Purpose: This study aimed to development and test the effects of patient safety/infection control simulation program based on a brain-based learning framework for nursing students. Methods: This pilot study used a one group pre-post test design. The study was conducted in one university in Korea. Participants were recruited using a convenience sample. Fifteen nursing students participated in this study. Results: The levels of perception of importance of patient safety management (Z=3.41, p=.001), confidence on patient safety (Z=3.30, p=.001), attitude toward personal protective equipment (Z=3.10, p=.002), and efficacy of personal protective equipment (Z=3.35, p=.001) were significantly increased. Conclusion: The application of brain-based learning framework in nursing simulation could be an effective education for nursing students.
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effect of tabletop disaster simulation of nursing students’ disaster preparedness and core competencies on disaster nursing. Methods: This study employed a nonequivalent control group multiple time-series design. The experimental group (n=27) underwent a lecture and nursing simulation education program on disaster nursing. Control group (n=27) underwent only lecture a review on disaster nursing. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and repeated ANOVA and Bonferni test. Results: Disaster preparedness showed significant differences in groups by time (F=47.25, p<.001). Competencies on disaster nursing showed significant differences in groups by time (F=19.38, p<.001). Conclusion: This study showed that disaster nursing tabletop simulation education program was significantly effective in increasing disaster preparedness and core competencies on disaster nursing in nursing students.
Purpose: This study aimed to perform an integrated literature review to identify evidence for developing a problem-based learning (PBL) method based on a simulation education program for nursing students. Methods: In May 2022, 10 electronic databases were used to conduct a literature search using the keywords simulation, PBL, nursing, and education in Korean and English. Finally, 21 studies were selected. Results: There were more single-type simulation studies than studies using a hybrid model that combined two simulation types. Most simulation studies were for a single domain of adult nursing rather than for various integrated domains. Four studies (19%) applied a theory during debriefing, but most did not conduct a systematically structured debriefing. All studies selected attitude and competency as the outcome variables to study the effects of the intervention. Two variables (attitude and competency) or three variables (knowledge [or skill], attitude, and competency) were typically selected, and their effects were measured. Conclusion: PBL based on simulation education can be effective in improving nursing practice competency in nursing students. Future studies ought to develop interprofessional education programs based on PBL simulations through multidisciplinary cooperation.
Purpose: In this study, we developed an integrated simulation practicum and investigated the effectiveness of the practicum for senior nursing students. Methods: Sixty-seven senior nursing students from a university were enrolled in this study and assigned into two groups: experimental (n = 31) and control (n = 36). We developed and applied a 60-hour integrated simulation practicum that spans a 3-week period. The control group performed a traditional clinical practicum. The outcome measures were critical thinking disposition, clinical competence, and practicum satisfaction and the data were analyzed using the SPSS 23.0 software. Results: After the intervention, both experimental and control groups showed significant improvement in critical thinking disposition (p = .017) and clinical competence (p < .001) compared to those of the baseline. Regarding practicum satisfaction, the experimental group showed significantly higher satisfaction than the control group (p = .003). Conclusion: The integrated simulation practicum was an effective program that improved critical thinking, clinical competence, and practicum satisfaction in senior nursing students. To effectively improve critical thinking and acquire clinical competence, which are essential for prospective nurses, nursing students should be exposed more to simulation practicum that reflect environments similar to actual clinical settings for various patients with complex health problems.
Purpose: This study aimed to develop a faculty development program for nursing simulation on perceived knowledge, confidence, and competence, and then evaluate its effects.
Method: A one-group pretest–posttest design was used. The eight-hour program covered simulation education theory, scenario design and development, simulation design and operation using patient simulators and standardized patients, debriefing, curriculum integration, simulation evaluation, and faculty development. Thirty-eight participants completed a self-administered questionnaire. Data were collected in August 2021. The study used paired t-tests to analyze differences in perceived knowledge, confidence, and competence before and after the application of the program.
Results: The participants were generally satisfied with this program. The results indicated that knowledge, confidence, and competence for nursing simulation significantly improved.
Conclusion: The faculty development program positively affected simulation instructors’ knowledge, skill, and attitude. Therefore, this validated and standardized training program can be used for training simulation faculty members at universities and institutions. It can not only reduce the cost and effort required for faculty development at each university but also ultimately contribute to the spread of nursing simulation.
Purpose: This qualitative phenomenological study aims to understand how nursing students interpret their experiences with handover education using concept maps in simulation-based nursing education.
