Tumor cell biological factors, such as urokinase plasminogen activator(uPA) and its inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor- 1(PAI-1) play a role in tumor invasion, metastasis, and proliferation. These factors in patients with primary oral squamous cell carcinoma(Oral SCC) will be evaluated and correlated with clinicopathologic variables. However, relatively rarely has been known in oral squamous cell carcinoma in vivo and in vitro study . The purpose of this study were to investigate the protein expression of uPA and PAI-1 in oral SCC cell lines cell line compared to NHOK and to study migration and adhesion assay. All the cell lines were cultured under KBM bullet kit at 37℃ in a 5% CO2 incubator. We studied a possible association between cytosolic uPA and PA-1 concentrations in oral SCC cell line compared to NHOK using an enzyme-linked immunoassay(ELISA). Cell adhesion and migration assay were done in all the cell l ines. In migration assay oral SCC cell lines were about 70 folds higher than NHOK. In adhesion assay oral SCC cell line were about 7-12 folds higher than NHOK. uPA cy tosolic concentrations was about 15-19 folds and PAI-1 was 3 to 4.5 folds than that of NHOK. Both uPA and PAI-1 concentrations were correlated with migration and adhesion assay. High cytosolic concentrations o f uPA and PAI-1 were correlated with migration and adhesion assay . It suggested that these markers might be specific for oral SCC cell line and these results would be contributed to treatment and prognosis of human oral squamous cell carcinoma.
In the previous molecular cloning study from human salivary gland cDNA library novel clones (C75‐014, C76‐022) were known as candidate genes for proline rich proteins by GenBank data base search and RNA in situ hybridization. C75‐014 and C76‐022 genes were characterized as those expressing excretory basic proteins primarily composed of alanine, proline, and leucine residues, mimicking basic proline‐rich proteins (bPRPs) with helical structures and multiple consensus sequences of phosphorylation sites. In the immunohistochemical stainings using polyclonal antisera against each C75‐014 and C76‐022 peptide showed strong reaction in the secretory granules of striated and excretory ducts. And in Western blot for the different salivary specimens relatively distinctive bands appeared at lower molecular weight, ranging about 15‐50 kDa. This study was aimed to identify the molecular characteristics of C75‐014 and C76‐022 proteins, which showed properties of basic proline rich protein. These data suggest that C75‐014 and C76‐022 are candidate genes for proline rich proteins in human salivary gland, which may play a role for protecting and stabilizing the mucosal epithelium against numerous proteolytic damages and stresses.
The electron transport chain (ETC) delivers electrons from many substrates to reduce molecular oxygen to water. ETC accomplishes the stepwise transfer of electrons through series of protein complexes conferring oxidation‐reduction reactions with concomitant transport of p roton across membrane, g enerating a proton g radient which leads ATP s ynthesis b y F0F1ATPase. Bacterial ETC initiates with oxidation of NADH by NADH dehydrogenase complex (complex I). Therefore, damage of complex I leads to insufficient function of ETC and accumulation of NADH inside the cell. Contribution of ETC activity and its consequent changes of NADH levels to bacterial damage response against reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) has been poorly understood. In this study, by constructing ndh mutant Salmonella lacking complex I NADH dehydrogenase 2, we evaluated the effect of ETC deficiency to bacterial resistance against ROS and RNS. The growth of ndh mutant Salmonella is impaired in the culture media containing hydrogen peroxide, but rather accelerates in the media containing nitric oxide donors. Data suggest that redox potential of NADH accumulated inside the cell by ETC blockage may affect inversely to bacterial resistance against reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species.
