간행물

대한구강악안면병리학회지 KCI 등재 The Korean Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology

권호리스트/논문검색
이 간행물 논문 검색

권호

제31권 제5호 (2007년 10월) 38

1.
2007.10 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role 0 1' integrin a 3 and integrin ß 1 in the oral squamous cell ca rcinomas. For this study‘ 10 specimens diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma referred to the Dept. of Oral Pathology. School of Dentis try, Kyung Hee Univers ity, and 5 specimens of normal oral mucosa without any inflammatory cha nges were used as experimenta l and co nt rol groups, respectively. AlI s pecimens; experirnental and control group were f ixed in neutral f ormalin so lu tion and embedded in paraffin, and then the serial tissue section were rnade 5i1m in thickness and processed for imrnunohi stochemical observatlon The specimens were incubated with prirnary antibody against integrin a 3 r integrin ß 1‘ each was diluted at 1;100, followed by the super sensit ive non- biotin horse r adish peroxidase detection sys tem with DAB as chromogen‘ After counters ta ining with Gill ’s hematoxylin stain method and mounted and examined under the light microscope. Based on the intens ity of the immunoreactivity, intensity of the immunity was scored no ep ithelial stain, weak 0 1' focal epitheli al sta in, modera te 0 1' focal intensive epithelial stain, intense genera lized epitheli al s taining for the e pithelia l, and co nnective ti ssue component in squamous cell carcinomas, and normal oral mucosa on each Expression of integrin a 3 in t he oral mucosa was negli gible. Expression 0 1' integrin a 3 in expression in the or al s mnus cell ca rcinoma was ve ry wea k, but the express ion was increased in poorly differ entiat ed type of the oral squamous cell carcinomas ln the oral mucosa , expression of in tegr in ß 1 ra nged from weak to moderate in the cytoplasm and the cell membra nes of the kera tini zed and basal cell layer. Nuclei were mainly integrin ß 1 negative‘ but rarely revealed weak expression. ln sq uamous cell carcinoma, expression of integrin ß 1 was ntense notably in the cytoplasm, cell membrane a nd nuclear membra ne Nuclei of several tumor cells revealed moderate expression of integrin ß 1. Expression of integrin ß 1 was increased the poorly diffe rentiated type of in squamous cell carcinoma compare to that in moderate or well diffe rentiated type of oral squamous cell carCllìoma These results suggest integrin a 3 and integrin ß 1 may be influ enced the development and growth of the squamous cell carcima .
4,600원
2.
2007.10 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
The purpose of this study was to evaJ uate the role of integrin a 3 and integrin ß 1 expression in the saivary gJand tumors. For this study, 11 specimens diagnosed as pleomorpic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, mucoe pidermoid carcimoma referred to the Dept. of Oral Pathology‘ School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, 2 specimens 01' normaJ submandibular gland tissues were used as experimental, control groups respectively, All the tissues experimental and control group wel'e fixed in neutral formaJin solution and embedded in paraffin, seriaJ tissue section were made 511m in thickness and processed in the standard way for immunohistochemical method, using primary antibody against integrin a 3, and integrin ß 1 each was diluted at 1;100 followed by the poly- horse radish peroxidase detection system with DAB as chormogen counterstained with Mayel ’s hematoxylin stain method and mounted And examined unde1' the biologic micro scope with the criteria of no epitheliaJ stain, weak 01' focal epithelial stain, moderate 01' focal intensive epithelial s tain. intense generalized epithelial staining for the epithelial, and connective tissue components in no1'mal salivary gland, and saivary g land tumors : pleomorphic adenoma‘ adenoid cystic carcinoma, adenoca1'cinoma, mucoepide1'moid ca1'cinoma on each On the integ1'in α 3 reaction, negative to minimal posit ive reaction was noted on the salivary gland twnors and nor mal subma ndibular gland tlssues On the integrin ß 1 reactions, intense 1'eaction is shown on the serous demilune and ductal cells , and partly on the serous acini in submandibula1' gland tlssues On the integrin ß 1 reactions to pleomorphic adenoma tissues, moderate reactions were noted on the ductal celJs and myoepithelial cells. On the integrin ß 1 reactions to adenoid cystic ca rci noma‘ adenocarcinoma, mucoepidermoid ca1'cinoma tissues, intense reactions were shown on the neo plastic cell s , This resuJt suggest that integrin a 3. integrin ß 1 could be a 1'ole inducing the tumorigenesis.
4,000원
3.
