μ방lt emitting diodes (LED) devices are commercially introduced as an alternative for low-Ievellaser therapy (11ι，T) ， and it has several advantages over lasers such as a safe, efficient, and less-expensive altemative to treat wounds. And LED irradiation at the same biostimulatory wavelength has similar bíochemical effεαs. In the present study, to asses whether the I핑ht-emitting diode (LED) irradíation can stimulate bone regeneration, irradiated bony defects with or without grafting materials on rat calvaria were compared to corresponding nonirradiated control. Fifty male Sprague-Dawly rats weighing about 150g, were used. Factors for present study were designed as follows, 1) presence or absence of grafting materials, 2) with or without irradiation, and 3) number of irradiation. Two weeks after operation, rats were sacrifìced. Radiologic and 비stomorphologic fmdings were evaluated. Macrospically, there were no incidents of infection, dehiscence, hematoma and necrosis during study. Radiological findings showed greater radiopacity in the graft group and radiopacity increased as the number of irradiation increase. And microscopically, new bαle formation was great in the graft group and increased as the number of irradiation increase, Present study has shown that LED irradiation improved bone regeneration through radiologic and histomorphologic fmdings in rat.
The puφose of this study was to evaluate the role of EGF(Epidermal Growth Factor), EGFR(Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor), aFGF(acidic Fibroblast Growth Factor or FGF-1), bFGF(basic Fibroblast Growth Factor or FGF-2), FGFR(Fibroblast Growth Faαor Receptor), and VEGF(Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) in the development of the human ameloblastomas For this study 9 subjects, diagnosed as ameloblastomas referred to the Dept. of Oral Path. College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, 2 subjeαs of normal oral mucosa with any inflammatory changes were used as experimental, control groups respectively. All the tissues ; experimental and control group were fixed in 10% neutral formalin solution and embedded in paraffm, serial tissue section were made 하1m in thickness and processed in the standard way for immunohistochemical method, using primary and secondary antibodies, for EGF(Antirabbit Ig G, rabbit kit at }:1oo dilution), EGFR(Antimouse Ig G, mouse kit at 1:100 dilution), aFGF(Antirabbit Ig G, rabbit kit at 1:100 dilution), bFGF(Antirabbit Ig G, rabbit kit at 1:100 dilution), FGFR(Antimouse Ig G, mouse kit at 1:100 dilution) , and VEGF(Antirabbit Ig G, rabbit kit at 1:100 dilution), all BioGenex U.S. A. made, followed by the Streptavidin - Horse Radish Peroxidase(InnoGenex, Human-avidin kit) appli때on ， counter stained with Mayer’s hematoxylin stain method. And examined under the biologic microscope, graded -(no epithelial stain), +(weak or focal epithelial stain), ++(moderate or focal intensive epithelial stain), +++(intense generalized epithelial staining) for the epithelial, and connective 따sue component in ameloblastomas and in normal mucosal epithelium on each. Attained results as follows ; 1. EGF, EGFR, aFGF, bFGF, FGFR, and VEGF showed more intense stainability on experimental group compare t，。 that on the control group. 2. EGF, EGFR, aFGF, bFGF, FGFR, and VEGF showed more intense stainability in epithelial component and more intensely stained on the peripheral ce11s of the ameloblastomas. 3. EGF, EGFR, aFGF, bFGF, FGFR, and VEGF showed positive stainability on the stromal tissues but its level is lower compare to that on the epithelial components. Those results suggested that those growth factors take a role in development and progression on the amelob비las와tomas
Nitric oxide (NO) has been known to inf1uence cell fate through apoptotic or necrotic cell death. Here, we investigated the role of nitric oxide on the growth and viability of immortalized human salivary gland (HSG) cells 띠 vitro. Treatrnent of HSG with a NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penκi1lamine (SNAP), significantly diminished the growth rate of HSG in a concentration dependent manner. However, this retardation of cell비ar growth rate was not corresponded to the apoptotic cell death of HSG cells, because there were no characteristic apopto디c features such as condensation of nuclear chromatin, nuclear fragmentation, and the apoptotic peak of propidium iodide (PI)-stained nuclei by flow cytome띠. 까ùs implies that HSG cells are resistant to NO-mediated 다π。to:잉city. 