- 발행기관 한국공간구조학회
- 자료유형 학술지
- 간기 계간
- ISSN 1598-4095 (Print)2287-7401 (Online)
- 수록기간 2001 ~ 2024
- 주제분류 공학 > 건축공학 공학 분류의 다른 간행물
- 십진분류KDC 540DDC 690

권호리스트/논문검색

1.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

Following the earthquake that shook the city of Gyeongju, Korea, in 2016, it became apparent that research on the safety of cultural heritages against the seismic hazards is necessary in Korea. Predictions of how historically significant stone pagodas would behave the earthquakes anticipated in near future, which are the subject of this study, is also required. In this study, the dynamic characteristics of 15 cultural heritage designated stone pagodas of Korea were investigated, including natural frequency and damping ratio, and the stiffness of the stone material and its contact area were determined using eigenvalue analysis by assuming the stone pagodas to be multi-degree-of-freedom structures. The results of this study enable the structural modeling of stone pagodas using a finite element analysis program and the method is expected to be useful in assessing the structural safety of stone pagodas against vertical loads as well as lateral forces, including earthquakes. Also, by identifying the dynamic characteristics of the structures, the results of this study can be utilized as a nondestructive testing method to determine the rigidity of cultural heritage structures and to identify inherent problems. The natural frequencies of the Korean stone pagodas were measured to be within 3.5~8.3㎐, excluding cases with distinct natural frequency results, and it was determined that the natural frequencies of the stone pagodas are influenced by various parameters including the height and joint stiffness of the structures.

4,000원

2.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

In order to reduce the seismic response of the spatial structure, a seismic isolation system with sufficient flexibility is used. The natural period of structure with seismic isolation system got be long to avoid prominent period. In this study, The seismic response of the truss-arch structure, which is modeled in three types according to the rise-span ratio is analyzed on El-centro, Northridge and Artificial Earthquake and compared with the seismic response of the truss-arch structure with lead rubber bearing(LRB). When seismic load is applied to the truss arch with isolation system, the horizontal acceleration response of the truss arch is reduced and vertical seismic response is also reduced. The application of the seismic isolation system is effective in controlling the seismic response.

4,200원

3.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

Steel roof construction is on the most important and critical factors in the large spatial construction and necessary to be prepared under a radical planning. Therefore, the major management factors of steel roofing structure assembly must be critically reviewed during planning. Through the review process, it is necessary to reduce the construction cost, to prevent delays in the construction schedule, and to minimize construction errors. However, domestically due to the lack experience in large spatial constructions, a planning of roof construction is limited to have a radical planning. Especially due to unclear organization of the management factors in hierarchy, using them in reality for construction planning is difficult and reliability is low. Therefore, in this study, the goal is to conduct the major management factors in the large spatial construction. To achieve this, we have reviewed and analyzed the numbers of construction plans and construction reports and conducted a total 68 of the management factors. Based on the conducted factors, we have interviewed 16 experts with experience in large spatial construction. From the interview result, we have deduced the factors scored above 4.20 of 10 for critical factors. The results of this study will be used as a guidance for planning steel roofing structure assembly in large spatial construction. The critical factors will be provided to the site mangers for the quality management of large spatial constructions in practice.

4,000원

4.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

The identification of damping ratios in buildings is a well-known problem and appears to be of important and crucial interest in the safety and serviceability design. When compared to an estimation of the stiffness, i.e. natural frequency, and mass, the damping ratio is the most difficult quantity to determine. Many previous studies have examined the characteristics of damping ratios from ambient vibration, but the measurement time is roughly within 2 hours. In this paper, characteristics of damping ratios and natural frequencies of 4 story RC building were investigated using long-term ambient vibration. Free vibrations were obtained using random decrement technique, and damping ratios were evaluated by the envelop function, continuous wavelet transform, and logarithmic decrement. It was found that although the natural frequencies show little variations with time, the damping ratios show some variations with time and the largest variations found in the damping ratios obtained from the continuous wavelet transform. The damping ratios from the envelop function showed the smallest mean and standard deviation. And the probability distribution of damping ratios seems to follow the logarithmic normal distribution.

4,000원

5.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

Construction techniques and materials are developing and structures are designed to be irregular shaped, and therefore more detailed structural analysis is required. The purpose of this study is to analyze the cause of accidents related to falsework systems during construction and discuss prevention methods in order to prevent accidents relate to prefabricated shoring system during construction. In this paper structural analysis was conducted to study the influence of slab irregularity on system supports and analysis to investigate the participation of the bracing in the system support.

