Aging is a physiological change that leads to a decline in biological functions from metabolic stress. To investigate the effect of aging on mandibular bone formation, we created SAMP1/Klotho-deficient mice and performed micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histology analyses in 4-or 8 week-old SAMP1/kl -/- mice. SAMP1/kl -/- mice exhibited extensive inflammation, tissue calcification, and abnormal mandibular bone development. Using micro-CT analysis, SAMP1/kl -/- mice displayed a loss of incisor roots and irregular dentinal tubule formation, as well as calcification within the pulp root canal. Furthermore, the mandibular ramus showed extensive ground glass appearance in SAMP1/kl -/- mice. In histological analysis, we found calcified skeletal structures and dysplastic bone formation in SAMP1/kl -/- mice. These results provide an understanding of the pathologic alterations of aging-related mandibular bone. SAMP1/kl -/- mice may serve as a novel model for dysosteogenesis in mandibular bone development.
General blood tests and leukocyte differential count are very useful in diagnosing, treating and managing patient’s diseases. This study was conducted to reduce errors caused by the manual method as much as possible by using an automated hematology analyzer (Sysmex K-4500), and to alleviate work burden of the laboratory. The T1 and T2 values calculated from leukocyte differential count that was obtained from the automated hematology analyzer Sysmex K-4500, and the results measured from the manual method were compared and analyzed by using the blood samples of 400 patients who were commissioned in the diagnostic laboratory of the hospital with 120 beds. Upon the results of the study, T1 and T2 obtained from lymphocyte differential count of the automated hematology analyzer Sysmex K-4500 demonstrated high correlation compared to manual method, and the analysis of monocyte, eosinophil, basophil and band cell obtained from T1, T2 and manual method enabled percentile calculation, even though it was difficult to predict the exact monocyte, eosinophil, basophil and band cell. Therefore, it is regarded that the optimal patient results can be reported if manual method observation is selectively combined while referring to T1 and T2 obtained from lymphocyte differential count of the automated hematology analyzer Sysmex K-4500.
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma(MEC) is the most common salivary gland malignancies. As its name implies, the MEC is composed of a mixture of mucus-secreting cells and epidermoid cells. Histologically, MECs have been categorized into one of three grades : low, intermediate, or high grade. Although the MEC is the most common salivary gland tumor in both adults and children, MEC of sublingual gland accounts for only 1% of epithelial salivary tumors. This case report presents the histopathological features and management of MEC of the sublingual gland.
To accurately determine the resection margin for maxillary cancer, it is important to closely examine the extent of tumor infiltration into the maxilla, nasal cavity, maxillary sinus, palate, and surrounding tissues. Various methods have been described for the resection of maxillary tumors, such as alveolectomy, partial maxillectomy, subtotal maxillectomy, total maxillectomy, and extended maxillectomy. The objective of this study was to introduce external carotid artery (ECA) ligation on the ipsilateral side, a perioperative bleeding control method with fewer complications. Incidence of major bleeding during maxillectomy is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. Cases of temporary bleeding from an internal maxillary artery or other sites can be stopped, packed, and compressed. However, bleeding control is eventually achieved by ligation of the ECA or selective embolization. Herein, we report the case of a 60-year-old male with squamous cell carcinoma of the right maxilla, which was eventually treated with subtotal maxillectomy along with an elective ECA ligation for intraoperative bleeding control. The procedure produced no preoperative or postoperative bleeding. ECA ligation is a simple, effective, safe, and (at the operator’s discretion) recommended method of perioperative bleeding control during maxillectomy.