2007.10 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
Many researchers are interested in wound healing in the t reatment of burns, prevention of post surgical adhesions and cosmetic s urgery by excess collagen production and scar formatlOn Synthetic epidermal substi tutes with cultured epi thelial cells seem to be an attractive strategy since keratinocytes have been demonstrated to modulate fibroblast growth and collagen synthesis. Bioa bsorbable and biocompatible chitosan structurally mimics hyaluronic acid. Recently, a bio compatible synthesi zecl ch itosa n-PVP(polyvinyl pyrrolidone) hydrogels demonstrated in vitro biocompat ibi li ty for bio medical applications . However. there is no re port on this hydrogeJ"s ability to modulate human gingival fibroblast growth. The purpose of this study were to investigate different growth modulation between human gingival fibroblast and normal human oral keratinocyte by chitosan- PVP hydrogel, and to apply this biocompatible synthetic polymer to oral and maxillofacial wound healing. We have synthesized a hydrogel from chitosan-PVP and examined its effect on human gingival fibroblast growth modulation in vitro. Non-toxic and biocompatible hydrogel with human gingival fi broblasts and epithelial cells was tested by MTT assay. HGF showed a higher growth proliferation than that of NHOK after cell seeding. In MTT assay, 30% hydrogel leach out products showed a higher cellular viability in NHOK than that of any other products. In MTT assay, 30% hyclrogel leach out products showed relatively lower cellular viability of HGF ln growth profile, NHOK showed about 7 fo lcls higher than HGF after 1 day, while about 2 fo lds higher after 5 days. And also NHOK showed above about 70% cell ular via bility from 1 to 7 days. It suggested that Chitosan-PVP hydrogel would inhibit relatively the growth of HGF and s timulate the growth of NHOK_ This phenomenon may prove to be of use in wound management 0 1' oral and maxillofacial area as epitheli al substitutes.
4,000원
4.
2007.10 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
Laser is used to prevent the early dental caries in dental f ield and to apply for treatment of stomatitis and hyper sens it ivity , and laser mass Recently it is reported that laser i1'r adiation affect on soft tissue treatment and bone 1'emodelling after dental implantation. The purpose of this study was to examine laser irradia ti on effect on activity of normal human osteoblast on titanium plate in vitro by various laser wave length, and to observe morphologic change of NHost on LiLa nium plate and to a nalysis concentration of Ca"++ , IP and ALP NHost were cultured in DMEM containing 10% FBS, and observed by in verted microscope 1"or attatchment to the surface of titanium plate. Ca ++, I.P. , and a lkaline phosphat ase(ALP) concent ration in medium was calculated during 4 weeks, which was treated with Wilcoxon rank, Anova test and linear regression. The obtained results were as follows Morphologic changes showed rapid growth rate of NHost ++ at 3 days of laser lrradiatlOn ln spite of laser wave type, Ca" and P concentration was decreased at 2 weeks and was the hig hest at 3 weeks, but decreased at 4 weeks In spite of laser wave type, ALP concentration was decreased at 2 weeks but was increased at 3-4 weeks, From the aboving results, in spite of laser wave type, there were rapid growth rat e of NHost a nd no significant of Ca"++ , IP and P concen tr ation but these concentration showed predominant change than that of control
4,300원
5.
2007.10 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
Human gingival fibroblasts are necessary for oral homeostaslS These cells are fundamental in tissue healing and tissuc remodeling processes under a response to physiological actions such as mastication, Collagen and elastin, that are extracell ular glycoprotein of gingival fibroblast, are found in all animals, '1γpe 1 collagen is most dominant protein found in human gingival fibroblasts , Matrix metalloproteinase-1(MMP-1) has a role play in destruction of metabolism of extracellular matrix(ECM) and MMP-1 can destroy many ECMs as well as non-ECM molecules MMP-1’s local activation is conytolled by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1(TIMP-1) , Therefore, it is important to have a balance between in both s ituations MMPs and TIMPs of increased 0 1' decreased extracelluar matrix molecules, The purpose of trus study is to find out the effect of physical stimulus to human gingival fibroblast on mRNA, proteins of collagen 1, elastin, MMP-1, and TIMP-1 Healthy human gingival fibroblasts were separated and cultur때 in DMEM(Dulbeco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium) , When the sample reached to confluence state, it was separated with 0,25% t rypsin and 0‘ 53mM ethylendiaminetetraacetic aCld Separated cells were centrifuged in a cell culturing flask at 1000rpm for 30, 60, 120 mmutes Then it was forced by 35g/cm' continuously, The obtained results that expression of mRNA using histological study and Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) , expression of protein using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay(ELISA) for this study, At 30minutes after cen trifuging, there were s pindl e shaped gingival fibroblasts with long processes parallel to other cells in the control group , However the cell density was simil ar to compared group, At 60minutes after centrifuging, spindle shaped human gingival fibroblast with relatively long process, less densely packed, At 120minutes after centrifuging, cell processes were lengthened 2-3 times‘ and cell density was lower, At 30-60 minutes after centrifuging, it was increased by 1,3-1,7 times in expressoin of collagen 1 mRNA as compared with comparison group, However, there was no change in elastin, TIMP-l, and MMP-1, At 120 minutes after centrifuging, The revealed collagen 1 mRNA was increased 3 times as compared with comparison group, It was increased 2 times in elastin , 12 times in TIMP-1 as compared with comparison group, However, there was no change in MMP-l. At 30-60 minutes after centrifuging, it was increased by 1.1 times in revealing of protein revealing in collagen 1, TIMP-1 But there was no cha nge in elastin, MMP-1 At 120 minutes after centrifuging, it was increased by 1,2 times in revealing collagen 1 protein, 11 times in elastin, 12 times in TIMP-l, but there was no change in MMP-l. ln conclu s ion, it increased in revelation of collagen 1 ,elastin and TIMP-1 by continous stimulus in human gi ngival fibroblast, But there was no change in revelation of MMP-l Therefore, th is type of pressu re is one of the components for healing of gingiva l fibroblast
4,000원
6.
