이 연구는 박완서 소설의 서사화 기법이 지니는 특질 중의 하나라고 할 수 있는 스토리 활성화 서사기법을 규명한 것이다. 박완서 소설의 창작방법이 지니는 특질을 밝히기 위해서는 제재와 모티프의 선택양상은 물론이지만, 그녀만이 창조적으로 활용하고 있는 서사기법에 대한 탐구가 필요하기 때문이다.박완서의 중·단편 소설에서 확인할 수 있는 스토리 활성화 서사기법은 ‘섬세한 수다로 이야기하기’와 ‘보편적인 일상성에 덧씌우기’라는 두 가지 방식으로 실천되고 있다. 섬세한 수다로 이야기하기 기법은 심리나 행위 묘사가 미시적이고 섬세할 뿐만 아니라, 서술자와 독자와의 거리를 더욱 좁혀 친밀감으로 이끌어감으로써 스토리를 활성화시키는 서사기법이다. 박완서는 바로 섬세한 수다로 이야기하는 방법으로 스토리를 활성화하여 리얼리티와 생명력을 얻으며, 독자와 친밀하게 교류하는 특질을 지니고 있다.그리고 보편적인 일상성에 덧씌우기 기법은 평범한 일상성 속의 제재들을 전형적으로 묘사해 나가면서도, 박완서만의 섬세한 통찰력으로 보아낸 그 일상의 틈새 사이에 작가의식과 주제를 슬며시 덧씌우기 하는 방법으로 이루어진다. 박완서 소설은 다른 어떤 작가들의 경우보다도 자신의 체험과 밀접하게 관련되어 있으며, 대부분의 작품들은 그녀가 살아온 시대적 삶의 모습을 생생하게 재현해 보여주고 있다. 그러나 박완서의 소설 속에서 과거의 역사적 사실들은 이미 과거가 아닌 현재화된 역사적 현장으로 다시 생명을 부여받게 된다. 그것은 바로 박완서 소설이 지닌 스토리 활성화 서사기법에 의해 부여된 현장성과 생명력 때문이다.
The research studied the nutritional composition and health effects of the Giwongo with its efficacy in providing nourishment to blood, liver and kidney as well as being an aid to the mental stability. The Giwongo is made by boiling the same amounts of Lycium fructus and Longanae arillus. Giwongo was analyzed to measure proximate nutritional composition, mineral contents, free sugar content and polyphenol compound content. The DPPH scavenging activity and its antioxidative effectiveness were also analyzed. Giwongo was composed of 16.7% water, 4.9% crude protein, 3.7% crude fat, 3.8%, crude ash 70.9% carbohydrate with the content per 100 g of 336.5 kcal. The Giwongo mineral contents were potassium, sodium and calcium in sequence according to contents. Per 100 g Giwongo were found 9.62 g glucose, 4.67 g fructose and 18.00 g sugar. The Giwongo had 60.67% DPPH electron donating ability and 32.19 °Brix. The Giwongo made of Lycium fructus and Longanae arillus had effectiveness of tonify the liver and kidney, nourish blood, and psychologic stability. As such Giwongo may help prevent the symptoms of unbalanced health due to excessive stress and unhealthy diet.
This research was planned and executed to evaluate how the composition of Yack-sun (oriental diet therapy) tea can effect the health conditions of people who are suffering from diet-related diseases such as being overweight, obese and hyperlipidemic, by taking Yack-sun tea in a form of nutritional supplement with daily meals. We produced Kangjieum with Lycense Mill., Polygonum multflorum Thunb, Cassia tora L., Crataegus pinnatifida Bge and Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. We evaluated the effects of this tea on serum lipids, on homocysteine concentration, and on active oxygen contents, oxidative stress by clinical practices. We have determined that this tea has a significant effect on decreasing body fat content, decreasing total cholesterol, decreasing LDL-cholesterol, and decreses triglyceride and homocysteine concentrations. In addition, blood active oxygen content and oxidative stress were significantly decreased. We think that scientific and objective evaluation was performed on the components of Kangjieum prescription. We concluded that we could apply the components, not only in a form of tea, but also in other forms of various foods. The information we received from this conclusion will be basic information on how we can apply oriental medicinal resources into other food and will be a steppingstone for medicinal herbs to place a foot in the field of functional food research, which already draws sizable attention world-wide.