Methods: Data were collected from September 18, 2021 to April 6, 2022, through in-depth one-to-one interviews with 11 nursing students. Interviews, which were conducted once or twice, lasted for 30 to 45 minutes per session. The main interview question was “How do you make meaning of your experiences with handover education using concept maps in simulation-based nursing education?” The collected data were analyzed using content analysis.
Results: Three categories of were identified: actively engaged with students, addressed the reality of handover education, and there are two sides to handover education. The participants in this study require systematic education on the take-over method and process that can integrate and structure the continuity and thinking necessary for nursing work.
Conclusion: Handover education using concept maps in simulation-based methods should be adapted according to the abilities of nursing students and their contextual needs. Future studies using large sample sizes and multiple settings should substantially evaluate the impact of handover education programs using concept maps on clinical outcomes.
Purpose: This study aims to improve nursing students’ competency through evidence-based nursing simulation education. Simulations included blood transfusion care for cancer patients, pneumothorax post-op care, and blood pressure control for hypertension care. Moreover, the study investigated the effects of simulations on anxiety, self-confidence, and student satisfaction with the learning experience.
Method: Participants completed a survey on student satisfaction, self-confidence, and anxiety. A prospective, one-group, pre- and post-test design of 135 fourth-grade nursing students was used. A simulation scenario was developed according to the design. It consisted of pre-briefing, practice, serial tests, and debriefing. A simulation of three scenarios comprised blood transfusion care for cancer patients, pneumothorax post-op care, and blood pressure control for hypertension care. Twenty hours of evidence-based nursing simulation practicum consisting of three scenarios dealing with major adult diseases was conducted.
Result: Students showed significant improvements over time in self-confidence (t=4.67, p<.001), student satisfaction (t=3.94, p<.001), and anxiety (t=-4.63, p<.001) after the evidence-based nursing simulation.
Conclusion: Simulation of evidence-based education may be a useful and effective learning strategy. Nursing educators can design evidence-based simulation programs to improve educational effectiveness.
Purpose: This study reviews trends in the development of nursing simulation evaluation instruments and their characteristics in South Korea.
Methods: Published and unpublished studies were analyzed using Korean electronic databases, such as the Research Information Sharing Service, the National Library of Korea, and the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information. The keywords for the search included “nursing,” “simulation,” “instrument development,” “evaluation,” “validity,” and “reliability.”
Results: A total of 16 studies and 17 evaluation instruments from between 2012 and 2022 were included and categorized. The participants included junior or senior undergraduate nursing students. The evaluation was conducted through observation and self-report and classified into cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains. Only one instrument used for observation was measured for intra-rater reliability. Overall, 35.3% of the instruments integrally evaluated the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains, and 23.5% only reported one type of validity.
Conclusion: The results indicate that the instruments insufficiently reflect the various learning outcomes of simulation education. Therefore, future research should be conducted to develop simulation evaluation instruments to evaluate integral learning areas according to the learning goals and examine their validity.
Purpose: Room of Errors is a little-known method in Korea, effective for patient safety education. This study aimed to examine nursing students’ recognition of pre-staged medical errors while working as individuals or in a team.
Methods: Thirty-four errors for a pre-op care scenario and thirty errors for a post-op care scenario were pre-set in two simulated patient rooms. Fifty-six nursing students randomly participated as individuals or as a team in one of two “Room of Errors” to find as many errors as possible within a certain time. The evaluation of error detection and debriefing occurred immediately following the simulation.
Results: “Wrong patient name on wrist band” (77-100%) and “bedside rails down” (91-100%) were the most frequently identified errors by both individuals and teams. Few students found “injection of a drug to which the patient is allergic” (0-9%) and “administration of a contraindicated drug to the patient” (0-7.7%). The performance of students working in a team was much better than those working alone.
Conclusion: This study found that “Room of Errors” provided very experiential and practical learning to nursing students in identifying simulated patient threats. The method is also useful for interprofessional patient safety education to develop teamwork and communication.
