This study aimed to indentify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in exon region of the glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (GPD1) gene and to evaluate their associations with meat yield and quality traits in Hanwoo (Korean cattle). Two SNP markers, g.2766C>T and g.5105A>G were identified in the exons 5 and 8, respectively. Genotyping of the two SNPs was carried out using PCR-RFLP analysis in 309 Hanwoo steers to evaluate their associations with meat yield and quality traits. As a result, g.2766C>T in exon 5 was significantly associated with carcass weight (CW) and marbling score (MS). Animals with the CC genotype of g.2766C>T had heavier CW than those with the CA or AA genotype. Animals with the CC genotype of g.2766C>T also had higher MS than those with the CA or AA genotype. Additive effect was also observed with CW and MS traits. We constructed haplotypes by linkage disequilibrium analysis and analyzed association between haplotypes and meat yield and quality traits. Haplotype of GPD1 gene was associated with CW. As a result, animals with CA haplotype had heavier CW than TG haplotype. These findings suggest that the SNPs of bovine GPD1 gene may be a useful molecular marker for selection of meat yield and quality traits in Hanwoo.
Thus far, there have been many studies focusing on meat quality improvement for Hanwoo (Korean cattle). It is considered that studies on meat quality have been actively conducted because beef consumption has changed from quantity to quality since early 1990's. Moreover, many studies on meat quality using maker assisted selection (MAS) have been conducted. However, there is a need to study quantity of meat in order to enhance the economic effect by genetic diversity and quantity of meat for Hanwoo. Therefore, in order to use a myostatin gene affecting meat quantity among quantitative genes for MAS, this study analyzed the association between genetic variation of myostatin gene in individuals of Hanwoo and carcass traits. Analysis between genotypes and individual phenotypic characteristics was performed by ANOVA using ASREML. Association analysis between these 10 SNPs and phenotypic characteristics (carcass weight, eye muscle area, backfat thickness, marbling score, yield index), and there were significant differences in 5 SNPs. As a result, there were five significant differences. Although all the SNPs did not show significant differences in each trait in this study, some SNPs showed significant differences in each trait. The diversity of myostatin gene was found in Hanwoo.
This study was conducted to estimate growth curve parameters by sex in Korean native Goat. Weight-age data from 148 male goats and 169 female goats raised at Animal Genetic Resources Research Center in Korea were used in this study. Growth curve parameters were estimated from nonlinear regression using Gompertz and Logistic models. Mature weight ( ) and growth rate () of male goats were 50.0 kg, and 0.0038, respectively, when Gompertz model was used. They were 47.9 kg and 0.0062, respectively, when Logistic model was used. In female goats, mature weight ( ) and growth rate () were 35.8 kg and 0.0030, respectively, when Gompertz model was used. They were 34.6 kg and 0.0046 when Logistic model was used. The goodness of fit determined by R2 was higher in the Gompertz model than that in the Logistic model. The growth curve functions estimated from the Gompertz model in Korean-native male and female goats were , respectively. The inflection point () showed that the maximum growth rate and the weight at inflection ( ) estimated from the Gompertz model were 234.8 days and 18.37 kg, respectively, in male goats. They were 235.7 days and 13.16 kg, respectively, in female goats. The growth pattern of Korean-native goats obtained from this study might be useful for determining their feeding and management plans by sex and design breeding strategies.
The aim of this study was to investigate change of plasminogen activators (PAs) and their inhibitors (PAIs) mRNA and protein expression level by heat stress in porcine endometrial cells. The endometrial epithelial cells were isolated from endometrial epithelium in porcine uterus and cultured in different temperature conditions (38.5 and 41.5℃) for 24 h. Expression of urokinase-type PA (uPA), tissue-type PA (tPA), PA inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and -2 (PAI-2) mRNA in epithelial cells were analyzed using reverse transcription-PCR and protein levels were measured by immunofluorescence. In result, mRNA expression of uPA, tPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 were decreased in 41.5℃ than 38.5℃ culture condition, however, significant differences were no detected. uPA, tPA and PAI-2 protein were mainly expressed in nucleus, whereas PAI-1 was distributed in cytoplasm and nucleus. uPA and tPA protein levels were increased by heat stress treatment and significant difference was only detected in tPA level (p<0.05). In contrast, two types of PAIs protein level were decreased in 41.5℃ cultured group compared with 38.5℃ group. In present study, tPA protein expression was upregulated by heat stress in porcine endometrial cells. This result suggest that change of tPA by heat stress may be related to blood flow into uterus and intrauterine microenvironments, and could directly and indirectly influence to reproductive performance in pigs.
This study was conducted to investigate the quality characteristics, anti-oxidation activity and di-peptide (anserine, carnosine) contents of marinated pork loin from Korean native black pig (KNBP) and crossbred of Landrace×Yorkshire×Durock (LYD) by addition of fruits (pineapple and gold kiwi). Sliced pork loin (13~15 mm) was marinated in three different treatments: 1) no fruits addition, 2) with seasoning and pineapple for 5 h, 3) with seasoning and kiwi for 5 h. Addition of fruits significantly decreased pH, hardness and chewiness of marinated KNBP and LYD pork loin. Anti-oxidation activity in pork were significantly increased by addition of fruits. Especially, addition of gold kiwi in the pork loin marinated for 5 h showed the highest anti-oxidation activity and carnosine contents. Also, it showed the highest score in the sensory characteristics (juiciness and tenderness). These results suggested that the pork loin marinated with gold kiwi for 5 h could be one of the solutions to enhance quality characteristics of marinated KNBP and LYD.
This study was performed to investigate the ingredients and subsidiary feed production policies, actual condition, and understanding. The survey was conducted by e-mail about 60 feed companies in Korea. The results of the analysis on the production status and perception of the ingredients and subsidiary feed production facilities were summarized as follows. First, the most urgent problem to be solved for the development of a sustainable feed industry and development and stable supply of domestic and international feed resources. Second, the quality of feeds maintained a considerable level in comparison with the developed countries. Third, the production equipment for the introduction of the feed safety management system was after set conditon of introduction. Therefore, to develop a sustainable feed industry, we should proceed to secure reliable sources about fodder resources. In order to maintain a food quality, the role of feed safety inspection for imported feeds materials are more important. The government's various efforts are more necessary for the imported feeds test agencies to improve the reliability, satisfaction and a feed management system.