2007.10 구독 인증기관 무료, 개인회원 유료
A case of a distinctive variety of basalαd squamous cell carcinoma (B8CC) of the floor of mouth is described Histologic evaluation of the tumor showed lobules and aggregates of medium-sized basaloid cells with distinctive periph eral palisading and focal areas of comedo- necrosis. This appearance together with microcystic spaces simulated that of an adenoid cystic carcinoma. Accompanying epithelial dysplasia of the overlying mucosa was found. Immunohistochemistry of the tumor revealed diffuse strong expression for cytokeratin AE1/3, focally positive for Epithelial Membrane Antigen in the inner cells of tubular structures However, CEA, 8-100, smooth muscle actin, and vimentin were negative. The histologic differential diagnosis considered were adenoid cystic carcinoma and adenosquamous cell carcinoma Immunohistochemistry and awareness of this unusual pattern of B8CC will facilitate the correct diagnosis being reached.
3,000원
7.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
The diffe rentiation of osteoblasts from mesenchymal precursors requires a series of cell fa te decis ions controlled by a hi erarchy of transcription factors Among these are RUNX2, osterix (OSX) , ATF4 and a la rge number of nuclear co-regulators. During bone development, initial RUNX2 expression coincides with the formation of mesenchyma l con densations well before the branching of chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages. Runx2 is s ubject to a number 0 1' post - tran scriptional controls including regulation by nuclear accessory factors such as ATF4 and DLX5 and post-trans lational mod ificati on, especially phosphOl‘ylation. We previously showed that Runx2-dependent transcription is acti vated by the ex tracellular signal-regulated/MAP kinase pathway in response to ECM/integrin and FGF2 stimulation. To identify and a5sess the function of ERK/MAPK phosphorylation s ites in RUNX2 and esta bli sh the role of MAPK s ignaling in bone fo 1'mation Approaches: A deletion/mutagenesis approach wa5 used to ide ntify 1'egions 0 1' RUNX2 necessary fo1' MAPK responsiveness and phosphorylation. To evaluate the in vivo function of the ERK/MAPK pa thway‘ transgen ic mice were developed wi th osteoblast- specific expression of either dominant-negative 0 1' cons titutively-active MEKl in osteoblasts and crossed with Runx2 heterozygous-• null ammals RUNX2 is phosphorylated on two critical serine res idues in the P/S/T domain. RUNX2 conta ining S/A mutations in these sites is refractory to MAPK stimula ti on while S/E muta tions cause cons titutive activation MAPK activation of RUNX2 was also found to occur in vivo 까'a n sge ni c expression of cons titutively ac tive MEKl in osteo • blas ts accelerated skeletal development while a dominant-negati ve MEKl reta rd ed bone formation in a RUNX2- dependent manner As shown by these studies‘ the ERK/MAPK pathway controls Runx2 tra nscript iona l activ ity by phosphorylation at specific serine residues. This may be a major pathway for controlling osteoblast activity in response to extracellul ar matrix signals. mechanical loads and hormonal stimulation
8.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
3BK21 program for Veterinary Science, College of Veterinary Medicine‘ Seoul National University. Seoul. Korea Human Co1'd blood has been used for the alternatives of bone marrow transplantation for more 10 years. Recently Mesenchymal s tem cell s , ES-like cells and endothelial stem cells has been successfuly isolated from huam co1'd blood Presentl y. it has been reported that a bout 70 incurable ans tractible di sease was possibly cured by umbili cal cord blood-deri ved s tem cells in the clinit;al test s‘ However‘ isolation and expansion of s tem cells from human umbilical cord blood(UCB) have been very difficult and an obstrucle for the clinical use This study showed that effi cient s iolat iona and expans ion of mesenchymal stem cells from UCB Full term UCB samples were obtained from the umbi lical vein after vaginal deli ve ry with the informed consent 0 1' the mothe1' approved by Borame Hospital Institutional Review Broad (IRB). And a lso. t his work was also a pproved by Seoul National University IRB. Recently, we isolated a population of s tem cells from human corcl bloocl (UCB)‘ which expressed embryo stage specific maker. SSEA-4. ancl the multi-potential stem cell marker‘ 。