국내외로 첨단 ICT 융합기술이 농업 분야에 적용되기 시작 하면서, 시설원예 설비들이 고도화되고, 스마트팜 구축 기술 및 인력이 축적되기 시작하였다. 그러나 우리나라 농촌의 경 우, 농업생산 연령의 고령화, 국내 농촌 인구의 지속적인 유출, 저출산 등으로 인하여 스마트팜 확대 및 적용에 어려움이 많 은 실정이다. 따라서 공간 및 시간에 구속을 받지 않는 간편한 농업인 교육 프로그램이 필요하며, 최근 부상하고 있는 시뮬 레이션 기술을 활용한다면 농업 교육용 시뮬레이션 툴 개발도 가능할 것으로 판단된다. 온실 환경 제어 모델을 이용한 시뮬 레이션은 다양한 지역과 기상 조건 하에서 대상 온실의 열과 물질에너지의 상호작용을 합리적으로 예측할 수 있게 해준다. 본 연구에서는 온실 환경 제어 모델을 활용하여 외부 기상 데 이터를 통해 온실의 환경 변화를 예측하고 가상의 환경 제어시스템을 통해 환경 제어 시 필요한 에너지값들을 시뮬레이션 할 수 있었다. 이러한 결과를 통해 이용자가 직접 맞춤형 환경 제어를 할 수 있도록 편의성을 고려한 사용자 인터페이스를 구축할 것이며, 실제 파프리카 재배 온실의 제어 요소들을 반 영할 수 있도록 설계될 것이다. 농업용 교육 시뮬레이션 툴을 최근 활발하게 연구가 이루어지고 있는 작물 생육 모델링 기 술 및 전산유체역학 기술과 융합하면 더욱 타당한 결과를 보 일 것이다.
Purpose: This study aimed to construct and test a hypothetical model to explain predictive factors affecting nursing students' satisfaction and self-confidence in simulation-based education based on the National League for Nursing Jeffries Simulation Theory. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 305 fourth-year nursing students with experience in simulation-based education enrolled at universities in Gangwon-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and Gyeonggi-do. Data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 25.0. Results: The hypothetical model showed good fit with the empirical data: χ2/df 2.17, RMSEA=.01, RMR=.01, GFI=.95, AGFI=.91, NFI=.94, TLI=.95, CFI=.97, and PNFI=.68. Simulation design characteristics, teaching efficiency, and flow were found to affect satisfaction and self-confidence directly. A bootstrap test indicated that teaching efficiency and flow mediated the relationship between simulation design characteristics and satisfaction and self-confidence. Conclusion: Simulation educators should apply best practice that enhance teaching efficiency and flow through well-organized simulation designs, nursing students can attain satisfaction and self-confidence through simulation-based education.
Purpose: This study verified the effects of simulation-based communication education on the problem-solving process, communication self-efficacy, and communication ability of nursing college students. Methods: As an experimental study of single-group pre- and post-design, data were collected from April 12 to June 18, 2021, using a self-report questionnaire from 55 Year 4 nursing college students in city D. The collected data were analyzed in terms of frequency, paired t-test, and Pearson's correlation coefficients using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. Results: Our findings indicated that there were significant differences between the problem-solving process (t=-20.54, p<.001), communication self-efficacy (t=-15.31, p<.001), and communication ability (t=-3.62, p=.001) in communication before and after simulation-based communication education. Following simulation-based communication education, the communication ability of nursing students was evaluated through the problem-solving process (r=.46, p<.01), self-efficacy in communication (r=.37, p<.01), and problem-solving process by a doctor. Furthermore, it was found that there was a significant positive correlation with communication self-efficacy (r=.16, p<.01). Conclusion: It can be expected that the simulation -based communication education will improve nursing students’ problem-solving process, communication self-efficacy, and communication ability and thus contribute to high-quality nursing in related clinical situations. In addition, for a more effective communication education, research that could develop various scenarios in the clinical field and verify the effectiveness is required.
Purpose: This study aims to investigate the effect of a simulation-based patient safety performance improvement education program on caregivers’ knowledge, attitude, and performance toward safety. Methods: This study adopted a quasi-experimental design that applied before-and-after designs for the test and control groups. It was configured focusing on “infectious disease,” “fires,” “falls,” and “drug abuse.” Results: There was a significant difference in knowledge and patient safety performance between the experimental group and the control group. However, there was no significant difference in attitudes toward safety. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the simulation-based patient safety performance improvement education program is effective in improving patient safety performance. Therefore, it is necessary to continuously apply and evaluate the simulation-based patient safety performance training program to enable caregivers to develop professional prevention and management capabilities within elderly care facilities
본 연구는 가상 시뮬레이션기반 노인간호 실습교육 실시 후 간호대학생의 몰입경험과 학습역량 이 학습만족도에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 조사연구이다. 연구 대상자는 간호대학 학생 72명을 대상으 로 하였고, 자료수집은 2021년 4월 2일부터 5월 7일까지 온라인 설문을 통해 수행하였다. 자료분석은 SPSS/WIN 24.0을 이용하여 기술통계, 상관관계 및 다중회귀분석을 사용하였다. 연구결과, 가상 시뮬레이 션 교육 후 간호대학생의 학습만족도는 몰입경험(r=.656, p<.001), 학습역량(r=.672, p<.001)과 유의한 정 적 상관관계를 보였다. 학습만족도에 가장 영향력이 있는 요인은 학습역량(β=.459, p<.001), 몰입경험(β =.413, p<.001)으로 나타났으며 모형의 설명력은 60.9%이었다. 그러므로 가상 시뮬레이션 교육 후 학습만 족도를 향상시키기 위해서 실습에 대한 몰입을 촉진하고 개개인의 학습역량을 향상시킬 수 있는 방안들을 개발할 것을 제언한다.
