On the basis of 24 speakers' recorded speech this paper examines the variable deletion of w in two regional dialects, Cheonan-Asan Korean and Daegu Korean. Varbrul analyses are conducted using the 3965 tokens of (w). Results of the combined and separate analyses show that the two dialects are subject to very similar constraints in w deletion, though deletion rates and the strengths of the constraints on the deletion process are somewhat different. It is suggested that the syllable structure of young Daegu Korean speakers might be rather different from that of older speakers, and that dialect leveling from contact with Standard Korean could be the cause of this change.
The primary purpose of this investigation is to show geographical and social variation and the direction of change of ‘Taekho’ (terms of address of household) in Jeonnam Dialects by observing types, systems, and use. The results of this investigation can be summarized as follows. First, the main function of ‘Taekho’ in Jeonnam Dialects is not to designate terms of address of a household but to designate the byname of a married woman. Besides, it functions as modifiers of various kinship terms. Secondly, with a few exceptions, ‘Taekho’ in Jeonnam Dialects are divided into two types, that is, geononymy and the title of 'husband＋ t’ k(떡)'. Originally, ‘Taekho’ developed in a gentry village and diffused to neighbouring commoner villages. However, the title of 'husband＋t’ k(떡)' developed in a commoner village in the eastern dialects of Jeonnam. This is a principal component differentiating the dialects of Jeonnam into two subgroups. Lastly, terms of address of a household are used more frequently by the older generation. As a result, the function of ‘Taekho’ is to relatively weaken terms. Nowadays, teknonymy and fictive kinship terms of address have expanded in their range of use throughout the Jeonnam region.
This research explores the linguistic modes of animated cartoon programs focusing on such areas as program titles, subtitles, character names, theme song verses and dialogues in the programs aired by three major broadcasters. Among those that surface prominently are the use of foreign languages and unnecessary foreign borrowings in all research areas; the uses of language of explicit violence and sexuality in theme songs; and violations of linguistic norms involving slang or substandard expressions and grammatical errors. Some issues include the use of an inordinate level of violent and pejorative language, excessive occurrence of foreign words and/or foreign borrowings and foreign-sounding non-words (i.e. nonce words), grammatical violations, and the use of lexis inappropriate for the target audience. These aspects are related to the current state of affairs in the broadcasting industry: the separation of production and broadcasting (i.e., most programs are produced by external program-manufacturers, whose major concerns are marketability and viewer interest rather than the inherent quality of the programs). This research calls for concern over the good of young viewers and of regulation and supervision over broadcasting contents.
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 14(2). This paper explores the characteristics of feminine and masculine language use through an examination of word frequency in modern Korean novels. Through several blind tests of sample paragraphs from sixteen novels by Kong Seon-ok, Kim So-jin, Shin Kyeong-suk, and Yun Dae-nyeong, subjects were required to identify the gender of the author. The most striking result of the blind tests involved the unanimous identification of two paragraphs from the same novel as feminine. Applying the monoconc program to this novel by Shin Kyeong-suk, an analysis was conducted on word frequency. The result showed that there was a high frequency of words that functioned as hedges, mitigators, and positive back-channel cues. Taking these words that apparently led the blind test subjects to deem the author of Shin's novel to be feminine, a word search was conducted for the other fifteen novels. Though certain words in Shin's novels showed a similar rate of frequency, it was discovered that they involved different collocations. Hence, it may be speculated that this brought about a more mixed response from the blind test subjects. Such explorations show that the perception of feminine/masculine language use involves not only individual words but more importantly, their collocation within sentences.
The purpose of the present study is to compare the use of discourse markers by pre-service training students and in-service training teachers in middle school contexts. For this purpose, 20 participants in each of the pre-service (PS) and in-service (IS) teacher groups were selected and their teaching was videotaped. Then, the data was transcribed with a focus on the use of discourse markers. The results of the study demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the use of macro-markers between the two groups. However, it is interesting that student teachers in the PS group used various expressions for elaboration a little more frequently than the IS group. In addition, significant differences were found in the use of micro-markers between the two groups in terms of segmentation and temporal markers. On the basis of the results, some pedagogical implications on the teaching of listening and teacher training are suggested.
The purpose of this article is to research the text-discourse strategies employed in a university president's speech. Speech is a type of one-sided formal public communication that transmits statements, which include one's theory, assertion or emotional contents in a given text in front of large audiences. Especially a university president's speech is a speaking form which embodies immediacy in a limited space, i.e., a university. Such as speech needs to utilize persuasive, sentimental and appealing production strategies that could induce the audience's sympathy and action. Therefore, a university president's speech includes all the communicative fields of listening, speaking, reading and writing. It is a public and popular communication means that integrates features of various communication skills in a university setting. Thus, ideal and effective strategies for delivering a university president's speech are discussed.