c t4 And we have sucessfully developed culture methods to expand ancl subculture these cells up to 1.000 billion from one single clone. Subsequently. we were a ble to transclifferente theses stem cells into insulin- producing is let- like structures. which co-express in sulin andC-pepticle, adipocyte, neuron‘ bone and cartilage. In acldition. the isola tion rate of MSC from UCB is about 70 % from the cord blood units. This isolation rate were not affected by maternal ages. the sex of baby, isolation time from the deli very. for example. 12 hrs. 24 hrs ‘ even 48 hrs from delivery Taken together. these findings might have a s ignificant potential to aclvance human UCB clerivecl stem- cell -basecl ther apeutics fOI' clinical use in near future
9.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
For many years, experience has been accumulated on embryo and gamete manipulation in mammals, The present work is an introduction of these techniques and their possible application in human embryology in s pecific cases, Mammalian c1on ing has been studied by many groups, but the success rate is sti ll low‘ Removal of maternal chromosomes from unfertil ized oocytes and injection of donor cells into enucleated oocytes are the most important factors for the improvement of cloning effi cien cy, Here, we introduce a novel one-step rnicromanipulation (OSM) system and laser-assisted zona pellucida piel'cing technique (LAZP) , 1n genera l, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is completed by many processes including enucleation and donor cell fusion , Howevel', OSM is a simple method because donor cell is directly injected into ooplasm without fusion pl'ocess, 1n addition, chromosomal enucleation and donor cell inj ec tion are perfOl‘med simultaneously in OSM, While OSM was a pplied to porcine SCNT, LAZP was a pplied to murine SCNT, This rninirni zed the use of piezo-dri ven micromanipul ator (P1EZO) , I'educing chances 0 1' problems caused by P1EZO pulses, LAZP reduced time that took to pierce zona pellucida in removal of nucleus fl'om oocyte and somatic cell injection, which might have taken longer time with P1EZO, The simple , new OSM and LAZP system may help to enable large scale cloning by reduction of procedural steps, Pa l'thenogenesis de scribes the growth and development of an embryo without fertilization by a male Parthenogenetic ES cell s (PESCs) can be a useful cell source for tissue I'epail‘ and I'egeneration , Moreover , the defects in full-term developrnent of this PESCs enable researc hers to avoid the ethical concern , Here, the author showed that PESCs can differentiate into osteogenic lineage, The PESCs were induced osteogenic dlfferentlatlon The osteoblas t-specific gene expression such as osteocalcine, osteopontine, osteonectin, bone-sialo protein‘ coll agen type-l and alka line phos phatase showed osteogenic potential of differentiated PESCs, The author also focused on the neuronal induction of murine PESCs by simplified neurona l induction system to generate doparninergic (DA) neurons , As a result , PESCs were differentiated into nestin and Tuj-l positive cell s successfully, a lthough t he generation of DA neuron was Illruted For murine embryo cul ture, novel oil-free microtube cul tu re system was applied , This new culture system provides oil-free cu ltu re condi t ions and is easy to handle It was also associated with faster development and mOl'e t l'ophectodel'mal cells , which will enhance the development of murine embl'Yos to fur t hel' stages ,