Purpose: Personal protective equipment (PPE) is critical for protecting healthcare workers from COVID-19 outbreaks. Therefore, this study examined the effects of a nursing simulation education program on PPE use for COVID-19 among nursing students. Methods: We employed a non-equivalent control group post-test design. The experimental group (n=38) engaged in a nursing simulation education program on PPE use. The control group (n=36) received PPE and the opportunity to participate in the same program after the intervention. Further, data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test. Results: The experimental group showed significant differences in attitude toward PPE (t=3.21, p=.002) and efficacy of PPE use (t=9.92, p<.001), but not in the intention to care for patients with COVID-19 (t=0.95, p=.343). Conclusion: Nursing simulation education for PPE significantly improved attitude and increased self-efficacy toward PPE among nursing students. However, the intention to care for COVID-19 patients was not changed. Thus, it is necessary to find a way to improve the nursing intention toward COVID-19 patients.
Purpose: This study developed an educational program for structured discussion-based learning, problem-based learning (PBL), and simulation for nursing students. Its effects on learning attitude, problem-solving process, and clinical competence were then analyzed. Methods: This study used a one-group pretest–posttest experimental method among 135 fourth-year nursing students taking the simulation course at a university in D city. We operated the PBL by applying the structured discussion method and simulation education based on four modules covering major diseases among adults. The data collected before and after the program were analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired t-tests. Results: The program significantly improved nursing students’ learning attitude, problem-solving process, and clinical competence. Conclusions: We verified the effects of the simulation education program for structured discussion-based learning and PBL. Further studies are needed to develop and apply simulation educational programs utilizing various devices that can improve learners’ participation and professors’ operational protocols by systematically combining them with different teaching/learning methods.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify trends in disaster nursing education and conduct a systematic review of the characteristics of simulation-based disaster education programs for nursing students. Method: In May 2020, 12 electronic databases were used to conduct a literature search using Korean and English keywords. Simulation, disaster, nursing, and education were among the search keywords. Fourteen studies were selected. The risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized studies was used to assess study quality. Results: A total of 14 non-randomized studies were selected. Simulation was mainly conducted using high-fidelity simulators and virtual reality simulations. Disaster scenarios included situations such as a bus crash, earthquake, tornado, and toxic chemical exposure in mass casualty incident nursing or disaster drills. There were differences in the methods of simulation interventions, and we found that disaster related nursing competencies such as disaster knowledge, disaster preparedness, disaster performance, confidence, self-efficacy, and ethical reasoning improved in nursing students after the intervention. Conclusion: Disaster nursing education aims to improve nursing students’ disaster competencies. Future research should examine significant risk of bias control for confounding variables, attrition bias, and outcome evaluation.
Purpose: This study aims to describe the experience of nursing students who used a virtual simulation program for their nursing practicum. Method: Structured debriefing papers were collected from 65 senior nursing students using a convenient sampling method for this qualitative study. Conventional content analysis method was used for data analysis. Results: The study’s findings derived three theme clusters. The theme clusters were “satisfied by leading role in nursing practice and repetitive training,” “gained nursing responsibility and confidence in applying the learning into clinical practice,” and “recognized the limitations of customized nursing care.” Conclusion: The results of this study provided insight into nursing students' virtual simulation-based practical training experiences in the context of the Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore and analyze the education experiences of nursing graduate students in training simulation educators. Methods: Data were collected using a focus group method with a total of 13 nursing graduate students who ever participated in simulation education for nursing college students. Results: Four theme clusters and 15 sub-themes were emerged through qualitative content analysis. The core theme was “Flapping wings as a novice simulation educator”. The four theme clusters include ‘Confronting myself where expectations and worries coexist’, ‘Experience a new world untrained in the hospital’, ‘Limitation of simulation hard to reach the reality’, ‘Way to become an expert in simulation education’. Conclusion: Nursing graduate students found that the experiences of novice learners as a simulation educator was rewarding and helpful in increasing their self-confidence prior to being placed in an educational setting. Creating a simulation experience for college students could be a daunting task for educators in nursing. Therefore, continued and sustainable efforts are mandated by developing the curriculum for training simulation educators.