Fucoidan has been extensively studied as medicinal materials due to its biological activities including osteoblastic differentiation effect. However, osteoblastic effect by fucoidan is unknown in alveolar bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (ABM-MSCs). The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of fucoidan on Osteoblastic differentiation in ABM-MSCs and explore its mechanism. Cell proliferation was analyzed by crystal violet staining. Osteoblast differentiation was determined by alkaline phosphatase activity, calcium accumulation assay and gene expression of osteoblast markers. We found that fucoidan induced cell proliferation of ABM-MSCs. Furthermore, fucoidan increased the ALP activity, calcium accumulation, and osteoblast specific genes such as Runx2, type I collagen alpha 1. Moreover, fucoidan induces the expression of asporin and bone morphogenic protein (BMP)-2 and asporin. Based on these results, these finding indicate that fucoidan induces osteoblast differentiation in ABM-MSCs and partially enhanced the mRNA expression of BMP-2 and asporin.
We pathologically investigated the effects of water irrigation during Er:YAG laser irradiation on wound healing in mouse skin. Fifty-one 6-week-old ICR male mice were used in the present study. Dermal wounds were generated on the skin of the backs using the Er:YAG laser at 100 mJ/pulse and 10 Hz with (4 ml/min) or without (control) water irrigation. Mice were then sacrificed on 0, 1, and 3 days after laser irradiation, and the crust of the skin and thickness of the thermal coagulation layer were evaluated pathologically. The epidermis extended faster in the water irrigation group than in the control group on 1 day. The epidermis with keratinized layers became thicker and the crust had completely detached after 3 days in the water irrigation group. The thermal coagulation layer was thinner in the water irrigation group than in the control group. Apoptotic cell death was prominent in the control group. Detachment of the crust was observed after 3 days in 50% of the water irrigation group and 20% of the control group. These results demonstrated that Er:YAG laser irradiation with water irrigation promoted faster wound healing
Chronic inflammation has long been considered as an important contributing factor to the development of malignant tumors in various tissues. In this study, we aimed to investigate a potential association between chronic periodontitis, a representative inflammatory disease in the oral cavity, and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the most common form of malignant tumors in the oral cavity. A retrospective study was designed to include the cases and controls, each of which consisted of patients first diagnosed with OSCC and temporomandibular disorders, respectively. The existence or a history of periodontal disease was quantitatively estimated based upon the level of alveolar bone loss (ABL) from panoramic radiographs in these groups. Unlike other covariates, including LDH, WBC count and hemoglobin, the levels of ABL measured at three independent regions (second premolar and first/second molar) were significantly higher in the OSCC group, regardless of the patients’age in most cases. Our results thus support the hypothesis that chronic periodontitis, represented by significant ABL, is an important and clinically relevant factor potentially associated with the development of OSCC.
The purpose of this study was to examine the state of the articles in the Korean Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and overall research trends in this field in an effort to grasp the reality of the Journal and suggest some of the right directions for the development of research in this field. 332 articles that were printed in the Korean Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology over the past decade (2003-2012) were selected for the purpose of analysis. As a result of analysing the 332 articles in 52 issues of the Journal, it's found that a mean of 6.3 articles were contained in each issue. As for the form of article, original articles was more common than case reports, which were respectively used in 275 articles (82.8%) and 57 articles (17.2%). Concerning research methods by year, cell culture was most prevailing (124 articles, 37.3%), followed by clinicopathologic study (68, 20.5%), case report (62, 18.8%), animal experiments (28, 8.4%), clinical trial study (28, 8.4%) and others (22, 6.6%). As to the number of researchers, the majority of the articles were written by two or more researchers. The most common number of researchers was three (66 articles, 19.9%), and the number of the articles written by two (49, 14.8%) was similar to that of the articles written by four (47, 14.2%). 38 articles (11.4%) were written by eight researchers or more. Regarding the language of the articles, Korean was used in 213 articles (64.2%), and English was used in 119 articles (35.8%). As for the number of references, this number ranged from a low of zero(in the articles related to the history of pathology) to a high of 71, and the average number of references was 27.91. In relation to the themes of research, the largest number of the articles (47, 32.6%) dealt with oral squamous cell carcinoma, followed by diseases related to odontogenic carcinoma (21, 14.5%), diseases related to odontogenic cyst (17, 11.7%), salivary gland tumor (seven, 4.8%) and granuloma (five, 3.5%). The efforts by this study to explore the shifts of articles and recent research trends are expected to provide useful information on how to accelerate the identity building of this journal and the development of research in oral and maxillofacial pathology.