1n SNAP treated HSG cells, cell cycle analysis revealed that the number of G2/M phase increased markedly, according to while the percentage of cells in GO/Gl and S phases was not significantly affected. Otherwise, high concentrations of SNAP increased both P1 and annexin V positive cells. 1nterestingly, preincubation of HSG cells with iron chelator, deferoxamine (DFO), significantly diminished NO cytotoxicity more than when HSG cells are only incubated with SNAP which su잃.ests the role of iron homeostasis in NO-mediated cell death of HSG cells. 1n addi디。n ， treatrnent of HSG cells with SNAP specifically cleaved iron regulatory protein-2 (IRP2) while not affecting 1RP1. Collectively, the mπent results s멍gest that NO has a potential to control HSG cell growth through cell cycle arresting at G2/M phase. 1n addi디on ， intracellular iron homeostasis nùght play an important role in regulating cell survival of HSG cells
The myotubularin (MTM) family constitutes one of the most highly conserved protein-tyrosine phosphatase subfamilies in eukaryotes. MTM1, the archetypal member of this family, is mutated in X-l띠ked myotubular myopathy, whereas mutations in the MTM related (MTMR)2 gene cause the type 4B Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, a severe hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. In this study, we investigated the role of pleckstrin homology (PH) domain of MTMR2. We demonstrate here that the PH domain of MTMR2 directly interacts with phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns)(3)P, PtdIns(5)P, and to a Iesser extent Pt，이 ns(4)P. Furthermore, MTMR2-PH domain is required for targe띠g Mη00 to the 다πoplasmic compartment. Mutation in the PH domain abolished its phospholipid binding ability and MTMR2 subcel1ular localization. These results su잃.est that the PH domain regulates MTMR2 1αalization and function through its interaction with phosphoinosi디des and give us the clue to understand the pathogenic effect of PH domain
까le orofacial pain is one of the most common types of acute or chronic pain, and many forms of orofacial pain have an inflammatory component. The aim of this study was to develop a behavioral model of orofacial pain associated with chronic int1ammation in rats. 까le int1ammatory agent, CFA suspended in an oil/saline (1 :1) emulsion (50 씨) was injected into the vibrissal pad of adult male rats. A s따피ar application of saline was served as control. Spontaneous and mechanically evoked behaviours were monitored daily in awake rats before and up to 6 weeks after injection. As for the spontaneous behaviour, total time rat spent in face gr∞ming was counted. For the measurement of mechanically evoked behaviour, the threshold and frequency of head withdrawal response (HWR) were determined at the vibrissal pad with the use of von Frey nylon monofilaments. CFA injection did not produce any significant changes in face gr∞ming， but produced a s핑nificant reduction in HWR threshold and a s핑nificant increase in HWR frequency to mechanical stimulation of the vibrissal pad on the ipsilateral side for approximately 4-6 weeks. Saline injection into the vibrissal pad did not produce any significant changes in spontaneous and mechanically evoked behaviours. These results indicate that the injection of CFA into orofacial cutaneous tissues can induce persistent behavioral allodynia and hyperalgesia, and easily quantified behavioral model will provide a better understanding of mechanisms and control of orofacial chronic pain conditions associated with int1ammation.
ReαlITent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) appears to be one of the most common oral diseases. However, the defmitive etiology of RAS is not well established, though many etiologic faαors have been suggested and examined. The present study was petformed to investigate the association between HIA and Korean recurrent aphthous stomatitis pa디ents. πle proportions of class 1 and class II HIA types expressed in 49 Korean subjects affected by recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) and in 50 healthy controls were deteffi1Í11ed by microlymphocytotoxicity test. 까le sig띠ficance of the data was analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher' s exact test. πle proportions of HIA-Cw1 and -DR9 antigens were significantly higher in RAS pa디ents (p(0.05), whereas those of HIA-DR4 and -DQ2 antigens were significantly lower (p(0.05). 까le odds ratio (OR) were 2.8 for HIA-Cw1 and 2.7 for -DR9. πle etiologic fractions (EF) were 0.262 and 0.193, respectively. The results s맹gest that, in Koreans, there Í$ a sig띠ficant relation between HIA antigens and RAS. Genetic faαors ， reflected in the HIA type, may play an in1portant role in the development of RAS.