The aim of this study is to find out histomorphologic change and cellular activity of condyle resulted from unilateral mastication by comparison of cell proliferation and apoptosis activity. 30 adult rats were dived to 15 experimental group and 15 control group randomly. Right upper and l ower molars were gently extracted in experimental group, to make unilateral mastication environment. All subjects were sacrificed at 1 week, 2 weeks and 4 weeks by chloroform, and their tissues were prepare to observation. Streptovidin-biotin system for BrdU stanning, was used to determine cellular proliferative activity. TUNEL method was used to determine apoptotic activity. The result for cellular activity was recorded at both of anterior portion and posterior portion of condyle. Hematoxylin and Eosin stanning was used for histiomorphological change. The results were as follows. There were more change in superficial layer than deep layer of condyle in cellular activity. In anterior portion of condyle cartilage, cellular proliferative activity of experimental group was lower than control group and apoptotic activity of experimental group was higher than control group. And apoptotic activity of extracted side in experimental group is the most. In posterior portion of condyle cartilage, cellular proliferative activity of extracted side in experimental group was higher than non-extracted side and control group, And apoptotic activity of extracted side in experimental group was the low. As a result of histomorphological change, there was hyperplasia in posterior region o f extracted side c ondyle i n experimental g roup, but t here was n o change i n unextracted side i n experimental group. There was histomorphological hyperplasia in posterior condyle of experimental group as results of high cellular proliferative activity. There was mainly apoptotic change of anterior portion condyle in experimental group. But there was no histomorphologic change. In other words, there was hyperplasia by increasing of cellular proliferative activity in posterior portion of nonfunctional side condyle. In functional side condyle, there was no histomorphological change in functional condyle, but there was change in cellular activity.
Currently, Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is widely used in medicine and dentistry. It has been suggested that LLLT may be beneficial in management of many different medical conditions, including pain, wound healing and nerve injury. Stimulation with LLLT can enhance bone repair as reported in experimental studies on bone defects and fracture healing also. As far as hard tissue is concerned, the biostimulating effect of laser has been demonstrated more rapid healing of tibial bone fracture in mice. This study was performed to compare new bone formation between with LLLT and without LLLT. Two cylinder implants(5mm diameter, 5mm length) were implanted on rabbit's tibia. LLLT was done to one implant with 632mm diode laser. And than Rabbit's were sacrificed after 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th weeks after implantation. Bone with implant were removed and fixed with 10% formaline. Undecalfied sample were prepared after spurr low resin embedding. Sample were grind and polished to 100㎛. The results were as follows. The amount of trabeclue of experimental group were superior to that of control group from 2 weeks to 8 weeks. There were no difference in arrangement of trabecule between two groups. Bone implant contact were significantly increased at 4th weeks in experimental group. The number of ostecytes in trabecule were different at 4th weeks experimental group. Osteone were appeared dominantly at 6th weeks experimental group, while at 8th weeks experimental group were superior than control group. LLLT group showed increased amount of trabecule, bone implant contact, number of osteocytes & osteone. It suggested that LLLT might be increase the bone formation rate and accelerate the bone formation time.
This infection includes an allergic bronchial reaction, an aspergilloma, and an invasive aspergillosis, which is more common in immunosuppressed patients and presents as multiorgan disease. The maxillary sinus is a relatively common site for formation of an aspergilloma where it forms around a nexus of foreign body. It has been indicated that the foreign body containing zinc extruded into the maxillary sinus has the potential to become infected and form an aspergilloma. The treatment of this disease is radical surgery and adjunctive systemic antifungal therapy. This is a case report of solitary aspergillosis of the right maxillary sinus. We experienced a case of right maxillary sinus aspergillosis in a 37 years old male who has dull pain on right temporal and zygoma area. We reported a case with review of literature
Osteogenic sarcoma is primary malignant bone tumor. It can arise de novo or from the benign precursors lesions, like Paget’s disease, giant cell tumor, chronic osteomyelitis, osteoblastoma, and fibrous dysplasia. Here, we present a case of osteogenic sarcoma arising from florid osseous dysplasia appearing as a rapidly growing bony bulging mass in 44‐year‐old Korean female who had at first been non‐symptomatic, but later suffered from the numbness of chin and lower lip. The radiologic images revealed the mixed radiopaque‐ radiolucent intraosseous lesions throughout the mandible, which were diagnosed as florid osseous dysplasia pathologically. But only after 6 months, the lesions were substituted by the radiological ill‐defined diffuse bony sclerotic lesion with bone destruction, accompanying the interrupted periosteal bone formation, which were pathologically diagnosed as osteogenic sarcomas. These serial clinicopathologic changes imply the malignant progression of florid osseous dysplasia rather than the collision of benign condition, florid osseous dysplasia and malignant tumor, osteogenic sarcoma. The possibility for fibro‐osseous lesion of the jaw as premalignant lesion should not be overlooked; therefore, periodic check‐ups for the lesions are necessary. Proper evaluation and interpretation for clinical neural symptom and radiologic change of bone density may lead to the correct differential diagnosis and therapeutic intervention.