4,000원

6.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

The retractable roof structures have actions of various types of loads and external forces depending on the retraction and operation conditions of the roof in terms of efficiency of control and maintenance as the aspect of structural plan. In particular, there is a need for studies on the establishment of retraction controlled wind velocity to maintain the stable control and usability of roof structure against strong winds or sudden gusts during the retraction of the roof. In this paper, it was intended to provide basic materials for the development of guidelines on the operation and maintenance of domestic retractable buildings with large space by analyzing the factors affecting the retraction controlled wind velocity for the overseas stadiums with the large spatial retractable roof structures where the sliding system was applied on the steel retractable systems. As a result, the controlled wind velocity tends to decrease as the retractable roof area increases. On the other hand, the controlled wind velocity tends to increase as the retraction time increases. In addition, in the space-grid roof structures, the spherical roof structures type showed the average controlled wind velocity of 10m/sec lower than that of 17.3m/sec for curved-roof structure type, and in the curved-roof structure type, the truss roof structure showed the average controlled wind velocity of 8.9m/sec which is lower than that of 17.3m/sec for the space for the space-grid roof structure.

4,000원

7.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

The purpose of this study was to analyze some parameters’ effects on buckling behavior of Sinusoidal Corrugated Web using finite element analysis program. Studying buckling behavior is one of the most important things to design sinusoidal corrugated web girders and predict the shear performance. In this paper, Four parameters of Sinusoidal Corrugated Web, which are thickness( ), height( ), wave height( ) and wave length( ), were selected for buckling behavior analysis. Via buckling analysis, it is shown that , and have influence on shear buckling stress, Initial stiffness and reduced strength after buckling.

4,000원

8.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

As the number of high-rise buildings increases, a mid-story isolation system has been proposed for high-rise buildings. Due to structural problems, an appropriate isolation layer displacement is required for an isolation system. In this study, the mid-story isolation system was designed and the seismic response of the structure was investigated by varying the yield strength and the horizontal stiffness of the seismic isolation system. To do this, a model with an isolation layer at the bottom of 15th floor of a 20-story building was used as an example structure. Kobe(1995) and Nihonkai-Chubu(1983) earthquake are used as earthquake excitations. The yield strength and the horizontal stiffness of the seismic isolation system were varied to determine the seismic displacement and the story drift ratio of the structure. Based on the analytical results, as the yield strength and horizontal stiffness increase, the displacement of the isolation layer decreases. The story drift ratio decreases and then increases. The displacement of the isolation layer and the story drift ratio are inversely proportional. Increasing the displacement of the isolation layer to reduce the story drift ratio can cause the structure to become unstable. Therefore, an engineer should choose the appropriate yield strength and horizontal stiffness in consideration of the safety and efficiency of the structure when a mid-story isolation system for a high-rise building is designed.

4,000원

9.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

Recently, various building integrated wind power (BIWP) approaches have been used to produce energy by installing wind power generators in high-rise buildings constructed in urban areas. BIWP has advantages in that it does not require support to position the turbine up to the installation height, and the energy produced by the wind turbine can be applied directly to the building. The accurate evaluation of wind speed is important in urban wind power generation. In this study, a wind tunnel test and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis were conducted to evaluate the wind speed for installing wind turbines between buildings. The analysis results showed that the longer the length of the buildings, which had the same height, the larger the wind speed between the two buildings. Furthermore, the narrower the building’s width, the higher the wind velocity; these outcomes are due to the increase in the Venturi effect. In addition, the correlation coefficient between the results of the wind tunnel test and the CFD analysis was higher than 0.8, which is a very high value.

4,000원

10.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

This study suggests the tangent modulus Et associated with partially yielded section of steel member under axially compressed. The provisions for column strength does not provide a information about failure mode of structural system. So, designers can not evaluate that a failure comes from member buckling or material yielding. The material of the axially compressed column under inelastic behavior reaches yielding point before the axial force renders the column bent. If axial members yields not by buckling effect but gradually yielding effect of material, the design code should accept related tangent modulus Et which is based on gradual yielding effect of material. This study provides the new effective tangent modulus Et derived in the case that residual stress is 30 percent and 50 percent of yielding stress respectively. The study considers idealized I section of steel which ignores web and general I section of steel with web respectively and makes conclude that tangent modulus Et with idealized I section of steel is rational.

4,000원

11.

2018.03
구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료

In the current research, a seismic ceiling system as one of non-structural elements in buildings has been developed by applying newly designed vertical hanger clips combined with M-bar channel clips. In order to evaluate the seismic performance of the developed system, full-scale shaking table tests of one story frame structure with the conventional ceiling system or the developed seismic ceiling system were performed with time-history responses under earthquake loads. The developed system was also evaluated by the time-history dynamic analysis. From seismic test and analysis, it was shown that the developed seismic ceiling system could give improved seismic performances to minimize displacements and damages of ceiling systems as well as enhance seismic safety of the ceiling system.

4,000원