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 14(2). The purpose of this paper is to investigate two Korean children's understanding of language and identity issues and their feelings while residing in the United States. Korean academic families residing in the US temporarily but for extended periods of three to seven years encounter a complex set of issues with regard to their children's language use, cultural development, and identity development. Data include child interviews, child observations, and parent interviews. Gee's (2001) four ways to view identity were employed as a framework to analyze the child-participants' narratives. Based on the interviews and observations with the participating children, it seems that the children who spoke Korean at home at least with their parents, were vulnerable to the stress of competing forces. They were forced to integrate to a new linguistic and social environment as soon as they went to an English-speaking school. At the same time, they were expected to maintain not only their Korean language skills but also cultural values from their parents. The children seem to have gone through an identity crisis. Having a full command of two languages and accommodating two sets of cultural norms comprised their daily struggles.
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 14(2). Since the IMF crisis devastated Korea, the tide of globalization has changed every aspect of Korean society. This overwhelming trend of ‘globalization' has been affecting the educational sector, especially in terms of the 'English-learning boom' in Korea. This phenomenon has been criticized by educators because the excessive and reckless expenditure on ‘English-learning' in the private sector has been yielding far-reaching and undesirable effects on society. This paper aims at focusing on the issue of the ‘English-learning boom' of Korea, by analyzing it in terms of a critical discourse analysis. It takes the perspective of post-colonial discourse analysis by criticizing neo-liberalism and social-Darwinism, which are whimpering around Korea with the ideology of globalization. To do so, this paper takes two examples of the ‘English-learning' fever in Korean society: the boom of ‘English village' construction and the anxiety over ‘early exposure to English'. Regarding these two examples, this paper attempts to analyze them in the lens of ‘social symbolization of discourse,' which could explicate the trajectory of how social discourses are idealized, symbolized, represented, and reproduced. This paper argues that the ‘English-learning boom' of Korea is a product of complicated construction of social discourse, which is strongly influenced by the neoliberal ideology of linguistic and cultural imperialism.
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 14(2). This paper analyzes a TV homeshopping commercial discourse produced in the form of a four-party conversation between the hosts and the guests. From a conversation-analytic perspective, several aspects of the turn-taking and sequence-organizational structure of the TV homeshopping talk are analyzed. Special reference is made to the ways its multi-unit turn is interactively constructed and the ways it is organized as a multi-party interaction based on the 'teams' of the hosts and the guests. The upshot of the 'trust-evoking' discourse of the TV homeshopping talk is characterized by a range of practices geared to highlighting the participants' mutually supportive actions, which are analyzed in terms of backchannel cues, repetition, overlapping, and collaborative completion. Despite the inherently pre-planned, 'performed' nature of the talk, it displays features of natural interaction as revealed by the way the participants collaboratively organize turns and sequences, and also by the way they orient to the asymmetrical aspects of talk.
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 14(2). The purpose of this study is to reconsider the existing views on concord of appellation term with a final ending. In general, it has been considered that there is a consistent system to accord 'the object not expressed with pronoun' with 'hashowsheo' form, 'geudui' with 'hayassheo' form, and 'neo' with 'hara' form. There are, however, many examples from actual use which cannot be explained in this framework. Here, the concord of appellation term with final ending in middle Korean is classified into 'conforming model on rule' and 'strategic model of speaker'. The former is sub-classified into 'authoritative type' and 'bonding type', the latter 'appellation type' and 'final ending type'. Considering the fact that the appellation term and the final ending are related to the honorific system, such features as dialogue, personal feelings between interlocutors among others should be included in an analysis. It has been understood that some pronouns are used only with some appellations according to previous research regardless of these facts. The basic approach of this study is to provide an analysis distinctive from prevailing explanations.
The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 14(2). Working with others in organizations, people often need to express conflicting opinions. An argument is the process of harmonizing and compromising conflicting opinions. Many researchers have recognized the value of argument and conducted research on interpersonal argument, ranging from specialized contexts with special issues to more general conversational contexts. However, there has been relatively little research conducted on this important interpersonal communication aspect in Korea. This study examines the relationship between personal traits related to argument and personal success within organizations. Three personal traits - argumentativeness, argumentative flexibility, and verbal aggressiveness - were used to measure individual characteristics towards argument; and, the time spent for promotion, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment were used to assess organizational success. In addition, the present study attempted to discern if there is any difference in the participants' personal traits toward argument according to the group they belong to. The participants' background information such as the type of organization they work for, the type of work they currently do, gender, age, marital status was collected. The results of a survey administered to 202 office workers are discussed in light of implications.