10.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Mammalian Emx2. a homeobox tra nscripti on factor‘ is continuoll s ly expressecl in aclll lt neural s tem cell s of the b.ippo campal c1enclate gyrus (HDG) a f'ter blrth 1'0 c1ate‘ roles 01' Emx2 a ncl its llnderlying rnecha ni s rn in r eg비 atin g acl lllt neuro - genesis from neural stem cell aft er bi rth is still obscure. 1'he present experiment is aimed to elucidate role 01' Emx2 in regulating adll lt neurogenesis from neural s tem cell of HDG using nestin-Emx2 transgenic mouse (N-E2 1'G) and heterozygous Emx2 KO mouse (1-l-E2 KO) . HDG g ranlllar cell layer where new born neurons proclllced from adult neural stem cell migrate. is thin with low cell c1ens ity in N-E2 1'G but tbick with high cell density in H-E2 KO, compared to wild type mice (\\끼') . Number of DCX , a new born nellron marker. -positive cells is less in N-E2 1'G but more in l-l-E2 KO. comparecl to W1'. Ki67 (whole cell cycle marker) 01' BrclU (S-phase marker) 一positive cells is less in N-E2 1'G bllt morc in l-l-E2 KO and BrdU-positive cells/ Ki 67ratio is higher in N-E2 1'G but lower in H-E2 KO. NeuN (a mature n e llro삐 marker) a ncl BrdU-dollble positive cells is lUore in N- E2 TG bllt GFAP (a glial cell marker) ancl BrdU- dollble positive cells is more in ]-]- E2 KO. compa recl to WT 4wks after BrclU is aclmin istratecl one ti me per c1ay for 5days‘ Migrating c1egree of BrdU-positive cells is lower in N-E2 TG but higher in ]-]-E2 KO 4wks after BrclU is administratecl one t ime per day for 5days. Active casepase 3-positive cells is more in ]-]DG 01' the N-E2 TG but no changes in ]-]-E2 KO. 4 wks after CAG- GFP- PRE vector was inj ected in hippocampus. GFP-positive new born n e urons from aclult neural stem cell have less c1endritic branches in N-E2 1'G but more c1endritic branches in H-E2 KO‘ comparecl to the WT From these results. Emx2 transcription factor inhibits adult neurogenesis f'rom nellral stem cell of HDG throllgh reducing neural stem cell proliferation. new born cell survival. ce ll migration. ancl matllrat ion
11.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Recovery 01' original form ancl function from c1amaged organs 01' tissues is olltmost goal of regenera tive meclicine. Va riolls methods such as moleclll ar biology. drug c1elivery system, biomaterials. tissue engineering have been s tllcliecl and appl iecl in that field . 1'he core factor of all 01' these kinds of efforts might be the cells including stem cells 01' progenitor cell s . AclllJt progenitor 01' stem cells have many advantages for therapeutic meclicine, inclucling free form ethi cal probl em. easiness in collection and clllture. Bone marrow‘ fat tissue, peripheral blood. placenta‘ ancl umbilicaJ cord bloocl a re preferable source 01' acllllt stem cells 01' progenitors. ]-]uman umbilical cord bloocl. taken form vein of corcl after baby c1elivery‘ are known to contain many progenitor cells. Since Boyse et al reportecl bone marrow transplantation with hllman cord blood CD34+ cells f'or leukemia. functional cells in human cord blood have been the cells of great interest. 1n this study‘ the a u thors i s이 ated peripheral bloocl mononuciear celJs. endothelial progenitors‘ late outgrowth vascular endothelial-like cells‘ ancl mesenchymal stem cell- like cells from human umbilical cord blood and a pplied in bony defects, myocardiac infarction and limb ischemic lesl0n Al I of these fllnctional cells showed favorable healing capacity and their effects primarily based on enhanced anglOgenesls Conclllsively. a lthollgb the precise cha racteristics are not well-described‘ the current stucly reveals that various types of functional cell s of human umbilical cord blood have some stem cell or progenitors features and play an important r ole in ti ssue regeneration