Suicide gene transfer has been study extensively for therapies in various human diseases. We can evaluate cellular activity of thymidine kinase and cytotoxic effect in colon cancer cells after suicide gene transfer. We observed cellular expression of green fluorescence protein after transfer with adenovirus into colon adenocarcinoma HCT-15 cells. After transfer HSVtk, we also estimated thymidine kinase activity using [3H]-penciclovir and cellular cytotoxicity by MTT assay. After transfer green fluorescence protein into HCT-15 cells, we could observed fluorescence expression in 10 moi concentration. Expression level of green fluorescence protein markedly increased in 30 moi and most of HCT-15 cells expressed green fluorescence protein in 100 moi. By infection with HSVtk in HCT-15 cells and HT-29 cells, thymidine kinase activity in HCT-15 cells was about two fold higher than that HT-29 cells. Thymidine kinase activity at 1 moi concentration makes no difference with 0 moi in both cells. At 10 moi concentration, thymidine kinase activity increased about three fold compared with 1moi in HCT-15 cells, but not observed high increase in HT-29 cells. Thymidine kinase activity at 100 moi showed about three fold increase in HCT-15 cells and one and a half fold in HT-29 cells compared with 10 moi. By treatment of HSVtk at various mois and ganciclovir to HCT-15 cells, we could find that increased cytotoxic effect according to HSVtk concentration. Cellular cytotoxic effect was slightly appeared at 5 moi concentration and intensively increased at 30 moi concentration, dead colon cancer cells were reached about 30% of total colon cancer cells. Cellular cytotoxic effect was consistently increased until 50 moi, and about 50% of cells at 100 moi and less then 50% of HCT-15 cells at 200 moi were survived. Finally, we can identify that suicide gene transfer into HCT-15 cells is performed according to concentration of suicide gene and thymidine kinase activity also increase with HSVtk concentration in both HCT-15 cells and HT-29 cells. Additionally, we also find that suicide gene therapy by HSVtk with ganciclovir intensively increase cellular cytotoxicity in colon cancer cells. Therefore, our findings suggest that suicide gene therapy by HSVtk can affect cytotoxicy for colon cancer cells and eventually seems to influence therapeutic efficacy.
A 67 years old female showed diffuse erosive ulceration at left buccal mucosa. She had received tegretol to treat the patient’s pain and anxiety of trigeminal neuralgia for 18 months. Otherwise her medical history was nonspecific. Under the clinical diagnosis of lichen planus she received anti-inflammatory therapies using antibiotics and steroid ointment, which were not effective. Consequently her oral ulceration was gradually expanded and aggravated. In the biopsy examination mucosa epithelium was irregularly keratinized and focally detached from underlying connective tissue by thin cleft spaces, accompanied with inflammatory cell infiltration into the subepithelial area. The epithelium was generally acanthomatous with short rete ridges. Many spots of acantholysis were found in the basal and suprabasal layers of epithelium, into which melanocytes were migrated. Particularly, many keratinocytes not only in the spinous layer but also in the suprabasal layer contained atypical keratohyalin granules in their cytoplasms. In the immunohistochemistry the epithelium was rarely positive for PCNA and IgK, but strongly positive for HSP-70, and many keratinocytes showed strong positive reaction of lysozyme in their cytoplasms. Taken together, with the characteristic cytotoxic changes of keratinocytes, which are usually found in the oral epithelium damaged by certain drug abuse, the present case of pemphigus-like oral lesion was diagnosed as drug-induced pemphigus caused by long time intake of tegretol, carbamazepine derivative. The acute oral drug-induced pemphigus should be differentially diagnosed from oral lichen planus, recurrent aphthous ulceration, oral leukoplakia, candidiasis, autoimmune pemphigus, etc., in order to treat properly in the absence of biohazards of systemic therapeutic drugs