Since the digital chart consists of a large number of points, the effective method for the coastline data compression(CDC), storing the data compactly and reproducting the coastline feature accurately, is important. In the CDC, the key technique is to determine the optimal positions as node points in given coastlines. In this paper, a new CDC method, selecting node points with conspicuous coast positions in the view point on navigation and adopting spline interpolation to the nodes partly, is proposed. Using the northern part of KEOJE-DO coastline in Korean chart No.204, CDC experiments are carrie out with various compression ratio. The results fro the influence of coastline shape according to various CDC methods are discussed and presented.
Through the rapid development in personal computer technology, it has recently become possible to make a radar become possible to make a radar simulator based on the PC. Althougth such a technology has already been developed in the advanced countries like Japan, U.K., and U.S.A., our country has not been able to make such a simulator so far. In addition, revised STCW convention requires the maritime training institution to be equipped with the ARPA simulator satisfying the performance standard specified in the convention. In this thesis therefore, an attempt was made to developed the software of the ARPA radar simulation system using Visual Basic 4.0, with which we can finally make a Mockup style ARPA simulator satisfying the performance standard specified in the convention. In this thesis therefore, and attempt was made to developed the software of the ARPA radar simulation system using Visual Basic 4.0, with which we can finally make a Mockup style ARPA radar simulator. The system developed through the research has been found to run successfully on the desk top personal computer(586PC). A Mockup style ARPA radar simulator will be able to be made by simply installing this software on the PC which will be placed inside a ARPA radar Mockup, and this is one of the future research subjects.
Through the combination of existing tidal prediction model and numerical tidal model, the efficient tidal prediction system was formulated and applied to the neighboring area of Pusan port. Because all tidal constituents for tidal prediction (69 tidal constituents are normally used) couldn't be considered due to the physical limits on computing process, some errors between the observed and predicted values were inevitably occurred. But it was confirmed that the computed values with maximum 10% of relative errors can be obtained if four major tidal constituents(M2, S2, K1, O1) are used. Thus, if other constituents than four major tidal constituents are additionally used, more accurate values will be obtained. Furthermore, if the database for harmonic constants in coastal waters is made in advance, using the numerical tidal model, prompt tidal prediction can be achieved at any time when it is required.
There are several serious problems in treating shipboard wastewater due to special environmental conditions of ship, such as confined space, rolling and pitching, change of temperature and so on. It was suggested that Sequence Batch Reator (SBR) process might be suitable for overcoming above problems in terms of small size, high capacity of treating wastewater and full automation. In this study the SBR process was used for the secondary treatment of shipboard wastewater. The average removal efficiency of DOC, nitrogen, phosphorus and surfactants(MBAS) were studied and the effects of various C/N ration on the efficiency of treatment were investgated. From the experimental results it was convinced that the SBR process would be able to be used as a suitable process for removing organic matters and nitrogen in reuse system of shipboard wastewater.
The Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration were used to treat effluent of secondary municipal wastewater treatment system(Sequencing Batch Reactor). The cross-flow hollow fiber, UF 500,000(NMWC) and MF 0.65μ membrane were selected as suitable membrane. Short term and long term fouling effect were measured as a factor of flux decrease and the fouling removal effect of mixing air bubble in the penetrant was studied. The removal of anionic sulfactants before and after formation of micelle with several kinds of oil were checked. The test results show that removal of TOC was 70~80%, TN 28% and TP 16%. The decrease of flux due to fouling were 85%(UF) and 90%(MF) after running of 100hrs. The removal of anionic sulfactants were 60~70% notwithstanding micelle or not.