This research was planned and executed to evaluate how the composition of Yack-sun tea can affect the health conditions of people who are suffering from diet-related such as being overweight, are obese and have hyperlipidemia, by taking Yack-sun tea in a form of a nutritional supplement with our daily meals. We produced Kangjieum with Lycium chinense Mill., Polygonum multflorum Thunb, Cassia tora L., Crataegus pinnatifida Bge and Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. Thus, we approach of oriental diet therapy area research of Kangjieum and analysis proximate composition, water soluble antioxidant content. The content(%, dry basis) of total carbohydrate was 60.23%, crude protein was 18.18%, crude ash was 11.36% and crude fat was 10.23% in Kangjieum. Total water soluble antioxidant content was 1.027 ㎍/㎖ of Kangjieum. We think that scientific and objective evaluation was done on the components of the Kangjieum prescription. This basic data could help guide the application of oriental medicinal resources into other foods and serve as a stepping-stone for use of Kangjieum in the burgeoning field of nutraceutical foods. Last, the scientific effects of oriental medicinal foods developed according to oriental medicinal theory. This theory is believed to be essential for government policy development concerning validation of medicinal effects and assessment, with the aim of fostering systematic development and providing guidance to food development in the interest of national health.
This study examined the effects of 2% Lycii fructus powder (LFP) supplementation on lipid metabolism in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered 1% cholesterol and 0.25% sodium cholate to induce hypercholesterolemia. Then, 40 rats were divided into four diet groups: a normal diet group (NC), high cholesterol diet group (HC), normal diet plus 2% Lycii fructus powder (NC-LFP) group, and high cholesterol diet plus 2% Lycii fructus powder (HC-LFP) group. The HC group presented higher growth rates and liver weights than NC and NC-LFP however, growth rates and liver weights in the 2% LFP administered groups gradually decreased. HC also showed increased serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, free cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol levels and decreased atherogenic index values, HDL-cholesterol, and phospholipid levels, whereas LFP group showed decreased serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, free cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol levels as compared to HC. There were no differences in serum triglyceride, phospholipid, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and free cholesterol concentrations between the normal diet groups (NC and NC-LFP). The high cholesterol diet groups (HC and HC-LFP) had significant increases in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), asparate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDHase) activities. And the 2% LFP administered groups had lower hepatic concentrations of total cholesterol and triglycerides than the HC groups. Overall, the results suggest that Lycii fructus powder has hypochloesterolemic effects by reducing serum and liver cholesterol contents.
As an attempt to develop new functional health beverage by using medicinal herb, green ginger(Zingiber officinale Roscoe), we investigated the effect of Zingiber officinale on blood pressure and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) of rats with Zingiber officinale extracts. Zingiber officinale extract increase rCBF significantly. The drink produced consisted of Zingiber officinale extract 1.825%, maltitol syrup 17.0%, citric aicd 0.06%, ascorbic acid 0.02%, stevioside 0.001%, ginger flavor 0.11% and water. Brix, pH and acidity of product were 13.7, 4.4 and 0.09, respectively. This drink had good score by the sensory evaluation. The above results showed that development of such functional beverage using Zingiber officinale can used as a functional material improving blood circulation in beverage industry.
