The support mechanisms that are involved in lymph node metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma remain largely unknown. Recent studies have demonstrated that tumor cells express chemokine receptors and use chemokines to metastasize to the target organ in many malignancies in humans There are few reports about the correlation between chemokin receptor CXCR-4 expression and clinicopathologic factors in oral squamous cell carcinomas. The object of this study was to evaluate the availabili ty of CXCR-4 expression as prognostic marker through correlation analysis of CXCR-4 expression in oral sq uamous cell carcinoma and its r elation to clinocopathologic factors and PCNA index. 80 we investigated CXCR-4 expression of 74 oral squamous cell carcinomas by immunohistochemistry. 44 out of 74 cases(59. 5%) showed CXCH-4 positive and 30 sampl es(40.5%) showed CXCH-4 negative. CXCH-4 expression showed statistically sig nificant correlation wi th lymph node metastasis(p=0.026) ‘ PCNA index (p=0.003) , survial rate(p=0.0003). From the results , it was suggested CXCR-4 oxpression might be useful a prognostic marker in oral squamous cell carClllomas
Desmoplastic ameloblastoma(DA) is histologically characterized by extensive stromal collagenization or desmoplasia. ln this study, anti-cytokeratin 8/18, 13, 19 for pathogenesis as well as anti-PCNA for cellular proliferation, were used to det ect the expression of these proteins in the desmoplastic ameloblastoma Basal layers of tumor nest were negatively stained by CKl3, while suprabasal and inner cells were positive for CK13. CK8/18 and CK 19 was negatively stained in the peripheral portion of tumor nest in DA, whereas CK 8/18 was in central portion and CKl9 was positive in the su prabasal and some of central portion of the cel l nest. PCNA index of DA was 60 ::!: 14.6% to 95 ::!: 17 .2%. The peripheral tumor cells of the islets presented higher PCNA labeling index, while some cells in the central area of foll icle containing squamous like cells also presented negative PCNA labeling index. Especially tumor islands showed higher PCNA index than in main tumor mass. lt suggested that desmoplastic ameloblastoma might be composed of many different tumor cell types‘ and have hi gher pr이 ife r a ting activity in tumor islands of the desmoplastic stroma
Cytokines play a vital role in the host immune response by regulating the development and function of im munocompetent ce11s One immunomodulatory agent that has received attention in oncology research recently is interleukin - lO(IL-lO). IL-IO inhibi ted tumor antigen presenta tion and induced energy in T lymphocytes that had been s timu lated by autologous MHC class II positive tumor ce11s Patients with head and neck cancer have been shown to exhibit profound irnmunosuppression. The mechani sm by which tumor ce11s alter immunological function in the host is poorly understood. Recently. production of biological active IL- IO was confirmed in ovar‘ian cancer, melanoma, skin cancel‘ & head and neck cancer, suggesting that IL- lO reduces the function of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes and contributes to the tumor growth. IL-IO expression has not been examined extensively in human oral cancer and has not yet been cla rified. The purpose of t his study were to investigate IL-IO mRNA and protein expression in NHOK, IHOK and oral squamous ce11 carcinoma(OSCC) ce11 line by RT-PCR and irnmunoslot blotting, and to apply its results to examine its thera peutic significance for oraJ cancers. Cultured NHOK showed a lower level of IL-IO mRNA and protein expression than cultured IHOK and HN 22 OSCC cell line under pre and postconfluency. HN 22 OSCC cell line under pre and postconfl u ency. showed the highest level of IL-I0 Cul tured IHOK showing a intermediate expression of IL- IO could be as a vaJ u a bJe marker for oral carci nogenesis ste p. During the terminal differentiation of a11 the ce11 lines, IL- IO ex pression was significantly unchangeabl e. IL- IO mRNA expression of a11 the ce11 lines was consistent with IL-10 protein expression. It suggested that IL- lO expression might play an important role in oral carcinogenesis and IHOK could be a valuable marker for oral carcinogenesis step. And aJso IL- 10 related gene may be future targets for gene discovery and possi bJy therapeutic intervention
Disruption of cell - matrix attachment results in a loss of prosurvival signals and culminates in programmed cell death, referred to as anoikis , Apoptosis signal- regulating kinase 1(ASKl)/MKK5 is a ubiquitously expressed enzyme that acti vates c-Jun N-terminal kinase/stress-activated protein kinase JNK/SAPK and p38 pathways by direct site specific Ser/Thr phosphoryl ation of their respective MKKs-MKK4/MKK7 for JNK and MKK3/MKK6 for p38 kinases, The kinase activity of ASKl is stimulated by a variety of death signals, including TNF, Fas ligation, reactive oxygen species, and antineoplastic agents , The aim of this study was to investigate the relative importance of ASKl in anOlkls 1n the present study cells which lost their adhesion showed higher rate of cell death in compared to cells which maintained anchorage. 1nterestingly the res ult showed that suspended cells expressing ASK1 were more susceptible to anoikis than suspended cells having no ASK1 1n addition, cellu lar attachment seems to have significant effect on ASKl activity and p38 MAPK protein rather than serum stimulation
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of vi tamin D3 and 1'etinoic acid(RA) on the human mesenchymal stem ce!ls(MSC) g1'owth and osteogenic differentiations. Cell proliferation, mineralization, cell cycle, expression of cell cycle regu l atOJγ proteins and markers fo1' osteogenic differenatiaiton were determined by MTI assay, mineralization assay, flow cytomet1'Y‘ and Western blot analysis, respectively. Cell viability was dec1'ease by each vitamin D3 and RA added to MSC. it was more decrease by vitamin D3 and RA. Mineralized nodule formation revealed similar expression pattern with positive cont rol group at vitamin D3 and RA mixed add to MSC. At vitamin D3 and RA mixed add to MSC after 7 days of incubation was increase G1 s tage. after 21 days of incubation was inhibit cell cycle prog1'ess by inc1'ease of sub-G1 Treatment vitamin D3 to MSC inhibits p53 and p21, but inc1'ease pRb. RA inhibit p53, but increase p21 and pRb, vitamin D3 plus RA group was same as added RA group. so two vitamin was effect to inhibited cell growth each different mechanism. Expression of BMP-2 protein was prominent in osteogonic supplement treated g1'oup of MSC at 2 weeks cultivation days, but vi tamin D3 treatment decreased BMP-2 expression rather than in (+) control group. BSP protein was notably increased in the OS compa red to positive controls at 2 weeks cultivation, but similar to that of vitamin D3 group t1'eatment group and was least expressed in plus RA mixed group, at 3 weeks, BSP expression was similar to 1'esult of 2 weeks Collectively, these results shows that vitamin D3 and RA have diffe1'ential effects on the MSCs g1'owth and differ entia tion 211
Osteoblastoma is a benign bone forming neoplasm most commonly occurring in the vertebrae, long bones, but the jaw involvement is very rare events. When localized close to the periapical region or laterally to the roots of the t eeth, the lesion is easily confused with inflammatory periapical pathosis. In this article, we report our experience with a case of osteoblastoma located in the periapical region that was initially misdiagnosed as an inflammatory periapical pathosis, which led to unnecessary dental treatment and a delayed diagnosis. This case demonstrates the importance of proper diagnosis and treatment planning when one is dealing with radiolucent lesions in the periapical area Therefore, this case stresses the importance of biopsy of periapical lesions that do not respond to endodontic treatment or are otherwise S USpl CIOUS.