12.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
구강면평 세포의 종양화는 여러 단계의 발생 순서를 거치는 다단계 발생과정 (multistep carcinogenesis) 으로 이루어지며 구강백 반증 (Ol'al leukoplakia)은 구강암 진행단계에서 악성암종으로 이행하기 전단계의 전암병소로 알려져 있다 이러힌 구강백빈 증이 악성 암종으 로 진행하는 빈도는 상피 이형성의 여부에 따라 6 6~36%로 니타나는데 이렇게 정상 상피 세 포가 암세포로 변환히는 과정에서는 종양 유전.7-}. 종양 억제 유전자.ONA 수복 유전지- 등 여러 유전자에 대한 지속적인 변이의 축적 이 나타난다 본 연구애서는 구강암의 전암벙 소인 구강백반증 조직 에서 싱피와 섬유모세포의 유전자 변이 분석을 위해 레이저 포획 미 세절제법 (laser capture microdissection) 을 이 용하여 16여| 의 겁체 에서 상피세포와 성유모세포를 각각 채취하고 구강암과 구강백반증에서 유전자 변이 분석에 사용된 26쌍의 mlCI'Osatellite( MSl) 표지자를 선정하여 각각의 이 형접합성상실 (Loss of Hetel"Ozygosity‘ LOH) 과 현미부수체 불안정성(Microsatellite in stability. MSI)을 분석 하였다. 연구 결과 구강 백반증 조직의 상피와 섬유모세포 모두에 LOH/MSI 가 발현함을 확인하였다 구강백반증 전체 조직에 서 LOH가 많이 나타나는 유전자의 위치는 염색체 21qll.l-21.1. 9p21-22. 3pI4-25. 17p12-14였고. MSI는 17p12-14‘ 5q21-23, 10q22-23 부위에서 많이 나타났으며 LOH는 섬유모세포 보다 상피세포에서. MSI는 상피세포 보다 섬유모세포에서 상대적으로 많이 발현하였다 상피이형 성이 있는 구강백반증을 그렇지 않은 경우와 비교하였을 때 06S264 표지자에서만 특이적으로 상피이형성이 있는 검체에서 LOH가 니티 났으며 나머지 표지자에서는 상피이형성괴 LOH 딸현 사이에 통계학적인 유의성이 없었다
13.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Although substance P (SP). a potent pro-inflammatory peptide, is involved in inflammation and immune responses, the effect of SP 011 the expression of macl'ophage inJlammatol'Y protein 3a (MIP-3a. CCL20) in periodontal ligament (PDL) cells a l'e unknown Equally as enigmatic is the link between SP. the stress protein heme oxygenase-l (HO-l) , and CCL20 product ion. We investigated whether SP induces the release of chemokine CCL20 from irrunortalized POL (IPDL) cells. and further claif’y SP mediated pathways . We also exarnined the relationship between HO-l and CCL20 by treating POL cells with SP Incubating IPOL cells with SP incl'eased ex pl'ession of CCL20 mRNA and CCL20 protein in a dose-time dependent manner. Highly selective p38 and ERKl/2 inhibitors abl'ogated SP-induced expression of CCL20 lD IPOL cells SP is also responsible fo l' ini tiating phosphorylation of I/( B‘ degl'adation of IK B. and activation of NF-/( B. SP induced expression of HO-l in both a concentration- and time-dependent manner. and CCL20 refl ected similal' patterns. The inductive effects of SP on HO-l and CCL20 were enhanced by HO- l inducer hemin and the membrane-permea ble cGMP analog 8-bromo-cGMP Conversely, this pathway was inhi bited by the HO-l inhibitor zinc Pl'otoporphyrin IX (ZnPP IX) and the selective inhibitor of guanylate cyclase‘ 1H- [1. 2. 4]uxad iazole[4, 3-alquinoxal i n- 1-one (ODQ) We report hel'ein the pathway that connects SP a long with other modulators 0 1' neuroimmunoregulationto the induction of HO-1 and the inflanunatol'y mediatol' MIP- 3a /CCL20 in IPDL cel ls. which play an impol'tant role in the development 0 1' pe- I'iodontitis or inflammation during ol'thodontic tooth movement
14.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
The aim of t his study was to investigate the cytotoxic and ni t ric oxide (NO)-inducing effects of bismuth oxide (Bi203)-containi ng Portland cement (BPC) on human dental pulp cells. We also assessed whether heme oxygenase-l (HO-l) is involved in BPC-induced cytotox.icity in dental pulp cells Cytotoxicity and NO production induced by BPC were higher than those induced by Portland cement (PC) at 12 and 24 hours, and the former grad ua lly decreased to the level observed for PC. HO- l and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA expressions in the BPC group showed maximal increase at 24 hours. and it gradually decreased with increasing cultivation tlme Hemin treatment reversed the BPC-induced cytotoxicity ‘ whereas zinc protoporphyrin IX treatment increased the cytotoxicity. These results suggested that NO production by BPC correlates with HO-l exp1'ession in dental pulp cells Moreover ‘ BPC- induced HO-l expression in dental pulp cells plays a protective 1'ole against the cytotox.ic effects of BPC.
