeasures article” of analysis, we can understand the Joseon Dynasty of Chinese graphological study status and level.
1. On the basis of the study on lection’s glyph in QiZhi Manuscripts-《Guwen Xiaojing Kongshi Zhuan》, we can guess the character pattern of 《Gu Wen Xiao Jing》 introduced into Japan. 2. Through comparing QiZhi Manuscripts-《Guwen Xiaojing Kongshi Zhuan》with the one of Japanese old manuscripts in 12th century,it proves that the character pattern of Japanese old manuscripts have strong continuity. It also proves that we can rebuild the Suitang dynasty’s classical lection by using the character pattern in Japanese old manuscripts《Gu Wen Xiao Jing》. When comparing QiZhi Manuscripts-《Guwen Xiaojing Kongshi Zhuan》with the one of Japanese old manuscripts, if just compare the similarities and differences of the text, we can get the information mistaken to write off on the text. However, QiZhi Manuscripts-《Guwen Xiaojing Kongshi Zhuan》unearthed tray fragments of articles can not be fully collated. Nevertheless, although stray fragments of articles, we look at the glyph when copying, we can still get a lot of information.
If the identified documents “seal script” cases of words, the pre-Qin era “seal script” is the bamboo place protuberance shaped bar mean, and points out that the reinforcement of the sample state as stroke up lines generally. After the “seal script” and font name connected consider is “the classical school” attempt. Especially as a “the classical school” according to the 《Rites of Zhou》 of the accounts of to focus on investigation of usage. 《Rites of Zhou》 of officer and towel car record, it is to point to sculpture in the carriage on the pattern and the 《Rites of Zhou》 of cultural relics and archaeological record the 《Taiyuan Jin Tomb of Zhao Qing》 of chariots and horses from comparison at the same time, from the Angle of the classical school of investigation to explore, carved in the carriage pattern “seal script” is the name of the font, and seal script has some connection.
The paper first inspected the Meiji translation words of the two countries in the spread of the situation, then analysis the Meiji words translation in the two countries accept condition. Point out that the Meiji translation words so natural to east Asian countries, making the "language of modernization" rapid development. Western culture through the Meiji translation words, permeated east Asia. Therefore, the author thinks that “translation is culture disseminator”.
There are three kinds of Chinese public specifications- Chinese characters commonly used, Chinese characters used for name, JIS ( Japanese industrial standard) Chinese characters. And the Chinese characters commonly used had been re-regulated in 2010. This is in order to adapt to the information society in recent years in Japanese writing for the target machine, linkage information in Chinese characters, Chinese characters table about new commonly used several Chinese characters, the same radical, but with a different orthographic representation.This article on why will have this kind of situation, face the reality how future considerations, about corresponding to its reason, the postwar Chinese policy change to consider.
This paper tries to Na xi dong ba wen and inscriptions on oracle bones with “點dian” ideographic configuration characteristics of comparative study, in order to each other's personality and common knowledge slightly. Compared with the DongBaWen naxi “點dian” to some frequent, configuration ability more hasten is diverse and broad. And the inscriptions on oracle bone script with “點dian” basic tend to be fixed and amount of points, tend to be limited to stipple, simplify the alleged function is more outstanding, Na xi dong ba wen is on the development and perfection of degree and oracle bone script has quite a distance, but the distance on the calculated for later generations in oracle bone script failed to identify the circulation word interpretation, can provide some circumstantial evidence.
Xi-Yin writing Chinese characters is a kind of special form, it with the historical evolution of the Chinese characters change. As a kind of practical writing and artistic form of union, it has never left the category of Chinese characters, but also different from general characters written form, present a unique historical value and artistic charm. Based on the development of Chinese history longitudinal time sequence, induction and discusses the Xi-Yin writing in China from different periods, as well as the main form of the Chinese characters change along with the evolution of history context, trying to explain Chinese characters and Xi-Yin writing “river with the flow” coexist relationship, and then reveal Xi-Yin writing in China in the development of Chinese history.
Chinese culture is in the use of Chinese characters, communication, communication in the process of unique cultural form, its characteristics are mainly embodied in the Chinese cultural meaning beauty, rhyme beauty and beauty of calligraphy. The development of Chinese culture through prosperity, decline, Renaissance three periods. The historical development of the facts proved "Chinese characters backwardness theory", "Chinese characters cancel theory" of the absurd, at the same time to illustrate the development of writing has its own rules, it with specific countries or territories social overall development, especially the development of the economy and culture to adapt. So basically, Chinese culture was fading is by the national strength weak, backward economy and to the specific historical background, Chinese cultural Renaissance again is in east Asia, especially China's rapid economic rise of the inevitable result. Along with the Chinese cultural Renaissance again, Chinese character differences between countries constitute Chinese culture communication barriers, is becoming an inevitable in the development of Chinese culture and the problems to be solved. To solve this problem, the ideal way is Sinosphere countries work together to go the way of Chinese characters, which in Chinese font, font characters, the Chinese character coding, etc to realize unified and standardized. Chinese characters will be able to make Chinese culture in Chinese national cultural, economic, science and technology and other areas of communication and communication plays a more important role, the "group of magic oriental demon," said the world's oldest text will be at the height of the informatization and digitization, the modernization of the new century shine a gorgeous new color.