In search for several fatty acid with unusual structure in vegetable oils, we have found that unknown peaks were shown on GLC in the analysis of fatty acids of the lipids from the pulp of ripened jujube (Zizypus jujuba var. inermis) fruits. These fatty acids were identified as a series of cis-monoenoic acids with Ω-5 double bond system such as C14:1Ω5, C16:1Ω5 and C18:1Ω5, including Ω-7 fatty acid as C16:1Ω7 and C18:1Ω7, by GLC, solid-phase extraction silver ion-column chromatographic, GLC-mass spectrometric and IR techniques. First of all, total fatty acid methyl esters were resolved into saturated and branched fatty acid, monoenoic acid, dienoic acid, and trienoic acid fraction, respectively, with 100% dichloromethane (DCM), DCM/acetone (9:1, v/v) 100% acetone, and acetone/ acetonitrile (97:3, v/v) solvent system. Unknown fatty acids were included in the monoenoic fraction and were confirmed to have cis-configuration by IR. Picolinyl esters of monoenoic fatty acids gave distinct molecular ion peak and dominant diagnostic peaks, for example, m/z 317, 220 and 260 fragment for cis-C14:1Ω5, m/z 345, m/z 248 and 288 fragment for cis-C16:1Ω5 and m/z 373, m/z 276 and 316 fragment for cis-C18:1Ω5. In this way the occurrence of cis-C16:1Ω7 and cis-C18:1Ω7 could be deduced from the appearance of prominent fragments as m/z 345, 220 and 260, and m/z 373, 248 and 280. Level of total Ω-5 fatty acids amounted to about 30% in the fatty acid composition with the predominance of C16:1Ω5 (18.7~25.0%), in the semi-ripened and/or ripened samples collected in September 14 (C16:1Ω5 ; 18.7%, C14:1Ω5 ; 3.6% and C18:1Ω5 ; 3.0%), September 22 (C16:1Ω5 ; 25.0%, C14:1Ω5 ; 1.4% and C18:1Ω5 ; 2.6%), and October 7 (C16:1Ω5 ; 24.7%, C14:1Ω5 ; 7.7% and C18:1Ω5 ; 2.5%). However, the lipids extracted from unripened jujube in July and August contain these unusual fatty acids as low as negligible. It could be observed that the level of Ω-5 fatty acids in the pulps increased sharply with an elapse of ripening time of jujube fruits. Other monoenoic fatty acids with Ω-7 series, C16:1Ω7 (palmitoleic acid) and C18:1Ω7 (cis-vaccenic acid) could be detected. And in the lipids of the kernel and leaf of jujube, none of Ω-5 fatty acids could be detected.
Banana에 존재할 수 있는 carbamate 농약류, 유기염소제 및 유기인제 농약을 GC/MSD에 의해 동시에 분석할 수 있는 방법을 연구하였다. 이를 위해서 일반적으로 carbamate 분석에 이용되는 HPLC 대신에 GC를 이용하기 위해 carbamate 농약류의 -NH group H를 모두 열안전성이 좋은 trifluoroacetyl group으로 치환시켰다. 또한, 시중에서 유통되는 9종의 sample을 분석한 결과 carbamate 농약류, 유기염소제 및 유기인제 등 8종의 잔류농약은 검출되지 않았다.
메밀 식이섬유의 효율적인 활용방안과 종자발아의 특성 연구를 위하여 메밀(신농 1호)을 10℃에서 7일간 발아시켜, 24시간마다 시료를 채취하여 불용성, 수용성 및 총식이섬유의 함량과 조성의 변화를 관찰한 결과는 다음과 같다 발아 전 총식이섬유 함량은 건량기준으로 24.86%였고, 발아 1일째에 다소 감소하였다가 이후 서서히 증가하여 발아 6, 7일에는 32.22, 36.25%로 급격히 증가하였다. 불용성 식이섬유 함량은 발아 전 22.95%였고, 발아중 변화경향은 총식이섬유와 유사하였으며 발아 7일에는 31.11%를 나타냈다. 수용성 식이섬유 함량은 발아전 1.42%에서 발아 후 서서히 증가하여 발아 7일에는 4.53%였으며, 증가율은 발아 7일째에 219.0%로 급격히 증가하였다. 총식이섬유에 대한 불용성 식이섬유와 수용성 식이섬유의 조성비는 발아 전 16.2:1에서 점차 감소하여 발아 5일째에는 6.01:1이었으며, 6, 7일에는 6.54:1, 6.87:1로 증가하는 경향을 나타내었다. AOAC 법과 Prosky 법에 의한 총식이섬유 함량 차이는 0.20∼093%로써 AOAC법이 다소 높았다. 그러나 두 방법간의 평균치 검정 결과 유의적인 차이는 없었고, 상관관계는 높은 정의 상관관계(r=0.9966, p<0.01)를 보였다. 발아중 식이섬유 구성성분들인 불용성 식이섬유(X_1), 수용성 식이섞유(X_2)와 뿌리신장도(Y)와의 함수관계를 다중회기분석한 결과, 결정계수가 R^2=0.968로 매우 높은 함수관계를 나타내 었다. 회기방정식은 다음과 같다. Y = -12.6681 + 0.5089X_1 + 0.6622X_2( p<0.01)