15.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Previous in vi tro studies demonstrated that H202 or carbamide peroxide cou ld penetrate i nto pul p chambers through enamel and dentin (Benetti et a l., 2004; G okay et a l. , 2004‘ Suli eman et al .. 2005) ‘ Recently. Lee et al.(2006) demonstrated that H20Z enhanced the diffe rentiation of odontoblast like cell line, whereas it inhibited osteogenic diffe rentiation in pre 。steobl astic cell line, as seen by its efl"ecLs on an early difï"erentiation marker. ALP activity. I-lowever. the effects of HZ02 have not been well elucidated in primary cultured human pulp cells ln th is study‘ we investigated whether HO- 1 is involved in H20 2-induced cytotoxicity and examined the production 0 1" dent in sia lophosphoprotein (DSPP) and other minera li zation markers, in human pulp cells H20Z dec1'eased cell viabili ty. but increased HO-l and DSPP expression in a concentra t ion and time dependent manner. Inhibitors of guanylate cyclase, PI3K. ERK, and p38 MAP kinase blocked J-!?,0 2- induced cytot oxicity and the expression of HO-1 and DSPP mRNAs in pulp cells. These data suggest that t he induction of HO-l by H202 in pu lp cells plays a protective role against the cytotoxic effects of H202 and stimulates DSPP expression. resulting in prematu re oclontoblast differentiation th rough pathways t hat involve cGMP. p38. ancl ERK
16.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Heme oxygenase-l (HO-l) exhibits cyt oprotective effects in many different cell types and is induced by nicotine exposure in human gingival fibroblasts‘ However‘ therole of HO- l in cancer cells exposed to nicotine has not previously been descnbed We investigated the effects of nicotine on HO-l protein expression and cell viability in immortalized (IHOK) and malignant (HN12) human ora l keratinocyte cells using the MTT assay and Western blotting. We al so examined the involvement of t he phosphoinosit ide-3-0H- kinase (PI3K), mitogen-acti vated protein kinase (MAPK) , and nucJear factor-κ B (NF-κ B) signaling pathways in nicotine-induced cytotoxicity and HO- l levels in IHOK and HN12 cell s‘ Nicotine induced HO- l pro ducti on and had cytotoxic effects on cells in both a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Nicotine-induced cytotox icity and accumulation of HO- l were greater in JJ-IOK cells than in HN12 cells Molecular inhibitors of the ERK, p38 MAP kinase, PI3K, and NF-κ B signaling pathways blocked the cytotoxic effects and induction of J-IO-l expression by nicotine. Treatmen t with an t ioxida nts (bil irubin, N-acetyl cysteine) protected cells against nicotine-induced cytotoxicity and blocked the upregula tion of J-IO- l, the effects of which were more pronounced in II-IOK cells than in HN12 cells Collecti vely, these results suggest that J-IO- l plays a principal role in the protective response to nicotine in oral cancel and immortalized keratinocytes. Moreover, the addition of exogenous antioxidants may help to protect oral epithelial cells as chemopreventive agents against nicotine-induced oxidative stress.
17.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Heme oxygenase-l (HO-l) exhibits cyt oprotective effects in many different cell types and is induced by nicotine exposure in human gingival fibroblasts‘ However‘ therole of HO- l in cancer cells exposed to nicotine has not previously been descnbed We investigated the effects of nicotine on HO-l protein expression and cell viability in immortalized (IHOK) and malignant (HN12) human ora l keratinocyte cells using the MTT assay and Western blotting. We al so examined the involvement of t he phosphoinosit ide-3-0H- kinase (PI3K), mitogen-acti vated protein kinase (MAPK) , and nucJear factor-κ B (NF-κ B) signaling pathways in nicotine-induced cytotoxicity and HO- l levels in IHOK and HN12 cell s‘ Nicotine induced HO- l pro ducti on and had cytotoxic effects on cells in both a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Nicotine-induced cytotox icity and accumulation of HO- l were greater in JJ-IOK cells than in HN12 cells Molecular inhibitors of the ERK, p38 MAP kinase, PI3K, and NF-κ B signaling pathways blocked the cytotoxic effects and induction of J-IO-l expression by nicotine. Treatmen t with an t ioxida nts (bil irubin, N-acetyl cysteine) protected cells against nicotine-induced cytotoxicity and blocked the upregula tion of J-IO- l, the effects of which were more pronounced in II-IOK cells than in HN12 cells Collecti vely, these results suggest that J-IO- l plays a principal role in the protective response to nicotine in oral cancel and immortalized keratinocytes. Moreover, the addition of exogenous antioxidants may help to protect oral epithelial cells as chemopreventive agents against nicotine-induced oxidative stress.
18.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Sulfur is commonly used in Asia as a n herba l medicine to treat infl ammation and cancel‘. and potent chemopreventive effects have been demonstrated in various in vivo and in vitromodels for sulfur-containing compounds found in naturally occun‘ ing products. Here, we report the growth inhibitory and apoptosis-related effects of a newly developedhigh- purity eclible sulfur (ES) on immortali zecl human oral keratinocytes (IHOKs) and on oral cancer cells representing two stages of oral can cer (HN4‘ HN12) basecl on an 3-(4. 5-Dimethylt hiazol-2-yl)-2.5-cliphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) a ssay, Western blotting, cell cycle analysis, ancl nuclear staining. The puri ty of the ES used in th is s tucly was verified by high performance liquid chromat ography (HPLC) , amino acid analysis and energy di spersive spectroscopy (EDS). ES inhibitecl the proliferation of immor talized and malignant oral kerati nocytes in a dose- and time-dependent manner FITC-Annexin V staining. DNA fragmentation testing. and Hoechst 33258 staining revealed that ES inhibits cell growth via apoptosis . ES blocked cell-cycle progression at the sub- Gl phase, with decreased expression 0 1' cyclins Dl, D2, and E, and t heir activating partners cdk2, cdk4, and cdk6‘ and a concomitant induction of p53 and p21/WAF1. Furthermore, ES treatment increased the cytosolic level of cytochrome c a nd resulted in caspase-3 activation‘ and thi s effect was correlated wi th Bax up- regulation and Bcl-2 down- regulation Taken together, these clata suggest that ES is a potential chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent for oral cancel
19.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
om llnique miRNA encoding genes and also from intergene seqllences. 80 far it is generally suggestecl that one miRNA could target multiple genes. and also several miRNAs could be orchestrated to downregulate a s pecific gene. However. there would be many possibilities to procluce more miRNAs and to target gene in more compli catecl manners tha n we expected Here‘ we developed a detection program of miRNA consensus sequences from non- cocling region of genetic corcls As the ha irpin structure 01' tRNA has step-loop like hybridi zation by a single strand RNA. the repeated 3-5 nt symmetric arrangement with 6- 12 nt spanning sequences for hail‘pin head is necessary to form a preCllrsor rruRNA The DNA base pair‘ polarity program symbolizecl by the electrostatic polarities of pyrimidine and purine is now reinforcecl by the cletection program fOI symmetric DNA strand from non-coding regions. For example, we iclentifi ecl candidate miRNAs targeting eIF5A mRNA (miR-eIF5A-l)‘ 288 ribosomal RNA (miR- 28S-1). and dentin sialophosphate protein mRNA (miR- D8PP-1). 1n t his study the detection methocl of 288 ribosomal RNA was demonstrated ancl the molecular biological effects 01' miRNA targeting in vitro culture system were evaluatecl by miRNA RT• PCR, Northen blot, siRNA interference, and in situ hybridization. We firstly sea rched the candidate miRNA from the intron sequences of each objectiγe gene using the programs of syrrunetric sequence cletection a ncl DNA base pair polarity, ancl secondarily siRNA procluced by in vitro transcription and inclucible lenti virus vector cons tru ction was transfectecl into HEK293 cells. The transfectecl siRNA of miR-28S-1 was accumulated in the nucleoli ancl inclllced apoptosis extens ively in 2 days cultur8. Northern blot using miR-288-1 probe showed strong reaction in t he 288 bancJ of total RNA and also showed a smeared band in small size representing the presence of t he precursor and mature miRNAs 이 miR-288-1. In in situ hyridi zation most of cells revealed intensive miR-288-1 positive reaction in their cytopl asms. mirni cking t he abllndant localization of 288 RNA From the above study. we presume that rniRNAs targeting s pecific genes are possibly derivecl from the in tron seq uences of the objective gene, and suggest that the symmetirc sequence detect ion ancl DNA base pair polarity program is useflll to define the candiclate miRNA
20.
2007.10 구독 인증기관·개인회원 무료
Macrophage inflammatory prote in -3α (M1P-3a 01' CCL20) is an intr땅uing molecule in CanCel‘ irrununotherapy‘ but M1P-3 a expr ession and signaling are not well under s tood in oral cancer cell s. We investigated CCL20 expression a nd signal trans duction by treating immortal ized hllman oral keratinocyte (IHO찌 and oral ca ncer (뻐 4) cells with defe roxa llline (DFO) and examined the mRNA express ion 01' CCL20 using RT- PCR and ELI8A. lHOK and HN4 cells treated with DFO sbowed increased mRNA and protein expression 01' CCL20. and the upregulation 01' DFO-induced CCL20 expression was higher in IHOK cells than in HN4 cells 8elective inhibitors of p38 and ERKl/2 abol ished DF'O- induced CCL20 expression in both lHOK and HN12 cells. and p38 and ERKl/2 inhibitors prevented DFO- induceddegradati on 01' 1 -κ B and NF'-K B activation. Activation 01' c-fos and c-jun also occmred fo l lowing DFO treatment in IHOK and HN4 cells Collectively, these results suggest that DFO-indllced M1 P- 3a. which is involved in the MAP kinase‘ c-fos, c-jun, and NF-K B pathways, may be an important mediator of the a ntitumor immune response in oral keratinocytes ancl warrants con sideration as a target molecule for oral cancer t reatment
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